Garvin County, Oklahoma

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Garvin County, Oklahoma
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Garvin County
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
Founded 1906[1]
Named for Samuel J. Garvin[1]
Seat Pauls Valley
Largest city Pauls Valley
Area
 • Total 814 sq mi (2,107 km2)
 • Land 807 sq mi (2,091 km2)
 • Water 6 sq mi (16 km2), 0.76%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 27,297
 • Density 34/sq mi (13/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Garvin County is in south-central Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 27,576.[2] Its county seat is Pauls Valley.[3] In 1906, delegates to Constitution Convention formed Garvin County from part of the Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory The county was named for Samuel J. Garvin, a local Chickasaw rancher, merchant and banker. Its economy is largely based on farming, ranching and oil production.[1]

History[edit]

An election held June 20, 1908, resulted in county citizens choosing Pauls Valley as the county seat over the towns of Wynnewood and Elmore City.[1]

Oil was discovered in the southwestern part of the county known as Robberson Field in the 1920s. The Golden Trend pool, which ran from the northwest to the southern parts of the county developed later.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 814 square miles (2,108.3 km2), of which 807 square miles (2,090.1 km2) is land and 6 square miles (15.5 km2) (0.76%) is water.[4] The county lies between the Red Bed plains and the Sandstone Hills physiographic regions. The main waterways are the Washita River, Rush Creek and Wildhorse Creek.[1]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 26,545
1920 32,445 22.2%
1930 31,401 −3.2%
1940 31,150 −0.8%
1950 29,500 −5.3%
1960 28,290 −4.1%
1970 24,874 −12.1%
1980 27,856 12.0%
1990 26,605 −4.5%
2000 27,210 2.3%
2010 27,576 1.3%
Est. 2012 27,297 −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[2]
Age pyramid for Garvin County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 27,210 people, 10,865 households, and 7,605 families residing in the county. The population density was 34 people per square mile (13/km²). There were 12,641 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.93% White, 2.55% Black or African American, 7.36% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.54% from other races, and 3.34% from two or more races. 3.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 10,865 households out of which 30.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.40% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.00% were non-families. 26.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.80% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,070, and the median income for a family was $34,774. Males had a median income of $28,033 versus $18,940 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,856. About 11.40% of families and 15.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.60% of those under age 18 and 14.30% of those age 65 or over.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2012[7]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
  Democratic 9,464 62.49%
  Republican 4,160 27.47%
  Unaffiliated 1,520 10.04%
Total 15,144 100%

Economy[edit]

While oil and gas production are important to the county economy, agriculture has been the major industry for employment since statehood. In 1907 crops of alfalfa, broomcorn, cotton, onions, potatoes, and hay produced in the county were valued at $2.5 million. By the 1930s over 1,000 acres (400 ha) had been planted with paper shelled pecan trees. By 1961 the Lindsay area harvested more broomcorn than any other region in the world, and the county slogan became "We sweep the world."[1]


Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[8]
Year Republican Democrat
2008 71.80% 7,710 28.20% 3,028
2004 67.24% 7,610 32.76% 3,707
2000 56.24% 5,536 42.56% 4,189

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Lough, D. Keith. "Oklahoma Encyclopedia of History and Culture - Garvin County". Retrieved 2011-03-03. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 9, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 9, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ http://www.ok.gov/elections/documents/reg_0112.pdf
  8. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°43′N 97°19′W / 34.71°N 97.31°W / 34.71; -97.31