Armenian Army

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Army of the Republic of Armenia
Հայաստանի Հանրապետության բանակ
Active January 28, 1992 – Present
Country Republic of Armenia
Type Army
Role Ground warfare
Size 45,850 (including 19,950 professional and 25,900 conscripts)[1]
(2013 census)
Engagements Nagorno-Karabakh War
Peacekeeping roles in Kosovo, Afghanistan and Lebanon
Commanders
Notable
commanders
-Vazgen Sargsyan
-Arkady Ter-Tatevosyan

The Armenian Army (Armenian: Հայկական բանակ) is the largest branch of the Armed Forces of Armenia and consists of the ground forces responsible for the country's land-based operations. It was established in conjunction with the other components of Armenia's military on January 28, 1992, several months after the republic declared its independence from the Soviet Union.[2] The army's first head was the former deputy commander-in-chief of the main staff of the Soviet Ground Forces, Norat Ter-Grigoryants.[3]

Since the end of the Nagorno-Karabakh War, Armenia has committed many elements of the army to help bolster the defense and defend the unrecognized Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh from a possible renewal of hostilities with neighboring Azerbaijan. Jane's World Armies reports that both conscripts and officers from Armenia are routinely sent for duty to Karabakh, often posted to the frontline between Karabakh Armenian and Azerbaijani forces.[4]

History[edit]

The Armenian army's history is described to have gone through three stages of development.[5] It entered the first stage in February 1988, from the beginning of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, when Armenian militias were formed to combat Azerbaijani units in Nagorno-Karabakh. The second phase of the development of the army began in 1992, several months after Armenia declared its independence from the Soviet Union. Ter-Grigoryants and civilian officials in the Armenian Ministry of Defense, including Vazgen Manukyan and Vazgen Sargsyan, sought to establish a "small, well-balanced, combat-ready defense force."[6] The third phase began after the end of the war and continues to today.

Most of the army's staff officers were members of the former Soviet military. An estimated 5,000 Armenians were serving as high-level officers in the military at the time of the collapse of the Soviet Union.[7] Almost immediately after its independence, Armenia was embroiled in the Nagorno-Karabakh War with neighboring Azerbaijan. Intending to establish a force of 30,000 men, the army's standing force increased to 50,000 by early 1994. During the war, the military remained on high alert and bolstered defenses in the region of Zangezur, opposite the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhichevan. Purported artillery bombardment in May 1992 from the region led to skirmishes between the two sides, including the Armenian army's incursion into several villages into Nakhichevaan.

Since 1994, the army has taken an active role in ensuring the defense of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic in conjunction with the Nagorno-Karabakh Defense Army.[8]

International deployments[edit]

Armenian soldiers in Iraq

The Armenian army has collaborated in several international missions with the West. On February 12, 2004, Armenia deployed a platoon-sized unit (three squads) to Kosovo as a part of the Greek peacekeeping battalion. The unit, known as the Peacekeeping Forces of Armenia, is headquartered in Camp "REGAS FEREOS" as a part of the Multi-National Task Force East and is tasked with maintaining vehicle check points, providing security for the base but also serves as a quick reaction force and crowd and riot control.[9] In 2008, the KFOR unit was expanded, adding a second platoon plus company staff (bringing Armenia's contingent to about 85 personnel).[10]

In the autumn of 2004, the Armenian government approved the dispatch of a 46-man contingent from the army consisting of sappers, engineers and doctors under Polish command as part of the Multinational Force in Iraq. On November 10, 2006, Senior Lieutenant Georgy Nalbandyan was injured in a mine explosion in Iraq but survived after being transported for surgery to a hospital in Landstuhl, Germany, near Ramstein Air Base.[11] On October 6, 2008, due to improving security conditions, the contingent's tour of duty came to an end.[12]

