Gay-friendly

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Portal of the Church of Pilgrims, in Washington, DC, with a LGBTQ banner.

Gay-friendly or LGBTQ-friendly are the places, policies, people, or institutions that are open and welcoming to gay people (to include all members of the LGBTQ community) to create an environment that is supportive of gay people and their relationships, respectful of all people, treat all people equally, and are non-judgmental. This is typically a late 20th-century North American term that is the byproduct of both a gradual implementation of gay rights and acceptance of policies supportive of LGBTQ people in the workplace and in schools, as well as the recognition of gays and lesbians as a distinct consumer group for businesses etc.

The Advocate publishes a list periodically of the gayest cities in America that include cities such as Provincetown, Palm Springs, Wilton Manors, San Diego, Austin, and several others based on facts such as their same sex marriage laws, number of same sex couples, and other qualifiers.[1]

The Spartacus International Gay Guide publishes the Gay Travel Index, a ranking of gay-friendly countries. Points are added to countries for anti-discrimination legislation, equal marriage, partnership and adoption laws, and LGBTQ marketing. Meanwhile, points are subtracted for anti-LGBTQ laws, HIV travel restrictions, religious influence, and prosecution, murders, and death sentences to LGBTQ.

In 2013, the Spartacus Gay Travel Index features a majority of Western European countries in the top 11 (Norway, Denmark, Iceland, Sweden, Finland, Belgium, France, the Netherlands, United Kingdom, and Spain), plus Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and Uruguay.[2] The bottom 5 countries are Iran, the United Arab Emirates, Russia, Jordan and Jamaica.[3]

Spartacus also publishes a Gay Travel Index USA, listing the 50 states plus the District of Columbia with the same criteria as the countries ranking. In 2013, the top 5 regions were from the Northeast, whereas the top 10 also includes California, Illinois, and Oregon. The bottom 10 states are mainly from the Southeast and Mountain states (Utah, Idaho, and Montana).

Businesses[edit]

Many businesses now identify as gay-friendly, allowing for a more diversified employee and customer base. The Human Rights Campaign works to achieve equality for gays, lesbians, and other marginalized minorities, and publishes a list of companies in relation to issues concerning LGBTQ people. Companies that are noted for gay-friendly work environments include Dell Inc. and Coca-Cola. Companies such as R Family Vacations, Manspray, Volkswagen, Ginch Gonch, Egotour, and numerous others offer niche products and services for gay customers.[4] Others, such as LOT Polish Airlines sends the message of gay-friendliness by offering travel to major gay destinations with a rainbow flag.[5] Studies have shown that LGBTQ communities tend to favor gay-friendly businesses, even if the cost of a particular product or service is higher.[6]

World[edit]

