Tinsukia

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This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Tinsukia district.
Tinsukia
তিনিচুকীয়া
City of Ponds
city
A view of the Tinikunia Pukhuri
A view of the Tinikunia Pukhuri
Tinsukia is located in Assam
Tinsukia
Tinsukia
Location in Assam, India
Coordinates: 27°30′00″N 95°22′01″E / 27.500°N 95.367°E / 27.500; 95.367Coordinates: 27°30′00″N 95°22′01″E / 27.500°N 95.367°E / 27.500; 95.367
Country  India
State Assam
District Tinsukia
Elevation 116 m (381 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 99,448
Languages
 • Official Assamese
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 786125
Telephone code 91-374
Vehicle registration AS -23
Website www.tinsukia.nic.in

Tinsukia (Pron: ˌtɪnˈsʊkiə) (Assamese: তিনিচুকীয়া) is a small town and municipal board in Tinsukia district, Assam, India. Tinsukia is a regional business hub in the Indian state of Assam. It is situated 480 kilometres (298 mi) north east of Guwahati and 84 kilometres (52 mi) kilometres away from the border with Arunachal Pradesh.

It is the administrative headquarters of Tinsukia District of Assam, India. Hailed as the business capital of Assam, the place has a heady mix of Assamese, and Hindi- speaking people. The city is changing with the construction of numerous new malls and buildings.

Tinsukia is an industrial and commercial centre of Assam dealing in agricultural products such as tea, oranges, ginger, citrus fruits and paddy. Tinsukia also serves as the rail-head of Assam, housing the state's largest railway junction and is also a junction connecting the state and the country by road and rail.

History[edit]

Tinsukia is the site of Bengmara, which was originally known as Changmai Pathar. It was the capital city of the Muttack Kingdom which was fouded by Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha.[2]

Coin issued by Sarbananda Singha

Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha was known as Mezara, who rose to become an able administrator. Mezara adopted the name Sarbananda Singha after become the King. Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha introduced coins after his name and in Saka 1716 and 1717, he inscribed the title Swargadeo in the coins.

As instructed by Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha, his Minister Gopinath Barbaruah alies Godha dug a pond in triangular shaped which is known as Tinikunia Pukhuri. In 1884 a station was constructed near this pond, when the Dibru-Sadiya Rail line was laid, which was named as Tinsukia. Ever since then the City was popularly known as Tinsukia.

Geography[edit]

Tinsukia is located at 27°30′N 95°22′E / 27.5°N 95.37°E / 27.5; 95.37.[3] It has an average elevation of 116 metres (380 feet).

National protected area[edit]

Climate[edit]

Tinsukia experiences a humid subtropical climate with summer, winter and monsoon forming the seasonal cycle. Summer in Tinsukia are typically during the months of March–May, and these months experience a temperature of around 31 °C(max) to 24 °C(min). Rain showers are common during the summer months, and humidity is normally at its peak during this season. Monsoon months in Tinsukia are the months of June–September bringing heavy rainfall. Winters season in Tinsukia are pleasant, and the temperature in the region during this time ranges around 24 °C (max) 11 °C(min). Winters in Tinsukia are during the months of October–February.

Commercial Hub[edit]

A View of GNB Road and Ranghar Complex

Considered as the commerce capital of Assam, the district is known for its best quality tea production, wood related products like Kitply, Merino Ply, National Ply etc. Chamber Road, situated at the centre of the town, is the traditional business hub. Besides the wood industry, businesses dealing in garments, electronics, hardware for tea industry form the commercial base of the city.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census, Tinsukia had a population of 1,25,216.[4] Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Tinsukia has an average literacy rate of 70.15%, higher than the national average of 64.84%: male literacy is 77.89%, and female literacy is 63.54%. In Tinsukia, 13.29% of the population is under 6 years of age.[5]

Transportation[edit]

ASTC Bus Stand
A View of the New Tinsukia Railway junction at Night

Tinsukia is well connected by air, national highway and railway. It is only 492 km by road from Guwahati, the state capital of Assam. The nearest airport is Dibrugarh Airport at Mohanbari, Dibrugarh which is about 40 km from Tinsukia with daily connection with Delhi, Guwahati and Kolkata. Tinsukia town is very well connected by railway. It falls under Northeast Frontier Railway of Indian Railways. Many important trains like Dibrugarh Rajdhani Express, Brahmaputra Mail, Kamrup Express, Kamakhya - Ledo Inter City Express etc. run through New Tinsukia railway station. Local transportation is facilitated by Auto Rickshaws, Trackers, Rickshaws being the primary mode of transportation.

Places of interest[edit]

The Dibru Saikhowa National Park situated adjacent to the city is a National Park of India and is considered an important Biodiversity Hotspot in India. The Brahmaputra at the northern border and the Dibru river at the southern, the park is an island which houses feral horses, endangered White-winged Wood duck, the Hoolock Gibbon among varied flora and fauna. Bherjan-Borajan-Padumoni Wildlife Sanctuary is at a distance of about 6 km from Tinsukia. It is famous for different species of primates including endangered Hoolock Gibbon. Maguri Beel is an another important spot for nature lovers. It is a hotspot for birdwatcher.

