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Gay-friendly

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Portal of the Church of Pilgrims, in Washington, DC, USA, with a LGBT banner

Gay-friendly or LGBT-friendly places, policies, people, or institutions are those that are open and welcoming to gay or LGBT people. They typically aim to create an environment that is supportive, respectful, and non-judgmental towards the LGBT community. The term "gay-friendly" originated in the late 20th century in North America, as a byproduct of a gradual implementation of gay rights, greater acceptance of LGBT people in society, and the recognition of LGBT people as a distinct consumer group for businesses.

Businesses

A shop in Amsterdam selling LGBTQ+ merchandise and goods

Many businesses now identify as gay-friendly, allowing for a more diversified employee and customer base. The Human Rights Campaign works to achieve equality for gays, lesbians, and other marginalized minorities, and publishes a list of companies in relation to issues concerning LGBT people. Companies that are noted for gay-friendly work environments include Dell and Coca-Cola. Companies such as R Family Vacations, Manspray, Volkswagen, Ginch Gonch, and numerous others offer niche products and services for gay customers. Others, such as LOT Polish Airlines sends the message of gay-friendliness by offering travel to major gay destinations with a rainbow flag.[1] Studies have shown that LGBT communities tend to favor gay-friendly businesses, even if the cost of a particular product or service is higher.[2]

World

The Pew Research Center conducted a survey in 2019 to measure levels of acceptance of LGBT around the globe.[3]

Percent who say homosexuality should be accepted by society.
Rank Country Percent
1  Sweden 94%
2  Netherlands 92%
3  Spain 89%
4  Germany 86%
5  France 86%

The Spartacus International Gay Guide publishes the Gay Travel Index, a ranking of gay-friendly countries. Points are added to countries for anti-discrimination legislation, equal marriage, partnership and adoption laws, and LGBT marketing. Meanwhile, points are subtracted for anti-LGBT laws, HIV travel restrictions, religious influence, and prosecution, murders, and death sentences.

In 2021, the Spartacus Gay Travel Index featured a majority of Western European countries in the top 10 spots (Malta, Denmark, Austria, Sweden, Portugal, United Kingdom, and Spain), rounded out by Australia, Canada and Uruguay. The bottom 4 countries were Yemen, Iran, Somalia and Saudi Arabia with Chechnya being the overall worst-ranked region for LGBT people.[4]

Spartacus also publishes a Gay Travel Index for US states, listing the 50 states plus the District of Columbia with the same criteria as the country rankings. In 2021, the top spot was shared by California and Illinois, while the bottom nine states were mainly from the Southeast and the Mountain states.[4]

