Foreign relations of Andorra

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Foreign relations

Since the establishment of sovereignty with the ratification of the constitution in 1993, Andorra has moved to become an active member of the international community. In July 1993, Andorra established its first diplomatic mission in the world to the United Nations.

Andorra maintains six embassies abroad: in Austria, Belgium, France, Spain, Portugal and the United States.[1] The principality's permanent mission to the United Nations in New York also serves as their embassy to Canada, Mexico and the United States

France and Spain have embassies in Andorra.

Foreign affairs are supervised by the Ministry of External Affairs (Catalan: Ministeri d'Afers Exteriors).

On request a souvenir passport stamp can be obtained at the border.

Memberships[edit]

Andorra is a full member of the United Nations (UN), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), International Criminal Court (ICC), International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property (ICCROM), International Telecommunications Union (ITU), International Red Cross, Universal Copyright Convention, Council of Europe, World Tourism Organization, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), Customs Cooperation Council (CCC), and Interpol. Since 1991, Andorra has had a special agreement with the European Union.

Disputes - international: none

Bilateral relations[edit]

Country Formal relations began on Notes
 European Union

Andorra has had a customs union with the European Union (EU) since 1991 though it excludes agricultural produce. Andorra also maintains its border controls by staying outside of Schengen, though citizens holding a Schengen visa can usually enter. Andorra has a monetary agreement with the EU allowing it to make the euro its official currency, and permitting it to issue euro coins.

 Albania 15 February 1996

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 15 February 1996.[2]

 Armenia 18 November 2003

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 18 November 2003.

 France 3 June 1993
 Kosovo 14 September 2011

On 8 June 2011, Andorra became the 76th member state of the United Nations to recognise the independence of Kosovo.[a] The Kosovo Minister of Foreign Affairs stated that the two countries would form diplomatic relations very shortly. Previously in 2008, Andorra was hesitant to recognise the Republic of Kosovo's independence due to a possible precedent in the region and due to pressure from Spain. Andorra and Kosovo established diplomatic relations on 14 September 2011.[5]

 Republic of Korea 23 February 1995

Between the Republic of Korea and Andorra`s High-level Exchanges: From Andorra to the South Korea 2007 March Minister of Urban Planning Manuel Pons 2008 August Ministry of Foreign Affairs Meritxell Mateu Pi.[6]

 Mexico 5 May 1995
  • Andorra is accredited to Mexico from its Permanent Mission to the United Nations in New York.[7]
  • Mexico is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.[8]
 Portugal 22 December 1994
  • Andorra has an embassy in Lisbon.[9]
  • Portugal is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.[10]
 Serbia 1 June 2007

Both countries have established diplomatic relations in 2007.[11]

 Spain 3 June 1993
 United States 21 February 1995

The United States established diplomatic relations with Andorra on 21 February 1995. The then-Permanent Representative of Andorra to the United Nations, Carles Font-Rossell, was accredited as Andorra's first Ambassador to the United States as of 14 March 2008.[14]

  • Andorra is accredited to the United States from its Permanent Mission to the United Nations in New York City.[15]
  • United States is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.[16]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

a. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received formal recognition as an independent state from 111 out of 193 United Nations member states.

References[edit]

External links[edit]