Henderson, Nevada

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Henderson, Nevada
City
City of Henderson
Clockwise from top: Water Street Historic District of Downtown Henderson, aerial view of Lake Las Vegas, Foothills near Henderson, Henderson City Hall
Clockwise from top: Water Street Historic District of Downtown Henderson, aerial view of Lake Las Vegas, Foothills near Henderson, Henderson City Hall
Motto: A Place To Call Home
Location of Henderson in Clark County, Nevada
Location of Henderson in Clark County, Nevada
U.S. Census map
U.S. Census map
Coordinates: 36°2′N 114°59′W / 36.033°N 114.983°W / 36.033; -114.983
Country  United States of America
State  Nevada
County Clark
Government
 • Type Council-manager
 • Mayor Andy A. Hafen
 • Manager Jacob Snow
Area
 • Total 244.7 km2 (94.5 sq mi)
 • Land 244.7 km2 (94.5 sq mi)
 • Water 0.0 km2 (0.0 sq mi)
Elevation 538 m (1,867 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 257,729
 • Estimate (2012) 265,679 (US: 71st)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 89002, 89009, 89011, 89012, 89014-89016, 89044, 89052, 89053, 89074, 89077
Area code(s) 702
FIPS code 32-31900
GNIS feature ID 0856267
Website www.cityofhenderson.com

Henderson, officially the City of Henderson, is a city in Clark County, Nevada. It is the second largest city in Nevada, after Las Vegas, with an estimated population of 265,679 in 2012.[1] The city is part of the Las Vegas metropolitan area, which spans the entire Las Vegas Valley. Henderson occupies the southeastern end of the valley, at an elevation of approximately 1,330 feet (410 m).

In 2011, Forbes magazine ranked Henderson as America's second safest city.[2] Analysts attribute this to Henderson being an affluent city, with a high median income and amenities catering to local residents. Henderson has also been named as "One of the Best Cities to Live in America" by Bloomberg Businessweek.[3] In 2014, Henderson was again ranked as one of the Top 10 "Safest Cities in the United States", by the FBI Uniform Crime Report. [4]

History[edit]

Henderson was named in honor of Senator Charles B. Henderson.

The township of Henderson first emerged in the 1940s during World War II with the building of the Basic Magnesium Plant. Henderson quickly became a main supplier of magnesium in the United States, which was called the "miracle metal" of World War II.[5] The plant supplied the US War Department with magnesium for incendiary munition casings and airplane engines, frames, and other parts. A quarter of all US wartime magnesium came from the Henderson Plant to strengthen aluminum, using 25% of Hoover Dam's power to separate the metal from its ore by electrolysis.[6] Mayor Jim Gibson's grandfather, Fred D. Gibson, was one of the original engineers sent to Great Britain to learn the secret of creating the "miracle metal" which would eventually help the United States and its allies win the war.

Although "born in America's defense", Henderson's future after World War II was uncertain. In 1947, magnesium production was no longer necessary for defense, and the majority of the 14,000 BMI employees moved away. Enrollment in the school system was reduced by two thirds and well over half the townsite houses, built to house plant workers, became vacant. In 1947, the United States War Asset Administration had offered Henderson for sale as war surplus property.

In an effort to save the city, the Nevada Legislature spent a weekend visiting Henderson evaluating the possibility of state administration of Basic Magnesium. Within days of the visit, the legislators unanimously approved a bill giving the Colorado River Commission of Nevada the authority to purchase the industrial plants. Governor Vail Pittman signed the bill on March 27, 1947, helping save Henderson from becoming war surplus property.

With the help of local industry, Henderson, Nevada, was officially incorporated on April 16, 1953 as the City of Henderson. On May 23, 1953, Henderson, with its population of 7,410, elected Dr. Jim French as the city's first mayor. Originally only about 13 square miles (34 km2) in size, the city quickly began to grow and flourish, reaching over 94 square miles (240 km2) in size today.

Main article: PEPCON disaster

In 1988, the PEPCON rocket fuel factory in the modern-day Gibson Springs neighborhood of Henderson caught on fire. The fire quickly spread and engulfed the factory, spewing rocket fuel, smoke, and toxic fumes from the building. The factory was subsequently obliterated by a massive explosion caused by the fire, followed by six smaller explosions. The explosions sent shockwaves through the Las Vegas Valley, shattering glass and damaging buildings miles away in nearby Las Vegas. The explosions also caused some earthquakes, some of which measured over 3.0 on the Richter magnitude scale. Two people were killed, and an additional 372 people were injured.