In July 2009, the Defense Minister of Armenia, Seyran Ohanyan, announced that Armenia would send a force to participate with the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in the War in Afghanistan by the end of the year. He did not mention how large the force would be but did note that it probably would include munitions experts and communications officers. A MOD spokesmen also stated that the force would include medical specialists and translators as well. Ohanyan added that Armenian officers who served in the Soviet military during the Soviet War in Afghanistan also expressed the desire to return there as members of the new force.[13] In November 2009, a NATO official affirmed that an Armenian contingent numbering 30 troops will join the ISAF sometime in early 2010.[14] That number was revised to 40 in early December, when the Armenian parliament overwhelmingly voted in approval of the contingent's deployment. The servicemen arrived in Afghanistan in February 2010, where, under German command, they are tasked to defend the regional airport in Kunduz.[15] There are currently 126 servicemen in Afghanistan.[16]

In conjunction with its strategic allies, Armenia has sent over 1,500 officers to be trained in Greece and Russia.[5] The Armenian Ministry of Defense also established in 2004 a joint partnership with the Kansas National Guard in order to exchange knowledge and facilitate cooperation in national security and civilian affairs. It also signed a military cooperation plan with Lebanon on November 27, 2015.[17]

Organization[edit]

Armenian soldiers training at the Vazgen Sargsyan Military Institute.

General Staff[edit]

  • Colonel-General Seyran Ohanyan - Defense Minister
  • Colonel-General Mikael Harutyunyan - Chief Military Inspector and Presidential Advisor
  • Colonel-General Gurgen Daribaltayan — Deputy head of Chief of Staff and special military adviser to current president, Serzh Sargsyan
  • Colonel-General Harut Kassabyan - Commander of Capital Guard
  • Lieutenant-General Aghik Myurzabekyan
  • Lieutenant-General Arthur Aghabekyan
  • Lieutenant-General Yuri Khachaturov
  • Lieutenant-General Gurgen Melkonyan
  • Lieutenant-General Roland Kereshyan

Academies[edit]

Field Forces[edit]

Armenian Army Order of Battle
  • 1st Army Corps (HQ Goris):[4] one independent tank battalion, one independent reconnaissance battalion, two motor rifle regiments.[18]
  • 2nd Army Corps (HQ Khachaghbyur): one independent tank battalion, one independent reconnaissance battalion, one independent rifle regiment, two independent motor rifle regiments, one independent artillery battalion.
  • 3rd Army Corps (HQ Vanadzor): one independent rifle regiment, one independent artillery battalion, one independent tank battalion, one independent reconnaissance battalion, one independent rocket artillery battalion, four independent motor rifle regiments, one maintenance battalion, one signals battalion.
  • 4th Army Corps (HQ Yeghegnadzor): four independent motor rifle regiments, an independent self-propelled artillery battalion, one signals battalion.
  • 5th Army Corps (HQ Nubarashen in Yerevan): two fortified regions, one independent motor rifle regiment, one independent rifle regiment.
  • Army-level Troops:[18] one air and air defence joint command (Jane's World Armies mentions an Army Air and Air Defence at Chobankara under Colonel Ararat Hambarian), one training motor rifle brigade, one special forces regiment (Jane's World Armies mentions a regiment at Nubarashen under Colonel Artur Simonian), one artillery brigade, one self-propelled artillery regiment, one anti-tank regiment, one engineer regiment with demining centre, one surface-to-air missile brigade, two surface-to-air missile regiments, one radiotechnical (radar) regiment.[19]

Special Forces[edit]

The Armenian military's special forces include a standard army special forces regiment, and 3+ reconnaissance battalions. (Excluding Nagorno-Karabakh Defense Army Special Forces and National Defense forces, both of which are heavily integrated into the Armenian Armed Forces.) The operational history surrounding all the aforementioned groups are not known, the operation's that are known and are outside of standard duties such as intelligence gathering include:

  • Unknown number of cross-border raids [20]
  • The securing of Armenian pilot's remains and helicopter parts after the shoot down of a Nagorno-Karabakh helicopter [21]

The special forces of both republics are allowed fast-attack vehicles to conduct some operations and exercises.

