IND Rockaway Line

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IND Rockaway Line
NYCS-line-trans-Rockaway.svg
The A, <A> trains and Rockaway Park Shuttle serve the IND Rockaway Line.
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System New York City Subway
Termini Aqueduct Racetrack
Rockaway Park – Beach 116th Street (Rockaway Park Branch)
Far Rockaway – Mott Avenue (Far Rockaway Branch)
Stations 14
Operation
Opening 1956-1958
Owner City of New York
Operator(s) New York City Transit Authority
Character Elevated
Technical
No. of tracks 2-4
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Electrification Direct Current traction
IND Rockaway Line
IND Fulton Street Line
Aqueduct Racetrack
Aqueduct – North Conduit Avenue
Howard Beach – JFK Airport
North Channel Swing Bridge (fixed)
Broad Channel
Beach Channel Drawbridge
Hammels Wye
Beach 67th Street
Beach 60th Street
Beach 44th Street
Beach 36th Street
Beach 25th Street
Far Rockaway – Mott Avenue
Far Rockaway Branch
Beach 90th Street
Beach 98th Street
Beach 105th Street
Rockaway Park Yard
Rockaway Park – Beach 116th Street
Rockaway Park Branch

The IND Rockaway Line is a rapid transit line of the IND Division of the New York City Subway, operating in Queens. It branches from the IND Fulton Street Line at Rockaway Boulevard, extending over the Jamaica Bay, into the Rockaways. The A train serves the line on the Far Rockaway – Mott Avenue branch and north of Hammels Wye.[1] The Rockaway Park Shuttle runs between Broad Channel and Rockaway Park – Beach 116th Street. Five rush hour A trains provide service between Rockaway Park and Manhattan in the peak direction.

History and service[edit]

Service Between
  Time period Aqueduct Racetrack
Far Rockaway
Broad Channel
Rockaway Park
A Rush peak service
Other times service no service
S All times no service service
An A train made up of R32 cars turns from the IND Rockaway Line towards the IND Fulton Street Line.

The line dates back to 1892, when it first saw service by the Long Island Rail Road. In the late 1890s, the Brooklyn Elevated Railway (later BRT) got permission to use Brooklyn el trains on the line for beach access. The city soon began eyeing the line as popularity soared.[2][3][4] Additionally, the Ocean Electric Railway used part of it as a connection between the Far Rockaway and Rockaway Beach Branches.

In 1950, a serious track fire between The Raunt and Broad Channel stations destroyed the trestle across Jamaica Bay, and as a result, the line was deemed useless. Instead of repairing it, the LIRR decided to abandon the line in favor of their "land route" to Far Rockaway via Nassau County. The city bought the line for $8.5 million and spent an additional $47.5 million to convert it for subway use, something they were planning to do as far back as the late 1920s.

The line was incorporated into the Independent Subway System and connected to the IND Fulton Street Line. All of the stations opened on June 28, 1956 except Far Rockaway – Mott Avenue, which opened on January 16, 1958. The crossing across Jamaica Bay between Howard Beach – JFK Airport and Broad Channel is the longest distance between any two stations in the system.

The line charged a double fare south of Howard Beach which entailed the deposit of two tokens for those entering along the line or one token on exit for those arriving from other parts of the system. The unpopular double fare was abolished in 1975.

A significant service improvement on the Rockaway Line took effect in 1993, when direct late-night service between Far Rockaway (but not Rockaway Park) and Brooklyn and Manhattan began; previously, only shuttle service was provided during these hours, with a transfer at Euclid Avenue (the Rockaway Park branch remains a shuttle during late nights, with a transfer at Broad Channel).

Washed out track support after Hurricane Sandy

In the late 1990s, outer tracks were installed to the north of Broad Channel. The track to the west of the original tracks extends slightly less than two miles, and is used for testing of equipment. The track to the east of the original tracks is used for reversing trains on the Rockaway Park shuttle, and is approximately as long as a standard full length train. This track allows the shuttle to turn around significantly faster than it had been able to do before, when it was forced to relay at Howard Beach – JFK Airport or Euclid Avenue.

The segment of the line between Howard Beach and the Rockaway Peninsula suffered serious damage during Hurricane Sandy and was out of service for several months.[5] On November 20, 2012, a free H shuttle train began service between Far Rockaway and Beach 90th Street. On May 30, 2013, full service was restored.[6][7][8][9]

Station listing[edit]

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours in the peak direction only
Time period details
Neighborhood
(approximate)
Handicapped/disabled access Station Services Opened Transfers and notes
Ozone Park splits from the IND Fulton Street Line (A all times)
Handicapped/disabled access Aqueduct Racetrack A Northbound only (Northbound only) June 28, 1956 (subway) Single side platform for northbound service only
Aqueduct – North Conduit Avenue A all times June 28, 1956 (subway)
Howard Beach Handicapped/disabled access Howard Beach – JFK Airport A all times June 28, 1956 (subway) Connection to AirTrain JFK
Broad Channel Broad Channel A all times S all times June 28, 1956 (subway)
Hammels Wye
splits to Far Rockaway Branch (A all times) & Rockaway Park Branch (A rush hours, peak direction S all times)
with a connecting track between the two branches (No Regular Service)
 
Far Rockaway Branch
Arverne Beach 67th Street A all times June 28, 1956 (subway)
Beach 60th Street A all times June 28, 1956 (subway)
Edgemere Beach 44th Street A all times June 28, 1956 (subway)
Beach 36th Street A all times June 28, 1956 (subway)
Far Rockaway Beach 25th Street A all times June 28, 1956 (subway)
Handicapped/disabled access Far Rockaway – Mott Avenue A all times January 16, 1958 (subway) Connection to Long Island Rail Road at Far Rockaway
 
Rockaway Park Branch
Rockaway Beach Beach 90th Street A rush hours, peak direction S all times June 28, 1956 (subway)
Beach 98th Street A rush hours, peak direction S all times June 28, 1956 (subway)
Rockaway Park Beach 105th Street A rush hours, peak direction S all times June 28, 1956 (subway)
Handicapped/disabled access Rockaway Park – Beach 116th Street A rush hours, peak direction S all times June 28, 1956 (subway)


References[edit]

External links[edit]