Los Gatos, California

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Town of Los Gatos
Town
La Cañada Building
La Cañada Building
Official seal of Town of Los Gatos
Seal
Location in Santa Clara County and the state of California
Location in Santa Clara County and the state of California
Coordinates: 37°14′10″N 121°57′42″W / 37.23611°N 121.96167°W / 37.23611; -121.96167Coordinates: 37°14′10″N 121°57′42″W / 37.23611°N 121.96167°W / 37.23611; -121.96167
Country  United States
State  California
County Santa Clara
Incorporated August 10, 1887[1]
Government
 • Mayor Steven Leonardis
 • Town Manager Greg Larson
Area[2]
 • Total 11.160 sq mi (28.903 km2)
 • Land 11.080 sq mi (28.697 km2)
 • Water 0.080 sq mi (0.206 km2)  0.71%
Elevation 344 ft (105 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 29,413
 • Density 2,600/sq mi (1,000/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 95030-95033
Area code(s) 408/669
FIPS code 06-44112
GNIS feature ID 1659017
Website www.losgatosca.gov

The town of Los Gatos is an incorporated town in Santa Clara County, California, United States. The population was 29,413 at the 2010 census. According to Bloomberg Businessweek, Los Gatos is ranked the 33rd wealthiest city in the United States.[3] It is located in the San Francisco Bay Area at the southwest corner of San Jose in the foothills of the Santa Cruz Mountains.

Etymology[edit]

The name Los Gatos is Spanish, meaning the cats. The name derives from the 1839 Alta California land-grant that encompassed the area, which was called La Rinconada de Los Gatos, ("Cat's Corner"), where "the cats" refers to the mountain lions and bobcats that are indigenous to the foothills in which the town is located. The name has been anglicized to /lɔːs ˈɡætəs/ lawss-GAT-əs,[4] although one also hears pronunciations truer to the original Spanish, /lsˈɡɑːts/ lohss-GAH-tohss.

History[edit]

Overview[edit]

The town's founding dates to the mid-1850s with the building of a flour operation, Forbes Mill, by James Alexander Forbes along Los Gatos Creek. The mill's two-story stone storage annex has been preserved as a museum just off of Main Street.

The settlement that was established in the 1860s was originally named for the mill, but the name was changed to Los Gatos after the Spanish land grant. The town was incorporated in 1887 and remained an important town for the logging industry in the Santa Cruz Mountains through the end of the 19th century. In the early 20th century, the town became a thriving agricultural town with apricots, grapes and prunes being grown in the area. By the 1920s, the Los Gatos area had a local reputation as an arts colony, attracting painters, musicians, writers, actors and their bohemian associates as residents over the years. The violinist Yehudi Menuhin lived there as a boy;[5] the actresses Joan Fontaine and Olivia de Havilland (sisters) were graduates of Los Gatos High School, John Steinbeck wrote The Grapes of Wrath there (the location is now located in Monte Sereno), and Beat hero Neal Cassady lived there in the 1950s. Along with much of the Santa Clara Valley, Los Gatos became a suburban community for San Jose beginning in the 1950s, and the town was mostly built-out by the 1980s.

Downtown Los Gatos has retained and restored many of its Victorian-era homes and commercial buildings. Other notable buildings are the Forbes Mill annex, dating to 1880 and now housing a history museum; Los Gatos High School which dates from the 1920s; and the Old Town Shopping Center, formerly the University Avenue School (the school was established in 1882; the current buildings date to 1923).

A number of brick buildings in Downtown Los Gatos were destroyed or seriously damaged in the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, though the district was quickly rebuilt and has made a full recovery.

Recently the Main Street Bridge has emulated the Ponte des Artes bridge in Paris by displaying love locks for anniversaries and engagements.

