Hulk in other media

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Adaptations of the Hulk in other media
The Incredible Hulk logo.png
Created byStan Lee
Jack Kirby
Original sourceComics published by Marvel Comics
First appearanceThe Incredible Hulk #1 (May 1962)
Print publications
Novel(s)The Incredible Hulk: Stalker From the Stars (1978)
The Incredible Hulk: Cry of the Beast (1979)
Films and television
Film(s)Hulk (2003)
The Incredible Hulk (2008)
Television
show(s)
The Marvel Super Heroes (1966)
The Incredible Hulk (1978–82)
The Incredible Hulk (1982–83)
The Incredible Hulk (1996–97)
Hulk and the Agents of S.M.A.S.H. (2013–2015)
Games
Video game(s)The Incredible Hulk (1994)
The Incredible Hulk: The Pantheon Saga (1996)
The Incredible Hulk (2003)
Hulk (2003)
The Incredible Hulk: Ultimate Destruction (2005)
The Incredible Hulk (2008)

The Marvel Comics character called the Hulk has appeared in many types of media other than comics, such as animated and live action TV series, films, books, video games, comic strips, and stage shows.

Television[edit]

Animation[edit]

1960s

Hulk from the 1966 animated series, The Marvel Super Heroes

1980s

1990s

  • The Marvel Action Hour (1994–1996): Hulk appears in episodes of the Fantastic Four and Iron Man cartoons that made up The Marvel Action Hour, although the character design for both Banner and the Hulk were markedly different, with Ron Perlman playing both roles.
  • X-Men: Hulk appears as a robot in the Danger Room of the X-Mansion in the animated series episode "The Juggernaut Returns" (1995) on this episode Hulk appears on the desert fighting Juggernaut.
  • The Incredible Hulk (1996–1997): Marvel Studios and Saban Entertainment brought Hulk back to animated form, with Neal McDonough voicing Dr. Bruce Banner, Lou Ferrigno providing the voice of Hulk, and Michael Donovan voicing Grey Hulk. In 1997, the title changed to The Incredible Hulk and She-Hulk, when She-Hulk was given full-time status; featuring She-Hulk in episodes with Gray Hulk. In the episode "Mind Over Anti-Matter", Bruce turns into a monstrous Dark Hulk when possessed by an evil entity, both voiced by Kevin Michael Richardson. The show had all the elements from the comics, from his origin to Bruce's turmoil with being Hulk and his romance with Betty Ross as well as his friendship with Rick Jones (voiced by Luke Perry) who followed Hulk around to help and look out for him while Hulk/Bruce was being hunted by the military lead by Betty's father General Thunderbolt Ross with Glenn Talbot. The series also had Doc Samson who helped out Hulk, while at the same time battling him. The series featured Hulk facing off against his archenemy the Leader with his Gamma mutated army including Abomination, Gargoyle, Ogress, and the Gamma Warriors; Hulk also dealt with other villains like Zzzax, Absorbing Man and Doctor Doom, and an unnamed evil being who's loosely based on Shanzar that once turned Hulk into Dark Hulk. The show aired briefly on ABC Family following the release of the live-action movie in 2003.
  • In Avengers: United They Stand, a painting of Hulk is seen along with other former Avengers.

2000s

  • Fantastic Four: World's Greatest Heroes: Hulk appears in the episode titled "Hard Knocks" (2006) with Bruce Banner voiced by Andrew Kavadas[2] and Hulk voiced by Mark Gibbon.[3]
  • Wolverine and the X-Men: The Hulk appears in the episode "Wolverine Vs. the Hulk" (2008) with Bruce Banner voiced by Gabriel Mann and Hulk voiced by Fred Tatasciore.
  • Iron Man: Armored Adventures: Appears in the episode "Uncontrollable" (2010) with Mark Gibbon reprising his role of the Hulk.[3] During the season 2 episode, "Rage of the Hulk" the Hulk returns, however, first as Bruce Banner (his voice actor wasn't credited), an old friend of Howard Stark's. He enlisted both Howard and Tony's help in curing his condition as Hulk was by creating a gamma energy syphon, only to be interrupted by the arrival of General Ross. After exposer to Ross's modified syphon, Hulk turns into Grey Hulk. Bruce returns along with several other of Iron Man's allies in the finale "Makulan Invasion Part 2: Unite" helping Iron Man. Unlike any other incarnation of Hulk, Bruce doesn't grow to become Hulk and rip off his clothing. Instead, he just transforms in a flash of light.
  • Hulk appears in The Super Hero Squad Show (2009–11) voiced by Travis Willingham who also voiced his Grey Hulk form in one episode.[3]

2010s

Live-action[edit]

1970s

  • Hulk appeared in the 1978–1982 live action television series, The Incredible Hulk, and its subsequent television films. Created by Universal Studios, it starred Bill Bixby as Dr. David Banner and Lou Ferrigno as Hulk. It does not follow the comic book-fantasy format, omits the typical villains or supporting characters, and Hulk does not speak, but only growls and roars.[13] In this series, David Banner becomes Hulk, is assumed dead and goes on the run while being pursued by tabloid investigative reporter Jack McGee (Jack Colvin) who is bent on proving that the creature exists. The two-hour pilot movie, which established the Hulk's origins, aired on November 4, 1977. The series was originally broadcast by CBS from March 10, 1978 to June 2, 1982,[14] with eighty-two episodes in five seasons, and later followed by three television films.

