Switzerland County, Indiana

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Switzerland County, Indiana
Switzerland County Courthouse.jpg
Switzerland County Courthouse
Map of Indiana highlighting Switzerland County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1814
Named for Switzerland
Seat Vevay
Largest town Vevay
Area
 • Total 223.44 sq mi (579 km2)
 • Land 220.63 sq mi (571 km2)
 • Water 2.81 sq mi (7 km2), 1.26%
Population
 • (2010) 10,613
 • Density 41/sq mi (16/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Footnotes: Indiana county number 59

Switzerland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 10,613.[1] The county seat is Vevay.[2]

History[edit]

Switzerland County was formed in 1814. It was named for the home country of many of the early settlers.

Industrial wine grape production in Switzerland County earned the area the title "The Rhineland of America".[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 223.44 square miles (578.7 km2), of which 220.63 square miles (571.4 km2) (or 98.74%) is land and 2.81 square miles (7.3 km2) (or 1.26%) is water.[4]

Incorporated towns[edit]

Unincorporated towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Vevay, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.2
 
40
23
 
 
3
 
46
26
 
 
4.1
 
56
35
 
 
4.2
 
67
43
 
 
4.7
 
77
53
 
 
4.6
 
85
62
 
 
3.9
 
88
67
 
 
4
 
86
65
 
 
3.1
 
80
58
 
 
3.1
 
68
46
 
 
3.7
 
55
37
 
 
3.7
 
44
28
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in Vevay have ranged from a low of 23 °F (−5 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −24 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 106 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1999. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 3.00 inches (76 mm) in February to 4.72 inches (120 mm) in May.[5]

Government[edit]

Switzerland County
Sheriff's Department
Agency overview
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* County (US) of Switzerland in the state of Indiana, United States
Legal jurisdiction As per operations jurisdiction.
General nature
Operational structure
Agency executive Roy Leap, Sheriff
Footnotes
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[6][7]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[6][7]

Court: The county maintains a circuit court which was established January 1, 2009. The first Judge of the Switzerland Circuit Court is W. Gregory Coy. The Judge is elected to a term of six years. The Court is a general jurisdiction court, meaning it handles all types of cases. The Judge must be a licensed attorney. All decisions of the Court are appealable to the Indiana Court of Appeals or the Indiana Supreme Court.

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[7]

Switzerland County is part of Indiana's 9th congressional district and is represented in Congress by Republican Todd Young.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 3,934
1830 7,028 78.6%
1840 9,920 41.1%
1850 12,932 30.4%
1860 12,698 −1.8%
1870 12,134 −4.4%
1880 13,336 9.9%
1890 12,514 −6.2%
1900 11,840 −5.4%
1910 9,914 −16.3%
1920 9,311 −6.1%
1930 8,432 −9.4%
1940 8,167 −3.1%
1950 7,599 −7.0%
1960 7,092 −6.7%
1970 6,306 −11.1%
1980 7,153 13.4%
1990 7,738 8.2%
2000 9,065 17.1%
2010 10,613 17.1%
Est. 2012 10,424 −1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
2012 Estimate[10]

As of the United States Census, there were 10,613 people residing in the county. 97.8% were White, 0.3% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.7% of some other race and 0.8% of two or more races. 1.4% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 29.2% were of German, 17.5% American, 13.1% Irish and 10.9% English ancestry.[11]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 9,065 people, 3,435 households, and 2,538 families residing in the county. The population density was 41 people per square mile (16/km²). There were 4,226 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.78% White, 0.23% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 0.43% from two or more races. 0.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 37.2% were of American, 23.1% German, 11.6% Irish and 8.1% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 3,435 households out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.10% were non-families. 21.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 24.60% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 101.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,092, and the median income for a family was $41,395. Males had a median income of $30,197 versus $21,324 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,466. About 10.60% of families and 13.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.40% of those under age 18 and 9.80% of those age 65 or over.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sullivan County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Wissing, Douglas (Mar 1, 2001). "Indiana". Globe Pequot. p. 15. Retrieved 16 October 2013. 
  4. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Vevay, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  6. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  7. ^ a b c Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  8. ^ "Conressman Baron Hill". House.Gov. Retrieved 2008-09-12. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 31, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 31, 2013. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder"
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Coordinates: 38°49′N 85°02′W / 38.82°N 85.03°W / 38.82; -85.03