List of Countries by their Gay Travel Index [7]
Rank Country Total Anti-discrimination legislation Marriage/Civil Partnership Adoption allowed LGBTQ-Marketing Equal Age of Consent Religious Influence HIV Travel Restrictions Anti-Gay Laws Homosexuality illegal Pride banned Locals hostile Prosecution Murders Death sentences
1  Australia 10 3 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1  Canada[note 1] 10 3 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 European Union Portugal 10 3 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 European Union Sweden 10 3 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 European Union Austria 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 European Union Belgium 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 European Union Denmark 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 European Union Finland 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4  Iceland 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 European Union Luxembourg 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 European Union Malta 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 European Union Netherlands 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4  New Zealand 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4  Norway 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4  Reunion 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 European Union Spain 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4  United Kingdom[note 2] 9 3 2 2 2 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
17 European Union France 8 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
17  Gibraltar 8 2 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
17  Greenland 8 2 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
17 European Union Ireland[note 3] 8 2 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
17   Switzerland 8 3 1 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
17  Uruguay 8 2 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
23  Colombia 7 2 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0
23  French Polynesia 7 2 2 2 1 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
23 European Union Germany[note 4] 7 2 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
23  Israel[note 5] 7 2 1 2 2 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
23  New Caledonia 7 2 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
28  Andorra 6 3 1 2 -1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
28  Argentina 6 1 2 2 2 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0
28  Guadeloupe 6 2 2 2 1 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
28  Martinique 6 2 2 2 1 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
28 European Union Slovenia 6 3 2 2 1 0 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
28  South Africa 6 1 2 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 0
28  Taiwan 6 2 2 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
35 European Union Czech Republic 5 2 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
35 European Union Estonia 5 2 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
35  Guam 5 1 2 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
35  Puerto Rico 5 2 2 2 2 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -2 0
39  Liechtenstein 4 2 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
39 European Union Slovakia 4 2 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
41  Bolivia 3 2 0 0 2 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
41  Ecuador 3 3 1 0 1 1 -1 -1 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
41 European Union Italy 3 1 1 0 1 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
41  Mozambique 3 1 0 0 1 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -2 0
41    Nepal 3 3 0 0 1 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
47  Bermuda 2 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
47  Bosnia-Herzegovina[note 6] 2 2 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 -1 -1 0 0 0
47  Chile 2 1 1 0 2 0 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0
47  Costa Rica 2 2 0 0 1 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
47 European Union Croatia 2 2 1 0 1 1 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
47  Cuba 2 1 0 0 1 1 0 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
47  Macao 2 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
47  Seychelles 2 2 0 0 1 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
47  Thailand 2 2 1 0 -1 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
57  Cambodia 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
57 European Union Cyprus 1 1 1 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
57  El Salvador 1 2 0 0 1 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 0
57 European Union Greece 1 1 1 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0
57 European Union Hungary 1 2 1 0 -1 1 0 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
57  India[note 7] 1 1 0 0 1 0 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
57 European Union Lithuania 1 2 0 0 1 1 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
57  Mexico 1 2 1 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
57  Mongolia 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
57  Panama 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 -1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0
57  United States Virgin Islands/ USA[note 8] 1 1 2 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 0
62  St. Maarten[note 9] 0 2 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62 European Union Bulgaria 0 2 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62  Montenegro 0 2 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62 European Union Romania 0 2 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62  Benin 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62  Cambodia 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62  China/ Hong Kong 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62  Philippines[note 10] 0 1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
62  Vietnam 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62  Albania 0 2 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -2 0 0 0
62  British Virgin Islands 0 3 0 0 0 1 -2 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62  Japan 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62  Nicaragua 0 1 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62  Kosovo 0 3 0 0 0 1 -2 0 0 0 0 -2 0 0 0
62 European Union Latvia 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62  Venezuela 0 1 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62  Bermuda 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62 European Union Lithuania 0 2 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 -1 -1 0 0 0
80 European Union Poland -1 1 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
80  Guinea-Bissau -1 0 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
80  Monaco -1 0 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
80  San Marino -1 1 0 0 0 1 -2 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
80  Kazakhstan -1 0 0 0 0 1 0 -1 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
80  Laos -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
80  Moldova -1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0 0
80  Chile -1 1 1 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0
80  Seychelles[note 11] -1 2 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0 -2 0 0 0
89  North Macedonia -2 0 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
89  Azerbaijan -2 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0 0
89  Armenia[note 12] -2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
