|San Francisco/Oakland/San Jose, California
|City of license||San Francisco, California|
|Branding||ABC 7 (general)
ABC 7 News (newscasts)
|Slogan||Discover ABC 7|
|Channels||Digital: 7 (VHF)
Virtual: 7 (PSIP)
|Translators||35 (UHF) San Jose, CA|
(KGO Television, Inc.)
|First air date||May 5, 1949|
|Call letters' meaning||K General Electric Oakland (derived from former sister station KGO radio)|
|Former channel number(s)||Analog:
7 (VHF, 1949–2009)
24 (UHF, 1999–2009)
|Transmitter power||24 kW|
|Height||509 m (1,670 ft)|
|Public license information:||Profile
KGO-TV, channel 7, is an ABC owned-and-operated television station located in San Francisco, California. The station is owned by the ABC Owned Television Stations subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company. KGO's studios are located in the ABC Broadcast Center on Front Street in downtown San Francisco, while its transmitter is atop Sutro Tower, located between Mount Sutro and the Twin Peaks in central San Francisco.
- 1 History
- 2 Digital television
- 3 Programming
- 4 News operation
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
The station first signed on the air on May 5, 1949. KGO-TV is the San Francisco Bay Area's second-oldest television station, behind KPIX (channel 5). In fact, KPIX had a hand in getting KGO-TV on the air, as the CBS-affiliated (and now CBS-owned) station produced informational programming on how to receive and view ABC's channel 7. KGO-TV's original studios were located in the renovated Sutro Mansion near Mount Sutro in San Francisco, next to the transmitter tower it shared with KPIX.
Channel 7 was the fourth of ABC's five original owned-and-operated stations to sign-on, after outlets in New York City, Chicago and Detroit, and before Los Angeles. In addition, it is the only ABC station to keep its original call letters, which were inherited from KGO radio 810 AM. In addition to airing ABC programming, KGO-TV also aired syndicated programs from the Paramount Television Network; among the Paramount programs aired were Time For Beany, Hollywood Reel, Sandy Dreams, Hollywood Wrestling, and Cowboy G-Men.
Channel 7 had a limited broadcasting schedule during its first year on the air. It was not until September 1950 that the station announced, in the San Francisco Chronicle, that it would broadcast seven days a week. For much of the 1950s, the station signed on late in the morning, especially on the weekends. For many years, Saturday programming began with King Norman's Kingdom of Toys, a popular children's program hosted by the owner of a San Francisco toy store, Norman Rosenberg, from 1954 until 1961.
In 1954, KGO-TV moved to one of the most modern broadcasting facilities on the West Coast at the time at 277 Golden Gate Avenue, formerly known as the Eagle Building. The building was demolished between 2010 and 2011. As an ABC-owned station, KGO-TV originated a few network daytime shows, including programs hosted by fitness expert Jack La Lanne, singer Tennessee Ernie Ford, and entertainer Gypsy Rose Lee. Syndicated game shows Oh My Word and The Anniversary Game were produced at KGO-TV by Circle Seven Productions. In the mid-1950s, KGO-TV telecast live weeknight variety shows hosted by KSFO disc jockey Don Sherwood, until Sherwood was fired for making a political comment in defiance of a warning from station management. In September 1962, KGO began carrying ABC's first color program, the animated series The Jetsons, followed by The Flintstones. In the mid 1960s, KGO became the first Bay Area station to broadcast local programs in color, including its newscasts. In 1985, KGO-TV began broadcasting from its current studios at 900 Front Street, sharing the facility with radio stations KGO (AM 810), KSFO and KMKY (the former two are now owned by Cumulus Media). By 2012 the radio stations had vacated 900 Front street. In 2014 it was announced that KRON-TV would move its operations from 1001 Van Ness avenue, a building it has occupied since 1967, to the KGO-TV building at 900 Front street, leasing space from KGO-TV/ABC.
For most of its existence, KGO-TV was the only network-owned television station in the Bay Area, even throughout the time when ABC underwent ownership changes: Capital Cities Communications bought out ABC and merged with the network in 1985, the combined company Capital Cities/ABC was then sold to The Walt Disney Company in 1996. As such, the station did not heavily preempt network programming unlike its local competitors or its sister stations – such as Philadelphia's WPVI-TV, Houston's KTRK-TV and Fresno's KFSN-TV – which were known for doing so in those days (as of 2007, some exceptions to this policy may be made when breaking news events or selected ABC Sports programs warrant exclusive coverage, in which case independent station KOFY-TV (channel 20), may pick up the pre-empted ABC programming scheduled for the time period). The distinction of being the Bay Area's only O&O station ended in 1995 when several other stations in the San Francisco-Oakland market became network-owned stations over the next ten years – including KBHK (now KBCW) becoming a charter member of UPN (which the station's then-owner was a partner in) in 1995, KPIX becoming a CBS O&O with the network's 1995 merger with Westinghouse, and KNTV becoming an NBC O&O in 2002 after being bought by the network after it disaffiliated from KRON-TV. After ABC sold Detroit's WXYZ-TV to Scripps Howard Broadcasting in 1986 as part of the Capital Cities/ABC merger, KGO-TV went on to be the longest-serving ABC O&O outside of New York, Los Angeles and Chicago.
