Chevrolet Sail

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Chevrolet Sail
2011 Chevrolet Sail 1.4 sedan.jpg
2010 Chevrolet Sail second generation
Overview
Manufacturer Shanghai-GM
Production 2001–present
Body and chassis
Class Supermini
Layout Transverse Front-engine, front-wheel-drive

The Chevrolet Sail is a supermini car produced by the Chinese manufacturer Shanghai General Motors.[1] Launched in 2001, it was sold as Buick Sail, both in sedan and wagon form which were both based on Opel Corsa B. Since 2005 as the brand Chevrolet was officially introduced in China, the car received a facelift and its name was changed to Chevrolet Sail and Sail SRV.

In 2010, the new Sail was completely redesigned. The new model offers sedan and hatchback variations. The latest Chevrolet Sail has been exported to Chile,[2] Peru, also has been produced in Ecuador,[3] and other developing countries in North Africa and Middle East. Starting from 2013, this model is manufactured by GM Colmotores in Bogotá, Colombia, for domestic and regional markets.[4]

First generation (2001–2009)[edit]

Buick Sail S-RV (2001–2004)

Buick Sail[edit]

On 12 December 2000, the first Chinese-made Buick rolled off the production line as part of trial production. Series production commenced in April 2001.[5] This car was the first compact car produced by the SAIC-GM joint-venture, and was aimed squarely at young families. The Buick Sail was based on Opel Corsa B, and the body design is shared with the Brazilian Chevrolet Corsa Classic and India's Opel Corsa Joy. This four-door saloon bodywork was never offered in Europe, instead being intended for developing markets. The only engine choice is a 1.6 litre, 92 PS (68 kW) inline-four engine, coupled to a five-speed manual transmission.[6] The price was under 100,000 RMB. The car went on sale in June 2001.

Shanghai Auto Saibao SAC6420

In December 2001, the wagon version, Buick Sail S-RV, was also introduced to the Chinese consumers. Basically this vehicle is also a body variation of the Opel Corsa B. The engine is the same as the Sail sedan. In June 2002, SAIC subsidiary SAIC-Yizheng introduced a locally built version of the Corsa-based Opel Combo glazed tallboy van as the "Shanghai Auto (Shangqi) Saibao SAC6420" (上汽赛宝).[5] Equipped with the same 1.6 litre engine and five-speed manual transmission as the Buick Sail (albeit only with 90 PS or 66 kW), it was produced in fairly small numbers (2,053 cars in 2004, for instance[5]) until 2005. "Saibao" has sometimes been anglicized as "Sabre". There was also a Saibao DeLuxe version available, with alloy wheels and other extras. The Saibao could reach 160 km/h (99 mph).[7]

Chevrolet Sail[edit]

Chevrolet Sail (2005–2009)

In February 2005, the Chevrolet brand was introduced to China, where it was described as a "younger" brand than Buick. As part of an endeavour to redefine the brand image of Buick, the Sail became the first Chinese-built Chevrolet passenger car.[8] The Chevrolet Sail (SGM7165) received a locally upgraded design. The interior was also refined. Both sedan and wagon (now the SGM7166) forms were kept, although production of the Saibao Van ended. While sharing the original's wheelbase, the new wagon version (at 4,097 mm) is 71 mm longer than the old one's 4,026 mm. The 90 PS, 1.6 litre-engine option remained unchanged, while the transmission options originally were limited to a five-speed manual but were later joined by a four-speed automatic. Claimed top speed for the manual versions is 177 km/h (110 mph).[9]

Chevrolet Sail (2005–2009) rear view

In autumn 2006 the Chevrolet Sail was exported to Chile as Chevrolet Corsa Plus. The Corsa Plus includes dual front airbags, anti-lock brakes, air conditioning, electric windows and central locking as standard equipment.

