Herzegovina-Neretva Canton

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Herzegovina-Neretva Canton
Hercegovačko-neretvanska županija
Hercegovačko-neretvanski kanton
Flag of Herzegovina-Neretva
Flag
Coat of arms of Herzegovina-Neretva
Coat of arms
Location of Herzegovina-Neretva
Status Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Capital
and largest city
Mostar
Official languages Croatian and Bosnian
Ethnic groups (2013[1]) 53.29% Croats
41.44% Bosniaks
2.90% Serbs
2.37% others
Demonym Herzegovnian-Neretvanian
Government Parliamentary system
• Prime Minister
Denis Lasić
Legislature Assembly of the Herzegovina-Neretva County
Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
• Establishment
12 June 1996
Area
• Total
4,401 km2 (1,699 sq mi)
Population
• 2013 census
222,007
• Density
53.69/km2 (139.1/sq mi)
GDP (nominal) 2013 estimate
• Total
BAM 1,184.630
• Per capita
BAM 5013.71
Currency BAM
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)
Date format dd-mm-yyyy
Drives on the right

The Herzegovina-Neretva Canton (Croatian: Hercegovačko-neretvanska županija;[2] Bosnian: Hercegovačko-neretvanski kanton[3]) is one of 10 cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The canton mainly comprises the Neretva river valley area and parts of Herzegovina west of Mostar, its administrative center.

Municipalities[edit]

The canton is split into the municipalities of Čapljina, Čitluk, Jablanica, Konjic, Mostar, Neum, Prozor-Rama, Ravno and Stolac.

Geography and features[edit]

Konjic municipality

The canton is the only canton in Bosnia and Herzegovina with access to the sea via the municipality of Neum. Neum is a town of 2,000 citizens (1991 census) and the area around the city is rich with historical and archeological remains of the Illyrians, a people who lived in the Balkans for many thousands of years.

The largest city in the canton and the fifth largest city in the country is Mostar. Mostar is located on the banks of the Neretva river and is divided between Croats and Bosniaks. Mostar is known for its old bridge, Stari Most, which was constructed by the area's Ottoman rulers, who also brought Islam to the region. Bosnian Croat forces bombed and destroyed the bridge on November 8, 1993. Upon its destruction it had stood for 427 years and had become a symbol of a shared cultural heritage and "peaceful" co-existence. The bridge was reconstructed in the summer of 2004. The opening ceremony was attended by several foreign delegates including Stjepan Mesić, the President of Croatia.

Other notable cities in this canton are Čapljina, Konjic, Jablanica and Međugorje, the most significant Marian shrine in the region. Jablanica and Konjic are notable for battles which took place there during World War II and there is a large museum in Jablanica dedicated to these battles.

The Neretva river runs through the cities of Konjic, Jablanica, Mostar and Čapljina before it flows through Croatia and into the Adriatic Sea. There are large lakes in the canton such as the Jablanica lake located around the city Jablanica. The southern most municipality in the canton is the Neum municipality which borders the Adriatic sea and the eastern most municipality is the Ravno municipality along the border with Croatia.

Demographics[edit]

Of the ten cantons comprising the Federation of Bosnia Herzegovina, Herzegovina-Neretva Canton is one of two cantons,[citation needed] the other being the Central Bosnia Canton, which have an ethnically mixed population of Bosniak and Croat peoples. In ethnically mixed Cantons there are special legislative procedures for the protection of the constituent ethnic groups.

Croats form a majority in the municipalities of Čapljina, Čitluk, Neum, Prozor-Rama, and Ravno.[citation needed] Bosniaks form an absolute majority in the municipalities of Jablanica and Konjic, and a relative majority in Stolac and Mostar according to the 1991 census.[citation needed] The municipality of Mostar in the central part of the canton has a majority of Bosniaks on the east side and a majority of Croats on the west side of the river Neretva.[citation needed]

2013 Census[edit]

Municipality Nationality
Total
Bosniaks
%
Croats
%
Serbs
%
Čapljina
4,541
17.36
20,538
78.51
714
2.72
26,157
Čitluk
29
0.15
17,900
98.67
18
0.09
18,140
Jablanica
9,045
89.45
726
7.18
63
0.62
10,111
Konjic
22,486
89.41
1,553
6.17
355
1.41
25,148
Mostar
46,752
44.19
51,216
48.40
4,421
4.17
105,797
Neum
63
01.35
4,543
97.63
21
0.45
4,653
Prozor-Rama
3,525
24.69
10,702
74.94
3
0.02
14,280
Ravno
20
0.62
2,633
81.79
558
17.33
3,219
Stolac
5,544
38.22
8,486
58.51
279
1.92
14,502
Canton
92,005
41.44
118,297
53.28
6,432
2.89
222,007

Page text.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 43°27′N 17°49′E / 43.450°N 17.817°E / 43.450; 17.817