ILGA-Europe

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ILGA-Europe
Formation 1996
Purpose/focus LGBT rights and intersex rights
Headquarters Brussels, Belgium
Region served 49 countries   Council of Europe + Belarus and Kosovo
Membership over 350 member organisations
Website www.ilga-europe.org

ILGA-Europe is the European Region of the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. It is an advocacy group promoting the interests of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex persons, at the European level. Its membership comprises over 350 organisations from throughout Europe. Every year, member organisations elect the Executive Board of ILGA-Europe at the Annual Conference. The Association enjoys consultative status at Economic and Social Council of the United Nations (ECOSOC) [1] and participatory status at the Council of Europe.[2]

The history of ILGA-Europe[edit]

ILGA-Europe was founded in 1996, when its parent organisation, the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association, established separate regions. It took over responsibility for supporting the development of the LGBT movement in Europe including Transgender Europe, Inter-LGBT and for relationships with the European Union, Council of Europe and the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe.

Initially ILGA-Europe worked entirely on the basis of volunteer resources. However in 2001, its potential contribution to the European Union's anti-discrimination policies (established under Article 13 of the Treaty of Amsterdam) was recognised through the provision of core funding (currently through European Commission/PROGRESS Programme). This enabled ILGA-Europe to set up an office in Brussels, to recruit permanent staff, and to conduct an extensive programme of work in relation to sexual orientation discrimination within the EU Member States and the accession countries. Further financial support from the Sigrid Rausing Trust and the Open Society Institute: (Human Rights and Governance Grants Program and Rights Initiative) allowed ILGA-Europe to extend its work in areas not covered by EU funding, including Eastern Europe, and on transgender issues.

ILGA-Europe's Annual Conference History[edit]

Since 2000, at the end of October ILGA-Europe hosts its annual conference.

2000 – Bucharest, Romania, theme Accepting Diversity

2001 – Rotterdam, The Netherlands, theme Creating Partnership

2002 – Lisbon, Portugal, theme Recognising Diversity, Promoting Equality

2003 – Glasgow, Scotland, theme Policy into Practice – making LGBT equality happen

2004 – Budapest, Hungary, theme Coming out to the EU

2005 – Paris, France

2006 – Sofia, Bulgaria, theme We are Family – Our families in Europe and the European family

2007 – Vilnius, Lithuania, theme LGBT Rights are Human Rights – Respect, Recognition and Responsibilities

2008 – Vienna, Austria, theme Think globally, act locally

2009 – Malta, theme Overcoming Religious & Cultural Barriers to LGBT Equality

2010 – The Hague, The Netherlands, theme Expressing our differences, challenging our prejudices, developing our alliances

2011 – Turin, Italy, theme "Human Rights and "Traditional Values": clash or dialogue?"

2012 – Dublin, Ireland, theme "Advancing LGBTI equality in challenging economic times"

Rainbow Europe[edit]

Each May ILGA-Europe releases its Rainbow Europe review, to mark the International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia. It reviews the human rights situation and assesses what life is like for LGBTI people in every European country, covering discrimination, family recognition, hate speech/crimes, gender recognition, freedom of assembly, association and express, and asylum laws.[3] The 2013 Rainbow Europe reviews are given in the table below.