The production in Shanghai-GM ceased at the beginning of 2009. But at the same time the Chevrolet Classic and its wagon version Chevrolet Classic SW adopted the design of the Chevrolet Sail and were released in Latin America as 2010 model year. Until now the sedan version is still available in Argentina and Brazil, but the models offered in those countries are equipped with different engines. In Argentina the Classic is powered by a 1.4 L 8V 69 kW engine. And the model offered in Brazil has a 1.0 L Flexpower engine, of which the output is 56.7 kW when fueled with gasoline, or 57.4 kW with alcohol.[10][11]

Second generation (2010–present)[edit]

Second generation
2011 Chevrolet Sail 1.4 sedan.jpg
Overview
Production 2010–present
Assembly Yantai, Shandong, China
Halol, India (GM India)
Bogotá, Colombia (GM Colmotores)
Quito, Ecuador (GM Ómnibus)
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
5-door hatchback
Platform Gamma platform[12]
Powertrain
Engine 1.2 L I4 (petrol)
1.4 L I4 (petrol)
1.3 L I4 (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,465 mm (97.0 in)
Length 4,249 mm (167.3 in)
Width 1,690 mm (66.5 in)
Height 1,503 mm (59.2 in)
Curb weight 1,065–1,124 kg (2,348–2,478 lb)
2010 Chevrolet Sail hatchback

On 11 January 2010, Shanghai-GM introduced the all-new Chevrolet Sail.[13] The car was designed and engineered by the Pan-Asia Technical Automotive Center (PATAC). A 1.2-liter S-TEC II 64 kW engine and a 1.4-liter 76 kW S-TEC III engine are available. The transmission options include a five-speed manual and a five-speed electronic manual transmission (EMT). It is said that this car was engineered to achieve 4 stars in China New Car Assessment Program (C-NCAP). Airbags, central locking, AUX in / USB input and power steering are standard equipment. The pricing begins from 56,800 RMB.

At the 2010 Auto China in Beijing, GM unveiled the Sail hatchback. This car is about 3947 mm long, but its trunk area has up to 1,215 liters of space. Engines and transmissions are shared with the Sail sedan. On 21 October 2010, the first new Sails were exported to Chile and Libya.[14] The local Chevrolet dealers take care of the Sail servicing.

Other markets[edit]

India[edit]

In India, the Chevrolet Sail U-VA hatchback was showcased for the first time at the New Delhi Auto Expo 2012 and launched nationwide on November 2, 2012. It features Chevrolet’s signature dual port chrome grille, Hawk Wing styled headlamps and is available in 7 colors. Its 25+ storage spaces, along with ‘Flex Flat’ & 60:40 Folding Rear Row seats, make it one of the most spacious cars in the hatchback segment. The engineers at the GM Technical Center – India, in Bangalore, participated in localization of the vehicle to meet local requirements. The Chevrolet Sail U-VA is available in the 1.3 l Smartech turbocharged DOHC diesel and 1.2 l Smartech petrol engine variants. The 1.3 l diesel engine delivers 22.1 kmpl* while the 1.2 l petrol engine delivers a mileage of 18.2 kmpl*

Chevrolet Sail is a recently launched sedan from one of the leading automobile manufacturers in the world - Chevrolet. The car, which shares its platform with the successful Chevrolet Sail Sedan was launched in India on February 1, 2013. The car, even before its launch, was quite a buzz with experts and automobile enthusiasts because of its attractive looks that are based on the Dynamic Sculpture Design Philosophy. The Corvette inspired Dual-Cockpit interiors are also quite famous among those who understand car design philosophy. Various auto magazines and journals have also touted its ‘Safe Cage’ Design as one of the safest in the segment. The Chevrolet Sail is available in the 1.3 l Smartech turbocharged DOHC diesel and 1.2 l Smartech petrol engine variants. The 1.3 l diesel engine delivers 22.1 kmpl* while the 1.2 l petrol engine delivers a mileage of 18.2 kmpl*

General Motors launched the new Chevrolet Sail [15] in India in sedan and hatchback forms, with petrol and diesel versions, in four trim levels. The petrol version uses a 1.2L S-Tec II engine which is also seen in the India spec Chevrolet Beat. The 1.2L petrol motor has power and torque figures of 86 PS@6000 rpm and 113 Nm @5000 rpm. The 1.3L diesel engine is GM's version of the Fiat's 1248cc MultiJet motor, with figures of 78PS @ 4000 rpm and 205Nm @ 1750 rpm. The MultiJet engine is an outcome of alliance between GM and Fiat. GM offers a 5-speed manual gearbox for both the petrol and diesel variants.