List of countries by their Gay Travel Index (2021)[5]
Rank Country Total Anti-Discrimination Legislation Marriage/Civil Partnership Adoption Allowed Transgender Rights Intersex/3rd Option Equal Age of Consent "Conversion Therapy" LGBT Marketing Religious Influence HIV Travel Restrictions Anti-Gay Laws Homosexuality Illegal Pride Banned Locals Hostile Prosecution Murders Death Sentences
1  Canada[note 1] 13 3 2 2 2 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
2  Malta 11 2 2 2 2 2 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 –1 0 0 0
2  Portugal 11 3 2 2 2 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2  Spain 11 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
5  Austria 10 2 2 2 2 1 0 –1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5  Denmark 10 2 2 2 2 0 0 –1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0
5  Sweden 10 3 2 2 1 −1 0 –1 2 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0
5  United Kingdom[note 2] 10 3 2 2 2 −1 0 0 2 −1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
5  Uruguay 10 2 2 2 2 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 –1 0
10  Australia 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 –1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
10  Germany[note 3] 9 2 2 2 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 −1 0 0 0
10  Iceland 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
10  Taiwan 9 3 2 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
14  Colombia 8 2 2 2 2 1 0 −1 1 0 0 0 0 0 –1 0 0 0
14  Netherlands 8 2 2 2 2 0 0 −1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
14  New Zealand 8 2 2 2 1 1 0 −1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 −1 0
14   Switzerland 8 3 1 1 2 −1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
18  Belgium 7 2 2 2 2 –1 0 –1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
18  Greenland 7 1 2 2 2 1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
18  Ireland[note 4] 7 2 2 2 2 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
18  Norway 7 2 2 2 2 –1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
22  Argentina 6 1 2 2 2 −1 0 1 1 –1 0 0 0 0 0 0 –1 0
22  Finland 6 3 2 2 1 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
22  France 6 2 2 2 2 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
22  Luxembourg 6 2 2 2 2 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
22  Réunion 5 2 2 2 2 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
27  French Polynesia 5 2 2 2 2 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
27  New Caledonia 5 2 2 2 2 −1 0 –1 0 0 0 0 0 0 −1 0 0 0
27  Puerto Rico 5 1 2 2 2 0 0 1 1 –1 0 0 0 0 −1 0 −2 0
27  South Africa 5 3 2 2 1 −1 0 –1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 –1 0
31  Costa Rica 4 2 2 2 2 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 –1 0 0 0
31  Ecuador 4 3 2 0 2 −1 0 1 0 –1 0 0 0 0 −1 0 –1 0
31  Guadeloupe 4 2 2 2 2 –1 0 –1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 –1 0 0 0
31  Israel[note 5] 4 2 1 1 2 −1 0 −1 1 –1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
31  Martinique 4 2 2 2 2 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 −1 0 0 0
31  United States 4 1 2 2 –1 0 0 0 2 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 –1 0
37  Gibraltar 3 2 2 2 –1 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
37  Guam 3 1 2 2 1 −1 0 −1 0 –1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
37  Slovenia 3 3 2 1 0 −1 0 −1 0 –1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
40  Andorra 2 3 1 2 –1 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 –1 0 0 0 0 0
40  Brazil 2 2 2 2 0 –1 0 1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 –1 0 –2 0
40  Chile 2 2 1 0 2 1 –1 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 –1 0
40  Czechia 2 2 1 1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
40  Estonia 2 2 0 1 1 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
40  Mexico 2 3 1 1 1 –1 0 0 1 −1 0 0 0 0 −1 0 –2 0
46  Cuba 1 3 0 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 0 –1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
46  Greece 1 2 1 0 2 −1 0 −1 0 –1 0 0 0 0 0 0 –1 0
46  India[note 6] 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 1 −1 0 0 0
46  San Marino 1 3 1 1 1 −1 0 −1 0 –2 0 0 0 0 −1 0 0 0