Equipment[edit]

Small arms[edit]

Weapon Caliber Origin Notes
Pistols
MP-443 Grach 9x19 mm  Russia Used by special forces and police
Makarov PM 9x18 mm  Soviet Union Service Pistol
Assault Rifles, Battle Rifles and Carbines
AK-74 5.45×39 mm  Soviet Union Standard Service Rifle AKS-74 variant included.
AK-74M 5.45×39 mm  Russia Used by special forces
AK-105 5.45×39 mm  Russia Used mainly by border guards and special forces
AKM 7.62×39 mm  Soviet Union Used by all branches. AKMS variant included.
AK-47 7.62×39 mm  Soviet Union Used by all branches
AKS-74U 5.45×39 mm  Soviet Union Used by special forces, police, and vehicle crews. Usually used for urban/close quarter combat and counter-terrorism operations
VSS Vintorez 9×39mm  Soviet Union Used by special forces
AS Val 9×39mm  Soviet Union Used by special forces
K-3 5.45×39 mm  Armenia Used mainly by the special forces
Sniper Rifles
Accuracy International AX-338[22] .338 Lapua Magnum  United Kingdom Used by snipers and Special Forces.
Dragunov SVD 7.62×54 mm  Soviet Union/ Russia Main service sniper rifle. New units to be delivered as part of the 2015 Armenian-Russian arms deal.
Truvelo CMS[22] 12.7x99 mm
K-11 5.45×39 mm  Armenia Used by the Armenian armed forces
PGM 338 .338 Lapua Magnum  France Used by snipers and the Special Forces
Sv-98 .338 Lapua Magnum  Russia Used by snipers and the Special Forces
Zastava M93 Black Arrow 12.7×108 mm  Serbia An anti-materiel sniper rifle is used by snipers and Special Forces
Machine Guns
RPK-74 5.45×39 mm  Soviet Union
PK machine gun 7.62×54 mm  Soviet Union
DShK 12.7×108 mm  Soviet Union
NSV machine gun 12.7×108 mm  Soviet Union
Kord machine gun[23] 12.7×108 mm  Russia
Grenade Launchers
AGS-17 30 x 29 grenade  Soviet Union
AGS-30 30 x 29 grenade  Russia
MANPADS
Strela 2 72 mm  Soviet Union
Igla-S[24] 72 mm  Soviet Union
Verba [25] 72 mm  Russia 9K333 Verba (SA-25) is the newest Russia MANPAD, introduced in 2014
Mortars
2B9 Vasilek[26] 82 mm  Soviet Union N/A

Anti-Tank Weapons[edit]

Anti-tank weapons of the Armenian Army as of 2008-2017

Name Origin Type Photo Notes
Anti-Tank Weapons
RPG-7[27]  Soviet Union Armenia[28] Rocket-propelled grenade RPG-7 detached.jpg
RPG-26  Russia[29] Disposable anti-tank rocket launcher Grenade launchers RPG-26.jpg Some captured from Azerbaijan [30]
RPO-A Shmel  Soviet Union Thermobaric rocket launcher RPO-A missile and launcher.jpg
SPG-9[31]  Soviet Union Armenia[27] Recoilless gun SPG-9M rus.jpeg
9M14 Malyutka[32]  Soviet Union ATGM 9M14 Malyutka Kecel 1.jpg NATO codename AT-3 Sagger
9K111 Fagot[33]  Soviet Union ATGM At4.jpg NATO codename AT-4 Spigot
9M111M Faktoriya[34]  Soviet Union ATGM POLK 9K111 Fagot.jpg NATO codename AT-4C Spigot C. Improved motor, longer guidance wire. Maximum range 2,500m, minimum 75m. Improved single HEAT warhead; penetration 400 mm versus RHA or 230 mm towards armour inclined at 60°. Appeared during the 4-Day War.
9M113 Konkurs[26]  Soviet Union ATGM AT-5 spandrel.JPG NATO codename AT-5 Spandrel
9M113M Konkurs-M[35]  Soviet Union ATGM Flickr - Israel Defense Forces - Russian-Made Missile Found in Hezbollah Hands.jpg NATO codename AT-5B Spandrel-B. Tandem warhead with extended explosive probe. The warhead penetration is 750–800 mm vs RHA. Adopted in 1991, 4000m range.
9K115 Metis[26]  Soviet Union ATGM POLK 9K115 Metis.jpg NATO codename AT-7 Saxhorn
9K114 Shturm[26]  Soviet Union ATGM 9M120 Ataka.jpg NATO codename AT-6 Spiral
MILAN[36]  France/ Germany ATGM Milan 2.jpg Greece cited as possible source[36]
T-12 Rapira[37]  Soviet Union anti-tank gun 100 mm anti-tank gun MT-12-4619.JPG 100mm

