Ubuntu GNOME

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Ubuntu GNOME
Ubuntu GNOME logo.svg
Ubuntu Gnome 17.04
Ubuntu GNOME 17.04
OS family Unix-like, Ubuntu
Working state Awaiting merger with Ubuntu which will happen next version
Source model Open source
Initial release 18 October 2012; 4 years ago (2012-10-18)
Latest release Ubuntu GNOME 17.04 (Zesty Zapus) / April 13, 2017 (2017-04-13)
Available in Multilingual
Package manager dpkg
Kernel type Monolithic (Linux)
Userland GNU
Default user interface GNOME Shell
License Free software licenses
(mainly GPL)
Official website ubuntugnome.org

Ubuntu GNOME (formerly Ubuntu GNOME Remix) is a Linux distribution, distributed as free and open-source software. It uses a pure GNOME desktop environment with GNOME Shell, rather than the Unity graphical shell. Starting with version 13.04 it became an official "flavour" of the Ubuntu operating system.[1][2]

In April 2017, it was announced that the distribution will be discontinued in favor of the standard Ubuntu distribution, which is switching from using Unity to GNOME as its desktop environment.

History[edit]

The project began as an unofficial "remix" because some users preferred the GNOME 3 desktop over Unity.[3] Ubuntu GNOME 12.10 Quantal Quetzal was the first stable version released on 18 October 2012.[4]

Writing in October 2013, Jim Lynch stated:

Jim Lynch reviewed Ubuntu GNOME 14.04 LTS again in April 2014 and concluded,

On 5 April 2017 Canonical Executive Chairman and Ubuntu founder Mark Shuttleworth announced that the mainline version of Ubuntu will move from Unity to the GNOME 3 desktop starting by version 18.04 LTS, which would make it virtually identical to Ubuntu GNOME.[7][8] It was later revealed that Ubuntu 17.10 would in fact be the first version to use GNOME.[9]

Shuttleworth wrote on 8 April 2017, "We will invest in Ubuntu GNOME with the intent of delivering a fantastic all-GNOME desktop. We're helping the Ubuntu GNOME team, not creating something different or competitive with that effort. While I am passionate about the design ideas in Unity, and hope GNOME may be more open to them now, I think we should respect the GNOME design leadership by delivering GNOME the way GNOME wants it delivered. Our role in that, as usual, will be to make sure that upgrades, integration, security, performance and the full experience are fantastic."[10]

In light of Ubuntu's announcement that they would switch desktop environments from Unity to GNOME, the Ubuntu GNOME developers announced on 13 April 2017 that the distribution would merge into the mainline Ubuntu, starting with the 17.10 release. Ubuntu GNOME will cease being a separate product at this time.[11]

Releases[edit]

Current release Release no longer supported Release still supported
Version Code Name Release date Supported Until Kernel Gnome Version Remarks
12.10 Quantal Quetzal 2012-10-18 April 2014 3.5.0 3.4
  • First release
13.04 Raring Ringtail 2013-04-26 December 2013 3.8.0 3.6
  • Firefox replaced GNOME Web (Epiphany) as the default browser.
  • Ubuntu Software Center and Update Manager replaced GNOME Software (gnome-packagekit).
  • LibreOffice 4.0 became available by default instead of Abiword and Gnumeric.
13.10 Saucy Salamander 2013-10-17 May 2014 3.11 3.8
  • GNOME 3.8
14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr 2014-04-17 April 2017 3.13 3.10
  • release with long-term support (LTS) for three years[12]
  • includes a "GNOME Classic" session available by default in the session menu[13]
14.10 Utopic Unicorn 2014-10-23 July 2015 3.16 3.12
  • Most of GNOME 3.12 was included
  • gnome-maps and gnome-weather were installed by default
  • GNOME Classic session was included and selectable at log-in[14]
15.04 Vivid Vervet 2015-04-23[15] December 2015 3.19 3.14
15.10 Wily Werewolf 2015-10-22[17] July 2016 4.2 3.16
  • GNOME 3.16[18]
  • GNOME Photos replaced Shotwell as the default photo manager
  • GNOME Music replaced Rhythmbox as default music player[19]
16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus 2016-04-21[20] April 2019[21] 4.4 3.18
16.10 Yakkety Yak 2016-10-13[23] July 2017 4.8 3.20
17.04 Zesty Zapus 2017-04-13[24] January 2018 4.9 3.24[25]
  • Final release

