Wikipedia:WikiProject Rivers

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First, an important note for everyone to remember:

A few Wikipedians have gotten together to make some suggestions about how we might organize data in articles about rivers. These are only suggestions, things to give you focus and to get you going, and you shouldn't feel obligated in the least to follow them. But if you don't know what to write or where to begin, following the below guidelines may be helpful. Mainly, we just want you to write articles!

Title[edit]

WikiProject Rivers

Scope[edit]

This WikiProject aims primarily to describe the Earth's rivers in a consistent and complete fashion.

Hierarchy definition[edit]

No classification of Rivers has been defined. See this proposal on dividing a topic into a hierarchy.

Related projects[edit]

Parentage[edit]

The parent of this WikiProject is the WikiProject Geography.

Descendant WikiProjects[edit]

No descendant WikiProjects have been defined.

Similar WikiProjects[edit]

For naming in geography:

Projects covering other geographical features:

Participants[edit]

Naming[edit]

Shortcut:

River articles may be named "X", "X River", or "River X", depending on location and most common usage. "River X" is used for rivers in the UK and Ireland. "X river" (i.e. non-capitalized "river") is not recommended. When common usage does not include the word "River", but disambiguation is required (e.g. the river Inn in central Europe), parenthetical, non-capitalized "river" should be used: Inn (river). Country-specific exceptions to this rule should be discussed within WikiProject Rivers and/or that country's WikiProject.

If different rivers with the same name exist, disambiguate with parentheses (e.g. Vils (Danube), Turiec (Váh), Bistriţa River (Siret), Colorado River (Texas)).

Multiple rivers with the same name[edit]

Because there are lots of rivers in the world with the same name (e.g. the Columbia River has two tributaries named the Salmon River, another flows into the lower Fraser River and one more has been identified in Nova Scotia), not all of which are recent namings in the Americas (e.g. there are four rivers in England called River Avon), the following method of disambiguation is proposed:

Rivers with multiple names[edit]

Some rivers have names with multiple spellings which vary with the different countries the rivers pass through. An example would be the Cunene River in Angola, which is known as the Kunene River in Namibia. Occasionally, a river can have several genuinely distinct names. For example, the Cuando River not only has the variant spelling Kwando, it's also called the Linyanti and the Chobe. The following rules are suggested for choosing a primary name for such a river:

  • If the river is particularly famous or most commonly mentioned under one name, then choose that name.
  • If the section of the river that uses a particular name is much longer than other sections, then use that as the name.
  • If everything else is equal, then choose the name for the section of the river closest to the river's mouth, since generally that is where the river is widest.

It is important that all the alternate names redirect to the name chosen for the article title. This helps prevent the creation of duplicate articles.

Article structure guidelines[edit]

Lead[edit]

The lead section should be a self-contained description including a summary of the most important things that are described in the article. The name(s) – both historic and current – should be in bold. State the location (continent/countries/seaboards), and notable facts about the river, such as longest, second longest, main waterway of a country, etc. For more information see Wikipedia:Lead.

History[edit]

Describe what is known about the different inhabitants along the river, along with a description of the scientific exploration expeditions/efforts. Typically, start from indigenous people and work up from there.

Course[edit]

The narrative description of the course should proceed from the main headwater of the river downstream to its mouth, noting direction, size, major tributaries, human settlements, waterfalls, dams, and so forth. This should be at least a paragraph, may be several paragraphs for long rivers. This section can include numerical data on length, volume, drainage basin, etc.

Info on major water basins can be found at World resources Institute (site is down; archive)

For the largest one or two tributaries of the river, a short description of them should be added (perhaps under a "Tributaries" subsection) with "main" links.

Source[edit]

When the source of the river is complex, such as a network of smaller streams, or a spring and cave system, consider if the source would be better described in its own section or sub-section separately from the course section. In simpler cases, such as when a river merely originates from a lake, discuss in the course section.

Watershed[edit]

Include information about the geography and distribution of drainage basins, the location of mountain ranges, valleys, major cities, etc. Mention climate of the different areas of the watershed, and information about water quality, etc.

River modifications[edit]

In this section describe the dams, diversion canals, bridges and culverts, roads, and other engineering projects associated with or with a big impact on the river.

Natural history[edit]

Mention distinctive plants and animals associated with any part of the river. This section may also be titled Wildlife or Biology.

Geology[edit]

The evolution of some rivers has been well explored (e.g., the Missoula Floods and their effect on the Columbia River). Such information should be placed here, with a suitable discussion of all POVs when possible. See also Glacial geology of the Genesee River.

Economy[edit]

A countless number of rivers have been used as means to transport people, goods, etc., and are still used so today. All such information should be described here. Stylistically, this can be a good segue from history, connecting past uses of the river to present-day uses.

Lists[edit]

  • List the tributaries, starting from the mouth and going upstream. Add important subtributaries in sublists. Major tributaries should be links, if there is a reasonable chance of article content, minor tributaries should be just names.
  • List the cities and towns along the river, also in upstream order.
  • List dams, locks, waterfalls, rapids, if there are more than a couple and/or they're not mentioned in the lead or course narrative.
  • List crossings of the river.