Vehicles[edit]

Military equipment Armenian Army as of 2008-2016[38]

Name Origin Type Number Photo Notes
Armoured vehicles
T-90S  Russia Main Battle Tank 1 T-90S 0032 copy.jpg 1 tank won in Tank biathlon.
T-80[39]  Soviet Union Main Battle Tank 20 Victory Day Parade 2005-18.jpg
T-72  Soviet Union Main Battle Tank 200+[40] T72 Georgia.jpg Some T-72B mod. 1989 are in service with Kontakt-5 ERA. Estimated 530-540 T-72 tanks are in service together with the Nagorno-Karabakh Defense Army.[40] Armenia also received 35 T-72s from Russia in 2013 [41]
T-55  Soviet Union Main Battle Tank 8 Soviet tank T-54-55 in the "35 years - Victory Park", Kineshma.JPG 3 T-54 and 5 T-55
BMP-2  Russia Infantry fighting vehicle 50 BMP-2 military parade rehearsal.jpg 50 units modernized/repaired by Russia in 2012-2013[42] Possibly more in storage [43]
BMP-1  Soviet Union Infantry fighting vehicle 75 Бронетехника в С.Осколе.JPG
BMP-1K  Soviet Union Infantry fighting vehicle 7 BMP-1K komento versio Parola tank museum.jpg Command Variant
BRM-1K  Soviet Union Infantry fighting vehicle 12 BRM-1K top.jpg Command Variant
BMD-1  Soviet Union Infantry fighting vehicle 10 Bmd-1 ifv.jpg
BRDM-2  Soviet Union Scout car 120 BRDM-2 Anti-tank vehicle.jpg Includes anti-tank variant
BTR-80  Soviet Union Armoured personnel carrier 110 BTR-80 of TsSN Vityaz.jpg Possibly more in storage.[41][43] Number does not include unknown number of Infauna electronic countermeasure variants first displayed at the 2016 military parade.[44]
BTR-70  Soviet Union Armoured personnel carrier 40+ BTR70 002.jpg Upgraded with new engines and 30mm gun
BTR-60  Soviet Union Armoured personnel carrier 100+ BTR-60PB DA-ST-89-06597.jpg
BTR-152  Soviet Union Armoured personnel carrier BTR 152 Yerevan.JPG
MT-LB  Soviet Union Armoured personnel carrier 145 Soviet MT-LB.JPEG Including following variants:
GAZ-2975[45]  Russia Armoured personnel carrier 4 GAZ 2975 Tigr.JPG More ordered in 2015[24]

Multiple Rocket Launchers[edit]

Military equipment Armenian Army as of 2008-2017

Name Origin Type Number Photo Notes
Multiple Rocket Launchers
BM-30 Smerch  Russia Multiple rocket launcher 12[46] RSZO Smertch.jpg 300mm MRLS
TOS-1A  Russia Multiple rocket launcher 6[46] Russian TOS-1 MRL.jpg 220mm thermobaric MRLS
AR-1A  People's Republic of China Multiple rocket launcher 6[47] AR-1A.jpg 300mm MRLS
BM-27 Uragan  Soviet Union Multiple rocket launcher ~12[48] 9K57 Uragan 2.jpg 220mm MRLS
WM-80[49]  People's Republic of China Multiple rocket launcher At least 4 launchers WM-80.jpg 273mm MRLS
BM-21 Grad  Soviet Union Multiple rocket launcher 110 Bm21armenia.jpg 122mm MRLS
N-2  Armenia Multiple rocket launcher At least 2 N-2 yerevan parade.jpg Thermobaric MRLS in limited service

