Foreign relations of Andorra

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Since the establishment of sovereignty with the ratification of the constitution in 1993, Andorra has moved to become an active member of the international community. In July 1993, Andorra established its first diplomatic mission in the world to the United Nations.

Andorra maintains six embassies abroad: in Austria, Belgium, France, Spain, Portugal and the United States.[1]

Foreign affairs are supervised by the Ministry of External Affairs (Catalan: Ministeri d'Afers Exteriors).

Memberships[edit]

Andorra is a full member of the United Nations (UN), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), International Criminal Court (ICC), International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property (ICCROM), International Telecommunications Union (ITU), International Red Cross, Universal Copyright Convention, Council of Europe, World Tourism Organization, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), Customs Cooperation Council (CCC), and Interpol. Since 1991, Andorra has had a special agreement with the European Union.

Disputes - international: none

Bilateral relations[edit]

Countries that have established diplomatic relations with Andorra

Africa[edit]

Country Formal relations began on Notes
 Algeria 29 March 2005
  • Algeria is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Paris, France.
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Algeria.
 Burundi 30 May 2007
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Burundi.
  • Burundi does not have an accreditation to Andorra.
 Cape Verde 30 June 2006
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Cape Verde.
  • Cape Verde does not have an accreditation to Andorra.
 Djibouti 17 March 2009
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Djibouti.
  • Djibouti does not have an accreditation to Andorra.
 Egypt 25 February 1997
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Egypt.
  • Egypt is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
 Mauritania 16 September 2013
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Mauritania.
  • Mauritania is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Paris, France.
 Morocco 3 December 1996
  • Andorra is accredited to Morocco from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs based in Andorra la Vella.
  • Morocco is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Paris, France.
 São Tomé and Príncipe 27 May 2009
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to São Tomé and Príncipe.
  • São Tomé and Príncipe does not have an accreditation to Andorra.
 South Africa 22 March 1995
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to South Africa.
  • South Africa is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.

Americas[edit]

Country Formal relations began on Notes
 Antigua and Barbuda 3 June 2011
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Antigua and Barbuda.
  • Antigua and Barbuda does not have an accreditation to Andorra.
 Argentina 26 April 1995
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Argentina.
  • Argentina is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
 Belize 26 February 2018
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Belize.
  • Belize does not have an accreditation to Andorra.
 Brazil 9 July 1996
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Brazil.
  • Brazil is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain and maintains an honorary consulate in Andorra la Vella.
 Canada 15 November 1995
  • Andorra is accredited to Canada from its embassy based in New York City and maintains an honorary consulate in Montreal.
  • Canada is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.[2]
 Chile 15 July 1996
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Chile.
  • Chile is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain and maintains an honorary consulate in Andorra la Vella.
 Colombia 2 November 1995
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Colombia.
  • Colombia is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
 Cuba 19 October 1995
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Cuba.
  • Cuba is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
 Dominican Republic 14 September 2000
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to the Dominican Republic.
  • Dominican Republic is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain and maintains an honorary consulate in Andorra la Vella.
 El Salvador 14 May 1998
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to El Salvador.
  • El Salvador is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
 Guatemala 27 November 1995
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Guatemala.
  • Guatemala is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
 Mexico 5 May 1995 See Andorra–Mexico relations
  • Andorra is accredited to Mexico from its embassy based in New York City.[3]
  • Mexico is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.[4]
 Peru 3 June 1997
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Peru.
  • Peru is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1 April 2010
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines does not have an accreditation to Andorra.
 United States 21 February 1995

The United States established diplomatic relations with Andorra on 21 February 1995. The then-Permanent Representative of Andorra to the United Nations, Carles Font-Rossell, was accredited as Andorra's first Ambassador to the United States as of 14 March 2008.[5]

  • Andorra has an embassy based in New York City.[6]
  • United States is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.[7]
 Uruguay 27 November 1996
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Uruguay.
  • Uruguay is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
 Venezuela 7 March 1996
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Venezuela.
  • Venezuela is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Paris, France.

Asia[edit]

Country Formal relations began on Notes
 Armenia 18 November 2003
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Armenia.
  • Armenia is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Paris, France and maintains an honorary consulate in Andorra la Vella.[8]
 China 19 June 1994
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to China.
  • China is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
 East Timor 20 September 2011
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to East Timor.
  • East Timor does not have an accreditation to Andorra.
 Japan 20 October 1995
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Japan.
  • Japan is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Paris, France.
 Israel 13 April 1994
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Israel.
  • Israel is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
 Philippines 22 February 2000
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Philippines.
  • Philippines is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain and maintains an honorary consulate in Andorra la Vella.
 South Korea 23 February 1995 See Andorra-South Korea relations

The Republic of Korea established diplomatic relations with Andorra on 1995-02-23.

  • Andorra maintains an honorary consulate in Seoul, South Korea.
  • South Korea is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain and maintains an honorary consulate in Andorra la Vella.
 Tajikistan 9 November 2007
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Tajikistan.
  • Tajikistan does not have an accreditation to Andorra.
 United Arab Emirates 23 September 2008
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to the United Arab Emirates.
  • United Arab Emirates is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
 Vietnam 12 June 2007
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Vietnam.
  • Vietnam is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Paris, France and maintains an honorary consulate in Andorra la Vella.

Europe[edit]

Country Formal relations began on Notes
 European Union

Andorra has had a customs union with the European Union (EU) since 1991, though it excludes agricultural produce. Andorra also maintains its border controls by staying outside of Schengen, though citizens holding a Schengen visa can usually enter. Andorra has a monetary agreement with the EU, allowing it to make the euro its official currency, and permitting it to issue euro coins.

