Panruti

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Panruti
Pannurutti
City
Entrance of Panruti
Nickname(s): PRT
Panruti is located in Tamil Nadu
Panruti
Panruti
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 11°46′N 79°33′E / 11.77°N 79.55°E / 11.77; 79.55Coordinates: 11°46′N 79°33′E / 11.77°N 79.55°E / 11.77; 79.55
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Cuddalore
Named for Making musical equipments raw materials and Jack fruites
Government
 • Type Democracy
 • Body Municipality
Elevation 32 m (105 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 60,323
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 607106
Telephone code 04142
Vehicle registration TN-31-BS
Website Panruti Municipality

Panruti is a town, municipality and taluk headquarters of Cuddalore district, Tamil Nadu, India. Panruti is located between Cuddalore and Viluppuram. Panruti is famous for Jack fruit and Cashews. The Jack fruit grown here is exported world wide and is very sweet. It is a business center of Cuddalore district. The name panruti came from 'pan' means song and 'ruti' music in Tamil as the place where more saints and great singer of god like nayanmars and vainavas where sung here great commercial area for more than a 200 years and 150 years old government school which was build by British east India company and more than 1000 year old temple Veeratteswarar temple in nearby Thiruvathigai. As of 2011, the town had a population of 60,323.

About Municipality[edit]

PANRUTI Panchayat was established as Town Panjayat in 1886 . Panruti Town Panjayath was established as Panruti Municipal with the inclusion of Thiruvathigai Town Panjayat then 3rd Grade Panruti Municipality was established by the inclution of the following hamlet villages as per G.O Order No 2117 Dated 1.10.1966 by Tamil Nadu Govt. The villages are as follows. 1 A.Andikuppam 2 Seerankuppam 3 Iriulankuppam 4 T.Rajapalayam 5 Vadakailasam 6 Panruti 7 V.Andikuppam 8 Vizhamangalam Due to the High Revenue of Agricultural Income like Jack Fruit , Cashews , Bettlenut this municipality was upgraded as 2nd Grade Municipality as per G.O Order No 533 Dated 22.3.1975 By the by Tamil Nadu Govt. As per Water Supply Department this municipality was upgraded as 1st Grade Municipality as per G.O. Order No 715 Dated 6.10.89 Total Area of this Municipality is 18.03 Sq.Km . From 1969 onwards the Municipal Election are being conducted as per Tamil Nadu Government Rules. As per Municipal Administration and Water Supply Department Order No 133 Dated 6.6.96 the strength of municipal councilors was increased from 24 to 33 due to the population increases as per the census in 1971. [1]

Etymology[edit]

The name Panruti evolved from 'pannargal' (a word for people who created music in ancient times). The creators of various 'panns' were also titled as 'pannar'.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Panruti is located on the main line of high ways. State highways Chennai-Kumbakonam and Cuddalore-Chittoor passes through Panruti. Panruti is located at 11°46′N 79°33′E / 11.77°N 79.55°E / 11.77; 79.55.[2] It has an average elevation of 32 metres (104 feet). The Kedilam River flows through the town.and thenpanni river town with both side by the river.

Economy[edit]

Panruti produces cashews, jackfruit, and many vegetables. Panruti plays a major role in the cashew export business, exporting to Malaysia, Australia, Singapore, and the United States. It is known for its famous international jackfruit market, from where jackfruit is exported to many other countries. It is also a commercial center of Cuddalore district. The Rathinampillai market located in the center of the city attracts thousands of people everyday from morning 5 a.m. itself. Near by villages Anguchetty palayam, Puthupet, Mandhipalayam,and number of villages weaving the Lungi, Silk sarees.[3]

Demographics[edit]

According to 2011 census, Panruti had a population of 60,323 with a sex-ratio of 996 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[4] A total of 6,257 were under the age of six, constituting 3,204 males and 3,053 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 15.02% and .19% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 76.19%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[4] The town had a total of  14170 households. There were a total of 21,822 workers, comprising 948 cultivators, 2,174 main agricultural labourers, 370 in house hold industries, 14,624 other workers, 3,706 marginal workers, 122 marginal cultivators, 1,660 marginal agricultural labourers, 93 marginal workers in household industries and 1,831 other marginal workers.[5]

Politics[edit]