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "UbuntuFlavors - Ubuntu Wiki". 
  2. ^ "UbuntuGNOME - Introduction". 
  3. ^ Andrei, Alin (11 March 2013). "Ubuntu GNOME Becomes An Official Ubuntu Flavour". Webupd8. Retrieved 28 May 2013. 
  4. ^ "Ubuntu GNOME Remix 12.10 Released!". 
  5. ^ Lynch, Jim (23 October 2013). "Ubuntu GNOME 13.10". Linux Desktop Reviews. Retrieved 29 October 2013. 
  6. ^ Lynch, Jim (21 April 2014). "Ubuntu GNOME 14.04 LTS". Linux Desktop Reviews. Retrieved 22 April 2014. 
  7. ^ Sneddon, Joey (5 April 2017). "Ubuntu 18.04 To Ship with GNOME Desktop, Not Unity". OMG Ubuntu. Retrieved 5 April 2017. 
  8. ^ Shuttleworth, Mark. "Growing Ubuntu for Cloud and IoT, rather than Phone and convergence". Canonical. Retrieved 5 April 2017. 
  9. ^ Nestor, Marius. "Canonical to Make GNOME Default Session in Ubuntu 17.10, Likely Use Wayland". softpedia. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  10. ^ Shuttleworth, Mark (8 April 2017). "Unity8". Google Plus. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  11. ^ Jeremy Bicha and Tim Lunn (13 April 2017). "Ubuntu GNOME 17.04 Released and What’s Next". ubuntugnome.org. Retrieved 13 April 2017. 
  12. ^ Bhartiya, Swapnil (18 March 2014). "Ubuntu Gnome gets LTS status". Muktware. Retrieved 19 March 2014. 
  13. ^ Sneddon, Joey (2 March 2014). "Ubuntu 14.04 Flavours Release First Beta". OMG Ubuntu. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  14. ^ "Utopic Unicorn Release Notes - Ubuntu Wiki". UbuntuGNOME. 
  15. ^ Canonical Ltd (5 December 2014). "Vivid Vervet Release Schedule". Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  16. ^ Sneddon, Joey (19 December 2014). "Ubuntu 15.04 Alpha 1 Releases Now Ready for Download". OMG Ubuntu. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  17. ^ Canonical Ltd (27 May 2015). "Wily Werewolf Release Schedule". Retrieved 7 September 2015. 
  18. ^ Sneddon, Joey (19 December 2014). "Ubuntu 15.10 Veta 1 Releases Now Ready for Download". OMG Ubuntu. Retrieved 7 September 2015. 
  19. ^ Joey-Elijah Sneddon. "Ubuntu 15.10 Flavors Now Available for Download - OMG! Ubuntu!". OMG! Ubuntu!. Retrieved 26 October 2015. 
  20. ^ "XenialXerus/ReleaseSchedule - Ubuntu Wiki". ubuntu.com. Retrieved 23 October 2015. 
  21. ^ "Ubuntu GNOME 16.04 LTS is here - Ubuntu GNOME". ubuntugnome.org. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  22. ^ "XenialXerus/ReleaseNotes/UbuntuGNOME - Ubuntu Wiki". wiki.ubuntu.com. Retrieved 25 April 2016. 
  23. ^ "YakketyYak/ReleaseSchedule - Ubuntu Wiki". wiki.ubuntu.com. Retrieved 25 April 2016. 
  24. ^ "ZestyZapus/ReleaseSchedule - Ubuntu Wiki". wiki.ubuntu.com. Retrieved 2016-12-31. 
  25. ^ Ubuntu (23 March 2017). "17.04 Release Notes". wiki.ubuntu.com. Retrieved 30 March 2017. 

External links[edit]