Rail transportation[edit]

Transport by rail was an early feature of Los Gatos. The South Pacific Coast Railroad, a popular narrow-gauge line from Alameda (and San Francisco via ferry) to Santa Cruz in the late 19th century, stopped in Los Gatos.[6] Southern Pacific took over this line in 1887. Los Gatos was also near the Southern Pacific resort town of Holy City, along the rail line in the Santa Cruz Mountains. The last Southern Pacific passenger train to Santa Cruz left Los Gatos in March 1940. In town, the rail line used to run along the shore of Vasona Reservoir to the present-day location of the Post Office, following the path of what is now a continuous string of parking lots between Santa Cruz Ave. and University Ave. There was also a streetcar-type rail line with service to Saratoga and San Jose. Streetcar service via the Peninsular Railway started about 1905 and ended about 1933. San Francisco commuter trains continued into downtown until 1959, and Vasona Junction until 1964. The site of the old railroad station is now occupied by Town Plaza and the post office.

Geography and environment[edit]

Los Gatos is located at 37°14′10″N 121°57′42″W / 37.23611°N 121.96167°W / 37.23611; -121.96167 (37.236044, −121.961768).[7] Los Gatos is bisected by State Route 17, which runs through the town from south to north.

State Route 85 roughly marks the northern boundary of the town, although a few pockets of homes to its North are included. Highway 9 (Los Gatos-Saratoga Road) from the coast terminates at Highway 17. Downtown Los Gatos, the area on and around Santa Cruz Avenue and Main Street, is located in the southwest quadrant of town. A left exit on northbound Highway 17 becomes the south end of South Santa Cruz Avenue, leading into downtown. The area around Los Gatos Boulevard, east of Highway 17, is much more typically suburban than downtown, with medium-sized shopping centers clustered at major intersections of the multilane boulevard. Although the town has generally a quiet setting, its principal noise generators are State Route 17 and Los Gatos Boulevard. Sound levels within one hundred and fifty feet of Los Gatos Boulevard exceed 60 CNEL (Community Noise Equivalent Level),[8] a generally unacceptable range for residential living.

Vasona Park, a county park, and neighboring Oak Meadow Park, which belongs to the town, are located in what is roughly the geographic middle of the town, bordered on the south by Blossom Hill Road, on the east by Highway 17, on the west by University Avenue, and reaching at the north end not quite all the way to Lark Avenue. Located in the parks is the popular William "Billy" Jones Wildcat Railroad. In Vasona Park is the trail to Prune Ridge. Los Gatos Creek begins in the Santa Cruz Mountains south of the town and runs through the town parallel to Highway 17 all the way through neighboring Campbell and San Jose to the Guadalupe River, which flows into San Francisco Bay. A walking, jogging, and biking trail called the Los Gatos Creek Trail runs alongside much of the creek from Lexington Dam through Vasona Park and Campbell to Meridian Avenue in San Jose. In Los Gatos, the trail passes the 1854 Forbes Mill.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 11.2 square miles (29 km2). 11.1 square miles (29 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.71%) is water.

Los Gatos is surrounded by several mountain bike trails. Cyclists can leave from downtown on a 20-mile (32 km) loop through the Santa Cruz Mountains. From downtown, El Sereno mountain stands to the southwest; El Sombroso stands to the southeast. The El Sereno Open Space Preserve and the Sierra Azul Open Space Preserve open the top and upper flanks of each of these mountains to hiking and cycling.

Though the official total area of the town is 11.2 square miles, approximately 100 square miles of the surrounding Los Gatos Mountains (within the Santa Cruz Mountains range), has a Los Gatos address and uses the 95033 zip code (primarily) for U.S. Postal Service mail delivery (among other purposes).

Climate[edit]

Los Gatos experiences nearly the same temperatures as San Jose, just slightly warmer and with more rain. Los Gatos has a Mediterranean climate like much of California. January's average high is 63 °F (17 °C) and the low is 43 °F (6 °C) while July's average high is 86 °F (30 °C) and low is 57 °F (14 °C). Los Gatos has a Zone 10 hardiness zone. Daytime high temperatures very rarely stay below 50 °F (10 °C). Los Gatos rarely gets a hard frost. Los Gatos gets the slight winter chill that is needed to grow grapes and have vineyards. Certain types of bananas (the types that ripen in three months) grow well during the summer.

