|Preferred IUPAC name
3D model (Jmol)
|Molar mass||171.04 g·mol−1|
|Odor||very sharp and pungent|
|Melting point||−3.9 °C (25.0 °F; 269.2 K)|
|Boiling point||201 °C (394 °F; 474 K)|
|Solubility||soluble in benzene, CCl4
miscible in ethanol, ether
Refractive index (nD)
|Flash point||70 °C (158 °F; 343 K)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Benzyl bromide, or α-bromotoluene, is an organic compound consisting of a benzene ring substituted with a bromomethyl group. It can be prepared by the bromination of toluene at room temperature in air, using manganese(IV) oxide as a heterogeneous catalyst. It is a colorless liquid that is decomposed slowly in water.
Benzyl bromide is a strong lachrymator and is also intensely irritating to skin and mucous membranes. Because of these properties, it has been used in chemical warfare, both in actual combat and in training due to its irritating yet non-lethal nature.
- Merck Index (11th ed.). p. 1142.