89  Serbia -2 2 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 -1 -2 0 0 0
89  Gabon -2 0 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -2 0 0 0
89  Fiji -2 0 0 0 0 1 -1 -1 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
89  Ukraine -2 1 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0 0
89  Vanuatu -2 0 0 0 0 1 -1 -1 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
89  Cabo Verde -2 1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
89  El Salvador -2 2 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -2 0
89  Honduras[note 13] -2 2 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 -2 0
89  Panama -2 0 0 0 0 1 -1 -1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0
101  USA -3 1 2 2 -1 1 -2 0 -2 0 0 -2 0 -2 0
101  Singapore -3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 -1 0 -1 0 0 0
101  Rwanda -3 0 0 0 0 1 -2 0 0 0 0 -2 0 0 0
101  Georgia -3 2 0 0 0 1 -2 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 -2 0
101  Kyrgyzstan -3 0 0 0 0 1 -1 -1 0 0 0 -2 0 0 0
101  Myanmar -3 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0
101  Tunisia -3 0 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -1 0 0 0
101  Botswana[note 14] -3 1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -1 0 0 0
101  Cuba -3 1 0 0 0 1 0 -1 -1 0 0 -1 0 -2 0
101  Burkina Faso -3 0 0 0 0 1 -2 0 0 0 0 -2 0 0 0
101  Mauritius[note 15] -3 1 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0
101  Peru[note 16] -3 1 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 -2 0
112  Antigua & Barbuda -4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0
112  Equatorial Guinea -4 0 0 0 0 1 -2 -1 0 0 0 -2 0 0 0
112  Suriname -4 0 0 0 0 0 -1 -1 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
112  Tajikistan -4 0 0 0 0 1 -2 0 -1 0 0 -2 0 0 0
112  Trinidad & Tobago -4 0 0 0 0 0 -1 -1 0 -1 0 -1 0 0 0
112  Guatemala -4 0 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -2 0
112  South Korea -4 0 0 0 0 1 -2 -1 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
112  Lebanon[note 17] -4 0 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0
112  Barbados -4 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -1 0 0 0
112  Namibia -4 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -1 0 0 0
112  Belize -4 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 -1 0 0
123  Angola -5 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0
123  Democratic Republic of the Congo -5 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 0 0 -2 0 0 0
123  Sri Lanka[note 18] -5 0 0 0 0 0 -1 -1 -1 -1 0 -1 0 0 0
123  Burundi -5 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0
123  Republic of the Congo -5 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 0 0 -2 0 0 0
123  Samoa -5 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -1 0 0 0
123  Sierra Leone -5 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -2 0 0 0
123  Paraguay -5 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 -2 0
123  Grenada -5 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0
123  Belarus -5 0 0 0 0 1 -1 -1 -1 0 -1 -2 0 0 0
123  Oman -5 0 0 0 0 1 -1 -1 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0
123  Syria -5 0 0 0 0 0 -1 -1 -1 -1 0 -1 0 0 0
123  Madagascar -5 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -2 0
123  Bahrain[note 19] -5 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 0 0
123  Ivory Coast -5 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 0 0 -2 0 0 0
139  Haiti -6 0 0 0 0 1 -2 0 0 0 -1 -2 0 -2 0
139  Morocco -6 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
139  Kenya -6 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
139  Turkey[note 20] -6 0 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 -1 -1 -1 -2 0
139  Bhutan -6 0 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 -1 -1 0 -1 0 0 0
139  Brunei -6 0 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 -1 -1 0 -1 0 0 0
139  Central African Republic -6 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 0 0 0
139  Djibouti[note 21] -6 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 0 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
139  Eritrea -6 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 0 0 0
139  Ghana[note 22] -6 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 0 0 0
139  Liberia -6 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 0 0 0
139  Togo -6 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
139  Tonga -6 0 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 -1 -1 0 -1 0 0 0
139  Uzbekistan -6 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 0 0 0
139  Zambia -6 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0
139  Pakistan -6 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0
139  Bahamas -6 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 0 0 -2 0 -2 0
139  Malaysia -6 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0
139  Nigeria[note 23] -6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 -1
158  Chad -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
158  Dominican Republic -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 -1 0 0 -1 0 -2 0
158  The Gambia -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
158  Egypt -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
158 Comoros Islands -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
158  Dominica -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
158  Ethiopia -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
158  Iraq[note 24] -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 0 0 0 -2 0 -2 0
158  Kuwait -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
158  Mauritania -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 0 0 -1
158  Papua New Guinea -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 -1 -1 0 -2 0 0 0
158  Senegal -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
158  Solomon Islands -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 -1 -1 0 -2 0 0 0
158  Tanzania -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
158  Turkmenistan -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 -1 -1 0 -2 0 0 0
158  Maldives -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
158   Vatican City[note 25] -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 0 0 -2 -2 0 0
175  Bangladesh -8 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 0 -2 0
175  Swaziland -8 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 0 -2 0
175  Uganda -8 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 -1 -2 -1 0 0
175  Cook Islands -8 -1 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 -1 -1 0 -2 0 0 0
175  Qatar -8 0 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
175  Sudan -8 0 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 -1 -1 0 -2 0 0 -1
175  Zimbabwe -8 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 -2 0
175  Jordan -8 0 0 0 0 1 -2 -1 -1 0 0 -2 -1 -2 0
183  Malawi -9 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 -2 0
183  Cameroon -9 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 -2 0
183  Guyana -9 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 -2 0
183  Libya -9 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 -2 0
183  Afghanistan -9 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 0 -2 -1
183  Jamaica -9 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 -2 0
183  Russia -9 0 0 0 0 1 -2 -1 -1 0 -1 -2 -1 -2 0
190  Yemen -10 0 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 -1 -1 0 -2 0 -2 -1
191  Saudi Arabia -12 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 -5
192  United Arab Emirates -13 0 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 -5
192  Iran -13 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 -2 -5
194  Somalia[note 26] -14 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 -2 -5

