|• Panchayat President||Salinamma George|
|• Total||20.63 km2 (7.97 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,011/km2 (2,620/sq mi)|
|• Official||Malayalam, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Sex ratio||0.99 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Kottayam|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Vaikom|
Thalayolaparambu (Malayalam: തലയോലപ്പറമ്പ് ), is a village-town situated in the northern part of Kottayam district in Kerala, South India. Belonging to the Vaikom (Malayalam: വൈക്കം ) legislative assembly and Kottayam (Malayalam: കോട്ടയം ) parliament constituency, it is one of the chief towns situated on the Ernakulam-Kottayam route.
Spanning over an area of 20.63 square kilometres with a population of approximately 22,000 people, this mini-town is home to some of the well-known personalities such as the former Chief minister of Travancore-Cochin A. J. John, Anaparambil, the late Malayalam novelist/writer Vaikom Muhammed Basheer, the former Chief Justice of India K. G. Balakrishnan, former MLA K R Narayanan and the Convenor of Left Democratic Front (LDF) in Kerala Vaikom Viswan. Thalayolaparambu also hosts the major market established during the administration of Velu Thampi Dalawa, and is one of those few Keralite markets that still retains its old-world charm till date.
History of this region is related to Venad. Venattarachan gave a part of his kingdom to the minister of Chazhi Illam as a gift for killing the king of Vadakkumkoor. Those places which was written in the first 'Thaaliola' came to be known as Thalayoalaparambu. Another story says that this region is at the head area of Kuttanad and was known as 'Thalapparambu' and later it became Thalayolaparambu.
This small town hosts the biggest market (Malayalam: ചന്ത ) of the locality which was founded by Velu Thampi Dalawa. This market opens twice in a week on Tuesdays and Saturdays. It attracts producers, consumers and businessmen from the nearby panchayats including Vaikom, Keezhoor and Kaduthuruthy. In olden times the products from the Kottayam Division High Range were sent to Kochi- Alappuzha markets through this market. Previously economy of this region was mainly concentrated on this market's activities.
Muvattupuzha river which passes through this region is an important factor for the economic activity of this region. In earlier times, large barges, much like country boats, transported goods from Alapuzha to Thalayolaparambu through the intricate networks of waterways. Agriculture is the main occupation of the people here.
Currently construction Industry is a main contributor to the economy of this region. River sand mining, manufacturing of cement bricks, clay bricks, concrete construction materials are all parts of this industry. Previously Sand mining industry was a major job provider in the area. New regulatory reforms in the industry has brought down the attractiveness of this industry. The growth of construction material industry has resulted in the growth of logistics sector as well, with exponential increase in the trucks in the locality transporting construction materials to neighboring districts.
A small portion of the population is in Persian Gulf countries. Remittances from them is also playing a big role in improving the economy.
Access to credit of the region has improved a lot from the past. Currently 6 banks including Federal Bank, South Indian Bank, State Bank of Travancore, State Bank of India, North Malabar Gramin Bank, and Canara Bank have branches at Thalayolaparambu. Canara Bank, South Indian Bank, State Bank of Travancore, and Federal Bank have its ATMs at Thalayolaparambu. UAE Xchange, Manappuram Finance and Muthoot Group is also have its branches at Thalayolaparambu.
Temples, churches, mosques
The religious harmony of the place is evident as one can see the churches, temples and mosques situated close to each other. Thalayolaparambu is home for eight Hindu Temples, four Churches and two Mosques. These places hosts ancient and modern artworks. Tourists from all over the world are attracted to these places.
Among the temples in Thalayolaparambu Pundareekapuram temple is famous for its wall paintings. The walls of the sanctum sanctorum of the temple are covered with exquisite paintings which depict episodes from the Hindu myths and Puranas. The murals in this temple are some of the best in Kerala. It is situated in Midayikunnam. Sree Krishna temple, Sree Mathanam Bhagavathi temple, Sree Karthyayani Devi temple, Sree Elamkavu Devi temple, Thrikkarayikkulam Mahadeva temple, Pothy Mahavishnu temple, Pattupurackal Devi temple and Palamkadavu Sree Durga Devatha temple are also located in this area.
Another important cultural feature of this region is the annual festival (Attuvela) hosted by the Vadayar Ilamkavu temple. A procession is done through the Muvattupuzha river as part of the festival. The main attraction of the procession is the three storied artifact specially made in large barges for the event. These barges are part of the procession which held at night. All the boats will be decorated using electric lights. This festival attracts a lot of tourists including people from across the world.
Mohiyudheen masjid situated in the market is one of the important mosques in this locality. History of this mosque goes back to centuries. The pillars and the artwork inside the mosque reflects traditional Kerala architecture. The whole building reminds a traditional 'nalukettu'. Other mosques in this locality includes Vettikkattumukku Juma Masjid, Salafi Masjid, Sainudheen thangal thaikavu, and Palankadavu thaikavu. There are madrasas functioning in Thalayolaparambu, Palamkadavu and Vettikkattumukku. Vaikom Muhammed Basheer did his religious schooling in the madrasa at Palankadavu.
The four churches in Thalayolaparambu are St. George Church, St. Michael's Church, Infant Jesus Church and St. Antony's Church.
Thalayolaparambu has made prominent literary personalities. Legendary Malayalam writer Vaikom Mohmmed Basheer was born at Thalayolaparambu. Places in Thalayolaparambu forms an integral part of the novel Paaththummaayude aadu written by the same author.
There are two cinema theatres in Thalayolaparambu. Nice Movie House and Carnival Cinemas includes three A/C multiplexes with one big theatre and two mini theatres.
There are many hospitals in/near Thalayolaparambu including
- The Government hospital
- The Mercy Hospital in Pothy
- Medical Laboratory Darsana Lab & ECG
There are several high-schools and two colleges in Thalayolaparambu.
- Dewaswom Board College DB College Jn., Thalayolaparambu
- Dewaswom Board College KeezhoorJn.Thalayolaparambu
- Universal College
- Kairali College
- Govt.U.P School
- A.J.John Memorial Girls High School
- Government Boys High School
- St George English Medium Higher Secondary School
- Little flower School Pothy, Thalayolaparambu
- Holy family School,Pothy, Typu
- Vadayar Govt. School
- Infant Jesus High School, Vadayar
This panchayat is 20.63 square kilometers in area. The borders of the region are covered by various panchyats. In the south Thalayazham, Kallara, Kaduthuruthy Panchayats forms the borders, while in north are Mulakulam, Velloor Panchayats. Mulakulam, Kaduthuruthy Panchayats forms the eastern part and Maravanthuruthu, Velloor and Udayanapuram Panchayats forms the western part of the region.
The total population of Thalayolaparambu as per census 2001 is 22145. Out of this 10884 are male and 11261 are female. The literacy of this place is also encouraging. The literacy rate of the region is 95%. Scheduled castes and Scheduled Tribes forms 13% of the population.
- ""Unsold to time", The Hindu - Metro Plus ; J Deepa" (link). Kerala. The Hindu. Retrieved 2013-07-26.
- "Census 2001 - Ward-wise Population, Kottayam District" (link). Kerala. NIC. Retrieved 2011-03-13.