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In Islam, the munafiqun ('hypocrites', Arabic: منافقون, singular منافق munāfiq) or false Muslims or false believers are a group decried in the Quran as outward Muslims who were inwardly concealing disbelief (“kufr”) and actively sought to undermine the Muslim community.[1] Munafiq is a person who in public and in community shows that he is a Muslim but rejects Islam or propagates against it either in his heart or among the enemies of Islam. The hypocrisy itself is called nifāq (نفاق).[2]

Types of hypocrisy[edit]

  • Hypocrisy towards God regarding actual faith. (Q2:8) and (Q2:14)
  • Hypocrisy towards the tenets of faith: for example, somebody may believe in God, Judgment Day, accounting, scales of deeds and Hellfire (with an uncertainty and doubt) but not fear them at all (in actual) or not refrain from committing sins because of them. Yet he claims, "I fear God".
  • Hypocrisy towards the deeds: Not performing obligatory works properly.
  • Hypocrisy towards others: somebody is double-faced and double-tongued. He praises someone in their presence, then, behind their back, he denounces them and tries to cause them pain and harm

Munafiqun in the Quran[edit]

The Quran has many verses discussing munāfiqūn, referring to them as more dangerous to Muslims than the worst non-Muslim enemies of Islam.

The 63rd chapter (surah) of the Quran is titled Al-Munafiqun. The chapter deals with the phenomenon of hypocrisy; it criticizes hypocrisy and condemns the hypocrites; the treachery of the hypocrites of Medina is exposed and rebuked; Muhammad is warned to beware of trusting the hypocrites; the hypocrites are cursed and declared reprobates; the hypocrites are threatened with expulsion from Medina.[3] In Surah Al-Nisa, verses 88-89 of the Quran, hypocrites are threatened with death.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Nisan, Mordechai (5 July 2017). Politics and War in Lebanon: Unraveling the Enigma. Routledge. p. 243. ISBN 9781351498333.
  2. ^ Lamptey, Jerusha Tanner (15 January 2016). Never Wholly Other: A Muslima Theology of Religious Pluralism. Oxford University Press. pp. 134–135. ISBN 9780190458010.
  3. ^ Dr. Muzammil H. Siddiqi. "A Thematic Introduction to the Surahs of the Qur'an |".
  4. ^ "Surah An-Nisa Roman Transliteration".