References and external links[edit]

Preferably refer to history, ecology, public policy, books, websites, etc.

Images[edit]

There should be at least one picture, preferably a typical view. Important rivers should have additional pictures illustrating their notable features. Maps of the river's course and of its watershed are highly desirable.

Map[edit]

Every river article should include a map. Wikipedia:WikiProject Maps gives advice on the conventions to be used. The map should be included in the Geobox template. Route maps are optional, a sample can be seen at {{River Medway map}}.

Geographical coordinates[edit]

Every river article should include geographical coordinates. Wikipedia:WikiProject Geographical coordinates/Linear gives advice on the positioning of these coordinates. The coordinates of the source and mouth should be included in the Geobox template, other significant points may be included inline the text using {{coord|x|y}}. The draft proposals for features that may be handled by this project suggest:

feature main coordinates further recommended coordinates optional additions examples
river estuary/mouth source, major confluences crossings, other confluences, boundaries crossed, weirs, major changes in direction, islands
valley  ??? both ends? watersheds, rivers, settlements, landmarks, features
canal midpoint5 both ends junctions, wharves, crossings, locks
bridge midpoint both ends features crossed, support pillars

Indexing[edit]

Every river article should be indexed in lists of rivers and indexed in list of rivers by continent, along with its major tributaries.

Categories[edit]

Every article should have a category. If a river is restricted to one country, list in Category:rivers of country. If it runs through several, list in each country category.

In the United States, the county(s) in which the river flows may be added as a category; this information can be found via GNIS.

Articles[edit]

A detailed list of recognized content is available at Rivers recognized content.

Article alerts[edit]

Proposed deletions
Featured article candidates
Good article nominees

Lists[edit]

Categories[edit]

Click the "►" below to see all subcategories:
Rivers
Click the "►" below to see all subcategories:

Subpages[edit]

Templates[edit]

Project banner[edit]

The {{River|class=|importance=|attention=|mapneeded=|needs-infobox=}} template banner is available to add to the talk pages of river articles and gives:

WikiProject Rivers  
WikiProject icon This page is within the scope of WikiProject Rivers, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of Rivers on Wikipedia. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks.
 ???  This page does not require a rating on the project's quality scale.

Assessment[edit]

An article can be rated by quality and importance; for example, using {{WikiProject Rivers|class=Stub|importance=Low}}. For detailed instructions on quality grading, see: WikiProject Rivers/Assessment. There are many articles that still need to be assessed. You may help us to assess them, please see Category:Unassessed River articles for the complete list.

Infoboxes[edit]

Infobox river[edit]

The template {{Infobox river}} can be used for representative images and basic information about a river. See the template's documentation for instructions, examples and blank versions of the template to start with. You can see it in action on River Scheldt.

Geobox/type/river[edit]

Coordinates: 53°28′21″N 2°15′55″W / 53.47250°N 2.26528°W / 53.47250; -2.26528
River Irwell
River
Irwell, Salford.jpg
The River Irwell at Salford, looking towards Manchester city centre
Country United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Tributaries
 - left Croal
 - right Roch, Irk, Medlock
Source
 - location Cliviger, Lancashire
 - elevation 400 m (1,312 ft)
 - coordinates 53°43′54″N 2°11′49″W / 53.73167°N 2.19694°W / 53.73167; -2.19694
Mouth
 - location Manchester Ship Canal, Salford, England
 - elevation 30 m (98 ft)
 - coordinates 53°28′21″N 2°15′55″W / 53.47250°N 2.26528°W / 53.47250; -2.26528
Discharge for Adelphi Weir
 - average 17.72 m3/s (626 cu ft/s)

There exists a new {{Geobox}} (version 2) template, at {{Geobox/type/river}}. It is an infobox template that has been adapted for all types of geographical locations. It can accommodate a wide range of data, where the input values can be either metric or imperial and the other figure is calculated automatically. It can have multiple values for river names, basin countries, discharges at various locations and coordinates of both source and mouth, which are linked to wiki maps, etc. The field names are not fully compatible with the earlier Infobox template (e.g. while there's just elevation field in the old template, the new one has source_elevation and mouth_elevation), It specifically allows the adding of maps. You can see it in action at:

Navigation boxes[edit]

A list of navigation boxes can be found at: Category:River navigational boxes.

Userbox[edit]

Place {{User WikiProject Rivers}} on your user page. This will add your user page to Category:WikiProject Rivers participants.

Code Result
 {{Template:User WikiProject Rivers}}
Wikiproject:WikiProject_Rivers This user is a member of WikiProject Rivers.
Transclusions
 {{Template:User River}}
Wikiproject:WikiProject Rivers This user is interested in rivers and fluvial processes.
Transclusions

Resources[edit]

Directory Directory of WikiProjects

 

Council WikiProject Council

 

Guide Guide to WikiProjects