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Skeletal formula of the 3-iodothyronamine
Ball-and-stick model of the 3-iodothyronamine molecule
Preferred IUPAC name
Other names
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.211.501
Molar mass 355.17 g/mol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

3-Iodothyronamine (T1AM) is an endogenous thyronamine. T1AM is a high-affinity ligand for the trace amine-associated receptor TAAR1 (TAR1, TA1), a recently discovered G protein-coupled receptor.[1][2] T1AM is the most potent endogenous TAAR1 agonist yet discovered.[3] Activation of TAAR1 by T1AM results in the production of large amounts of cAMP. This effect is coupled with decreased body temperature and cardiac output.[4] Wu et al. have pointed out that this relationship is not typical of the endocrine system, indicating that TAAR1 activity may not be coupled to G-proteins in some tissues, or that T1AM may interact with other receptor subtypes.[3]

T1AM may be part of a signaling pathway to modulate cardiac function, as the compound can induce negative inotropic effects and decrease cardiac output.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Scanlan T, Suchland K, Hart M, Chiellini G, Huang Y, Kruzich P, Frascarelli S, Crossley D, Bunzow J, Ronca-Testoni S, Lin E, Hatton D, Zucchi R, Grandy D (2004). "3-Iodothyronamine is an endogenous and rapid-acting derivative of thyroid hormone". Nat. Med. 10 (6): 638–42. doi:10.1038/nm1051. PMID 15146179.
  2. ^ Hart M, Suchland K, Miyakawa M, Bunzow J, Grandy D, Scanlan T (2006). "Trace amine-associated receptor agonists: synthesis and evaluation of thyronamines and related analogues". J. Med. Chem. 49 (3): 1101–12. doi:10.1021/jm0505718. PMID 16451074.
  3. ^ a b Wu SY, Green WL, Huang WS, Hays MT, Chopra IJ (2005). "Alternate Pathways of Thyroid Hormone Metabolism". Thyroid. 15 (8): 943–958. doi:10.1089/thy.2005.15.943. PMID 16131336.
  4. ^ "New compound may act to keep thyroid activity in check". Retrieved 2008-05-30.
  5. ^ Chiellini G, Frascarelli S, Ghelardoni S, Carnicelli V, Tobias SC, Debarber A, Brogioni S, Ronca-Testoni S, Cerbai E, Grandy DK, Scanlan TS, Zucchi R (2007). "Cardiac effects of 3-iodothyronamine: a new aminergic system modulating cardiac function". The FASEB Journal. 21 (7): 1597–608. doi:10.1096/fj.06-7474com. PMID 17284482.

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