Maduranthakam

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Maduranthakam
மதுராந்தகம்
Town
Maduranthakam is located in Tamil Nadu
Maduranthakam
Maduranthakam
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 12°30′36″N 79°53′06″E / 12.5101°N 79.8849°E / 12.5101; 79.8849Coordinates: 12°30′36″N 79°53′06″E / 12.5101°N 79.8849°E / 12.5101; 79.8849
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Kancheepuram
Population (2011)
 • Total 30,796
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 603306
Telephone code +91-44
Vehicle registration TN-19
Nearest city Chengalpattu
Website madurantakam.info

Maduranthakam (Tamil: மதுராந்தகம்) is a town and a municipality in Kancheepuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The town is known for the man-made and second largest lake in Tamil Nadu, the Maduranthakam Lake. It is believed to be built by the Chola King Uthama Choza, also called as Maduranthakar, during his reign. It is also home to the Aeri Katha Ramar Temple. As of 2011, the town had a population of 30,796.

History[edit]

Madurantakam is one of the holy places visited by Ramanuja though it has not been sung by the alvars. The place is also unique in that Ramanuja's statue is found dressed in white on all days while in almost all temples the saint is dressed in ochre.

In two of his poems, Saint Manavala Mamunigal asks everyone who wants to cast away his past sins to worship the Lord at this place. There are separate shrines for Lakshmi Narasimhar, Periya Nambi and Ramanuja, Andal, Sudarsana and Vedanta Desika. The holy tank is opposite the temple with a separate shrine for Anjaneya on its banks.

Geography[edit]

The reservoir near Madurantakam irrigates more than 1000 small villages in and around the town.

Places of interest[edit]

Bird Sanctuary[edit]

12 kilometres (7.5 mi) north-west of Maduranthakam lies the Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary and KarikiliBird Sanctuary, home to many rare and endangered species of migratory birds.

Temples[edit]

Sri Kodanda Rama, also known in this region as Yeri Katha Rama (the one who saved the village from flooding from Madurantakam lake), is enshrined in the Aeri Katha Ramar Temple. The temple is about 1300 years old. Sita resides in the temple as Sri Janaki Valli. The other deities enshrined are Sri Chakrathalwar, Sri Ramanuja, Sri Lakshmi Narasimha and Sri Hanuman.

The Kodandaramaswamy temple has two sets of utsavar idols of the presiding deity and His consort, and Lakshmana. While one deity is named Rama, the other is known as Karunakaran.

There is also a separate shrine for Goddess Sita, known as Janakavalli Thayar, which is claimed to be very rare. This shrine was built by an English Collector, Colonel Lionel Place who assured the people that he would build a shrine for Devi if the newly built surplus water weirs withstood the fury of monsoon rains. The huge tank with immense storage capacity would breach every year after the monsoon rains and wash away the rough stone-built outlet of the tank. While camping at Madurantakam during a monsoon night, the tank was full and almost overflowing. The Collector visited the tank bund and is said to have seen Rama and Lakshmana keeping guard at the tank. The construction of the shrine for the Goddess began the very next morning and the Lord is known as Aeri Katha Ramar as he saved the tank bund from collapsing.

Thiru-Venkateswarar Temple near Madurantakam railway station, too a renowned temples in the town. It is built by king who suffered form skin disease and then relived when he had bath in the tank; then he realized his wonder and built this temple during British Raj; Similarly other temples includes Renukapara-meswari ( Amman ) temple, Siva temple adjacent to G.S.T Road, Murugar temple's, Chelliyamman temple and Anjaneya temple near to substation Madurantakam. Northern-thiru-nallar and Sri Ragavendrar temple and a Vishnu cum Anjaneya temple on the Karunguzhi mountain ; then Prasana Venkateswarar temple in Padalam were in the perimeter of Madurantakam.

Churches[edit]

The Simpson Memorial Church belongs to the Church of South India, located on the GST Road is one of the popular churches in Madurantakam. There is also one in St. Joseph's School, "St.Mary's church", and another is located near Arugunam Village, 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from Madurantakam.

Demographics[edit]

According to 2011 census, Maduranthakam had a population of 30,796 with a sex-ratio of 1,019 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[1] A total of 3,184 were under the age of six, constituting 1,615 males and 1,569 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 16.27% and 1.11% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 75.4%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[1] The town had a total of : 7699 households. There were a total of 12,135 workers, comprising 158 cultivators, 1,040 main agricultural labourers, 283 in house hold industries, 8,066 other workers, 2,588 marginal workers, 21 marginal cultivators, 1,031 marginal agricultural labourers, 106 marginal workers in household industries and 1,430 other marginal workers.[2]

Politics[edit]

Maduranthakam assembly constituency is part of Chengalpattu (Lok Sabha constituency).[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Maduranthakam(05710)". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies". Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 

www.madurantakam.info