List of Indiana state symbols

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Indiana is in the Great Lakes region of the U.S., in the northeastern-central part of the country.
Location of the state of Indiana in the United States, highlighted in red.

The U.S. state of Indiana has 12 official state emblems, as well as other designated official and unofficial items. The majority of the symbols in the list are officially recognized and created by an act of the Indiana General Assembly and signed into law by the governor. They are listed in Indiana Code Title 1, Article 2, State Emblems which also regulates the appearance and applicable use of the items.[1]

Compared to other states, Indiana has few official symbols. The first symbol was the Seal of Indiana, which was made official in 1801 for the Indiana Territory and again in 1816 by the state of Indiana.[2] It served as the state's only emblem for nearly a century until the adoption of the state song in 1913.[3] For many years, Indiana was the only state without a flag. The official state banner was adopted in 1917, and renamed the state flag in 1955.[4] The newest symbol of Indiana is the state rifle, the Grouseland Rifle, assigned in 2012 during the second regular session of the 117th Indiana General Assembly.[5]

Insignia[edit]

Type Symbol Description Year Image Note
Flag The flag of Indiana Indiana's flag has a blue background with a torch in the center. the torch is surrounded by nineteen stars, thirteen representing the original colonies, five the next five states, and one Indiana. 1917 Indiana flag [6]
Motto The Crossroads of America Indiana is the site of many cross-country roads, including the National Road and U.S. Route 41. 1937 Indiana state quarter [7]
Nickname The Hoosier State Indiana residents are known as Hoosiers, a word of unknown origin. Traditional
[7]
Seal The seal of Indiana Indiana's seal depicts a setting sun, sycamore trees, a woodsman, and a jumping buffalo. 1963 Indiana State Seal [8]
Slogan Restart your Engines The slogan alludes to the Indianapolis 500, which is begun with the quote "Gentlemen, start your engines." April 19, 2006
[9][A]

Species[edit]

Type Symbol Description Year Image Note
Bird Cardinal
Cardinalis cardinalis
The male cardinal is bright red and the female is brown and dull red. They live in Indiana year-round. 1933 Cardinal [10][B]
Flower Peony
Paeonia
The peony is a red, pink, or white flower that blooms in late May. It is grown throughout Indiana. 1957 Peony [11][C]
Tree Tulip tree
Liriodendron tulipifera
The tulip tree is also called the yellow poplar. It has a distinctive leaf shape and yellow, bell-shaped flowers. It is a tall tree and grows throughout Indiana. March 3, 1931 Tulip tree [12]

Geology[edit]

Type Symbol Description Year Image Note
River Wabash River The Wabash is the longest river in Indiana. It flows from Ohio across Northern Indiana until it forms the border between Indiana and Illinois. 1996 Wabash River and watershed [13]
Soil Miami Miami soil is used to grow corn and soybeans, Indiana's primary crops. It is a brown silt loam that is highly productive and widespread in Indiana.
Miami soil [14]
Stone Limestone The Indiana variety of limestone, also called Salem or Bedford, is significantly quarried in south-central Indiana. It is a high-quality stone that has been used in buildings such as the Empire State Building and the Pentagon. A sculpture commemorating the state stone sits in the Indiana Statehouse. 1971 Indiana Limestone [15]

Culture[edit]

The Indiana Senate has proposed water as the state beverage[16] and sugar cream pie as the state pie,[17] but neither of these became official.

Type Symbol Description Year Image Note
Language English English is the native language of over 95% of the state's residents. 1984
[18][D]
Holidays George Rogers Clark Day, February 25 (1779)
Northwest Ordinance Day, July 13 (1787)
Indiana Day, December 11 (1816)
Celebrates the surrender of Fort Sackville
Celebrates the adoption of the Northwest Ordinance
Celebrates Indiana's admittance to the United States
1975
1988
1925
George Rogers Clark.jpgNorthwest-territory-usa-1787.png [19]
[20]
[21]
Poem "Indiana" "Indiana" is by Arthur Franklin Mapes, the former Indiana State Poet Laureate. The poem describes the state's natural beauty. 1963
[22]
Song "On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away"
By Paul Dresser
This song describes the author's past along the Wabash River. March 14, 1913 On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away [23]
Rifle Grouseland Rifle Grouseland Rifle is one of the six remaining rifles made by gunsmith John Small in the early 1800s. March 6, 2012 [24]

Notes[edit]

A The slogan was formerly Enjoy Indiana.[9]
B At the time, the Northern Cardinal's scientific name was Richmondena Cardianalis Cardinalis. It was changed in 1983.[25]
C From 1923 to 1931, the state flower was the flower of the tulip tree. From 1931 to 1957, the state flower was the Zinnia.[26]
D American Sign Language was recognized as an independent language in 1995.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "IC 1-2". Indiana Code. Indiana Office of Code Revision. Retrieved August 20, 2009. 
  2. ^ "Indiana's State Seal—An Overview". Indiana Historical Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-28. 
  3. ^ Henderson, Clayton W. "Paul Dresser". Indiana Historical Society. Retrieved 2012-10-12. 
  4. ^ "Indiana's State Banner". Indiana Historical Bureau. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  5. ^ "Indiana Adopts Official State Gun: The 200-Year-Old Grouseland Rifle". fieldandstream.com. Retrieved April 25, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Indiana State Flag". Indiana Historical Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-28. 
  7. ^ a b "State emblems". Indiana Historical Bureau. Retrieved 2009-08-20. 
  8. ^ "Indiana State Seal". Indiana Historical Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-28. 
  9. ^ a b "Indiana Tourism Revs Up New Brand Campaign". Inside Indiana Business. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  10. ^ "Indiana State Bird". Indiana Historical Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-28. 
  11. ^ "Indiana State Flower". Indiana Historical Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-28. 
  12. ^ "Indiana State Tree". Indiana Historical Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-28. 
  13. ^ "Indiana State River". Indiana Historical Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-28. 
  14. ^ "Miami—Indiana's State Soil" (PDF). United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2007-12-27. 
  15. ^ "Indiana State Stone". Indiana Historical Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-28. 
  16. ^ "Senate Resolution 20, 2007". Indiana General Assembly. Retrieved January 31, 2011. 
  17. ^ "Senate Resolution 59, 2009". Indiana General Assembly. Retrieved January 31, 2011. 
  18. ^ a b "Indiana State Language". Indiana Historical Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-28. 
  19. ^ "IC 1-1-13". Indiana Code. State of Indiana. Retrieved 2007-12-27. 
  20. ^ "IC 1-1-14". Indiana Code. State of Indiana. Retrieved 2007-12-27. 
  21. ^ "IC 1-1-10". Indiana Code. State of Indiana. Retrieved 2007-12-27. 
  22. ^ "Indiana State Poem". Indiana Historical Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-28. 
  23. ^ "Indiana State Song". Indiana Historical Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-28. 
  24. ^ "Indiana sets sight on having official state rifle". indystar.com. March 7, 2012. Retrieved April 26, 2012. 
  25. ^ Ritchison, Gary (1997). Wild bird guides. Stackpole Books. p. 2. ISBN 0-8117-3100-6. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  26. ^ "State Tree of INDIANA". Indiana Woodland Steward. Purdue University. Retrieved 2007-11-23. 

External links[edit]