The current political party in here is DMDK and the MLA is Mr.P.Sivakozunthu till the next assembly elections(2014).[6] During the 2009 general elections, Panruti was a part of Cuddalore (Lok Sabha constituency)  that had the following six assembly segments. Tittakudi (SC), Vridhachalam, Neyveli, Cuddalore, Panruti and Kurinjipadi.[7] Before 2009, Cuddalore Lok Sabha constituency composed of the following assembly segments:Ulundurpet (SC), Nellikkuppam, Cuddalore, Panruti, Rishivandinam and Sankarapuram.[8] The Lok Sabha seat has been held by the Indian National Congress for eight terms during 1951–56,[9] 1971–77,[10] 1977–80.[11] 1980–84, 1984–1989,[12] 1989–91,[13] 1991–96,[14] and 2009–present,[15] Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam for four times during 1962–1967,[16] 1967–71,[17] 1999-04,[18] and 2004–09,[19] Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam once during 1998–99,[20] Tamil Maanila Congress once during 1996-2001 and an independent during 1957–62,[21] The current Member of Parliament from the constituency is A. Arunmozhithevan from the AIADMK.[22]

Temples of Panruti[edit]

Veeratteswarar temple in nearby Thiruvathigai. According to the legend Thirugnana Sambanthar was glorified by the cosmic dance of Lord Shiva at this holy place. Appar's sister Thilakavathiyar settled here during her later years and devoted her lifetime service to the Lord Siva. Also notable saints Thirunavukkarasar, and Arunagirinathar visited and wrote many hymns on the Lord. Afflicted by a painful illness, Thirunavukkarasar prayed for relief at this temple where his sister Thilagavathiyar served and was cured. This temple is the place where Lord shiva destroyed three rakshashas(demons) and the three cities created by them. This temple is one among the 8 veera Siva temples in Tamil Nadu. Thiruvathigai Saranarayana Perumal, another name of Lord Vishnu, is the one who gave the saram(arrow) to Lord shiva for killing the demons. Hence the name Saranarayanar. 1300 Old Renganathar Temple is also located in Thiruvathigai dedicated to Lord Vishnu.[23]

Entertainment in Panruti[edit]

1.Jayaram theatre A/C dts, Chennai Road. 2.Saravana theatre dts, Kumbakonam Road. 3.Sri Bhuvanesvari theatre, Kumbakonam Road. 4.Vijaya theatre, Opp bus stand, Panruti. [24]

Villages in Panruti[edit]

Panruti Taluk (Part) Paithambadi, Kavanur, Ulundamabattu, Enadirimangalam, Kurathi, Akkadavalli, Kandarakkottai (North), Pulavanur, Melkumaramangalam (South), Pagandai, Kongarayanur, Kolipakkam,Maligaimedu, Thirasu, Poondi, Thiruthuraiyur, Kayapakkam, Karumbur, Aviyanur, Alagapperumalkuppam,Oraiyur, Varinjipakkam, Panapakkam, Poongunam, Melkavarapattu, Kilkavarapattu, Perumalnaickenpalayam, Chittarasur, Palur, Elumedu, Lakshminarayanpuram, Kanisapakkam, Kottambakkam, Bandrakottai, Manamthavizhnthaputhur, Sirugramam, Natham, Melarungunam, Rayarpalayam, Manappakkam,Anguchettipalayam, Sanniyasipettai, Eidanur, Ariyirundamangalam, Sundaravandi, Kilarungunam, Kilakuppam, Pallavarayanatham, Palappattu, Sirunangaivadi, Sathippattu, Semakottai, Kolapakkam and Veerapperumanallur villages. M elpattampakkam (TP),Nellikuppam (M), Panruti (M) and Thorapadi (or Puthupet ) (TP).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About Municipality". Govt.of Tamil Nadu. 
  2. ^ "Panruti". fallinggrain.com. Retrieved 1 September 2012. 
  3. ^ "General information". Panruti Municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  4. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Panruti". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  6. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  7. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. p. 448. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  8. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. p. 3. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  9. ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1952 to the First Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 158. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  10. ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1971 to the Fifth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 71. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  11. ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1977 to the Sixth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 80. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  12. ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1984 to the Eighth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 73. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  13. ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1989 to the Ninth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 81. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  14. ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1991 to the Tenth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 51. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  15. ^ Notification No. 308/2009/EPS (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 36. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  16. ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1962 to the Third Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 49. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  17. ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1967 to the Fourth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 67. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  18. ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1999 to the Thirteenth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 85. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  19. ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 2004 to the Fourteenth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 94. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  20. ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1998 to the Twelfth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 85. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  21. ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1957 to the Second Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 17. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  22. ^ "Members of Parliament from Tamil Nadu". Government of Tamil Nadu. 2014. 
  23. ^ "Places of interest". Panruti Municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  24. ^ "Cinema theatres in Panruti". Asklaila.com.