South America[edit]

The Sail is also marketed on the Pacific coast of South America, in Chile,[16] Colombia and Ecuador.[17] It is assembled from CKD-kits by General Motors of Ecuador,[18] and also manufactured at least of 70% in the factory of Colombia by GM Colmotores.[19]

Electric version[edit]

At the 2010 Guangzhou International Automobile Exhibition, GM showed an EV version of the Sail Hatchback.[20] Although this concept car does not wear a Chevrolet badge, it is still a part of Chevrolet's worldwide electric vehicle strategy.[21] According to GM's press release this car has a 65 kW motor which has a maximum torque of 220 Nm. Top speed is about 130 km/h and the driving range with full battery is claimed as 150 km. It was also reported that this car had reached the electric vehicle safety requirements set by SAE and ISO.

Shanghai General Motors introduced the Sail Springo EV at the 2012 Auto Guangzhou. The electric car is scheduled to be sold in Shanghai in 2013 as part of a trial program, and initially only a limited number of cars will be available. The Springo EV has a range of 130 km (81 mi) and up to 200 km (120 mi) at a constant speed of 60 km/h (37 mph). The electric car will be sold for RMB 258,000 (US$41,460), before incentives of up to RMB 60,000 (US$9,642) from the central government and RMB 40,000 (US$6,428) from the Shanghai government. In addition, the car will qualify for a free local Shanghai license plate exclusively for electric vehicles.[22] The Sail Springo EV was developed as joint-venture between Shanghai General Motors and partner SAIC Motor.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2011雪佛兰新赛欧两厢(Chinese)
  2. ^ Chevrolet Sail - auto sedán compacto (Chile, Spanish)
  3. ^ https://www.gmobb.ec/portal/es/web/gmobb/productos
  4. ^ GM Colmotores será fabricante a partir del 2012
  5. ^ a b c World of Cars 2006·2007. Warsaw, Poland: Media Connection Sp. z o.o. 2006. p. 237. 
  6. ^ 别克赛欧今日下线 三种配置售价10—12.5万元(Chinese)
  7. ^ De Feyter, Tycho (2011-12-08). "Spotted in China: Shanghai Auto Saibao panel van". CarNewsChina.com. 
  8. ^ World of Cars 2006·2007, p. 238
  9. ^ World of Cars 2006·2007, p. 395
  10. ^ Chevrolet Classic 4 Puertas (Argentina, Spanish)
  11. ^ Chevrolet Classic (Brazil, Portuguese)
  12. ^ http://www.auto-china.cn/news_view.asp?id=69504
  13. ^ Shanghai GM Introduces Chevrolet New Sail Small Car
  14. ^ 雪佛兰新赛欧实现批量出口 首批订单近万辆(Chinese)
  15. ^ Chevrolet Sail India
  16. ^ "2013 Sail | Auto Sedán | Chevrolet". chevrolet.cl (in Spanish). 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2013. 
  17. ^ "Chevrolet - Colombia - Sail". media.gm.com (in Spanish). 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2013. 
  18. ^ "Chevrolet - Ecuador - Sail". media.gm.com (in Spanish). 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2013. 
  19. ^ "Chevrolet - Colombia - SailCo". media.gm.com (in Spanish). 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2013. 
  20. ^ General Motors Participates in Guangzhou Auto Show
  21. ^ to Produce Spark EV All-Electric Vehicle
  22. ^ Shanghai General Motors Press Release (2012-11-26). "Shanghai General Motors introduces Sail SPRINGO EV at Auto Guangzhou 2012; green technology strategy to 2020". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 2012-11-27. 
  23. ^ Jeff Cobb (2012-11-26). "GM Shows First Domestically Made EV in China". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2012-11-27.