Canoeing and kayaking at the Summer Olympics

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Canoeing and kayaking at the Summer Olympics
Canoeing (slalom) pictogram.svg
Governing body ICF
Events 16 (men: 11; women: 5)
Games
1896 1900 1904 1908 1912 1920
1924 1928 1932 1936 1948 1952
1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976
1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000
2004 2008 2012 2016
Note: demonstration sport years indicated in italics
Medalists (men • women)

Canoeing and kayaking have been featured as competition sports in the Summer Olympic Games since the 1936 Games in Berlin, although they were demonstration sports at the 1924 Games in Paris.[1] There are two disciplines of canoeing in Olympic competition: slalom and sprint.

Two styles of boats are used in this sport, canoes with 1 or 2 canoers and kayaks with 1, 2 or 4 kayakers. This leads to the name designation of each event. For example, "C-1" is a canoe singles event and "K-2" is a kayak doubles event. Races are usually 500 metres or 1000 metres long, although there were also 10 km events from 1936 to 1956. On 13 August 2009, it was announced by the International Canoe Federation that the men's 500 m events would be replaced at the 2012 Summer Olympics by 200 m events with one of them being K-1 200 m for the women. The other events for men at 200 m will be C-1, K-1, and K-2.[2] This was confirmed at their 2009 Board of Directors meeting in Windsor, Berkshire, Great Britain on 5 December 2009.[3]

Events[edit]

The following tables shows which events were contested at each Games.

Slalom[edit]

Event 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Total
Men's C-1 7
Men's C-2 7
Men's K-1 7
Women's K-1 7
Total Events 4 0 0 0 0 4 4 4 4 4 4

Sprint[edit]

Event 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Total
Current program
Men's C-1 200 m 1
Men's C-1 1000 m 18
Men's C-2 1000 m 18
Men's K-1 200 m 1
Men's K-1 1000 m 18
Men's K-2 200 m 1
Men's K-2 1000 m 18
Men's K-4 1000 m 13
Women's K-1 200 m 1
Women's K-1 500 m 17
Women's K-2 500 m 14
Women's K-4 500 m 8
Past events
Men's C-1 500 m 9
Men's C-1 10000 m 3
Men's C-2 500 m 9
Men's C-2 10000 m 4
Men's K-1 500 m 9
Men's K-1 10000 m 4
Men's K-1 4 × 500 m 1
Men's K-2 500 m 9
Men's K-2 10000 m 4
Men's folding K-1 10000 m 1
Men's folding K-2 10000 m 1
Total Events 9 9 9 9 7 7 7 7 11 11 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12

Medal table[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Soviet Union (URS) 29 13 9 51
2  Germany (GER) 28 16 19 63
3  Hungary (HUN) 22 29 26 77
4  Sweden (SWE) 15 11 4 30
5  East Germany (GDR) 14 7 9 30
6  Romania (ROU) 10 10 14 34
7  France (FRA) 7 8 18 33
8  Slovakia (SVK) 7 4 4 15
9  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 7 4 1 12
10  Italy (ITA) 6 6 4 16
11  Norway (NOR) 6 4 4 14
12  New Zealand (NZL) 6 2 1 9
13  United States (USA) 5 5 6 16
14  Finland (FIN) 5 2 3 10
15  Canada (CAN) 4 10 10 24
16  Bulgaria (BUL) 4 5 8 17
17  Unified Team of Germany (EUA) 4 5 2 11
18  Czech Republic (CZE) 4 4 3 11
19  Australia (AUS) 3 8 11 22
20  Austria (AUT) 3 5 6 14
21  Great Britain (GBR) 3 5 5 13
21  Denmark (DEN) 3 5 5 13
23  Spain (ESP) 2 7 3 12
24  West Germany (FRG) 2 6 3 11
25  Russia (RUS) 2 3 6 11
26  Belarus (BLR) 2 2 3 7
27  Ukraine (UKR) 2 2 2 6
28  Yugoslavia (YUG) 2 2 1 5
29  China (CHN) 2 0 0 2
30  Unified Team (EUN) 1 1 0 2
31  Poland (POL) 0 6 12 18
32  Netherlands (NED) 0 3 5 8
33  Cuba (CUB) 0 3 0 3
34  Latvia (LAT) 0 2 0 2
35  Lithuania (LTU) 0 1 0 1
35  Moldova (MDA) 0 1 0 1
35  Portugal (POR) 0 1 0 1
35  Slovenia (SLO) 0 1 0 1
35  Switzerland (SUI) 0 1 0 1
40  Israel (ISR) 0 0 1 1
40  South Africa (RSA) 0 0 1 1
40  Togo (TOG) 0 0 1 1
Total 210 210 210 630

Nations[edit]