Bill Bixby / Lou Ferrigno TV films (1977-1990)

2010s

2020s

  • Mark Ruffalo is set to reprise his role as Bruce Banner in the Disney+ animated series, What If...?[15]
  • In November 2019, Ruffalo said that he planned to meet with Kevin Feige on making an appearance as Bruce Banner/Hulk on the She-Hulk television series.[16]

Theatrical films[edit]

Evolution of the Hulk in film. (L to R): Hulk (2003), The Incredible Hulk (2008), The Avengers (2012)

Hulk (2003)[edit]

Marvel Cinematic Universe[edit]

Edward Norton portrays Bruce Banner in The Incredible Hulk (2008),[17] with Lou Ferrigno providing the voice of the Hulk.[18] Norton did not return to the role in The Avengers (2012),[19] and was replaced by Mark Ruffalo.[20] Ruffalo reprises the role of Banner in Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015),[21] Thor: Ragnarok (2017).[22] Avengers: Infinity War,[23] and Avengers: Endgame (2019).[23] Additionally, Ruffalo makes various cameos appearances as Banner in post-credits scenes for two films: Iron Man 3 (2013) and Captain Marvel (2019), with the latter featuring him in the mid-credits scene.[24]

Animation[edit]

Comic strips[edit]

Fine arts[edit]

Starting with the Pop Art period and on a continuing basis since the 1960s, many comic book characters, including Hulk, have been "appropriated" by multiple visual artists and incorporated into contemporary artwork, most notably by Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Dulce Pinzon, Jeff Koons, and others.[30][31][32][33][34][35]

Novels[edit]

Pocket Books published two mass market paperback solo novels starring the character, The Incredible Hulk: Stalker From the Stars in 1978[36] and The Incredible Hulk: Cry of the Beast in 1979.[37][38] The Hulk has appeared in the following novels:

Title Author Publisher ISBN Release Date Notes
The Incredible Hulk: Stalker From the Stars Len Wein
Marv Wolfman
Joseph Silva
Pocket Books 0671820842 / 9780671820848 October 1978 Pocket Books series (1978–1979) #2
The Incredible Hulk: Cry of the Beast Richard S. Meyers Pocket Books 0671820850 / 9780671820855 March 1979 Pocket Books series (1978–1979) #3
The Marvel Superheroes Len Wein
Marv Wolfman
(editors)
Pocket Books 0671820915 / 9780671820916 August 1979 Pocket Books series (1978–1979) #9; short story collection; includes stories featuring the Avengers, Daredevil, the X-Men, and the Hulk
The Hulk and Spider-Man: Murdermoon Paul Kupperberg Pocket Books 067182094X / 9780671820947 October 1979 Pocket Books series (1978–1979) #11
The Incredible Hulk: What Savage Beast Peter David Putnam/BPMC (hardback)
Berkley Boulevard/BPMC (paperback)
0756759676 / 9780756759674 (hardback)
1572971355 / 9781572971356 (paperback)
July 1995 (hardback)
July 1996 (paperback)
Spider-Man and the Incredible Hulk: Doom's Day Book One: Rampage Danny Fingeroth
Eric Fein
Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 1572971649 / 9781572971646 September 1996 First in Doom's Day trilogy; is followed by Spider-Man and Iron Man: Doom's Day Book Two: Sabotage
The Incredible Hulk: Abominations Jason Henderson Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 1572972734 / 9781572972735 July 1997
The Ultimate Hulk Stan Lee
Peter David
(editors)
Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 0425165132 / 9780425165133 October 1998 Short story collection
Hulk Peter David Del Rey Books 0345459679 / 9780345459671 April 2003 Novelization of the 2003 Hulk movie
The Incredible Hulk Peter David Del Rey Books 0345506995 / 978-0345506993 May 2008 Novelization of the 2008 The Incredible Hulk movie

Video games[edit]

The Incredible Hulk appears in video games for many systems, including the Commodore 64, ZX Spectrum, Sega Genesis, SNES, Sega Master System, Game Gear, PlayStation, Sega Saturn, PlayStation 2, Xbox, GameCube, Game Boy Advance, and personal computer.

