KB-16

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
KB-16
Methyl (2-chloroethyl)nitrosocarbamate.svg
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
Methyl (2-chloroethyl)nitrosocarbamate
Other names
TL-186
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
  • InChI=1S/C4H7ClN2O3/c1-10-4(8)7(6-9)3-2-5/h2-3H2,1H3
    Key: ZIVWROYTZSSKDC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • COC(=O)N(CCCl)N=O
Properties
C4H7ClN2O3
Molar mass 166.56 g·mol−1
Hazards
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
1.1 mg/kg (intravenous, rats)[1]
20 mg/kg (oral, rats)[1]
8 mg/kg (subcutaneous, rats)[1]
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).

KB-16 is a nitrosocarbamate vesicant.[1][2] KB-16 is part of the corneal clouding chemical warfare agents. KB-16 clouds the cornea for a long time.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Chemical Warfare Agents, and Related Chemical Problems. Parts I-II.
  2. ^ Thompson, RH (15 January 1947). "The action of chemical vesicants on cholinesterase". The Journal of Physiology. 105 (4): 370–81. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.1947.sp004177. PMC 1393670. PMID 16991733.
  3. ^ "INCAPACITATING CHEMICAL AGENTS": LAW ENFORCEMENT, HUMAN RIGHTS LAW AND POLICY PERSPECTIVES. p-89.