The record high temperature was 114 °F (46 °C) on June 14, 1961, and the record low temperature was 19 °F (−7 °C) on January 22, 1990. There are an average of 27.0 days annually with highs of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher and an average of 5.0 days annually with lows of 32 °F (0 °C) or lower. Rainfall averages 21.2 inches annually and falls on an average of 59 days annually. The wettest year was 1909 with 51.77 inches and the driest year was 2007 with 9.47 inches (241 mm). The most rainfall in one month was 26.56 inches in December 1955 and the most rainfall in 24 hours was 8.48 inches on December 23, 1955. Although snow sometimes falls in the nearby Santa Cruz Mountains, it is very rare in Los Gatos. The most snow on record was 2.0 inches in February 1976.[9] Los Gatos averages 330 sunny days per year.

Climate data for Los Gatos, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 79
(26)
80
(27)
88
(31)
96
(36)
101
(38)
114
(46)
113
(45)
107
(42)
109
(43)
103
(39)
87
(31)
83
(28)
114
(46)
Average high °F (°C) 60
(16)
62
(17)
66
(19)
71
(22)
76
(24)
82
(28)
85
(29)
85
(29)
83
(28)
76
(24)
65
(18)
61
(16)
75
(24)
Average low °F (°C) 39
(4)
41
(5)
43
(6)
44
(7)
48
(9)
52
(11)
55
(13)
55
(13)
53
(12)
49
(9)
42
(6)
39
(4)
50
(10)
Record low °F (°C) 18
(−8)
21
(−6)
27
(−3)
30
(−1)
34
(1)
37
(3)
37
(3)
39
(4)
38
(3)
31
(−1)
28
(−2)
16
(−9)
16
(−9)
Precipitation inches (mm) 5.1
(130)
4.7
(119)
3.9
(99)
1.2
(30)
0.5
(13)
0.1
(3)
0.1
(3)
0.1
(3)
0.2
(5)
1.0
(25)
2.5
(64)
3.2
(81)
22.6
(574)
[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 555
1890 1,652 197.7%
1900 1,915 15.9%
1910 2,232 16.6%
1920 2,317 3.8%
1930 3,168 36.7%
1940 3,597 13.5%
1950 4,907 36.4%
1960 9,036 84.1%
1970 23,735 162.7%
1980 26,906 13.4%
1990 27,357 1.7%
2000 28,592 4.5%
2010 29,413 2.9%

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[10] reported that Los Gatos had a population of 29,413. The population density was 2,635.7 people per square mile (1,017.6/km²). The racial makeup of Los Gatos was 24,060 (81.8%) White, 269 (0.9%) African American, 86 (0.3%) Native American, 3,203 (10.9%) Asian, 52 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 462 (1.6%) from other races, and 1,281 (4.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2,120 persons (7.2%).

The Census reported that 29,063 people (98.8% of the population) lived in households, 92 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 258 (0.9%) were institutionalized.

There were 12,355 households, out of which 3,775 (30.6%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 6,417 (51.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 949 (7.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 435 (3.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 551 (4.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 84 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 3,695 households (29.9%) were made up of individuals and 1,464 (11.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35. There were 7,801 families (63.1% of all households); the average family size was 2.96.

The population was spread out with 6,567 people (22.3%) under the age of 18, 1,442 people (4.9%) aged 18 to 24, 6,722 people (22.9%) aged 25 to 44, 9,417 people (32.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 5,265 people (17.9%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.0 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.

There were 13,050 housing units at an average density of 1,169.4 per square mile (451.5/km²), of which 7,778 (63.0%) were owner-occupied, and 4,577 (37.0%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.5%. 19,901 people (67.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 9,162 people (31.1%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 28,592 people, 11,988 households, and 7,300 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,030.8/km² (2,669.1/mi²). There were 12,367 housing units at an average density of 445.8/km² (1,154.5/mi²). The ethnic makeup of the town was 86.68% Caucasian, 0.79% African American, 0.30% Native American, 7.60% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 1.28% from other races, and 3.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.21% of the population.

