Grant County, Indiana
|Grant County, Indiana|
Grant County Courthouse in Marion, Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Samuel and Moses Grant|
|• Total||414.90 sq mi (1,075 km2)|
|• Land||414.07 sq mi (1,072 km2)|
|• Water||0.82 sq mi (2 km2), 0.20%|
|• Density||169/sq mi (65.21/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
|Footnotes: Indiana county number 27|
Grant County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. At the time of the 2010 census, the population was 70,061. The county seat is Marion. Important paleontological discoveries, dating from the Pliocene epoch, have been made at the Pipe Creek Sinkhole in Grant County.
According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 414.90 square miles (1,074.6 km2), of which 414.07 square miles (1,072.4 km2) (or 99.80%) is land and 0.82 square miles (2.1 km2) (or 0.20%) is water.
- Huntington County (northeast)
- Wells County (east-northeast)
- Blackford County (east-southeast)
- Delaware County (southeast)
- Madison County (south)
- Tipton County (southwest)
- Howard County (west-southwest)
- Miami County (west-northwest)
- Wabash County (northwest)
Grant County is one of the few counties in the United States to border as many as nine counties. Indiana has two such counties, with nearby Allen County also bordering nine counties. Allen and Grant counties share Huntington and Wells counties as common neighbors.
Indiana State Roads
Climate and weather
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in Marion have ranged from a low of 16 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 108 °F (42 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.03 inches (52 mm) in February to 4.73 inches (120 mm) in July.
County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.
Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.
Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.
County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.
At the time of the census of 2000, there were 73,403 people, 28,319 households, and 19,568 families residing in the county. The population density was 177 people per square mile (68/km²). There were 30,560 housing units at an average density of 74 per square mile (28/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.23% White, 7.19% Black or African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.02% from other races, and 1.53% from two or more races. 2.43% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.0% were of American, 21.0% German, 11.7% English and 7.9% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 28,319 households out of which 29.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.70% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.60% under the age of 18, 11.80% from 18 to 24, 25.80% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $36,162, and the median income for a family was $44,304. Males had a median income of $33,767 versus $23,801 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,003. About 8.40% of families and 11.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.10% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
- Van Buren
- "Grant County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 141.
- "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-10-10.
- "Monthly Averages for Marion, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
- Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16.
- Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16.
- "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14.
- "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
||Wabash County||Huntington County|
|Howard County and Miami County||Wells County and Blackford County|
|Tipton County||Madison County||Delaware County|