Notes:

  1. ^ In Canada the adoption laws vary per province. Same-sex-adoption is however possible countrywide.
  2. ^ In Northern Ireland the legal situation for same-sex adoption is unclear.
  3. ^ The Employment Equality Act allows religious-run workplaces exemption from its anti-discrimination provisions in order to protect their ethos.
  4. ^ In Germany, due to federal government system, there are varying regulations regarding arrival/residence HIV. For example, in Bavaria someone who is HIV-positive can be denied entry. The Federal Constitutional Court has stipulated in several renditions of judgment that the politicians implement the same rights for gay men and lesbians which apply to heterosexuals.
  5. ^ In Israel a civil marriage for both homosexual and heterosexual couples is not possible as marriage can only be performed by a Rabbi. This problem does not only apply to gays and lesbians but also heterosexuals belonging to different religious affiliations. There are limited anti-discrimination laws (exception: certain religious groups).
  6. ^ Bosnia and Herzegovina passed an unclear anti-discrimination law in 2009 in which a ban on discrimination against “sexual expression” is mentioned. There is a reference that “sexual identity” is not meant in this case. It is obvious that an attempt to adhere to the minimum requirements from the EU has been made, in order to be accepted into the EU.
  7. ^ In December 2013, the Supreme Court set aside a 2009 verdict by the Delhi High Court that had decriminalized homosexuality. This decision was once again overturned in September 2018.
  8. ^ The Virgin Islands of the USA have the same legal status as Puerto Rico regarding the USA. Here there is also a ban on hate crimes. After the Supreme Court decision pro same sex marriage in the US, there are plans to implement SSM in Puerto Rico too.
  9. ^ As an overseas territory of the Netherlands St. Maarten recognizes same-sex marriages which are performed in the Netherlands. In St. Maarten itself gay marriage is still not possible, but changes can soon follow. There are no adoption laws.
  10. ^ There are regional differences in the laws relating to homosexuals. In addition, the local religion is just as crucial, whether a law is implemented or not.
  11. ^ In May 2016 the Parliament of Seychelles decided to make homosexuality legal.
  12. ^ Armenia has received many reports of illegal violence from police against homosexuals.
  13. ^ In Honduras an anti-discrimination law has recently been passed, but in practice it is ignored.
  14. ^ In Botswana homosexuality is practically illegally on the basis of the ban on “unnatural act”, but in the labor law there is still an explicit prohibition of discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation.
  15. ^ In Mauritius, the sodomy law tends to find application with the heterosexual population. The Equal Opportunities Act protects homosexuals against discrimination at work. It is therefore questionable whether homosexuality is classified as illegal or not.
  16. ^ Consensual homosexual acts in Peru between adults are legal. An exception applies for members of the military and police, who can be prosecuted with a prison sentence ranging from 60 days to 20 years or suspension from duty.
  17. ^ There are reports of a different judicial interpretations of the law on “sex against nature”.
  18. ^ At the request of the UNHCR Sri Lanka has announced that discrimination of homosexuals is constitutionally forbidden. It was further stressed that the anti-sodomy law is not aimed against homosexuals, but applies for all to protect public morals.
  19. ^ In Bahrain although the paragraph referring to sodomy was abolished in 1976 from the local legal code, gay men can still be punished with imprisonment according to the laws regarding “unmoral” behavior.
  20. ^ Police stopped violently the Gay Pride on June 29 th, 2015. This can be considered a de facto ban on the Pride.
  21. ^ The Shariah-law in Djibouti is often superior to the constitutional laws, so it could be expected that homosexuality is punishable.
  22. ^ In Ghana there is a ban on unnatural sex. The government recognizes in this a clear ban on homosexuality.
  23. ^ In Nigeria the death penalty only applies for homosexuals according to the Shariah laws and therefore relates only to Muslims in the north of Nigeria.
  24. ^ Homosexuality in Iraq is formally legal, but police and military track down homosexuals, and reports of murder and rape exist.
  25. ^ The Vatican City adheres to Italian law, but restrictions are possible if the ecclesiastical law contradicts Italian law. Therefore, there are conflicting opinions that homosexuality is not illegal or just not happily seen, but tolerated.
  26. ^ Shariah laws applies in Somalia since 2012. There is however contradictory information, since, on the other hand the maximum penalty is up to 3 years in prison, nevertheless in 2013 a homosexual was stoned to death after a judgment.

