|• Body||Ranipet municipality|
|• Chairman||Tmt. S. CHITRA SANTHOSHAM|
|Elevation||160 m (520 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||91 4172|
|Vehicle registration||TN 73|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Arakkonam|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Ranipet|
|Civic agency||Ranipet municipality|
Ranipet also known as Ranipettai (Rani means queen, pettai means district) is a suburb town and industrial hub of Vellore city in the state of Tamil Nadu in southern India. It is a medium-sized community located about 20 kilometers from the Vellore city center (from Vellore Fort) and also Ranipet is a part of vellore metropolitan area and 100 kilometers from Chennai, the fourth largest urban area in India. It is a major industrial town located on NH 4 Chennai-Bangalore highway.
This town is situated on the northern bank of the Palar river.
Ranipet was built around the year 1771 by Sadut-ulla-khan in honor of the youthful widow of Desingh Raja of Gingee-who committed Sati upon her husband's death. Out of respect for Desingh Raja's valour and his wife's devotion, the Nawab formed a new village opposite to Arcot on the Northern bank of Palar river and named it Ranipettai.
As of the census of India 2001, Ranipet had a population of 47,243 comprising 23,074 males and 24,169 females, making the sex ratio (number of females per thousand males) of the town to 1,047. A total of 5,199 people were under six years of age and the child sex ratio (number of females per thousand males under six years of age) stood at 970. The town had an average literacy of 87.61%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. A total of 13,721 comprising 32.63% of the population belonged to Scheduled Castes (SC) and 40 comprising 0.1% of the population belonged to Scheduled tribes (ST). There were are total of 9,986 households in the town. As of 2001, Ranipet had a total of 14,442 main workers: 62 cultivators, 65 agricultural labourers, 386 in house hold industries and 13,929 other workers. There was a total of 188 marginal workers: 0 marginal cultivators, 3 marginal agricultural labourers, 18 marginal workers in household industries and 162 other marginal workers.
Ranipet is 110 km from Chennai, by road. Walajah Road Railway Station is the nearest railhead, while the nearest railway junction is Vellore-Katpadi Jn, 17 km from Ranipet. The nearest airport is Chennai International Airport.
Ranipet Municipality was constituted on 01.04.1959 as per G.O.MS No. 724 RDLA dt.01.04.1959. It was upgraded as IInd Grade with effect from 05.10.1978, and then it has upgraded to Ist Grade Municipality with effect from 22.05.1998.Subsequently, Ranipet Municipality was upgraded as Selection Grade Municipality.
There are a number of large and medium scale leather industries making both finished leather and leather articles such as shoes and garments for export. There are other small scale industries in Ranipet mostly engaged in chemical, leather and tool making. These industries are the major lifeline for the town.
One of the oldest companies in Ranipet that was formed in early 19th century is EID Parry named after Thomas Parry who sailed to India and started a merchant business in India. The branch of EID Parry located in Ranipet, is one of the largest ceramic plants in South India. In addition to Ceramics, the Company also produces fertilizers in this location sold to farmers around the country. EID Parry also produces confectioneries in other locations.
After the acquisition of the company Johnson & Pedder, EID Parry also acquired the pride of producing Ballerina ceramic designs in India. Most residents, several decades ago, worked for EID Parry before the expansion of Sipcot Industrial complex and arrival of Central government aided engineering unit such as BHEL.
World first Diesel Tractor manufacture Italian company SAME DEUTZ-FAHR India (p) limited (SDFI)located in Sipcot industrial complex they manufacture Tractor and Engine for export and domestic market, Ranging from 35 hp to 80hp tractor with advanced technology.
The town is home to the Boiler Auxiliaries Plant of Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), a major Central Government owned enterprise., Bavina Cars is planning to set up a manufacturing plant at a cost of rupees 300 crores.
Ranipet also has about 300 small scale engineering units catering mainly to BHEL. Ranipet, is probably the second largest fabrication cluster in India. Arcelor-Mittal's Dhamm processing Ltd has invested more than 100 crores . Metco Roof has acquired land for their new unit.
Thirumalai Chemicals Pvt Ltd is one of the largest manufacturers of Pthalicanhydride in Asia employes more than 2000 people in & around Ranipet. Malladi drugs and pharmaceuticals Ltd is located in Ranipet. They have 4 manufacturing units in Ranipet'
Ranipet was once glorified as fast developing industrial zone, but faced some repression. Ranipet indirectly suffered from Worldwide Economic 2008 repression as leather business and exports cater to Western Developed nations. Now it is in progress for development with a new Special Economic Zone at Nellikuppam, a suburb of Ranipet.
Ranipet houses AH Group And KH Group of companies. Nearly 400 small and medium leather units are placed in Ranipet. BHEL Ranipet Plant is manufacturing Boiler Auxiliary instruments such as, ESP, Fans,Gate & Dampers, FGD etc. to support Thermal Power Plant.
The Scudder Memorial Hospital provides nursing to many outpatients. This hospital was started around 1866 by Dr. Silas Downer Scudder. It is a big hospital that was started well before CMCH was commissioned in Vellore.
Institute of Veterinary Preventive Medicine: The Institute originally known as SERUM INSTITUTE was established at Madras (present day Chennai) in 1932 to produce anti-rinderpest serum and bull virus to combat rinderpest which was rampant then, posing serious threat to the livestock population. In 1942, the institute was shifted to Coimbatore Agricultural College Estate as an emergency measure due to World War –II. In March 1948, the institute was shifted to the present campus at Ranipet, facing the National Highway No.4 (Chennai – Bangalore) at a distance of 114 km from Chennai. The Campus with ana192 acres (0.777 km2) area used to be a meat dehydration plant of the army and was acquired by the State Government from the Army under post war construction scheme. The Institute has got vast development over 73 years and it's now engaged in the production of various Vaccines, (Bacterial and Viral Vaccines) against various diseases of livestock and poultry, diagnostic reagents and Pharmaceutical products for treatment of ailing animals. In addition, the Institute extends disease investigation service to the field veterinarians.
A.MOHAMMED JAAN is the sitting MLA of AIADMK and also was the Minister for Backward Classes. He was dropped from cabinet on 17-06-13. Ranipet assembly constituency is part of Arakkonam (Lok Sabha constituency).
Across the Palar river, a neighbouring town named Arcot, famous for markets of vegetables, Kichili samba rice, sweets, agri products, electrical and jhat market. Every Friday, People visit Weekly Market where Farmers directly sell vegetables, fruits and other eatables to people.
- Ranipettai Boys Higher Secondary School
- Little Flower Convent(LFC) Girls Higher Secondary School
- Vitva Ratna Villa (VRV) Girls Higher Secondary School
- Grace Matriculation School
- Gangadhara Matriculation School
- Seventh Day Adventist School
- South Indian shrines: illustrated, page 185
- "Primary census abstract 2001". Directorate of Census Operations – Tamil Nadu. 2001. Retrieved 2012-12-29.
- "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies". Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-06-28.