46  Thailand 1 2 0 0 –1 −1 0 −1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
51  Bermuda 0 1 2 1 −1 −1 0 –1 0 0 0 0 0 0 −1 0 0 0
51  Croatia 0 2 1 1 1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 −1 0 0 0
51  Italy 0 1 1 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 –1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
51  Liechtenstein 0 1 1 0 –1 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
51    Nepal 0 3 −1 0 0 1 0 −1 0 –1 0 0 0 0 –1 0 0 0
51  Slovakia 0 2 0 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 −1 0 0 0
51  US Virgin Islands[note 7] 0 1 2 2 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 −1 0 -1 0
58  Bolivia -1 2 0 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 −1 0 0 0
58  Bosnia and Herzegovina[note 8] -1 2 −1 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 –1 0 0 0
60  Albania -2 2 –1 0 –1 −1 0 1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 −1 0 0 0
60  Aruba -2 1 1 0 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 –1 –1 0 0 0 0 0 0
60  Bhutan -2 0 −1 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 −1 0 0 0
60  Japan -2 0 −1 0 1 −1 0 −1 1 0 0 –1 0 0 0 0 0 0
60  Mozambique -2 1 −1 0 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
60  Samoa -2 1 –1 0 1 1 0 1 0 −2 0 –1 –1 0 −1 0 0 0
66  Angola -3 1 −1 0 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
66  Bulgaria -3 2 −1 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 –1 0 –1 0 0 −1 0 0 0
66  China (incl. Hong Kong) -3 0 −1 0 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 –1 0 0 0 0
66  Cyprus -3 1 1 0 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 –1 0 0 −1 0 0 0
66  Fiji -3 3 −1 0 –1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 −1 0 0 0
66  Hungary -3 2 1 –1 –1 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 –1 0 0 −1 0 0 0
66  South Korea -3 0 −1 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 −1 0 0 0
66  North Macedonia -3 2 −1 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 −1 0 0 0
66  Monaco -3 0 1 0 –1 −1 0 −1 0 –1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
66  Montenegro -3 2 −1 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 –1 0 −1 0 0 –1 0 0 0
66  Panama -3 0 –1 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 –1 0 0 0 0 0 0
66  Romania -3 2 −1 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 −1 0 0 0
66  Serbia -3 2 −1 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 –1 0 0 −1 0 0 0
66  Sint Maarten[note 9] -3 1 −1 0 0 −1 0 −1 1 –1 0 –1 0 0 0 0 0 0
66  Vietnam -3 0 −1 0 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
81  Armenia[note 10] -4 0 −1 0 0 −1 0 −1 0 1 0 −1 0 0 −1 0 0 0
81  Botswana[note 11] -4 1 −1 0 0 −1 0 −1 0 –1 0 0 0 0 −1 0 0 0
81  Cabo Verde -4 1 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
81  Curaçao -4 1 0 0 0 −1 0 −1 0 –1 0 –1 0 0 –1 0 0 0
81  El Salvador -4 2 −1 0 0 −1 0 −1 0 –1 0 0 0 0 −1 0 –1 0
81  Kazakhstan -4 0 −1 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 –2 0 0 0
81  Kosovo -4 3 −1 0 –1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 0 0 0 –1 0 0 0
81  Laos -4 0 −1 0 0 –1 0 –1 0 0 0 0 0 0 −1 0 0 0
81  Latvia -4 1 −1 0 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 −1 0 0 −1 0 0 0
81  Lesotho -4 0 −1 –1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
81  Lithuania -4 2 −1 –1 1 −1 0 −1 0 –1 0 –1 0 0 −1 0 0 0
81  Macao -4 1 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 −1 0 0 0
81  Mali -4 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
81  Mongolia -4 1 −1 0 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 −1 0 0 −1 0 0 0
81  Niger -4 0 −1 0 –1 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
96  Belize -5 1 −1 0 –1 −1 0 −1 0 –1 0 –1 0 0 0 0 0 0
96  Benin -5 0 −1 0 0 −1 –1 −1 0 0 0 0 0 0 −1 0 0 0
96  British Virgin Islands -5 3 −1 0 –1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 0 0 −1 0 0 0
96  Cambodia -5 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 –1 0 0 0 0 0 0
96  Georgia -5 2 −1 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 –2 0 –1 0 0 –1 0 –1 0
96  Moldova -5 1 −1 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 –1 0 –1 –1 0 0 0
96  Pakistan -5 1 −1 0 2 1 01 −1 0 –2 0 −1 −1 0 –1 –1 –1 –1
96  Seychelles[note 12] -5 1 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 −1 0 0 0
96  Singapore -5 0 −1 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 0 –1 –1 –1 0 0 0 0 0
