is the 19th U.S. state
and is located in the Midwest
region of the United States of America
. With over six million residents, it is ranked 15th
in population density. It is 38th
in land area. Indiana is bounded on the north by Lake Michigan
and the state of Michigan
; on the east by Ohio
; on the south by Kentucky
, with which it shares the Ohio River
as a border; and on the west by Illinois
. Indiana is one of the Great Lakes
states. As of 2006, Indiana has an estimated population of 6,313,520, which is an increase of 47,501, or 0.8%, from the prior year and an increase of 233,003, or 3.8%, since the year 2000
. The total gross state product in 2005 was US$214 billion in 2000 chained dollars. Indiana's per capita income, as of 2005, was US$31,150. The Calumet
region of northwest Indiana is the largest steel producing area in the U.S.
Indiana is a diverse state with a few large urban areas and a number of smaller industrial cities. It is best known for the Indianapolis 500 American automobile race, held annually over the Memorial Day weekend, and a strong basketball tradition, often called Hoosier Hysteria. Residents of Indiana are called Hoosiers. The state's name means "Land of the Indians" and Angel Mounds State Historic Site, one of the best preserved prehistoric Native American sites in the United States, can be found in southern Indiana.