The events of the PEPCON factory disaster spurred development in Henderson from its historical industrial development to largely residential and commercial as it is today. There are no signs of the PEPCON explosion today, and the site now consists mostly of office buildings.

Geography[edit]

Henderson is located at 36°2′23″N 114°58′52″W / 36.03972°N 114.98111°W / 36.03972; -114.98111 (36.03972, -114.98111), and lies in the Mojave Desert.[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 79.7 square miles (206 km2), all land.

As of the 2006, according to the city, the city measured 94.5 square miles (245 km2).[8]

The mountains that surround Henderson mostly have gentle slopes. The McCullough Range is the range closest to the city and most of this range is covered by black rocks from a volcanic explosion millions of years ago. These mountains reach an average height of about 3,800 feet (1,200 m). The landscape consists of desert with barely any water. The only water that is in the city is from washes like Duck Creek.

Master-planned residential areas include Anthem, Anthem Country Club, Black Mountain Vistas, Calico Ridge, Champion Village, Green Valley, Green Valley Ranch, Inspirada, Lake Las Vegas, MacDonald Highlands, MacDonald Ranch, Madeira Canyon, Seven Hills, Sun City Anthem, Sun City MacDonald Ranch, Tuscany Residential Village, and Whitney Ranch.

Climate[edit]

Henderson is classified as having a hot desert climate (BWh) in the Köppen climate classification. It has mild winters and hot summers. Snow can occasionally fall in the winter. The monsoon can bring torrential storms in the summer, which can cause flash flooding, thunderstorms, and loss of electric power.

Climate data for Henderson, Nevada
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 75
(24)
86
(30)
91
(33)
97
(36)
111
(44)
114
(46)
117
(47)
112
(44)
110
(43)
100
(38)
90
(32)
78
(26)
117
(47)
Average high °F (°C) 54
(12)
59
(15)
67
(19)
75
(24)
85
(29)
95
(35)
101
(38)
99
(37)
91
(33)
78
(26)
64
(18)
54
(12)
76.8
(24.8)
Average low °F (°C) 41
(5)
44
(7)
49
(9)
56
(13)
65
(18)
74
(23)
79
(26)
78
(26)
71
(22)
60
(16)
48
(9)
40
(4)
58.8
(14.8)
Record low °F (°C) 11
(−12)
12
(−11)
25
(−4)
31
(−1)
37
(3)
41
(5)
56
(13)
59
(15)
43
(6)
30
(−1)
4
(−16)
9
(−13)
4
(−16)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.70
(17.8)
0.96
(24.4)
0.57
(14.5)
0.23
(5.8)
0.11
(2.8)
0.11
(2.8)
0.46
(11.7)
0.72
(18.3)
0.42
(10.7)
0.36
(9.1)
0.49
(12.4)
0.60
(15.2)
5.73
(145.5)
Source: [9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1950 3,643
1960 12,525 243.8%
1970 16,395 30.9%
1980 24,363 48.6%
1990 64,942 166.6%
2000 175,381 170.1%
2010 257,729 47.0%
Est. 2012 265,679 [10] 3.1%
source:[11][12]

According to the 2000 census, there were 175,381 people, 66,331 households, and 47,095 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,200.8 people per square mile (849.7/km²). There were 71,149 housing units at an average density of 892.8 per square mile (344.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 80.49% White, 3.76% African American, 0.70% Native American, 3.98% Asian, 0.42% Pacific Islander, 3.16% from other races, and 3.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.71% of the population.

There were 66,331 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.0% were non-families. 20.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age for the city was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $55,949, and the median income for a family was $61,176. The per capita income for the city was $26,815. About 3.9% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[13] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 City of Henderson 2,963
2 St. Rose Dominican Hospital – Siena Campus 1,000-1,499
3 Green Valley Ranch 1,000-1,499
4 M Resort 1,000-1,499
5 Sunset Station 1,000-1,499
6 Medco Health Solutions 800-899
7 St. Rose Dominican Hospital – Rose de Lima Campus 800-899
8 Zappos.com 600-699
9 Walmart 600-699
10 Fiesta Henderson 500-599

Culture and entertainment[edit]

An increasing number of major shopping malls, movie theater complexes, restaurants and casino resorts offer residents a variety of choices for leisure time in Henderson. The city also sits a few miles southeast of Las Vegas and is not too far from the world-famous Las Vegas Strip. "Shakespeare in the Park" celebrated its tenth anniversary in 1996, a testament to Henderson's long standing support for the arts and cultural programs. The city also boasts the largest recreational facility - the Multigenerational Facility at Liberty Pointe - in Nevada as well as Nevada's only scenic Bird Preserve. The city supports a variety of other cultural events as well, many of which are held at the outdoor amphitheater, the largest one of its kind in Nevada.