96  Sri Lanka[note 13] -5 1 −1 1 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 –1 –1 0 −1 0 0 0
96  Suriname -5 1 −1 0 −1 −1 –1 −1 0 −1 01 0 0 0 −1 0 0 0
107  Antigua and Barbuda -6 0 −1 0 –1 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 –1 –1 0 0 0 0 0
107  Barbados -6 1 −1 0 –1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 –1 0 0 0 0 0
107  Gabon -6 0 −1 0 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 −2 0 0 0
107  Guinea-Bissau -6 0 −1 0 –1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 −1 0 0 0
107  Jordan -6 0 −1 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 0 0 0 −2 0 0 0
107  Kyrgyzstan -6 0 −1 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 –1 0 −1 0 0 −2 0 0 0
107  Namibia -6 0 −1 1 –1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 0 0 0 0
107  Peru[note 14] -6 1 −1 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 –1 0 0 −1 0 −2 0
107  Ukraine -6 1 −1 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 –1 0 –1 −2 0 0 0
107  Vanuatu -6 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 −1 0 0 0
117  Burkina Faso -7 0 −1 0 0 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 0 0 0 −2 0 0 0
117  Honduras[note 15] -7 2 −1 0 –1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 −2 0 –1 0
117  Lebanon[note 16] -7 0 −1 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 –1 –1 −1 −1 0 0
117  Mauritius[note 17] -7 1 −1 0 –1 –1 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 0 −1 0 0
117  Myanmar -7 0 −1 0 –1 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 −1 –1 0 −1 0 0 0
117  Nicaragua -7 1 −1 0 –1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 −2 0 0 0
117  Philippines[note 18] -7 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 –1 0 0 –1 0
117  Turkey[note 19] -7 0 −1 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 –1 –1 –1 –1 0
117  Venezuela -7 1 −1 0 0 –1 0 −1 0 −1 –1 0 0 0 −2 0 −1 0
126  Bangladesh -8 0 −1 0 1 1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 –1 0 −2 –1 –1 0
126  Cook Islands -8 1 −1 0 0 −1 0 −1 0 −2 –1 –1 –1 0 −1 0 0 0
126  Equatorial Guinea -8 0 −1 0 –1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 0 0 0 −2 0 0 0
126  Poland -8 1 −1 0 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 –2 0 –1 −2 0 0 0
126  Tajikistan -8 0 −1 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 0 0 −2 –1 0 0
126  Trinidad and Tobago -8 0 −1 0 –1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 –1 0 0 0 −1 0 –1 0
132  Algeria -9 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 −1 0 0 –1 0 0
132  Bahamas -9 0 −1 0 1 −1 −1 −1 0 –1 0 −1 0 0 −2 0 –2 0
132  Bahrain[note 20] -9 0 −1 0 0 −1 0 −1 0 −2 –1 0 0 0 −2 −1 0 0
132  Burundi -9 0 −1 0 –1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 –1 0 −1 –1 0 0
132  Central African Republic -9 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 0 0 −2 0 –1 –1 0 −2 0 0 0
132  Democratic Republic of Congo -9 0 −1 0 –1 –1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 0 0 −2 0 0 0
132  Djibouti[note 21] -9 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 0 0 0 −2 –1 0 0
132  Grenada -9 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 –1 –1 0 −1 −1 0 0
132  Guatemala -9 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 −2 0 –2 0
132  Indonesia -9 0 −1 –1 0 −1 –1 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 −2 –1 0 0
132  North Korea -9 0 −1 0 −1 −1 –1 −1 0 −2 0 –1 0 0 −1 0 0 0
132  Madagascar -9 0 −1 0 0 −1 −1 −1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 −2 0 –2 0
132  Republic of the Congo -9 0 −1 0 0 −1 −1 −1 0 −2 0 –1 0 0 −2 0 0 0
132  Rwanda -9 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 –1 0 0 −2 0 0 0
132  Sierra Leone -9 0 −1 0 −1 0 –1 −1 0 −1 0 –1 −1 0 −2 0 0 0
132  Tonga -9 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 –1 0 –1 0 0 0
132  Tunisia -9 0 −1 0 –1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 –1 0 −1 0 –1 0
132   Vatican City[note 22] -9 0 −1 0 −1 −1 −1 −1 0 −2 0 −1 0 0 0 −1 0 0
150  Azerbaijan -10 0 −1 0 –1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 –1 −1 –2 0 0
150  Belarus -10 0 −1 0 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 –1 −2 −2 0 0
150  Guyana -10 0 −1 0 –1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 –1 0
