Flag of Wisconsin
|Use||Civil and state flag|
|Adopted||May 1, 1981|
|Design||Blue flag charged with the Wisconsin Coat of Arms.|
Originally designed in 1863 when regiments from Wisconsin wanted a flag for battlefield use, it wasn't until 1913 that state statutes specified the design of the state flag.
In 1941, Carl R. Eklund reported that he raised the state flag over Antarctica, at the behest of Wisconsin Governor Julius P. Heil, about 500 miles north of the south pole and 620 miles into a previously unexplored area. In 1958, Eklund flew another flag over Antarctica which he presented for display in a state museum.
In 1953, state assemblyman William M. Belter of Wautoma criticized the flag as too costly because of the details.
In 1973, when the state senate was attempting to add the word Wisconsin to the flag, it was criticized as already too cluttered.
In 1975, some state flags were being sold that improperly had the state seal on them instead of the state coat of arms. Wisconsin Secretary of State Douglas J. La Follette noted that the correct state flag did not have the banner of thirteen stars at the bottom.
In order to distinguish it from the many other blue U.S. state flags, Wisconsin's flag was modified in 1979 to add "Wisconsin" and "1848", the year Wisconsin was admitted to the Union. All Wisconsin state flags manufactured after May 1, 1981 were required to use this design.
In 2001, a survey conducted by the North American Vexillological Association (NAVA) placed Wisconsin's flag 65th out of the 72 Canadian provincial, U.S. state and U.S. territory flags. The NAVA stated that about half of U.S. states used blue fields making them difficult to distinguish and the survey ranked flags with words and complex seals the lowest. The NAVA survey "favored strong, simple, distinctive flags" and ranked "seal-on-a-bedsheet" type flags the lowest.
- State of Wisconsin. "Section: 1.08: State flag". Laws of 1979.
The department of administration shall ensure that all official state flags that are manufactured on or after May 1, 1981 conform to the requirements of this section. State flags manufactured before May 1, 1981 may continue to be used as state flags.
- State of Wisconsin Blue Book 2007-2008, p. 963.
- "Antarctic Explorer Returns to State; Reports to Heil". Milwaukee Sentinel (Milwaukee, WI). 1941-08-31. Retrieved 2014-08-02.
- "Badger Flag back Home". Milwaukee Sentinel (Milwaukee, WI). 1958-06-03. Retrieved 2014-08-02.
- "New State Flag is Urged; Present One 'Too Costly'". Journal Sentinel (Milwaukee, WI). 1973-07-29. Retrieved 2014-08-02.
- "On Wisconsin, our cluttered state flag needs to be simplified". Journal Sentinel (Milwaukee, WI). 1973-07-29. Retrieved 2014-08-02.
- "Flag Flap; If Seal's on Your Flag, It's Wrong". Milwaukee Journal (Milwaukee, WI). 1975-07-10. Retrieved 2014-08-03.
- Environmental Education for Kids! - Wisconsin's State Flag
- Kay, Ted (2001). "New Mexico Tops State/Provincial Flags Survey; Georgia Loses by Wide Margin". NAVA News 34 (2): 4–5. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
- "2001 State/Provincial Flag Survey". North American Vexillological Association. Retrieved 2014-08-02.
- "Lowering the Flag of Wisconsin", The Capital Times (Madison, WI), June 21, 2001.
- State of Wisconsin website
- "State Flag is a Collection of Symbols". Journal Sentinel (Milwaukee, WI). 1984-09-08. Retrieved 2014-08-02.