KGO in the Salinas, Monterey and Santa Cruz market
In 1999, KGO-TV – seeking to gain advertising revenue in the South Bay – reached an agreement with the Granite Broadcasting Corporation, then-owner of San Jose's ABC affiliate KNTV to pay Granite to drop KNTV's ABC affiliation, resulting in KGO-TV becoming the network's exclusive Bay Area outlet. This resulted in the Salinas–Santa Cruz–Monterey Bay market losing over-the-air reception of ABC programs since KNTV had also served those communities (the station temporarily affiliated with The WB, before replacing KRON-TV as the Bay Area's NBC affiliate in January 2002). In response, a cable-only ABC affiliate was set up for the areas affected, that simulcast KGO-TV's programming (including ABC programming and local newscasts), with the exception of programs that channel 7 was only allowed to show within the San Francisco market under syndication exclusivity rules. On December 20, 2010, Hearst Television, owners of NBC affiliate KSBW, signed an affiliation agreement with ABC to bring the network's programming to KSBW's second digital subchannel. The new subchannel (branded on-air as "Central Coast ABC") debuted on April 18, 2011, effectively displacing KGO from cable providers in California's Central Coast, which replaced the station with KSBW's ABC-affiliated subchannel.
KGO-TV was one of the earliest ABC stations to use the original Circle 7 logo (along with sister station WBKB in Chicago). According to Broadcasting magazine, KGO unveiled this logo, created by San Francisco design consultant G. Dean Smith, on August 27, 1962. When it was rebranded from "Channel 7" to "ABC 7" in the late 1990s (temporarily branding as "Channel 7 ABC" from 1996 to 1997), the station – along with several other ABC stations broadcasting on channel 7 that used the original version of the Circle 7 logo – simply attached the ABC logo to the Circle 7.
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|7.1||720p||16:9||KGO-HD||Main KGO-TV programming / ABC|
|7.2||LIVWELL||Live Well Network
(letterbox on 7.3)
Live Well Network
In May 2010, KGO-TV began carrying the Disney/ABC-owned Live Well HD (now Live Well Network) on its second digital subchannel; KGO-TV also produces the cooking show Good Cookin' with Bruce Aidells for the network. In 2007, KGO was among the few commercial television stations in California that scheduled an alternative set of programs on a digital subchannel; at the time, the 7.2 subchannel ran simulcasts and rebroadcasts of most KGO newscasts and other locally produced programs, along with repeats of ABC News programs in non-traditional timeslots (for example, the weeknight editions of ABC World News aired at 7 p.m, while Nightline aired most weekdays at 9 a.m. and 7:30 p.m.). Some programs seen on channel 7.2, such as the Commonwealth Club Speaker's Luncheon and reruns of the 1960s ABC primetime western The Guns of Will Sonnett, were not shown on Channel 7.
KGO-TV shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 7, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition UHF channel 24 to VHF channel 7 for post-transition operations. As a result, KGO-TV is the only Bay Area television station to retain the same channel allocation post-transition and the only other station alongside KNTV to remain on the VHF dial.
KGO has a construction permit for a fill-in translator on UHF Channel 35, serving the southern portion of the viewing area, including San Jose. For antenna viewers, until the digital transition. It has since returned to RF channel 7. RF 7 is a VHF channel, its reception can be difficult for people with UHF HDTV antenna.
The station carries a high profile lineup of daytime programming with shows such as Live with Kelly and Michael, Who Wants to Be a Millionaire, Jeopardy! and Wheel of Fortune (the former two programs are distributed by the station's corporate cousin, Disney-ABC Domestic Television, while the latter two are produced by CBS Television Distribution and Sony Pictures Television). Other shows on KGO-TV include the ABC Studios-produced dramas Private Practice (which stars San Jose native Kate Walsh), and Castle. Jeopardy! and Wheel have aired on KGO since both shows moved to the station from KRON-TV in 1992. The Oprah Winfrey Show aired on KGO-TV throughout the program's tenure from 1986 to 2011. It also paired Donahue with Oprah on the station's afternoon lineup in the late 1980s, after the station acquired Donahue from KTVU; however, in the fall of 1995, KGO-TV became the first affiliate in the country to drop the talk show, one year before its cancellation (New York City's NBC O&O WNBC dropped Donahue as well shortly afterwards, even though the program originated from WNBC's studios at Rockefeller Center during this era).
