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Ambalappuzha Sri Krishna Temple
|• Official||Malayalam, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Alappuzha|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Ambalappuzha|
Ambalappuzha is a small town in Alappuzha district of Kerala state, south India. The town is famous for its Sri Krishna temple. The Ambalappuzha temple is one of the three important Sri Krishna temples in the state of Kerala.
The Ambalappuzha Sri Krishna Temple is believed to have been built in 790 M.E by the local ruler Chembakasserry Pooradam Thirunal-Devanarayanan Thampuran.
This temple is directly associated to the Guruvayoor Sri Krishna Temple. During the raids Tipu Sultan in 1789, the idol of Sri Krishna from the Guruvayoor Temple(guruvayoor appan) was brought to the Ambalappuzha Temple for safe keeping.
An idol of Sri Krishna, The Lord Parthasarathy idol was installed in the temple.
The Aarattu festival commences with the flag hoisting ceremony on the Atham star in Meenam (March–April). The important Aarattu festival takes place on the Thiruvonam day of the same month. The aarattu ezhunnullathu starts from Erattakulangara Mahadeva Temple(The famous temple amongst one of the siva temples, facing to west)
In this temple 'Pallipana' is performed by 'Velans' (sorcerers) once in twelve years. Human sacrifice was conducted in ancient times. However, cocks have now replaced humans on the sacrificial altar.
Kalakkaththu Kunchan Nambiar(1705–1770) also spent his youth at Ambalappuzha.
Ambanattu Panikkar Varavu
This is a ceremonial procession of members of the Ambanattu Panikkar family members, bringing pots of honey as ritual offering to the deity at Sree Krishna Swamy Temple, Ambalapuzha. Link . Link. The land where the temple was built belonged to a rich Ezhava landlord and kalari asaan Ambanattu Panikker. While the rajah of Ambalapuzha dynasty and Vilwamangalathu Swamiyar were going through the waterways, it so happened that they could hear a luscious sound of flute coming from a nearby huge and luxuriant peepel tree. To his astonishment Swamiyar saw Sree Krishna sitting on a branch of the peepel tree playing his flute and suddenly disappeared.
Legend of the Ambalappuzha Paal Paayasam
According to the legend, Lord Krishna once appeared in the form of a sage in the court of the king who ruled the region and challenged him for a game of chess (or chaturanga). Being a chess enthusiast himself, the king gladly accepted the invitation. The prize had to be decided before the game and the king asked the sage to choose his prize in case he won. The sage told the king that he had a very modest claim and being a man of few material needs, all he wished was a few grains of rice. The amount of rice itself would be determined using the chess-board in the following manner: one grain of rice would be placed in the first square, two grains in the second square, four in the third square, eight in the fourth square, and so on. Every square would have double the number of grains of its predecessor.
Upon hearing the demand, the king was unhappy, since the sage requested only a few grains of rice instead of other riches from the kingdom, which the king would have been happy to donate. He requested the sage to add other items to his prize, but the sage declined.
So the game of chess started and, needless to say, the king lost the game. It was time to pay the sage his agreed-upon prize. As he started adding grains of rice to the chess board, the king soon realised the true nature of the sage's demands. By the 20th square, the number had reached one million grains of rice, and by the 40th square it had become one trillion. The royal granary soon ran out of grains of rice. The king realised that even if he provided all the rice in his kingdom and his adjacent kingdoms, he would never be able to fulfill the promised reward. The number of grains increased in a geometric progression, and the total amount of rice required to fill a 64-square chess board is 264−1, which is equal to 18,446,744,073,709,551,615 grains (about 18×1018, or 18 billion billion grains). This amount of rice would weigh about 460×1012 kg, or 460 Pg (petagrams), or 460 billion tonnes (assuming that 1,000 grains of rice weigh about 25g). This amount of rice would also cover the surface of India two meters deep.
Upon seeing the dilemma, the sage appeared to the king in his true form, that of Lord Krishna. He told the king that he did not have to pay the debt immediately but could pay him over time. The king would serve paal-payasam (made of rice) in the temple freely to the pilgrims every day until the debt was paid off.
- Ambalapuzha Velakali
Velakali is a group dance held in the open air as an exhibition of the martial feats in front of the raja (king) of Ambalapuzha (erstwhile Chempakassery), who wanted to see how his soldiers had performed in the wars. This show meant to be witnessed by the deity of the temple which is taken out in procession to the courtyard of the temple on a caparisoned elephant. The play consist of a procession in the beginning in which, the dancers walk in line through the village road holding the sword made of rattan in the right-hand and a shield in the left. They move elegantly keeping their pace to the rhythm followed by a hilarious group of villagers encouraging the dancers by jumping and singing and waving small colourful flags. By dusk 'Kulathil vela' or the play on the bank of the tank commences. The dancers take their position on the bank of the temple tank and with weapons in their hands start the play moving their bodies. Their movements get reflected in the water probably reminding one of the war in the sea or rivers. On the other side of the tank the caparisoned elephant with the deity takes position. The dancers do not change their position but exhibit only the swaying of their bodies to the rhythm of Velappara, the main percussion instrument. Then the dancers disperse to assemble again in the southern quadrangle of the temple to start the regular exhibition of the feats. There the deity appears on the elephant. By about 8 p.m. 'Tirumunpil vela' or the play before the divine presence of the deity, start.
Now "Ambalapuzha Velakali" is performed every year inside the temple premise during the March–April 10 festival days(malayalam:Ulsavam) except on the first and last days.
Gandharvan were placed in the family house of Valiamadom and they are worshipped here with poojas and the annually performed Kalamezhuthum Paatum.
Panicker was given the tiltle Koyma (supreme authority) of the Srikrishna temple by the king. A male member of the Valiamadom family has to be present for all the important and auspicious functions held in Srikrishna temple.
- "Temples/Temple Legends connected with Mahabharata". Archived from the original on 2009-10-25.
- "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies". Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 30 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ambalappuzha.|
- Ambalapuzha Temple from the book: Temples and Legends of Kerala
- Chengannur Mahadeva/Devi Temple
- Chettikulangara Devi Temple, Mavelikkara