Film history[edit]

  • The documentary Real CSI" featured the Henderson Police Department (HPD) Crime Scene Analysts/Investigators.
  • A scene in the James Bond film Diamonds Are Forever in which Bond (Sean Connery) is nearly cremated alive was filmed at Palm Mortuary's Henderson location. Later in the movie he is dumped into a pipeline, which was filmed near Trailer Estates on Lake Mead Boulevard. The construction office for the Lake Mead to Las Vegas Water pipeline was located there during the building of the pipeline and the filming of the movie.[citation needed]

Select points of interest[edit]

Hiking trails[edit]

Prevention magazine listed Henderson in 2007 as the sixth best walking city in America, ahead of San Diego, California, and just behind Seattle, Washington.[dead link][14] Henderson has more than 37 miles (60 km) of trails.[15]

Government[edit]

The city received its charter from the Nevada State Legislature in 1953, formally incorporating the city with a council/manager form of government.

Henderson is divided into four wards. A mayor and four councilmembers are elected city-wide, but no more than one councilmember are allowed to reside in each ward.

Lorna Kesterson was elected as Henderson's first female mayor, serving two terms until 1993.[16][17] She remains the only woman to serve as mayor to date.[17]

Fire prevention services are provided by the Henderson Fire Department and police services by the Henderson Police Department.

Service Mayor
1953-1957 James B. French
1957-1965 William B. Byrne
1965-1969 William R. Hampton
1969-1973 Estes M. McDoniel
1973-1975 Cruz Olague
1975 Richard A. Stewart, Sr.
1975-1981 Lorin L. Williams
1981-1985 Leroy Zike
1985-1993 Lorna J. Kesterson
1993-1997 Robert A. Groesbeck
1997-2009 James B. Gibson
2009–present Andy A. Hafen

2013 Americans with Disabilities Act settlement[edit]

In 2013, the Department of Justice (DOJ) announced that it had reached a cooperative settlement agreement with the city of Henderson under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). The DOJ received complaints by individuals who are deaf that officers for the city of Henderson did not provide them with qualified sign language interpreters and other auxiliary aids and services when needed for effective communication. One of the complainants had been arrested and detained for two days in the Henderson detention facility, while the other was an alleged crime victim.[18]

During the course of its investigation into the allegations, the department inquired whether the city of Henderson would be interested in resolving the matter voluntarily. The city expressed its full commitment to ensure compliance with the ADA. Under the settlement, the city of Henderson will pay a total of $35,000 to the complainants. The city agreed to provide sign language interpreters, usually within an hour of a person's request to law enforcement officers. Henderson also agreed to modify its handcuffing policies for people who use sign language or hand writing to communicate, and to adopt other policies consistent with the ADA.[18]

Education[edit]

The Clark County School District provides elementary and secondary public education. Henderson is the location for 29 elementary schools, nine middle schools, and nine high schools. Five of the nine high schools are public schools. A tenth high school, Silverado High School, also serves parts of Henderson but is located in the unincorporated Clark County (Paradise).

Colleges and universities[edit]

Henderson is home to several colleges and universities. Nevada State College, a baccalaureate college in the Nevada System of Higher Education. The Roseman University of Health Sciences, a private university which awards degrees in nursing, pharmacy, and business, is located in Henderson. The College of Southern Nevada, a community college based in Las Vegas, maintains a branch campus in Henderson. California's National University, Touro University Nevada and Devry University also maintain a campus in Henderson.

Several for-profit colleges also operate in the city, including the International Academy of Design & Technology, The Art Institute of Las Vegas, Everest College-Henderson formerly Las Vegas College, and the Nevada branch of the ITT Technical Institute.

Nevada State College[edit]

Founded in 2002 on a 509-acre (2.06 km2) site in the southern foothills of Henderson, Nevada State College offers academic programs regular and accelerated nursing degrees, education degrees, and liberal arts majors including psychology, biology, history, English, criminal justice, and an Occupational Therapy joint degree program in conjunction with Touro College. Its first permanent building, the Liberal Arts and Sciences building, opened in August 2008. Nevada State College’s full-time faculty is 34.2% ethnic/racial minorities, which is the highest percentage of all colleges of the Nevada System of Higher Education institutions. The college realized accreditation through the efforts of its late President Dr. Fred Maryanski.

Media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

Television[edit]

KVVU is licensed to broadcast from Henderson as Fox 5 News.