150  Kenya -10 0 −1 –1 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 –1 0 −2 –1 0 0
150  Oman -10 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 −1 −1 −1 0 −1 −1 0 0
150  Papua New Guinea -10 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 –1 0 −2 0 −2 0
150  Paraguay -10 0 −1 0 −1 −1 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 −1 0 –2 0
150  Togo -10 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −2 –1 0 0
150  Uzbekistan -10 0 −1 0 0 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 −1 0 −2 –1 0 0
150  Zambia -10 0 −1 0 0 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 −1 0 −2 –1 0 0
160  Brunei -11 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 –1 −1 −1 0 −1 0 0 –1
160  Chad -11 0 −1 0 −1 −1 −1 0 0 −2 0 −1 −1 0 −2 –1 0 0
160  Comoros -11 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 −1 0 −2 –1 0 0
160  Dominica -11 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 −1 0 −2 −1 0 0
160  Dominican Republic -11 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 –1 −1 0 0 −1 0 –2 0
160  Ethiopia -11 0 −1 0 –1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 −1 0 −2 –1 0 0
160  Ghana[note 23] -11 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 −1 0 −2 −1 0 0
160  Ivory Coast -11 0 −1 –1 −1 −1 −1 −1 0 −2 0 −1 0 0 −2 0 0 0
160  Liberia -11 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 −1 0 −2 −1 0 0
160  Maldives -11 0 −1 0 −1 –1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 –1 0 −2 –1 0 0
160  Senegal -11 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 –1 –1 0 −2 −1 0 0
160  Solomon Islands -11 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 –1 −1 −1 0 −2 0 0 0
160  Sudan -11 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −2 –1 −1 −1 0 −2 0 0 0
160  Eswatini -11 0 −1 0 0 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 −1 0 −2 0 –2 0
160  Syria -11 0 −1 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 –1 −1 −1 0 −2 −1 −1 –1
160  Turkmenistan -11 0 −1 0 0 −1 0 −1 0 −2 −1 −1 −1 0 −2 –1 0 0
176  Eritrea -12 0 −1 0 –1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 –1 0 −2 −1 −1 0
176  Gambia -12 0 −1 –1 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 −1 0 −2 −1 0 0
176  Haiti -12 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 0 –1 −2 0 –2 0
176  Aceh (Indonesia) -12 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 −1 0 −2 –1 0 –1
176  Iraq[note 24] -12 0 −1 0 −1 −1 −1 −1 0 −2 –1 0 0 0 −2 −1 –1 0
176  Jamaica -12 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −2 −1 –2 0
176  Malawi -12 0 −1 0 0 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 −1 0 −2 −1 –2 0
176  Malaysia -12 0 −1 0 0 −1 0 −1 0 −2 –1 −1 −1 –1 −1 −1 −1 0
176  Mauritania -12 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 −1 0 −2 −1 0 −1
176  Morocco -12 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −2 −2 –1 0
176  Russia -12 0 −1 0 1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 −1 −1 0 –1 −2 –1 –2 0
176  Tanzania -12 0 −1 0 0 −1 −1 −1 0 −2 0 –1 −1 0 −2 −2 0 0
176  Uganda -12 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 −1 –1 −2 −1 0 0
176  Zimbabwe -12 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −2 −1 –2 0
190  Cameroon -13 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 −1 0 −2 −1 −2 0
190  Egypt -13 0 −1 0 −1 −1 −1 −1 0 −2 0 −1 −1 0 −2 −2 0 0
190  Kuwait -13 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 –1 −1 −1 0 −2 −2 0 0
190  Nigeria[note 25] -13 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −2 −1 0 –3
190  Qatar -13 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 –1 −1 −1 0 −2 −1 0 −1
195  Afghanistan -14 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 −1 0 −2 −1 –2 −1
195  Libya -14 0 −1 0 −1 –1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 –1 0 −2 –1 −2 −1
195  United Arab Emirates -14 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 –1 −1 −1 0 −2 −1 −1 −1
198  Yemen -15 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 −1 −1 −1 0 −2 −1 −2 −1
199  Iran -17 0 −1 0 0 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 −1 0 −2 −1 −2 −5
200  Saudi Arabia -18 0 −1 0 –1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 –1 −1 −1 0 −2 −1 −1 −5
200  Somalia[note 26] -18 0 −1 0 −1 −1 0 −1 0 −2 0 −1 −1 0 −2 −1 −2 −5
202  Chechnya (Russia) -19 0 −1 0 0 −1 −1 0 0 −2 0 −1 −1 −1 −2 −2 −2 −5