Self-propelled artillery[edit]

Military equipment Armenian Army as of 2008-2017

Name Origin Type Number Photo Notes
Self-Propelled Artillery
2S3 Akatsiya  Soviet Union Self-propelled artillery 28 2S3 Akatsiya -2.jpg
2S1 Gvozdika  Soviet Union Self-propelled artillery 10 Ukrainian 2S1 Gvozdika SPG.jpg

Military Engineering Vehicles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Photo
BAT-2[citation needed]  Soviet Union Combat engineering vehicle
MTU-72[citation needed]
MTU-90[citation needed]
 Soviet Union
 Russia
Tracked armoured vehicle-launched bridge MTU-90 2.jpg

Field Artillery[edit]

Military equipment Armenian Army as of 2008-2016

Name Origin Type Number Photo Notes
Field Artillery
D-30  Soviet Union Howitzer 69 Хаубица Д-30 122мм.jpg
D-20  Soviet Union Howitzer 34 Howitzer D-20.jpg
152 mm gun 2A36  Soviet Union Field Artillery 26 152-мм пушка Гиацинт-Б (1).jpg
M-46[50]  Soviet Union Field Artillery N/A M-46-130mm-gun-batey-haosef-1
M-30[51]  Soviet Union Field Artillery N/A Zagan 122 mm haubica wz 1938 a With upgraded optics
D-44[52]  Soviet Union Field Artillery N/A D-44-beyt-hatotchan-1

Tactical Ballistic Missile Systems[edit]

Military equipment Armenian Army as of 2008-2016

Name Origin Type Number Photo Notes
Ballistic Missiles
Iskander-M  Russia short-range ballistic missile 8 launchers Moscow Victory Parade 2010 - Training on May 4 - img14.jpg 4 launchers, unknown number of missiles.First shown during the preparations for the 2016 military parade in Yerevan.[53]
SCUD-B  Soviet Union short-range ballistic missile 8 launchers Scud-launcher-scotland1.jpg 32 missiles[54][55]
OTR-21 Tochka  Soviet Union short-range ballistic missile 7-8 launchers [56] OTR-21 Tochka during a parade in Kiev.jpg Unknown number of missiles

Anti-Aircraft[edit]

Military equipment Armenian Army as of 2008-2016

Name Origin Type Number Photo Notes
Anti-Aircraft
S-300PS  Soviet Union surface-to-air missile 2-3 divisions[57] MoscowParade2009 7.jpg Each division consists of 2 batteries, each battery consists of 4 launchers.[58] Upgraded with 5V55U missiles, 150 km range.
S-300PT-1  Soviet Union surface-to-air missile At least 3 divisions[57] S-300 PT-1.jpg
9K33 Osa  Soviet Union surface-to-air missile 10 B8fnRA7c8Go.jpg
BUK-M1-2[57][59]  Soviet Union Surface-to-air missile N/A Alabino110416-54.jpg First shown during the preparations for the 2016 military parade in Yerevan.
2K11 Krug  Soviet Union surface-to-air missile 115 ZRK Krug 2005 G1.jpg
9K35M3 Strela-10M3  Soviet Union Short range SAM 10 Strela 10.jpg Designated SA-13 "Gopher" by NATO.
2K12 Kub[60]  Soviet Union surface-to-air missile N/A Sa6 1.jpg
S-75 Dvina  Soviet Union surface-to-air missile 79 Sa-2camo.jpg
S-125 Neva/Pechora  Soviet Union surface-to-air missile N/A S125 Neva 250 brPVO VS, september 01, 2012.jpg
ZSU-23-4  Soviet Union SPAA N/A ZSU-23-4 Shilka 01.jpg
ZU-23-2  Soviet Union Anti-aircraft gun N/A Zu-23 30 M1-3 - InnovationDay2013part1-40.jpg
57 mm AZP S-6  Soviet Union Anti-aircraft gun N/A S-60-57mm-hatzerim-1.jpg

