2014 Wales summit
|NATO Summit Wales 2014|
2014 Newport Summit
|Host country||United Kingdom|
|Date||4–5 September 2014|
|Venue(s)||Celtic Manor, Newport|
|Website||NATO Summit Wales 2014|
The 2014 Wales Summit of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was a meeting of the heads of state and heads of government of the NATO countries, held in Newport, Wales on 4 and 5 September 2014. Such summits are sporadically held, and allow leaders and officials from NATO Allies to discuss current issues of mutual concern and to plan strategic activities. The 2014 summit has been described by US Navy Admiral James G. Stavridis as the most important since the fall of the Berlin Wall.
The summit was hosted by British Prime Minister David Cameron. Attendees included Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper, US President Barack Obama, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, French President François Hollande, Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi and Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy.
There were another 180 VIPs, and 4,000 delegates and officials from approximately 60 countries.
The official logo for the summit included a panel with four quadrants, each bearing a stylised symbol of Newport or Wales: a Celtic knot, the Welsh Dragon, Newport Transporter Bridge and a Welsh castle. The entrance to the venue was fronted by a full-scale replica of a Eurofighter Typhoon.
World leaders met at the Celtic Manor, and informally at other locales in and around Cardiff. They discussed ongoing events in the world, such as terrorism, cyberwarfare, and other areas of national security interest to the member states.
The following declarations and agreements were made at the Summit:
- Wales Summit Declaration
- Joint Expeditionary Force agreement
- NATO Readiness Action Plan
- NATO Security Capacity Building Initiative
- Armed Forces Declaration
- Joint Statement of the NATO-Ukraine Commission
- Declaration on Afghanistan
- The Wales Declaration on the Transatlantic Bond
- Russia and Ukraine
Immediately prior to the summit on 3 September 2014 French President François Hollande announced the postponement of delivery of the first Mistral-class amphibious assault ship which had been sold to Russia, a ship provisionally named Vladivostok, due to the Russia–Ukraine crisis.
At the end of the summit Ukrainian President Poroshenko announced the Minsk Protocol, a ceasefire which had been agreed with the separatist leader Alexander Zakharchenko under terms proposed by Russian President Vladimir Putin. The protocol was cautiously welcomed by NATO leaders.
On 12 September a communiqué of the US Treasury announced a sweeping ban on the Russian defence sector.
- Wales Pledge
For the first time, the Allies formally pledged to aim to move towards what had previously been an informal guideline of spending 2% of their gross domestic products on defense, and 20% of that on new equipment. For countries which spend less than 2% they agreed upon that these countries "aim to move towards the 2% guideline within a decade". This pledge was the brainchild of US Secretary of Defence Chuck Hagel. In 2015, five of its 28 members met that goal. At the beginning of 2018, eight of the 29 members either were meeting the target or were close to it; six others had laid out plans to reach the target by 2024 as promised; and Norway and Denmark had unveiled plans to substantially boost defense spending (including Norway's planned purchase 52 new F-35 fighter jets).
- Support for Military Intervention Against ISIL
On 5 September 2014, the U.S., Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Turkey and the United Kingdom, agreed to support anti-ISIL forces in Iraq and Syria with supplies and air support.
A retired German politician, Walther Stützle, former defence Parliamentary Secretary of State (until 2002) in the SPD's First Schröder cabinet and former head of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (until 1991), criticised the summit agenda for its focus on military details and not political perspectives. Stützle said that the Russian Federation was not a military threat to NATO but criticised that new NATO members' policies were not détente and negotiation with the Russian Federation.
Protestors and security detail
In both Newport and Cardiff, road closures and security measures, starting weeks in advance of the summit, created widespread disruption. Thirteen miles (21 km) of security fencing, 2.7 m (9 ft) high, was erected around the Newport hotel venue and 10 miles (16 km) of fencing put up around Cardiff city centre. Businesses in the vicinity of security fencing in Cardiff reported a drop in trade by up to a third. This fencing was based on, and expanded, the 'National Barrier Asset' which is held in reserve for similar events.
Security included around 9,500 specially trained police officers patrolling the streets of the two cities, military helicopters including US Osprey V22s and the Royal Navy's new £1bn Type 45 destroyer HMS Duncan stationed in Cardiff Bay.
Protests, demonstrations and marches took place in Newport and Cardiff involving several hundred people, though the turnout was much lower than predicted.
Leaders and other dignitaries in attendance
Non-member states and organisations
NATO Foreign ministers
- Albania – Minister of Foreign Affairs Ditmir Bushati
- Belgium – Minister of Foreign Affairs Didier Reynders
- Bulgaria – Minister of Foreign Affairs Daniel Mitov
- France – Minister of Foreign Affairs Laurent Fabius
- Germany – Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier
- Italy – Foreign Minister Federica Mogherini
- Norway – Minister of Foreign Affairs Børge Brende
- Spain – Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation José Manuel García-Margallo
- United Kingdom – Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond
- United States – Secretary of State John Kerry
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- de la Baume, Maïa; Gladstone, Rick (3 September 2014). "France Postpones Delivery of Warship to Russia". The New York Times Company.
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- "UPDATE 1-EU raises pressure on Moscow with tougher sanctions". Reuters. 12 September 2014.
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- Techau, Jan (2 September 2015). "The Politics of 2 Percent: NATO and the Security Vacuum in Europe". Carnegie Europe. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
A month before [the alliance's summit in Riga in 2006], Victoria Nuland, then the U.S. ambassador to NATO, called the 2 percent metric the "unofficial floor" on defense spending in NATO. But never had all governments of NATO's 28 nations officially embraced it at the highest possible political level—a summit declaration.
- "Military Spending by NATO Members". The Economist. 16 February 2017. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
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- Stützle, Walther (4 September 2014). "Die NATO wird nicht bedroht" [NATO is not threatened]. deutschlandfunk.de (Interview) (in German). Interviewed by Friedbert Meurer. Köln, DE: Deutschlandfunk. Archived from the original on 5 September 2014.
- Deans, David (7 August 2014). "Nato Summit 2014: Road closures and disruption in Cardiff city centre". Wales Online. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
- Atwell, Jessica (28 August 2014). "Nato Summit 2014: Businesses near Cardiff Ring of Steel claim trade has dropped by a third since fence was erected". Wales Online. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
- Paul Rowland (2 September 2014). "Nato Summit 2014: The main security measures in Newport and Cardiff". Wales Online. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
- "Four arrests at anti-Nato protest in Cardiff". BBC News. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
- "VERTICE NATO: MATTEO RENZI E MINISTRO MOGHERINI ARRIVATI IN GALLES | AGENPARL AGENPARL". agenparl.com. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
- NATO Summit Wales 2014
- 2014 NATO Summit Media information
- Łukasz Kulesa (www.europeanleadershipnetwork.org): NATO at a Crossroads – Again: Recommendations for the Newport Summit, PDF (14 p.)