Banu Abbas

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Banu Abbas
(Arabic: بنو عباس‎)
Quraysh, Banu Hashim, Adnanite[1]
Banu Abbas.png
A family tree depicting the ancestry of the Banu Abbas tribe.
NisbaAbbasi
Descended fromAl-‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib, uncle of the Islamic prophet Muhammad
ReligionIslam

The Banu Abbas (Arabic: بنو عباس‎) are an Arabian tribe, descendants of Al-‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib. The caliphs of the Banu Abbas served as heads of the Muslim community for a period of five centuries (from 750 until the sack of Baghdad in 1258).[2] This was the Abbasid caliphate.

Ancestry[edit]

Banu Abbas are descended from Abd Allah ibn Abbas, one of Muhammad's companions (as well as his cousin) and one of the early Qur'an scholars.[3] Therefore, their roots trace back to Hashim ibn 'Abd Manaf and also Adnan in the following line: Abd Allah ibn Al-‘Abbas ibn Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim ibn Abd Manaf ibn Qusai[4] ibn Kilab ibn Murrah ibn Ka'b ibn Lu'ay ibn Ghalib ibn Fihr ibn Malik ibn An-Nadr ibn Kinanah ibn Khuzaima ibn Mudrikah ibn Ilyas ibn Mudar ibn Nizar ibn Ma'add ibn Adnan.[5]

Notable Members[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Daftary, Farhad (1994). The Assassin Legends: Myths of the Isma'ilis. I.B.Tauris. p. 9.
  2. ^ Allen, Roger M. A. (2000). An Introduction to Arabic Literature. Cambridge University Press. p. 22.
  3. ^ "'Abd Allah ibn al-'Abbas". Encyclopædia Britannica. I: A-Ak - Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, Illinois: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2010. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.
  4. ^ Armstrong, Karen (2001). Muhammad: A Biography of the Prophet. Phoenix. p. 66. ISBN 0946621330.
  5. ^ Ibn Ishaq; Guillaume (1955). The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Ibn Isḥāq’s sīrat. London. p. 3. ISBN 0195778286. The Paternal Ancestral Lineage of Prophet Muhammad
  6. ^ Axworthy, Michael (2008). A History of Iran. Basic Books. p. 81. ISBN 978-0-465-00888-9. Archived from the original on 2016-03-07. Retrieved 2015-08-08.