United States[edit]

List of U.S. states by their Gay Travel Index [7]
Rank State Total Anti-discrimination legislation LGBT-Marketing Equal Age of Consent Religious Influence Anti-Gay Laws Locals hostile
1  New York 4 2 1 1 0 0 0
1  Nevada 4 2 1 1 0 0 0
1  Massachusetts 4 2 1 1 0 0 0
1  California 4 2 1 1 0 0 0
4  Maine 3 2 0 1 0 0 0
4  Vermont 3 2 0 1 0 0 0
4  New Hampshire 3 2 0 1 0 0 0
4  Connecticut 3 2 0 1 0 0 0
4  Oregon 3 2 0 1 0 0 0
4  Maryland 3 2 0 1 0 0 0
4  Illinois 3 2 0 1 0 0 0
4  Rhode Island 3 2 0 1 0 0 0
4  Washington 3 2 0 1 0 0 0
4  Wisconsin 3 2 0 1 0 0 0
4  New Mexico 3 2 0 1 0 0 0
4  Colorado 3 2 1 1 0 0 -1
17  Iowa 2 2 0 1 0 0 -1
17  Delaware 2 1 0 1 0 0 0
17  New Jersey 2 2 0 1 0 0 -1
17  Minnesota 2 2 0 1 0 0 -1
17  Florida[note 1] 2 1 1 1 0 -1 0
17  Arizona 2 1 1 1 0 0 -1
23  Pennsylvania 1 0 0 1 0 0 0
23  Hawaii 1 2 0 1 -1 0 -1
23  Kansas 1 1 0 1 0 0 -1
23  Alaska 1 0 0 1 0 0 0
27  Ohio 0 0 0 1 0 -1 0
27  Nebraska 0 1 0 1 0 -1 -1
27  Missouri 0 1 0 1 0 -1 -1
27  Indiana 0 0 0 1 0 0 -1
27  Wyoming 0 0 0 1 0 0 -1
27  West Virginia 0 0 0 1 0 0 -1
27  Virginia 0 0 0 1 0 0 -1
27  Texas 0 1 1 1 -1 -1 -1
35  South Dakota -1 0 0 1 0 -1 -1
35  North Dakota -1 0 0 1 0 -1 -1
35  Michigan -1 0 0 1 0 -1 -1
35  Tennessee -1 1 0 1 -1 -1 -1
35  Louisiana -1 1 0 1 -1 -1 -1
35  Kentucky -1 1 0 1 -1 -1 -1
35  Utah -1 0 0 1 0 -1 -1
35  Oklahoma -1 0 0 1 -1 0 -1
35  Montana -1 0 0 1 0 -1 -1
35  Idaho -1 0 0 1 0 -1 -1
45  Mississippi -2 0 0 1 -1 -1 -1
45  Georgia -2 0 0 1 -1 -1 -1
45  Arkansas -2 0 0 1 -1 -1 -1
45  South Carolina -2 0 0 1 -2 0 -1
49  North Carolina -3 0 0 1 -2 -1 -1
49  Alabama -3 0 0 1 -2 -1 -1

Notes

  1. ^ In 2015 Florida explicitly lifted the adoption ban for homosexuals after federal judges ruled it unconstitutional in 2010.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2014's Gayest Cities in America". 6 January 2014.
  2. ^ "1st place for Canada and Sweden - Spartacus Gay Travel Blog". March 2018.
  3. ^ Spartacus Ranks Gay-Friendly Destinations: Sweden’s On Top (USA Not So Much) - Queerty, 3 March 2013
  4. ^ "egotour.eu - user reviews, gay travel portal". www.egotour.eu. Archived from the original on 2019-02-03. Retrieved 2019-12-25.
  5. ^ "Wyborcza.pl". Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  6. ^ "Gay Consumers See Themselves as Tastemakers, Prefer Gay-Friendly Companies, Says Study". EDGE Media Network. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  7. ^ a b "Spartacus World - The Home to international Gay Travelers -". Spartacus Gay Guide.

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