Transportation[edit]

The city is served by RTC Transit (formerly Citizens Area Transit/CAT) with its network of bus routes which run throughout the Las Vegas Valley.

Henderson is served by four major highways: Henderson Black Hills and (State Route 582), which is the main thoroughfare connecting with Las Vegas and Boulder City; Lake Mead Parkway (State Route 564); Interstate 515 and Interstate 215. State Route 146, also known as Saint Rose Parkway, connects Interstate 15 near Sloan with Interstate 215 in Green Valley. This stretch is formally a part of Lake Mead Parkway which is a direct link to Henderson for motorists traveling in and out of Southern California.

Henderson is home for the Henderson Executive Airport. The main airport for the metropolitan area is McCarran International Airport, located northwest of Henderson.

Street numbering is different within the city of Henderson than with the rest of the Las Vegas Valley. The center of Henderson lies within the intersection of Water Street and Lake Mead Parkway. The Henderson Police Department for years referred to Lake Mead Parkway (and its former name Lake Mead Drive) as "146", while Boulder Highway is often referred as "93", its former highway designation.

The Union Pacific Railroad serves Henderson over a branch line originally built to support construction of Hoover Dam. The final few miles of the line, owned by the U.S. Government, were abandoned after the dam was completed. The line still extends to Boulder City; in 1985, the state purchased the section east of appropriately I-515, with the Nevada Southern Railroad Museum operating excursion trains over the easternmost seven miles (11 km).

Rocket fuel factory fire[edit]

Main article: PEPCON disaster

In 1988, the PEPCON rocket fuel factory became engulfed in fire. Smoke was seen from 100 miles away, and two major blasts measured 3.0 and 3.5, respectively, on the Richter scale at observatories in California and Colorado.[19] Investigators surveying the damage in the surrounding communities estimated the blast as similar to a 1-kiloton airblast nuclear detonation.[19] Two people were killed. The explosion spurred the development of Henderson from industrial to the largely residential area it is today. There are no signs of the Pepcon explosion today, and the site now consists mostly of office buildings.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.city-data.com/us-cities/The-West/Reno-Population-Profile.html
  2. ^ http://www.forbes.com/sites/bethgreenfield/2011/12/15/americas-safest-cities/ | America's Safest Cities - Forbes
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ Lelande Quick, Miracle Metal from Nevada Hills, Desert Magazine, June 1944, pages 10-13
  6. ^ Moore, David. The Hoover Dam: A World Renowned Concrete Monument Roman Concrete, 1999. Accessed: 26 February 2012.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ http://www.visithenderson.com/visit/glance/history/ visithenderson.com
  9. ^ "Monthly Averages for Henderson, NV". Weather.com. Retrieved November 21, 2011. 
  10. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2012/PEPANNRSIP.US12A
  11. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 156.
  12. ^ Table 3. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Nevada: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011
  13. ^ City of Henderson Comprehensive Annual Financial Report
  14. ^ Top 100 Best Walker-Friendly Cities - Prevention.com[dead link]
  15. ^ Lyle, Michael (May 15, 2008). "Battle-born Henderson now ‘A Place to Call Home’". Las Vegas Sun.
  16. ^ McMurdo, Doug (2012-01-17). "Former Henderson mayor Lorna Kesterson dies at 86". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved 2012-01-20. 
  17. ^ a b Zvosec, Carla J. (2012-01-18). "City’s first and only female mayor dies at age 86". Henderson Press. Retrieved 2012-01-20. 
  18. ^ a b Department of Justice Office of Public Affairs (5 August 2013). "Justice Department Reaches Settlement with the City of Henderson, Nev. to Improve Law Enforcement Communications with People Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing". US Department of Justice. Retrieved 7 August 2013. 
  19. ^ a b "From Rockets to Ruins: The PEPCON Ammonium Perchlorate Plant Explosion". NASA Safety Center System Failure Case Study 6 (9). November 2012. Retrieved 7 August 2013. 
  20. ^ [3]
  21. ^ [4]
  22. ^ Flavor Flav and 'Flavor of Love' winner Nikki Alexander "just friends"
  23. ^ McLean, Craig (2006-09-24). "Songs of praise". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2010-05-04. 
  24. ^ http://virtualglobetrotting.com/map/pierre-omidyars-house/
  25. ^ 72os.com - Poker League, Poker Community - David Sklansky - Player Profile
  26. ^ Las Vegas Business Press :: News : Inspirada brings 'New Urbanism' feel to Henderson community

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°01′45″N 115°01′31″W / 36.0292°N 115.0253°W / 36.0292; -115.0253