The Shiv Dham is a big temple of Lord Shiva with a pond in the middle. The Tilinga Mandir (bell temple), located at Bordubi, about 9 kilometer from Tinsukia, is another famous Shiva temple. This temple is known for its numerous bells (tilinga) tied on the branches of a giant peepal tree by devotees whose wishes made at this temple have been fulfilled. The area also has many Tea Estates. Marut Nandan Kanan Park is also an important place of attraction for visitors.

A View of Shiv Dham
Tilinga Mandir

Some important places in Tinsukia[edit]

A View of the Railway Heritage Park of Tinsukia
  1. The Railway Heritage Museum of North East India is at Tinsukia.
  2. The Dibru Saikhowa National Park is a biological hotspot of India.
  3. The largest Railway Junction in Assam is at Tinsukia
  4. Asia's oldest oil-refinery, The Digboi Refinery is located a few kilometers from the city of Tinsukia at Digboi.
  5. The incredible Hindu Temple, The Bell Temple or Tilinga Mandir is at Tinsukia
  6. The Bherjan-Borajan-Padumoni Wildlife Sanctuary, which is about a distance of 6 km.
  7. The start point of the historical Stilwell Road, also known as Ledo Road, is connected.

Politics[edit]

Tinsukia is part of Dibrugarh (Lok Sabha constituency).[6]

Communication[edit]

Tinsukia has decent landline, mobile and internet connectivity. Internet connectivity through wireless datacards and Broadband is available. The major cellular service providers are Airtel, IDEA, BSNL, Aircel, Vodafone, Reliance, S Tel.

3G services are a recent addition to the city.

Sl No. Mobile Operator
1 BSNL[7]
2 Aircel[8]
3 Reliance[9]
4 Airtel[10]
5 Idea Cellular[11]

Education[edit]

List of schools[edit]

  1. Vivekananda Kendra Vidyalaya, Tinsukia
  2. Senairam High Secondary School (Estd 1937)
  3. A New High School
  4. Guru Teg Bahadur Academy
  5. Our ABC Academy Borguri Court Tinali
  6. St. Stephan's High School, Bordoloi Nagar
  7. Bhagwat Vidyamandir High School, Sripuria
  8. Don Bosco High School, Tinsukia
    Don Bosco High School
  9. Hindi English High School
  10. Holy Child Girls'/Boys' High School
  11. Babies Nursery School
  12. Buds Nursery School
    Church at Don Bosco High School
  13. Budding Buds Sr. Sec. School
  14. Hindustani Vidyalaya
  15. Pinewood School
  16. Bimala Prasad Chaliha Nagar School
  17. Aadarsha Parthomik School
  18. Sarbajanik Balika Vidyalaya
  19. Sarbajanik Hindi Balika Vidyalaya
    A view of Tinsukia Law College
  20. Saumarjyoti Vidyalaya
  21. Bengali Girls High School
  22. Railway High School
  23. Delhi Public School
  24. Tinsukia Bangia Vidyalaya(H.S.)
  25. Borguri High School
  26. Tinsukia English Academy
  27. Jatiya Vidyalaya
  28. Don Bosco Bible School
  29. Bhawti Bhagwan High Secondary School(Udyog Nagar)
  30. Omega English Academy(Udyog Nagar)
  31. Apple Bee Fun School(preschool)[12]
  32. Los Angeles English Academy, Bordubi
  33. Kendriya Vidyalaya, Tinsukia
  34. Tinsukia Railway High School
  35. Intel Kids Pre School

List of colleges[edit]

  1. Tinsukia College
  2. Women's College
  3. ACE College of Commerce
  4. G.S. Lohia Girls' College
  5. Pinewood Residential Jr. Sc. College
  6. B.B. Memorial Jr. College
  7. C.T. College
  8. Tinsukia Law College
  9. D.H. Memorial College(sripuria)
  10. Tinsukia Commerce College(Sripuria)

List of Hospitals[edit]

  1. City Hospital and Research Center
  2. Life Line Hospital
  3. Jeevan Jyoti Hospital
  4. ESI Hospital
  5. Civil Hospital
  6. Dey's Nursing Home
  7. The Apollo Clinic
  8. Aditya Diagnostics and Hospital.

Urban Localities[edit]

  • Chaliha Nagar
  • Bordoloi Nagar
  • Gelapukhuri
  • Chamber Road
  • GNB Road
  • DM Lohia Road
  • Parbotia
  • Dhekia Juri
  • Daily Bazaar
  • Hijuguri
  • Sripuria
  • Borguri
  • Khageswar Road
  • Tabulbari
  • New Colony
  • Sripuria
  • Subachani
  • Development Area
  • Makum Road
  • Rungagora Road
  • Durgabari
  • Borpathar
  • Professor Colony
  • AT Road
  • Chiwrapatty
  • Milan Palli
  • Shyama Palli
  • Babupatty
  • Tulsiram Road
  • Nau-Pukhri
  • Balugada
  • Chinapatty
  • Lal Bunglow Road

Ananda nagar

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]