Country Laws & policies against discrimination Family recognition Protection against hate speech/crime Legal gender recognition Respect of freedom of assembly, association & expression Asylum Overall score
Albania 70 % 0 % 72 % 0 % 65 % 0 % 38 %
Andorra 10 % 18 % 18 % 0 % 100 % 0 % 21 %
Armenia 0 % 4 % 0 % 0 % 65 % 0 % 8 %
Austria 26 % 40 % 18 % 80 % 100 % 25 % 43 %
Azerbaijan 0 % 4 % 0 % 21 % 35 % 0 % 8 %
Belarus 0 % 8 % 0 % 54 % 35 % 0 % 14 %
Belgium 55 % 88 % 54 % 34 % 100 % 100 % 67 %
Bosnia and Herzegovina 40 % 0 % 12 % 7 % 65 % 0 % 20 %
Bulgaria 23 % 4 % 0 % 0 % 100 % 25 % 18 %
Croatia 80 % 6 % 90 % 7 % 65 % 25 % 48 %
Cyprus 13 % 8 % 0 % 21 % 100 % 25 % 20 %
Czech Republic 46 % 40 % 0 % 21 % 100 % 0 % 35 %
Denmark 26 % 88 % 54 % 34 % 100 % 50 % 57 %
Estonia 13 % 8 % 18 % 67 % 100 % 0 % 29 %
Finland 23 % 64 % 36 % 47 % 100 % 25 % 47 %
France 60 % 76 % 90 % 14 % 100 % 0 % 64 %
Republic of Macedonia 5 % 4 % 0 % 7 % 100 % 0 % 13 %
Georgia 5 % 4 % 36 % 34 % 65 % 0 % 21 %
Germany 65 % 56 % 5 % 80 % 100 % 25 % 54 %
Greece 13 % 8 % 36 % 21 % 100 % 50 % 28 %
Hungary 46 % 44 % 72 % 67 % 65 % 25 % 55 %
Iceland 15 % 88 % 36 % 67 % 100 % 50 % 56 %
Ireland 31 % 48 % 18 % 7 % 100 % 25 % 36 %
Italy 13 % 7 % 0 % 21 % 100 % 25 % 19 %
Republic of Kosovo 28 % 0 % 0 % 0 % 65 % 0 % 14 %
Latvia 13 % 8 % 0 % 21 % 100 % 25 % 20 %
Liechtenstein 0 % 36 % 0 % 0 % 65 % 0 % 16 %
Lithuania 23 % 0 % 36 % 0 % 65 % 25 % 21 %
Luxembourg 26 % 22 % 0 % 34 % 100 % 25 % 28 %
Malta 26 % 0 % 72 % 21 % 100 % 25 % 35 %
Moldova 5 % 8 % 0 % 14 % 30 % 25 % 10 %
Monaco 0 % 0 % 18 % 0 % 65 % 0 % 10 %
Montenegro 46 % 8 % 0 % 21 % 100 % 0 % 27 %
Netherlands 55 % 88 % 27 % 34 % 100 % 75 % 60 %
Norway 55 % 84 % 54 % 34 % 100 % 100 % 66 %
Poland 13 % 4 % 0 % 41 % 100 % 25 % 22 %
Portugal 52 % 52 % 72 % 80 % 100 % 50 % 65 %
Romania 23 % 8 % 36 % 34 % 100 % 25 % 31 %
Russia 0 % 8 % 0 % 34 % 0 % 0 % 7 %
San Marino 0 % 0 % 36 % 0 % 65 % 0 % 14 %
Serbia 31 % 0 % 54 % 0 % 65 % 0 % 25 %
Slovakia 46 % 4 % 0 % 21 % 100 % 25 % 27 %
Slovenia 28 % 34 % 36 % 7 % 100 % 25 % 35 %
Spain 36 % 100 % 41 % 69 % 100 % 50 % 65 %
Sweden 61 % 84 % 36 % 54 % 100 % 75 % 65 %
Switzerland 15 % 40 % 0 % 34 % 100 % 0 % 29 %
Turkey 0 % 4 % 0 % 21 % 100 % 0 % 14 %
Ukraine 0 % 8 % 0 % 21 % 65 % 0 % 12 %
United Kingdom 80 % 82 % 61 % 67 % 100 % 75 % 77 %

International Intersex Forum[edit]

Third International Intersex Forum, Malta, December 2013

With a move to include intersex people in its remit, ILGA-Europe and ILGA have jointly sponsored the only international gathering of intersex activists and organisations. The International Intersex Forum has taken place in Europe annually since 2011.[4][5][6][7]

The third forum was held in Malta with 34 people representing 30 organisations "from all continents". The closing statement affirmed the existence of intersex people, reaffirmed "the principles of the First and Second International Intersex Fora and extend the demands aiming to end discrimination against intersex people and to ensure the right of bodily integrity, physical autonomy and self-determination". For the first time, participants made a statement on birth registrations, in addition to other human rights issues.[7][8][9]

References[edit]

External links[edit]