Craven Park Road
|Harlesden shown within Greater London|
|Population||17,162 (Harlesden ward 2011)|
|OS grid reference|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Harlesden // is an area in the London Borough of Brent, northwest London. Its main focal point is the Jubilee Clock which commemorates Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee. Harlesden has been praised for its vibrant Caribbean culture and unofficially named London's reggae capital. The population includes people of Afro-Caribbean heritage, as well as Irish Catholic, Somali, Brazilian and smaller Portuguese and Colombian communities.
In the 19th century, Harlesden, then a rural village, began to develop some of its urban appearance with the arrival of the railways. Willesden Junction, Kensal Green and Harlesden stations all had an effect on the developing village. Cottages for railway and industrial workers were built, as was grander housing for the local middle class.
Harlesden increasingly lost its rural nature, with factories replacing farms and woodland. From late Victorian times until the 1930s, housing completed its spread across the area, and Harlesden became part of the London conurbation. Mainly after World War I, one of Europe's biggest industrial estates was constructed at nearby Park Royal, and large factories there included McVitie & Price (later United Biscuits) from 1910, and Heinz from 1919.
The image of Harlesden today began to take shape in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s. Continued immigration from Ireland and new immigration from the Caribbean, the Indian sub-continent and Africa changed the racial and cultural make up of the area. More recently the area has now become home to Brazilian and Portuguese communities. Much of the housing is made up of Victorian terraces which have been attracting buyers unable to afford similar properties in nearby Kensal Green and Queen's Park.
Starting 1999, Harlesden and the nearby Stonebridge estate, witnessed a high number of murders and became a crime hotspot. It was done by several rival yardie gangs. It turned Harlesden into one of London's main crack cocaine trading centre, and one of the yardies' strongholds. By 2001 the area had the highest murder rate in Britain. There were 26 shooting incidents that year alone. Crime rates were significantly reduced in the late 2000s.
19% of the population was Black Caribbean, followed by 19% Black African (both including those of mixed heritage), 15% Other White, and 14% White British.
Transport and locale
Stations in the area are:
- Willesden Junction Station (Bakerloo line, Watford DC Line, North London Line and West London Line)
- Harlesden Station (Bakerloo line and Watford DC Line)
- Chizzy Akudolu
- Hastings Banda
- Dennis Brown
- Marlon Davis - comedian
- James DeGale
- Anthony C. George
- Ian Hancock
- Audley Harrison
- George the Poet
- K Koke
- Paul Merson
- Nines (rapper)
- Gappy Ranks
- Shane Richie
- Louis Theroux
- Sabrina Washington
- Census Information Scheme (2012). "2011 Census Ward Population Estimates". Greater London Authority. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- "Harlesden (Ward) Ethnic Group (UV09)". 2001 Census Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. 2001. Retrieved 2008-03-06.
- "Time to take guns out of community". news.bbc.co.uk. 15 February 2001. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
- "Shane Richie: You Ask The Questions". The Independent. London. 2003-12-18.