Radar Systems[edit]

Military equipment Armenian Army as of 2008-2016

Name Origin Type Number Photo Notes
Radar Systems
P-12 radar  Soviet Union radar N/A P12.jpg
P-15 radar  Soviet Union radar N/A 03-Mobile radar Danuta-LMW.jpg
P-40 radar  Soviet Union radar N/A P40 Mečka 3.jpg
Avtobaza[24][61]  Soviet Union radar N/A MAKS Airshow 2013 (Ramenskoye Airport, Russia) (525-43).jpg Part of Russian-Armenian arms deal

Other[edit]

Body Armor

  • Locally produced body armor in use with all military units
  • Polish-Armenian company Lubawa SA is to begin supplying Armenian military units with Kevlar helmets and body armor, along with multi-spectral camouflage for vehicles.[62][63]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS). The Military Balance 2013. London: Routledge, 2013, pp. 215-16.
  2. ^ "Military Balance in Europe 2011"., March 07, 2011.
  3. ^ Petrosyan, David. "Formation and Development of Armenian Armed Forces." Moscow Defence Brief. Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies, Moscow, 6-2002, accessed November 2009. Ter-Grigoryants had previously served with the 40th Army (Soviet Union) in Afghanistan as chief of staff, supervising operations in May 1982.
  4. ^ a b Jane's World Armies. Coulsdon, Surrey, UK: Jane's Information Group, October 2004.
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Armenia. General History of the Armenian Army. Retrieved January 31, 2006.
  6. ^ Curtis, Glenn E. and Ronald G. Suny. "Armenia," in Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia Country Studies, ed. Glenn E. Curtis. Washington D.C.: Federal Research Division Library of Congress, 1995, p. 72.
  7. ^ Mirsky, Georgiy I. On Ruins of Empire: Ethnicity and Nationalism in the Former Soviet Union. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1997, p. 63. ISBN 0-313-30044-5.
  8. ^ See Richard Giragosian, "Armenia and Karabakh: One Nation, Two States." AGBU Magazine. № 1, Vol. 19, May 2009, pp. 12-13.
  9. ^ Kosovo Force. KFOR Contingent: Armenia. KFOR. Last updated January 24, 2006. Accessed February 9, 2007.
  10. ^ NATO’s relations with Armenia. NATO. Retrieved November 29, 2009.
  11. ^ "Armenian peacekeeper to undergo two more surgeries." Public Radio of Armenia. November 20, 2006. Retrieved February 1, 2007.
  12. ^ Glassey, Eric. "Armenians Complete Successful Mission." Multinational Force in Iraq. October 7, 2008. Accessed September 6, 2009.
  13. ^ "Armenia to send forces to Afghanistan this year." Armenian Reporter. July 24, 2009. Retrieved September 6, 2009.
  14. ^ "Armenia To Send Troops To Afghanistan." RFE/RL. November 09, 2009. Retrieved November 29, 2009.
  15. ^ "Armenian Parliament Endorses Troop Deployment To Afghanistan." RFE/RL. December 8, 2009. Retrieved January 3, 2010.
  16. ^ International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS). The Military Balance 2012. London: Routledge, 2012, pp. 90-91.
  17. ^ "Armenia and Lebanon Sign 2016 Military Cooperation Plan." Massis Post. November 27, 2015.
  18. ^ a b IISS (2007). The Military Balance 2007. London: Routledge for the IISS. p. 155. ISBN 978-1-85743-437-8. 
  19. ^ See Human Rights Watch/Helsinki Watch, Azerbaijan: Seven years of conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh, New York: Human Rights Watch, 1994, p. 69.
  20. ^ "Reconnaissance Scouts on Karabakh Frontline Tight-Lipped About Themselves, Their Actions". Hetq.am. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  21. ^ "Bodies of Armenian pilots removed from helicopter crash site". Reuters. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  22. ^ a b https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1GFWA63a0bE
