Portal:Indiana

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Map of the United States with Indiana highlighted
Map of the United States
with Indiana highlighted
Indiana is the 19th U.S. state and is located in the Midwest region of the United States of America. With over six million residents, it is ranked 15th in population and 17th in population density. It is 38th in land area. Indiana is bounded on the north by Lake Michigan and the state of Michigan; on the east by Ohio; on the south by Kentucky, with which it shares the Ohio River as a border; and on the west by Illinois. Indiana is one of the Great Lakes states. As of 2006, Indiana has an estimated population of 6,313,520, which is an increase of 47,501, or 0.8%, from the prior year and an increase of 233,003, or 3.8%, since the year 2000. The total gross state product in 2005 was US$214 billion in 2000 chained dollars. Indiana's per capita income, as of 2005, was US$31,150. The Calumet region of northwest Indiana is the largest steel producing area in the U.S.

Indiana is a diverse state with a few large urban areas and a number of smaller industrial cities. It is best known for the Indianapolis 500 American automobile race, held annually over the Memorial Day weekend, and a strong basketball tradition, often called Hoosier Hysteria. Residents of Indiana are called Hoosiers. The state's name means "Land of the Indians" and Angel Mounds State Historic Site, one of the best preserved prehistoric Native American sites in the United States, can be found in southern Indiana.

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Indiana in the American Civil War
Indiana during the American Civil War played an important role. Despite significant anti-war activity in the state and southern Indiana's ancestral ties to the Southern United States, it did not secede from the Union. During the course of the war, Indiana contributed approximately 210,000 soldiers and millions of dollars of equipment and supplies to the Union. Residents of Indiana, also known as Hoosiers, served in every major engagement of the war and almost every engagement—minor or otherwise—in the western theater of the war. Indiana, an agriculturally rich state containing the fifth-highest population in the Union and sixth-highest of all states, was critical to Northern success.

The state experienced political strife when Governor Oliver P. Morton suppressed the Democratic Party-controlled General Assembly, which largely sympathized with the Confederacy, leaving the state without the authority to collect taxes. The state neared bankruptcy during 1861, but the Governor chose to use private funds rather than rely on the legislature. The state experienced two minor raids by Confederate forces and one major raid in 1863, which caused a brief panic in southern portions of the state and in the capital city, Indianapolis.

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Ryan White at a fundraiser in 1989
Ryan Wayne White (December 6, 1971 – April 8, 1990) was a young man from Kokomo, Indiana who became a national poster child for HIV/AIDS, after being expelled from school because of his infection. A hemophiliac, he became infected with HIV from a tainted blood treatment and, when diagnosed in 1984, was given six months to live. Though doctors said he posed no risk to other students, AIDS was poorly understood at the time and when White tried to return to school, many parents and teachers in Kokomo rallied against him. A lengthy legal battle with the school system ensued, and media coverage of the struggle made White into a national celebrity and spokesman for AIDS research and public education. He appeared frequently in the media with celebrities such as singer Elton John, pop star Michael Jackson and talk show host Phil Donahue. Surprising his doctors, White lived five years longer than predicted and died shortly before completing high school in April 1990.

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South Bend, Indiana courthouse
South Bend is a city in St. Joseph County, Indiana, United States. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total of 107,789; its metropolitan area had a population of 316,663. It is the fourth largest city in Indiana. The city is the county seat of St. Joseph County. It is the economic and cultural hub of the region commonly known as Michiana. The St. Joseph River flows from the east end of the city turning north near the city center, giving South Bend its name because it is at the south bend of the river. Since South Bend sits on the North-South continental divide, the river flows north into Lake Michigan.

State facts

The State of Indiana
Flag of Indiana State seal of Indiana
Flag of Indiana Seal
Nickname(s): The Hoosier State
Motto(s): The Crossroads of America
Map of the United States with Indiana highlighted
Official language English
Capital Indianapolis
Largest city Indianapolis
Largest metro Indianapolis-Carmel MSA
Area Ranked 38th
 - Total 36,418 sq mi
(94,321 km2)
 - Width 140 miles (225 km)
 - Length 270 miles (435 km)
 - % water 1.5
 - Latitude 37° 46′ N to 41° 46′ N
 - Longitude 84° 47′ W to 88° 6′ W
Population Ranked 15th
 - Total 6,080,485
 - Density 169.5/sq mi  (65.46/km2)
Ranked 16th
Elevation
 - Highest point Hoosier Hill[1]
1,257 ft (383 m)
 - Mean 689 ft  (210 m)
 - Lowest point Ohio River[1]
320 ft (98 m)
Admission to Union December 11, 1816 (19th)
Governor Mitch Daniels (R) (2005)
Lieutenant Governor Becky Skillman (R) (2005)
Legislature Indiana General Assembly
 - Upper house Senate
 - Lower house House of Representatives
U.S. Senators Richard Lugar (R)
Dan Coats (R)
U.S. House delegation List
Time zones  
 - 80 counties Eastern UTC-5/-4
 - 12 counties in
Evansville and
Gary Metro Areas
Central: UTC-6/-5
Abbreviations IN, US-IN
Website www.in.gov

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David Letterman entertaining troops in Iraq.
Ladies and gentlemen, here's tonight's top 10 list.

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Coordinates: 40°N 86°W / 40°N 86°W / 40; -86
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