MMP14

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Matrix metallopeptidase 14 (membrane-inserted)
Protein MMP14 PDB 1bqq.png
PDB rendering based on 1bqq.
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe, RCSB
Identifiers
Symbols MMP14 ; 1; MMP-14; MMP-X1; MT-MMP; MT-MMP 1; MT1-MMP; MT1MMP; MTMMP1
External IDs OMIM600754 MGI101900 HomoloGene21040 ChEMBL: 3869 GeneCards: MMP14 Gene
EC number 3.4.24.80
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE MMP14 160020 at tn.png
PBB GE MMP14 202827 s at tn.png
PBB GE MMP14 202828 s at tn.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 4323 17387
Ensembl ENSG00000157227 ENSMUSG00000000957
UniProt P50281 P53690
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_004995 NM_008608
RefSeq (protein) NP_004986 NP_032634
Location (UCSC) Chr 14:
23.31 – 23.32 Mb
Chr 14:
54.43 – 54.44 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

Matrix metalloproteinase-14 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the MMP14 gene.[1]

Proteins of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family are involved in the breakdown of extracellular matrix in normal physiological processes, such as embryonic development, reproduction, and tissue remodeling, as well as in disease processes, such as arthritis and metastasis. Most MMP's are secreted as inactive proproteins which are activated when cleaved by extracellular proteinases. However, the protein encoded by this gene is a member of the membrane-type MMP (MT-MMP) subfamily; each member of this subfamily contains a potential transmembrane domain suggesting that these proteins are expressed at the cell surface rather than secreted. "This protein activates MMP2 protein, and this activity may be involved in tumor invasion."[2]

Interactions[edit]

MMP14 has been shown to interact with TIMP2.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sato H, Takino T, Okada Y, Cao J, Shinagawa A, Yamamoto E, Seiki M (Jul 1994). "A matrix metalloproteinase expressed on the surface of invasive tumour cells". Nature 370 (6484): 61–5. doi:10.1038/370061a0. PMID 8015608. 
  2. ^ "Entrez Gene: MMP14 matrix metallopeptidase 14 (membrane-inserted)". 
  3. ^ Zucker, S; Drews M, Conner C, Foda H D, DeClerck Y A, Langley K E, Bahou W F, Docherty A J, Cao J (Jan 1998). "Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) binds to the catalytic domain of the cell surface receptor, membrane type 1-matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MT1-MMP)". J. Biol. Chem. (UNITED STATES) 273 (2): 1216–22. doi:10.1074/jbc.273.2.1216. ISSN 0021-9258. PMID 9422789. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

  • The MEROPS online database for peptidases and their inhibitors: M10.014