Nation 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 Years
 Andorra (AND) 1 1
 Angola (ANG) 1 1
 Antigua and Barbuda (ANT) 3 1
 Argentina (ARG) 1 8 5 4 3 2 2 7
 Australia (AUS) 8 7 10 6 7 8 5 9 8 17 23 21 16 16 14
 Austria (AUT) 9 7 7 7 10 5 4 12 2 6 2 4 3 4 2 4 16
 Armenia (ARM) 1 1
 Belarus (BLR) 4 5 9 8 4
 Belgium (BEL) 9 9 4 2 4 2 3 8 11 6 5 2 2 3 1 3 2 17
 Bolivia (BOL) 1 1 2
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH) 1 1 1 3
 Brazil (BRA) 6 3 4 2 2 5
 Bulgaria (BUL) 5 2 3 7 12 12 12 11 11 7 7 2 12
 Canada (CAN) 8 7 11 9 6 6 10 12 14 15 14 18 21 16 19 21 16
 Chile (CHI) 1 1 2
 China (CHN) 4 4 4 8 15 23 6
 Costa Rica (CRC) 4 2 2
 Ivory Coast (CIV) 3 5 4 2 2 2 1 7
 Croatia (CRO) 4 4 4 3 2 5
 Cuba (CUB) 2 3 5 3 4 4 6
 Czech Republic (CZE) 25 19 10 7 4
 Czechoslovakia (TCH) 13 13 13 5 10 4 5 23 11 9 9 27 12
 Denmark (DEN) 4 7 9 7 9 7 5 6 1 1 1 6 6 4 3 2 4 17
 East Germany (GDR) 12 26 11 13 15 5
 Estonia (EST) 1 1 1 3
 Finland (FIN) 3 5 9 6 9 3 5 4 7 4 5 3 2 1 1 2 4 17
 France (FRA) 3 10 13 6 9 2 6 14 13 11 14 16 31 19 14 13 15 17
 Germany (GER) 14 10 29 27 25 26 22 7
 Great Britain (GBR) 3 7 7 3 7 5 10 20 11 11 15 17 25 17 12 9 7 17
 Greece (GRE) 1 6 3 3
 Guam (GUM) 1 1
 Guatemala (GUA) 1 1
 Hong Kong (HKG) 6 7 2 2 4
 Hungary (HUN) 5 5 12 13 9 10 10 12 14 16 16 14 19 15 16 16 16
 Independent Olympic Participants (IOP) 5 1
 Indonesia (INA) 3 1 2
 Iran (IRI) 1 1
 Ireland (IRL) 4 4 2 1 4 5 6 3 2 1 10
 Israel (ISR) 1 1 5 3 1 5
 Italy (ITA) 1 6 12 4 2 10 11 5 7 5 18 15 8 8 16 15
 Japan (JPN) 12 2 5 3 5 8 6 8 2 5 9 11
 Kazakhstan (KAZ) 8 4 3 7 4
 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ) 2 1
 Latvia (LAT) 3 3 1 1 3 5
 Lithuania (LTU) 1 2 3 3 4 5
 Luxembourg (LUX) 3 3 4 3 4
 Macedonia (MKD) 3 1 1 1 4
 Malaysia (MAS) 1 1
 Mexico (MEX) 12 7 4 2 4 6 2 3 8
 Moldova (MDA) 4 1
 Morocco (MAR) 1 1
 Myanmar (MYA) 1 1
 Netherlands (NED) 9 7 5 4 5 7 2 2 6 3 2 4 2 2 2 15
 New Zealand (NZL) 2 4 3 6 7 8 1 2 5 9
 Norway (NOR) 1 4 4 1 2 5 6 7 13 7 7 5 4 6 1 15
 Panama (PAN) 1 1
 Peru (PER) 1 1
 Poland (POL) 2 3 4 6 9 8 23 13 15 12 18 23 21 23 21 15
 Portugal (POR) 3 7 6 1 1 4 6
 Romania (ROU) 1 5 11 11 11 11 13 14 14 5 14 14 13 10 5 15
 Russia (RUS) 14 12 8 14 4
 Saar (SAA) 3 1
 Samoa (SAM) 1 1
 São Tomé and Príncipe (STP) 1 1
 Senegal (SEN) 2 1
 Serbia and Montenegro (SCG) 1 6 2 3
 Seychelles (SEY) 1 1 2
 Slovakia (SVK) 17 19 16 12 4
 Slovenia (SLO) 6 5 4 4 3 5
 South Africa (RSA) 11 1 2 1 10 5
 South Korea (KOR) 2 15 6 2 1 1 6
 Soviet Union (URS) 13 9 12 13 11 15 15 15 17 9
 Spain (ESP) 2 5 4 7 5 10 11 22 19 17 14 10 12
 Sweden (SWE) 9 9 10 6 6 7 11 10 11 12 11 11 13 12 10 5 3 17
 Switzerland (SUI) 9 6 7 4 6 3 4 1 6 8 3 4 1 13
 Togo (TOG) 1 1 2
 Ukraine (UKR) 13 11 7 6 4
 Unified Team of Germany (EUA) 10 10 12 5
 Unified Team (EUN) 19 1
 United States (USA) 10 8 9 12 13 11 12 26 16 16 16 32 25 14 17 7 16
 Uruguay (URU) 1 1 2
 Uzbekistan (UZB) 17 1 7 1 4
 Venezuela (VEN) 3 1
 Vietnam (VIE) 1 1
 West Germany (FRG) 13 28 13 15 14 5
 Yugoslavia (YUG) 4 1 3 4 2 13 1 3 3 3 10
No. of nations 85
No. of athletes 2814

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Olympic sprint events
  2. ^ "IOC announcement of canoe sprint format changes for the 2012 Summer Olympics". International Canoe Federation. Archived from the original on 14 September 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2012. 
  3. ^ "The Board of Directors Wrap Up in Windsor." - International Canoe Federation (5 December 2009) - accessed 18 December 2009.[dead link]