KGO also airs the pre-show of the Academy Awards (which is produced by Los Angeles sister station KABC-TV). The station had sometimes aired the Bay to Breakers race during the 1980s, and the KGO Cure-a-thon with its radio partner, KGO-AM 810. KGO-TV was the first station to produce documentaries of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake on April 8, 2006.
In the 1970s and 1980s, KGO-TV produced weekday talk/variety shows in the 9:00 to 10:00 a.m. timeslot following Good Morning America. A.M. San Francisco ran from 1975 to 1987/1988, when it was replaced by Good Morning, Bay Area, hosted by Susan Sikora. Hosts of A.M. San Francisco included the husband-and-wife team of Fred LaCosse and Terry Lowry (other ABC owned-and-operated stations produced their own A.M. programs in the 1980s; for example, A.M. Chicago at WLS-TV evolved into The Oprah Winfrey Show, and Live! with Kelly and Michael evolved from a similar A.M. program on WABC). For a week or two in the summer of 1988, A.M. Los Angeles was simulcast on KGO-TV, with a few KGO-TV produced segments.
The View From The Bay
From June 26, 2006 to September 10, 2010, KGO-TV broadcast a locally-produced weekday variety show called The View From The Bay, hosted by Spencer Christian and Janelle Wang. The hour-long show focused on local attractions as well as interviews and other interests in the Bay Area. Aimed at female viewers, the show aired weekdays at 3 p.m., and was also live streamed online. Los Angeles sister station KABC-TV also aired the program weeknights at 10 p.m. on its second digital subchannel, with the program also airing at various times on digital subchannels of other ABC O&O stations. The program was also syndicated to the Live Well Network in 2010, retitled as "Everyday Living". 
The View From The Bay was replaced by a new local afternoon talk program called 7 Live on September 13, 2010 (which was similar in format to one of MSNBC's earliest programs, The Site), taking the former program's previous 3 p.m. timeslot. The program was hosted by longtime KGO-AM radio host Brian Copeland and Lizzie Bermudez, who stood at a computerized podium and alternatively acted as "sidekick" or "sounding board" to Copeland and shared material from her computer; Bermudez focused on technology and pop culture segments. 7 Live had an innovative format with a studio audience called "The Voice Box" and viewer-submitter e-mail, Facebook and Twitter comments that were read by the hosts during the program. Copeland spent most of the program walking about the studio, peppering his material with humorous comments. Each edition of 7 Live generally ended with Copeland sharing a "Thought of the Day."
Jennifer Jolly served as the technology/social media co-host from a computerized podium (on a par with Bermudez) from its premiere until August 2011, when she became a frequent technology and social media guest contributor for the now-defunct CBS morning news program, The Early Show. The program played off the "seven" theme by sometimes incorporating a seven-item list (referred to as "The List") into the program. "7 Live" was canceled by KGO, due to low ratings, airing its last broadcast on April 27, 2012.
KGO-TV presently broadcasts 43½ hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with 6½ hours on weekdays, and 5½ hours on Saturdays and Sundays). KGO-TV also produces an hour-long 9 p.m. newscast for independent station KOFY-TV (channel 20), the program usually rebroadcasts stories previously shown during the 6 p.m. newscast and national and international news reports from ABC News.
KGO-TV had followed the lead of its New York City sister station, WABC-TV, and adopted the Eyewitness News format for its newscasts in the late 1960s; however, the Eyewitness News title had already been used on KPIX-TV, which inherited its version of the format from its Philadelphia sister station KYW-TV. As a result, KGO-TV instead called its newscasts Channel 7 News Scene throughout the 1970s, and Channel 7 News from 1982 to 1998, when it switched to the current ABC 7 News branding. Along with the other ABC O&Os, KGO-TV also used an edited version of the "Tar Sequence" from the soundtrack of "Cool Hand Luke" as the theme music for its newscasts starting in 1969.
