Craig County, Oklahoma

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Craig County, Oklahoma
Craig County Courthouse.jpg
Craig County Courthouse
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Craig County
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
Founded 1907
Seat Vinita
Largest city Vinita
Area
 • Total 763 sq mi (1,975 km2)
 • Land 761 sq mi (1,971 km2)
 • Water 1.4 sq mi (4 km2), 0.2%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 14,748
 • Density 19/sq mi (7.4/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Craig County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,029.[1] Its county seat is Vinita.[2] The county was created in 1907 and named for Granville Craig, a prominent mixed-blood-Cherokee farmer who lived in the Bluejacket area.[3]

History[edit]

In the early 1800s, this area was part of the hunting grounds of the Osage nations and other Plains tribes. The Cherokee began moving into the area during the 1830s, particularly after the "Trail of Tears." It was sparsely populated until after the Civil War. The Texas Road and the East Shawnee Cattle Trail ran through the eastern part of the present-day Craig County.[3]

The U. S. government moved the Shawnee and Delaware tribes into this area from Kansas between 1867 and 1870. Then the area became part of the Delaware and Cooweescoowee districts of the Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory. In 1871, the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railroad constructed a north-south railroad through this area, while the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad (later acquired by the St. Louis and San Francisco Railway) built an east-west line that ran through Vinita in the same year. This line was extended through Tulsa, Oklahoma in 1881-2.[3]

Coal mining began in this area after the Civil War, employing both tunnel and strip mines, though major production did not begin until about 1900. Production was still continuing at the start of the 21st Century. The first oil refinery began operations by 1911 and was operated by Sinclair Oil until the 1920s. Otherwise, farming and ranching were the mainstays of the county economy.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 763 square miles (1,976.2 km2), of which 761 square miles (1,971.0 km2) is land and 1.4 square miles (3.6 km2) (0.2%) is water.[4] The county lies in the Osage Plains, on the western edge of the Ozark Plateau, and drains into several tributaries of the Neosho River.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 17,404
1920 19,160 10.1%
1930 18,052 −5.8%
1940 21,083 16.8%
1950 18,263 −13.4%
1960 16,303 −10.7%
1970 14,722 −9.7%
1980 15,014 2.0%
1990 14,104 −6.1%
2000 14,950 6.0%
2010 15,029 0.5%
Est. 2012 14,748 −1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[1]
Age pyramid for Craig County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the census[6] of 2006, there were 14,880 people, 5,620 households, and 3,945 families residing in the county. The population density was 20 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 6,459 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.54% White, 3.09% Black or African American, 16.31% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.48% from other races, and 11.37% from two or more races. 1.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,620 households out of which 30.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.80% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 27.90% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 16.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 101.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,997, and the median income for a family was $36,499. Males had a median income of $26,704 versus $20,082 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,539. About 10.90% of families and 13.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.30% of those under age 18 and 11.90% of those age 65 or over.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2012[7]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
  Democratic 5,461 65.87%
  Republican 2,159 26.04%
  Unaffiliated 671 8.09%
Total 8,291 100%

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[8]
Year Republican Democrat
2008 65.05% 3,858 34.95% 2,073
2004 60.86% 3,894 39.14% 2,504
2000 51.33% 2,815 46.83% 2,568

Communities[edit]

NRHP sites[edit]

The following sites in Craig County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Craig County Genealogical Society. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Craig County." Retrieved October 28, 2011.[1]
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 8, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ http://www.ok.gov/elections/documents/reg_0112.pdf
  8. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°46′N 95°13′W / 36.76°N 95.22°W / 36.76; -95.22