There were 11,988 households out of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.1% were non-families. 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the town the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the town was $126,568, and the median income for a family was $152,940.[12] Males had a median income of $89,420 versus $57,596 for females. The per capita income for the town was $56,094. About 3.1% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.4% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

The town is governed by five elected council members with the position of mayor rotating between council members each year. Half the council is elected to a four-year term every two years. There are no term limits for the Town Council.

In the state legislature, Los Gatos is in the 15th Senate District, represented by Democrat Jim Beall, and in the 28th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Paul Fong.

Federally, Los Gatos is in California's 18th congressional district, represented by Democrat Anna Eshoo.[13]

Economy[edit]

The following companies are headquartered in Los Gatos:

Top employers[edit]

According to the Town's 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[15] the top employers in the town are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Mission Oaks Hospital 2,000
2 Safeway 900
3 Netflix 900
4 El Camino Hospital Los Gatos 700
5 Los Gatos Union School District 275
6 Los Gatos-Saratoga Joint Union High School District 270
7 Courtside Club 200
8 Alain Pinel Realtors 150
9 Town of Los Gatos 150

Transportation[edit]

The town of Los Gatos is served by the VTA, (Valley Transit Authority) which also serves the majority of the county of Santa Clara, including San Jose.

The two Los Gatos Community Buses run from Santa Cruz and Main to the Winchester Transit Center, the 49 via Los Gatos Boulevard and the 48 via Winchester.

For railroad transportation the nearby city of Santa Clara has the closest train station served by Caltrain, and nearby in the city of Campbell provides access to VTA light-rail via the Winchester, Downtown Campbell, and Hamilton stations.

For air travel, the closest international airports are San Jose International Airport (SJC), San Francisco International Airport (SFO), and Oakland International Airport. All these airports are used for air travel by people across the Bay Area.

Notable past and current residents[edit]

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Provides enrichment courses for homeschooled children in grades K-8.[17]

Private schools[edit]

St. Mary of the Immaculate Conception Catholic Church

Public libraries[edit]

The Santa Clara County Library has its headquarters in Los Gatos.[24] The Los Gatos Public Library is not part of the Santa Clara County Library system.

Sister cities[edit]

Los Gatos has five official sister cities:[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ "U.S. Census". Retrieved 2012-04-09. 
  3. ^ "America’s Richest Zip Codes 2011". Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  4. ^ Merriam Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed.
  5. ^ Pulcrano, Dan. "Yehudi Menuhin’s Los Gatos Days". Losgatos.com. 
  6. ^ "The South Pacific Coast Railroad". 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ Environmental Impact Report for the Superlife Care Facility, Earth Metrics Incorporated, prepared for the city of Los Gatos, California and the State of California Environmental Clearinghouse, March, 1989
  9. ^ "LOS GATOS, CALIFORNIA - Climate Summary". Wrcc.dri.edu. Retrieved 2012-04-09. 
  10. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Los Gatos town". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2012-04-09. 
  13. ^ "California's 18th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 14, 2013. 
  14. ^ "About Imagic" The Numb Thumb Club. (retrieved on January 11, 2009).
  15. ^ Town of Los Gatos CAFR
  16. ^ http://www.svcn.com/archives/lgwt/02.13.02/cover-0207.html
  17. ^ "Home Sweet School". Los Gatos Weekly Times. Retrieved 2008-08-20. 
  18. ^ Campbell Union School District Map http://www.schvision.com/schoolfinder3/campbellunionsd/Default.aspx (website)
  19. ^ St. Mary of the Immaculate Conception Elementary School website
  20. ^ Los Gatos Academy Preschool website
  21. ^ Los Gatos Parent Nursery School website
  22. ^ Rainbow of Knowledge website
  23. ^ Stratford School website
  24. ^ "Contact Us." Santa Clara County Library. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
  25. ^ "Monte Sereno explores sister city relationship". Los Gatos Weekly Times. Retrieved 2008-08-20. 

External links[edit]