  23. ^ "The Armed Forces of Armenia Official Thread - Page 126". Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  24. ^ a b c http://www.janes.com/article/58187/russia-details-usd200-million-arms-sale-to-armenia
  25. ^ http://www.hayzinvor.am/46000.html
  26. ^ a b c d e [1] Armyrecognition.com Armenia Land Forces military equipment and vehicles Armenian Army. August 2013.
  27. ^ a b http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=100fLnys_X4#t=00m08s
  28. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h8H5K-ZUdA8
  29. ^ https://thaimilitaryandasianregion.wordpress.com/2016/02/20/russia-grants-200-million-loan-to-armenia-for-purchasing-weapons/
  30. ^ http://armenianweekly.com/2014/08/01/azeris-launch-large-scale-offensive-two-karabakh-soldiers-killed/#prettyPhoto
  31. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qP8SsBZojK4#t=03m51s
  32. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VYs77G6_Pu4#t=08m15s
  33. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3S5yGUmB148
  34. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HEZwTyoYdAg#t=00m27s
  35. ^ http://www.arminfo.am/index.cfm?objectid=09F04220-D6EA-11E5-94E20EB7C0D21663
  36. ^ a b https://razm.info/77118
  37. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=liZfV3eNr9Y#t=00m30s
  38. ^ The Military Balance 2016. – Page 178
  39. ^ Jane's World Armies. Coulsdon, Surrey, UK: Jane's Information Group, 2008.
  40. ^ a b http://razm.info/18679
  41. ^ a b (Russian) [2].
  42. ^ (Russian) Центр анализа мировой торговли оружием. p. 17.
  43. ^ a b (Russian) [3].
  44. ^ (Russian)Военный парад, посвященный 25-летию независимости Армении, прошел 21 сентября в Ереване
  45. ^ (Armenian) "Մեր զորահանդեսից հետո Բաքուն հասկացավ, որ չի կարող լուծել Ղարաբաղի հարցը ռազմական ճանապարհով" [After Our Military Parade, Baku Understands that it Cannot Resolve the Karabakh Question through Military Means]. PanArmenian.net. October 14, 2011.
  46. ^ a b http://nyut.am/?p=131545&l=am
  47. ^ https://razm.info/26493
  48. ^ http://www.rferl.org/a/azerbaijan_armenia_moldova_arms_shipment/24361791.html
  49. ^ "New Chinese Rockets ‘Acquired By Armenia’." RFE/RL. August 19, 2013. Retrieved August 22, 2013
  50. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l5U4Kmun2WU#t=00m13s
  51. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Lbct2tKRDs#t=01m56s
  52. ^ https://www.youtube.com/IeLOGdL8iEc#t=00m22s
  53. ^ http://www.panarmenian.net/eng/news/221119/
  54. ^ Gary K. Bertsch (2000). Crossroads and conflict: security and foreign policy in the Caucasus and Central Asia. Routledge. p. 173. ISBN 0415922747. 
  55. ^ [4]
  56. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hvpf7sFUFaA
  57. ^ a b c https://regnum.ru/news/polit/2263041.html
  58. ^ https://informnapalm.org/en/feb16-crimea-s300-missiles-in-sevastopol/
  59. ^ "Buk system spotted during Armenia's Independence Day parade rehearsal". PanARMENIAN.Net. Retrieved 2016-10-07. 
  60. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q8LvphYNFys&t=0m38s
  61. ^ http://www.azatutyun.am/content/article/27726142.html
  62. ^ "Lubawa Armenia S.A. – fruitful meeting with MORA representatives."
  63. ^ http://www.lubawa.com.pl/index.php/en/aktualnosci-2/2014/1494-lubawa-armenia-s-a-fruitful-meeting-with-mora-representatives

External links[edit]