The station broadcast a 4:30 p.m. newscast named Early News in 1970, anchored by Ray Tannehill and John Reed King, with Pete Giddings covering weather and Bob Fouts presenting sports. Lu Hurley provided live helicopter traffic coverage, one of the first television programs in the San Francisco Bay Area to offer traffic reports. KGO-TV was one of the last ABC affiliates that broadcast the network's evening news program in the 7:00 p.m. time slot. By early 1992, World News Tonight had been displaced to 5:30 p.m, replacing the last half of the 5:00 p.m. news hour. KGO-TV has long broadcast an 11:00 p.m. newscast; it was originally a half-hour program, before expanding to 35 minutes in the early 1990s. In the 2000s, a staple of the 11 p.m. Sunday newscast was Richard Hart's segment about technological developments, alternatively titled "Next Step and "Drive to Discover."
The station currently utilizes the market's first helicopter equipped to shoot and transmit high definition video, branded as "Sky 7HD", which made its on-air debut in February 2006. Due to logistical and equipment limitations, video from the helicopter is only available in 4:3 standard definition at times (when this occurs, the helicopter is branded simply "Sky 7"). KGO became the second television station in the Bay Area (after KTVU) to begin broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition on February 17, 2007.
On July 20, 2007, longtime evening news anchor and KGO radio talk show host Pete Wilson died at age 62, following a massive heart attack that he suffered during a hip replacement procedure at Stanford University Medical Center in Palo Alto, California. The station aired extensive tributes to Wilson when his death was publicly announced the following day. His final newscast and radio show were on July 18, 2007.
In 2008, KGO became the first station in the market to start its early morning newscast before 5 a.m., with the expansion of its weekday morning program to 4:30 a.m. Around that same time and prompted by a sluggish economy and the station's conversion to the "Ignite" automated control room system, KGO-TV briefly operated under what was – by all accounts – a failed experiment in which one person anchored certain weeknight newscasts. During this ill-fated experiment, Cheryl Jennings anchored the 5:00 p.m. weekday news by herself, and Dan Ashley anchored the 11:00 p.m. news solo. Research and ratings later proved both shows had suffered dramatically during the experiment, though Ashley still solo the 9 p.m. newscast that KGO-TV produces for KOFY-TV. On May 26, 2011, KGO debuted an hour-long 4 p.m. newscast, which filled the timeslot formerly held by The Oprah Winfrey Show (which ended its 25-year syndication run the previous day). On September 10, 2011, KGO-TV expanded its weekend 11 p.m. newscasts to one hour.
KGO broadcast a special seven-minute "minicast" at midnight during the 2012 Summer Olympics, called ABC 7 News Special Edition, as an effort to counterprogram the special midnight local newscast on NBC-owned KNTV that followed the network's primetime Olympics coverage. The special newscast did not air on nights when NBC's Olympic coverage ended before midnight (August 8, for example, resulting in no KGO midnight newscast on August 9). At least one other ABC-owned station, KABC-TV downstate in Los Angeles, also produced a seven-minute midnight newscast during the 2012 Olympics. On August 8, 2014 it strike a partnership with Univision 14 KDTV-TV to cross-promote newscast and share news context KGO second behind WPVI-TV which in December partnered with WUVP-TV prouduce live live 11 p.m. newscast.
Notable current on–air staff
- Larry Beil – weekday anchor; also sports director and fill-in anchor
- Katie Marzullo – Saturday mornings anchor; also fill-in anchor and general assignment reporter
- Kristen Sze – weekday mornings anchor; also Assignment 7 host and reporter
- Spencer Christian chief meteorologist; weekday evenings; also fill-in
- Laura Anthony
- Wayne Freedman
- Nannette Miranda – Sacramento Bureau chief
- Sergio Quintana
- Mark Curtis – political analyst
- Jane King – weekday mornings business reporter; correspondent for Bloomberg News
- Walker, Ellis (1953-12-21). "Video Notes". The Daily Review (Hayward, CA).
- "Tonight on TV". The Times (San Mateo, CA). 1950-04-28. p. 15.
- Franklin, Bob (1950-11-16). "Show Time". Oakland Tribune (Oakland, CA). p. 63.
- "The Nation's Top Television Programs". Billboard: 12. 1955-10-08.
- "TV Programs". The Oakland Tribune (Oakland, CA). 1954-05-12. pp. 26 D.
- San Francisco Chronicle, September 1950
- Station Search - Citadel Broadcasting
- KSBW To Offer ABC, NBC Programming
- "New '7' Logo Designed for KGO-TV (ch. 7)," Broadcasting, Aug. 27, 1962, p. 72.
- "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and the Second Rounds" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-24.
- CDBS Print
- KGO San Francisco Launching 4 P.M. News, TVNewsCheck, May 19, 2011.
- KGO Expanding 11 P.M. Weekend News, TVNewsCheck, September 7, 2011.
- KGO–TV & KDTV work together
- Official website
- Query the FCC's TV station database for KGO
- BIAfn's Media Web Database -- Information on KGO-TV