Live performances[edit]

Popular culture references[edit]

  • 1979 to 2019: Saturday Night Live
    • season 4, episode 15 sketch called "Superhero Party" has John Belushi playing the Hulk when Superman (Bill Murray) and Lois Lane (Margot Kidder) are married and having a dinner party.[57]
    • season 18, episode 8 sketch called "Superman's Funeral", where the Hulk (portrayed by Chris Farley) is one of the speakers.[58]
    • season 20, episode 9 sketch called "The Incredible Hulk", where the Hulk (portrayed by George Foreman) gets bored at a needlessly repetitive sketch.[59]
    • season 40, episode 16 sketch called "The Rock Obama", where the Hulk (portrayed by Dwayne Johnson) is called the Rock Obama.[60]
    • season 44, episode 15 sketch called "The Impossible Hulk", where Dr. Banner (portrayed by Idris Elba) transforms into a raging white woman (portrayed by Cecily Strong) due to a "failed gamma ray experiment" above a Tory Burch.[61]
  • 1990: Attack of the Killer Tomatoes episode – "Tomato from the Black Lagoon", Chad Finletter sees a man getting angry and impatient while waiting for a plane, then the man starts to turn into a green muscular monster as he gets angry.
  • 1991: Taz-Mania – episode "Dr. Wendal and Mr. Taz", Wendal is irradiated in an "Ultra gamma ray testing booth", mistaking it for a tanning booth, causing him to transform into a giant, violent monster whenever he is made upset.
  • 1996: Adventures of Ricardo short – originally seen on MTV's Cartoon Sushi and available on The Animation Show DVD, the title character professes his love of the character, renamed "The Incwedibul Hunk" here due to Ricardo's speech impediment
  • 1996: Dexter's Laboratory – a purple-skinned parody of the Hulk named "The Infraggable Krunk" (voiced by Frank Welker) made a few appearances in season one and shared a segment called "The Justice Friends" with Major Glory (a parody of Captain America voiced by Rob Paulsen) and Valhallen (a parody of Thor voiced by Tom Kenny). Additionally, the episode "Hunger Strikes" has Dexter transform into a Hulk-like monster whenever he doesn't eat vegetables, complete with a parody of the "You wouldn't like me when I'm angry" line.
  • 1998, 2004: MADtv
    • season 3, episode 17 skit showed a man (portrayed by Will Sasso) becoming a miniature version of the Hulk (portrayed by Alex Borstein), and a
    • season 9, episode 19 skit has Bruce Banner (portrayed by Ike Barinholtz) attempt to create a serum that will prevent him from becoming the Hulk. The serum, however, backfires and causes him to turn into a homosexual pink colored version of the Hulk (portrayed by Paul C. Vogt).
  • 1999–2011: Family Guy
    • episode "Chitty Chitty Death Bang" (1999), a part in Peter Griffin's obviously made-up story to Lois Griffin has him turning into the Hulk to attack the devilish manager of the place he is supposed to have Stewie's birthday
    • The end credits for the episode "Wasted Talent" (2000) are run while Joe Harnell's "The Lonely Man" plays in homage to The Incredible Hulk (1978 TV series); it shows Stewie hitchhiking along the side of the freeway á la David Banner
    • episode "A Fish out of Water" (2001), Peter buys a fishing boat and gives it the name of "S.S. More Powerful Than Superman, Batman, Spider-Man, and The Incredible Hulk put it together"
    • episode "Emission Impossible" (2001), Peter asks Lois's sister if he can have her husband's shirts so that he can imitate Hulk ripping his shirt off throughout; And the 2011
    • episode: "And I'm Joyce Kinney", replaces the regular Family Guy opening with a spoof of the Hulk TV series opening, placing Stewie as David Banner, Peter as the Hulk and Tom Tucker as Jack McGee
  • 2001 (Dr. Dre album): On the song "Some L.A. Niggas," rapper King T compares the marijuana he smokes to the Hulk, with the line, "Smoke big green, call it Bruce Banner"
  • 2002: Scrubs – episode "My Student", after the medical student assigned to J.D. made numerous mistakes, J.D. gets angry and transforms into the Hulk
  • 2002/08: The Simpsons
  • 2005–13: The character appears in the Robot Chicken episodes: "The Deep End" (2005), "Badunkadunk" (2005), "Two Weeks Without Food" (2009), "Executed by the State" (2012), "Collateral Damage in Gang Turf War" (2012), "Eaten by Cats" (2013)
  • 2006: The Fast and the Furious: Tokyo Drift – Lil' Bow Wow has a Hulk-themed car.
  • 2007: The Hulk appears in the South Park episode trilogy "Imaginationland"
  • 2008: In the parody film Disaster Movie, the character is played by Roland Kickinger
  • 2010: Castle – episode "Tick, Tick, Tick...", Martha Rodgers (played by Susan Sullivan) watches a video of the pilot episode of The Incredible Hulk, where she plays Dr. Marks
  • 2016: Bruce Banner (portrayed by Lloyd Ahlquist) and The Hulk (portrayed by Mike O'Hearn) appear in an episode of Epic Rap Battles of History, rap battling against Bruce and Caitlyn Jenner respectively. He also appeared in the 69th episode of the popular online show from ScrewAttack, Death Battle, where he fought Doomsday from DC Comics in a hypothetical battle to the death and lost. He also fought and lost against Broly from Dragon Ball Z in a One Minute Melee.
  • 2018: The Hulk appeared in the 47th episode of DBX, a spin-off of Death Battle, in which he defeated the Juggernaut.
  • Several Twitter accounts exist that parody the Hulk, including Feminist Hulk,[62] Drunk Hulk, and Film Crit Hulk.

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