Harlesden

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Harlesden
Craven Park Road, Harlesden - geograph.org.uk - 22040.jpg
Craven Park Road
Harlesden is located in Greater London
Harlesden
Harlesden
Harlesden shown within Greater London
Population 17,162 (Harlesden ward 2011)[1]
OS grid reference TQ215835
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district NW10
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°32′10″N 0°14′53″W / 51.536°N 0.248°W / 51.536; -0.248Coordinates: 51°32′10″N 0°14′53″W / 51.536°N 0.248°W / 51.536; -0.248

Harlesden /ˈhɑːrlzdən/ is an area in the London Borough of Brent, northwest London. Its main focal point is the Jubilee Clock which commemorates Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee.[2] Harlesden has been praised for its vibrant Caribbean culture and unofficially named London's reggae capital. The population includes people of Afro-Caribbean heritage, as well as Irish Catholic, Portuguese, Brazilian and smaller Latin Americans and East African groups within the community.

History[edit]

In the 19th century, Harlesden, then a rural village, began to develop some of its urban appearance with the arrival of the railways. Willesden Junction, Kensal Green and Harlesden stations all had an effect on the developing village. Cottages for railway and industrial workers were built, as was grander housing for the local middle class.

Harlesden increasingly lost its rural nature, with factories replacing farms and woodland. From late Victorian times until the 1930s, housing completed its spread across the area, and Harlesden became part of the London conurbation. Mainly after World War I, one of Europe's biggest industrial estates was constructed at nearby Park Royal, and large factories there included McVitie & Price (later United Biscuits) from 1910, and Heinz from 1919.

At 6am, January 16 1939, the Irish Republican Army blew up the Harlesden electricity cable bridge. The bridge crossed the Grand Junction Canal, and carried the power line from Battersea Power Station. No one was injured in the attack.[3]

The image of Harlesden today began to take shape in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s. Continued immigration from Ireland and new immigration from the Caribbean, the Indian sub-continent and Africa changed the racial and cultural make up of the area.[4] More recently the area has now become home to Brazilian and Portuguese communities. In 2011, 71.4% of homes were apartments across the ward, 15.8% of homes terraced houses, 8.6% semi-detached houses and 4% detached houses; with 0.1% of the homes mobile or temporary structures.[5] Most of the terraces are pre-1920s and the flats converted from them. Many of the flats date to after the year 2000. Non-mixed use terraces and private sector built apartments are the main housing types that attract high prices from private sector owner-occupiers unable to afford similar properties in nearby Kensal Green and Queen's Park.

Starting 1999, Harlesden and the nearby Stonebridge estate, witnessed a high number of murders and became a crime hotspot. It was done by several rival yardie gangs. It turned Harlesden into one of London's main crack cocaine trading centre, and one of the yardies' strongholds.[6][7][8] By 2001 the area had the highest murder rate in Britain.[9] There were 26 shooting incidents that year alone.[10] Crime rates were significantly reduced in the late 2000s.

During the nationwide riots of 2011, some shops in Harlesden were attacked by looters.[11]

On 15 May 2016, a route 18 bus lost control and crashed onto a shop in the town centre at two in the afternoon. 17 people, including three children, were injured.[12][13]

Demography[edit]

19% of the population was Black Caribbean, followed by 19% Black African (both including those of mixed heritage), 15% Other White, and 14% White British.[14]

Transport and locale[edit]

Tube/rail[edit]

Stations in the area are:

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Census Information Scheme (2012). "2011 Census Ward Population Estimates". Greater London Authority. Retrieved 30 January 2013. 
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 January 2009. Retrieved 28 January 2009. 
  3. ^ "Harlesden Explosion". Coventry Evening Telegraph. 16 January 1939. 
  4. ^ "Harlesden (Ward) Ethnic Group (UV09)". 2001 Census Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. 2001. Retrieved 2008-03-06. 
  5. ^ "KS401EW - Dwellings, household spaces and accommodation type", 2011 Census, UK Government www.nomisweb.com
  6. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/uk/1999/jul/18/ukguns.theobserver
  7. ^ https://www.independent.co.uk/news/murders-rising-in-yardie-drug-war-1104772.html
  8. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/398197.stm
  9. ^ "Time to take guns out of community". news.bbc.co.uk. 15 February 2001. Retrieved 23 April 2016. 
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 29 November 2016. 
  11. ^ http://www.kilburntimes.co.uk/news/crime-court/harlesden_traders_attacked_as_looters_attempt_to_storm_their_shops_1_988261
  12. ^ https://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/harlesden-bus-crash-dozens-feared-injured-after-double-decker-bus-smashes-into-shop-on-high-street-a3248426.html
  13. ^ https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-36295910
  14. ^ http://www.ukcensusdata.com/harlesden-e05000091#sthash.X2SgbDQd.dpbs
  15. ^ "Shane Richie: You Ask The Questions". The Independent. London. 2003-12-18. 

External links[edit]