 Albania 15 February 1996
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Albania.
  • Albania is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
 Austria 20 March 1995
  • Andorra has an embassy in Vienna.
  • Austria is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
 Belgium 15 December 1994
  • Andorra has an embassy in Brussels.
  • Belgium is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain and maintains an honorary consulate in Andorra la Vella.
 Bulgaria 15 February 1994
  • Andorra is accredited to Bulgaria from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs based in Andorra la Vella.
  • Bulgaria is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
 France 3 June 1993
 Germany 2 March 1994
  • Andorra is accredited to Germany from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs based in Andorra la Vella.
  • Germany is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain and maintains an honorary consulate in Andorra la Vella.
 Greece 17 May 1995
  • Andorra is accredited to Greece from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs based in Andorra la Vella.
  • Greece is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
 Holy See 16 June 1995
  • Andorra is accredited to the Holy See from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs based in Andorra la Vella.
  • Holy See is accredited to Andorra from its Apostolic Nunciature in Madrid, Spain.
 Iceland 3 August 1995
  • Andorra is accredited to Iceland from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs based in Andorra la Vella.
  • Iceland is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Paris, France.
 Ireland 18 January 1995
  • Andorra is accredited to Ireland from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs based in Andorra la Vella.
  • Ireland is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
 Italy 1 February 1995
  • Andorra is accredited to Italy from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs based in Andorra la Vella.
  • Italy is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain and maintains an honorary consulate in Andorra la Vella.
 Kosovo 14 September 2011

On 8 June 2011, Andorra became the 76th member state of the United Nations to recognise the independence of Kosovo.[a] The Kosovo Minister of Foreign Affairs stated that the two countries would form diplomatic relations very shortly. Previously, in 2008, Andorra was hesitant to recognise the Republic of Kosovo's independence due to a possible precedent in the region and due to pressure from Spain. Andorra and Kosovo established diplomatic relations on 14 September 2011.[11]

  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Kosovo.
  • Kosovo is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Paris, France.
 Liechtenstein 1 September 1995
  • Andorra is accredited to Liechtenstein from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs based in Andorra la Vella.
  • Liechtenstein does not have an accreditation to Andorra.
 Luxembourg 7 April 1995
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Luxembourg.
  • Luxembourg is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain and maintains an honorary consulate in Andorra la Vella.
 Malta 24 July 1995
  • Andorra is accredited to Monaco from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs based in Andorra la Vella.
  • Malta is accredited to Andorra from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs based in Valletta.
 Monaco 7 July 2006
  • Andorra is accredited to Monaco from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs based in Andorra la Vella.
  • Monaco is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Paris, France.
 North Macedonia 31 July 2009
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to North Macedonia.
  • North Macedonia is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
 Poland 15 May 1996
  • Andorra is accredited to Poland from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs based in Andorra la Vella.
  • Poland is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain and maintains an honorary consulate in Andorra la Vella.
 Portugal 22 December 1994
  • Andorra has an embassy in Lisbon.[12]
  • Portugal is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain and maintains an honorary consulate in Andorra la Vella.[13]
 Romania 6 June 1996
  • Andorra is accredited to Romania from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs based in Andorra la Vella.
  • Romania is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Paris, France.
 Russia 13 June 1995
  • Andorra is accredited to Russia from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs based in Andorra la Vella.
  • Russia is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain and maintains an honorary consulate in Andorra la Vella.
 San Marino 30 November 1995
  • Andorra is accredited to San Marino from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs based in Andorra la Vella.
  • San Marino does not have an accreditation to Andorra.
 Serbia 1 June 2007
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Serbia.
  • Serbia is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
 Spain 3 June 1993 See Andorra–Spain relations
  • Andorra has an embassy in Madrid.[14]
  • Spain has an embassy in Andorra la Vella.[15]
  Switzerland 6 September 1995
  • Andorra is accredited to Switzerland from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs based in Andorra la Vella.
  • Switzerland is accredited to Andorra form its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
 United Kingdom 9 March 1994
  • Andorra is accredited to the United Kingdom from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs based in Andorra la Vella.
  • United Kingdom is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain and maintains an honorary consulate in Andorra la Vella.

Oceania[edit]

Country Formal relations began on Notes
 Australia 2 March 1995
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Australia.
  • Australia is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
 New Zealand 3 August 1995
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to New Zealand.
  • New Zealand is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.


See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

a. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognized as an independent state by 112 out of 193 United Nations member states. 10 states have recognized Kosovo only to later withdraw their recognition.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Adresses of the Andorran diplomatic missions". Government of Andorra - Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Archived from the original on 2016-03-10. Retrieved 2011-04-19.
  2. ^ Canada - Andorra Relations
  3. ^ Embassy of Andorra in New York City
  4. ^ Embassy of Mexico in Spain
  5. ^ Andorra Ambassador Washington Diplomat, retrieved 2008-09-18
  6. ^ "Estats Units d'Amèrica". www.exteriors.ad. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  7. ^ "US Embassy in Madrid". usembassy.gov. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  8. ^ Honorary consulate of Armenia in Andorra
  9. ^ "La France en Andorre". ad.ambafrance.org. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  10. ^ "França". www.exteriors.ad. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  11. ^ "Kosova and Andorra establish diplomatic relations". MFA of Kosovo. 2011-09-14. Retrieved 2011-09-14.
  12. ^ "Portugal". www.exteriors.ad. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  13. ^ "Embaixada de Portugal em Espanha". mne.pt. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  14. ^ "España". www.exteriors.ad. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  15. ^ "Páginas - Embajada de España en Andorra". www.exteriores.gob.es. Retrieved 22 April 2018.

External links[edit]