Scott County, Indiana

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Scott County, Indiana
Scott Co IN Courthouse.jpg
Scott County Courthouse in Scottsburg, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Scott County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1820
Named for Charles Scott
Seat Scottsburg
Largest city Scottsburg
Area
 • Total 192.75 sq mi (499 km2)
 • Land 190.40 sq mi (493 km2)
 • Water 2.35 sq mi (6 km2), 1.22%
Population
 • (2010) 24,181
 • Density 127/sq mi (49.04/km²)
Congressional districts 6th, 9th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Footnotes: Indiana county number 72

Scott County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 24,181.[1] The county seat is Scottsburg.[2]

History[edit]

Scott County was formed in 1820 from portions of Clark, Jackson, Jefferson, Jennings, and Washington counties. It was named for Gen. Charles Scott, who was Governor of Kentucky from 1808 to 1812. Much of its water supply comes from Hardy Lake.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 192.75 square miles (499.2 km2), of which 190.40 square miles (493.1 km2) (or 98.78%) is land and 2.35 square miles (6.1 km2) (or 1.22%) is water.[3]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Scottsburg, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.1
 
38
20
 
 
2.8
 
44
23
 
 
4.1
 
55
32
 
 
4.4
 
66
42
 
 
4.8
 
75
52
 
 
4.2
 
84
61
 
 
4.4
 
87
65
 
 
4.4
 
86
63
 
 
3.1
 
80
55
 
 
2.9
 
68
42
 
 
3.7
 
55
34
 
 
3.4
 
43
25
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in Scottsburg have ranged from a low of 20 °F (−7 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −32 °F (−36 °C) was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 109 °F (43 °C) was recorded in July 1930. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.84 inches (72 mm) in February to 4.75 inches (121 mm) in May.[4]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[5][6]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[5][6]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[6]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[6]

Scott County is part of Indiana's 9th congressional district and is represented in Congress by Republican Todd Young.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 2,334
1830 3,092 32.5%
1840 4,242 37.2%
1850 5,885 38.7%
1860 7,303 24.1%
1870 7,873 7.8%
1880 8,343 6.0%
1890 7,833 −6.1%
1900 8,307 6.1%
1910 8,323 0.2%
1920 7,424 −10.8%
1930 6,664 −10.2%
1940 8,978 34.7%
1950 11,519 28.3%
1960 14,463 25.6%
1970 17,144 18.5%
1980 20,422 19.1%
1990 20,991 2.8%
2000 22,960 9.4%
2010 24,181 5.3%
Est. 2012 23,791 −1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2012 Estimate[9]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 22,960 people, 8,832 households, and 6,491 families residing in the county. The population density was 121 people per square mile (47/km²). There were 9,737 housing units at an average density of 51 per square mile (20/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.64% White, 0.05% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.43% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. 0.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 40.5% were of American, 16.8% German, 10.6% Irish and 9.4% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 8,832 households out of which 35.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.60% were married couples living together, 11.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.50% were non-families. 22.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 98.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,656, and the median income for a family was $39,475. Males had a median income of $30,954 versus $22,464 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,065. About 10.50% of families and 13.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.70% of those under age 18 and 9.70% of those age 65 or over.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Scott County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Scottsburg, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  6. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  7. ^ "Conressman Todd Young". House.Gov. Retrieved 2008-09-12. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 31, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 31, 2013. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Coordinates: 38°41′N 85°44′W / 38.69°N 85.74°W / 38.69; -85.74