Chiniot

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Chiniot
چنیوٹ
City
Clockwise from top: Shah Burhan Shrine, exterior and interior views of Chiniot's Shahi Mosque, Omar Hayat Mahal
Clockwise from top: Shah Burhan Shrine, exterior and interior views of Chiniot's Shahi Mosque, Omar Hayat Mahal
Chiniot is located in Punjab, Pakistan
Chiniot
Chiniot
Chiniot is located in Pakistan
Chiniot
Chiniot
Location of Chiniot in Pakistan
Coordinates: 31°43′10″N 72°59′3″E / 31.71944°N 72.98417°E / 31.71944; 72.98417Coordinates: 31°43′10″N 72°59′3″E / 31.71944°N 72.98417°E / 31.71944; 72.98417
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
District Chiniot District
Tehsil Chiniot Tehsil
Government
 • Type Capital
 • City Council
Elevation 179 m (587 ft)
Population (2012)[1]
 • Total 477,781
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC+6)
Postal code 35400
Dialling code 047
Distance(s)

Chiniot (Urdu: چِنيوٹ‎; Punjabi: چنیوٹ) is a city and the administrative headquarter of Chiniot District in the state of Punjab, Pakistan. On the bank of the river Chenab, it is known for its intricate wooden furniture, architecture, havelis, and mosques.

Geography[edit]

Chiniot city lies on left bank of the Chenab River amidst small rocky hills. It is at the intersection of the Faisalabad-Sargodha and Lahore-Jhang roads. It is 158 kilometres northwest from Lahore and 38 kilometres north of Faisalabad. Chiniot city is spread over an area of 10 square kilometers with an average elevation of 179 meters (587 ft).

Rabwah city, the headquarters of the Ahmadiyya Community is on the other side of the Chenab River. In the center of river a worship center (or Chilla Gah) of the Sufi Bu Ali Shah Qalandar is located.

Climate[edit]

Chiniot
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
18
 
 
19
8
 
 
35
 
 
22
11
 
 
24
 
 
27
16
 
 
13
 
 
33
20
 
 
17
 
 
39
25
 
 
48
 
 
40
28
 
 
82
 
 
35
27
 
 
87
 
 
35
27
 
 
43
 
 
34
25
 
 
9
 
 
32
20
 
 
11
 
 
27
14
 
 
12
 
 
21
9
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [2]

The weather in Chiniot is variable.


Climate data for Chiniot (1961-1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19
(66)
22
(72)
27
(81)
33
(91)
39
(102)
39
(102)
35
(95)
35
(95)
34
(93)
32
(90)
27
(81)
21
(70)
30.3
(86.5)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(46)
11
(52)
16
(61)
20
(68)
25
(77)
28
(82)
27
(81)
27
(81)
25
(77)
20
(68)
14
(57)
9
(48)
19.2
(66.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18
(0.71)
35
(1.38)
24
(0.94)
13
(0.51)
17
(0.67)
48
(1.89)
82
(3.23)
87
(3.43)
43
(1.69)
9
(0.35)
11
(0.43)
12
(0.47)
399
(15.7)
Source: My Weather[3]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 1998 census, the population of Chiniot was 965,124 (included urban 172,522). According to the 2010 estimated census, the urban population of Chiniot is 201,781.[citation needed] The language spoken is Punjabi.

Economy[edit]

The important products of Chiniot includes silk, cotton, wheat, sugar, rice, milk, pottery, wooden furniture, etc.

Education[edit]

A side view of the building of Chenab College Chiniot

Educational institutions in Chiniot include

Libraries[edit]

After his death, Sheikh Omar Hayat's palace Omar Hayat Mahal was converted into a library by the government of Pakistan.

Transport and communication[edit]

Chiniot is connected with the rest of Pakistan by a main highway and rail line. The nearest international airport is Faisalabad International Airport, which is 48.5 kilometres from Chiniot.

The railway track is the easiest and cheapest way of transportation. Chiniot railway is a main source of transporting the furniture from Chiniot to the rest of Pakistan; it is a main source of importing the wood for furniture from all over Pakistan. Chiniot Railway Station was built in 1927 during British empire. It was a great step for the local economy.

Khatm-e-Nabuwat Chowk is the main place of and main intersection between GT roads connecting large cities of Pakistan. Chiniot Bridge is crossing over Chenab river on the Chiniot-Sargodha road.

Culture[edit]

The interior of Chiniot's 17th century Shahi mosque is richly decorated with Mughal frescoes.
Chiniot-style 'Kunna Gosht'

Islamic occasions[edit]

In Chiniot people celebrate Islamic occasions with great arrangements. On 12 Rabi' al-awwal, 1440th birthday celebration of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad, people of Chiniot arranged a 63-maund cake, one of the largest cakes in the world.[7]

Furniture[edit]

Chiniot is known for its furniture. Chinioti craftsmen and artisans have for centuries carved flowers and geometric patterns onto cellulose fibres. Masons from Chiniot are thought to have been employed during the construction of the Taj Mahal and Golden Temple.[8]

Sport[edit]

Cricket is the most popular sport in Chiniot. Football is also played in Chiniot. Other popular sports include Hockey, Volleyball, Basketball, Badminton, Tennis, Kabbadi, and Horse racing.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]

Muhammad Wala View