United States

List of U.S. states by their Gay Travel Index (2021)[5]
Rank State Total Anti-Discrimination Legislation Transgender Rights Intersex/3rd Option Hate Crime Law "Conversion Therapy" LGBT Marketing Queer Infrastructure Gay and Trans Panic Defence Locals Hostile
1  California 11 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 0 0
1  Illinois 11 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 0 0
3  Colorado 10 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 0 0
3  Nevada 10 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 0 0
3  New York 10 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 0 –1
3  District of Columbia 10 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 0 0
7  Connecticut 9 2 2 1 2 1 0 1 0 0
7  Hawaii 9 2 2 1 2 1 0 1 0 0
7  Massachusetts 9 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 −1 0
7  Oregon 9 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 –1 0
7  Washington 9 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 0 −1
12  New Jersey 8 2 2 1 2 1 0 0 0 0
12  Rhode Island 8 2 2 1 2 1 0 0 0 0
12  Virginia 8 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 −1 0
15  New Mexico 7 2 2 1 2 1 0 0 −1 0
15  Utah 7 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 −1 0
15  Vermont 7 2 2 1 2 1 0 0 −1 0
18  Maryland 6 2 2 1 2 1 0 0 –1 –1
19  Delaware 5 2 2 −1 2 1 0 0 −1 0
19  Maine 5 2 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
19  New Hampshire 5 2 0 1 2 1 0 0 −1 0
22  Minnesota 4 2 1 1 2 −1 0 0 −1 0
23  Florida[note 27] 3 1 2 –1 1 −1 2 1 −1 –1
23  Pennsylvania 3 2 2 1 0 −1 0 1 −1 –1
25  Idaho 2 1 2 1 0 −1 0 0 −1 0
26  Arizona 1 1 0 −1 1 −1 1 1 −1 0
26  Georgia 1 2 0 −1 1 −1 1 1 −1 −1
26  Indiana 1 0 1 1 1 −1 0 0 −1 0
26  Iowa 1 2 1 −1 1 −1 0 0 −1 0
26  Kansas 1 2 1 −1 1 −1 0 0 −1 0
26  Louisiana 1 1 0 –1 1 −1 1 1 −1 0
32  Alaska 0 1 2 −1 0 −1 0 0 −1 0
32  Arkansas 0 1 0 1 0 −1 0 0 −1 0
32  Montana 0 1 2 −1 0 −1 0 0 −1 0
35  Kentucky -1 1 0 −1 1 –1 0 0 −1 0
35  Mississippi -1 1 1 −1 0 −1 0 0 −1 0
35  Nebraska -1 1 0 −1 1 −1 0 0 −1 0
35  South Dakota -1 1 1 −1 0 −1 0 0 −1 0
35  Tennessee -1 1 –1 −1 2 −1 0 1 −1 −1
35  Texas -1 1 1 −1 1 −1 0 1 −1 –2
35  West Virginia -1 1 1 −1 0 −1 0 0 −1 0
35  Wisconsin -1 1 0 −1 1 −1 0 0 −1 0
43  Alabama -2 1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 −1 0
43  Michigan -2 2 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 −1 –1
43  Missouri -2 1 0 −1 1 −1 0 0 −1 –1
43  North Carolina -2 1 0 −1 0 0 0 0 −1 −1
43  North Dakota -2 1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 −1 0
43  Ohio -2 1 0 −1 0 −1 0 1 −1 –1
43  Oklahoma -2 1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 −1 0
43  South Carolina -2 1 1 −1 0 −1 0 0 −1 –1
43  Wyoming -2 1 0 −1 0 −1 0 0 −1 0

Notes

  1. ^ In Canada the adoption laws vary per province. Same-sex-adoption is however possible countrywide.
  2. ^ In Northern Ireland the legal situation for same-sex adoption is unclear.
  3. ^ In Germany, due to federal government system, there are varying regulations regarding arrival/residence HIV. For example, in Bavaria someone who is HIV-positive can be denied entry. The Federal Constitutional Court has stipulated in several renditions of judgment that the politicians implement the same rights for gay men and lesbians which apply to heterosexuals.
  4. ^ The Employment Equality Act allows religious-run workplaces exemption from its anti-discrimination provisions to protect their ethos.
  5. ^ In Israel a civil marriage for both homosexual and heterosexual couples is not possible as marriage can only be performed by a Rabbi. This problem does not only apply to gays and lesbians but also heterosexuals belonging to different religious affiliations. There are limited anti-discrimination laws (exception: certain religious groups).
  6. ^ In December 2013, the Supreme Court set aside a 2009 verdict by the Delhi High Court that had decriminalized homosexuality. This decision was once again overturned in September 2018.
  7. ^ The United States Virgin Islands have the same legal status as Puerto Rico regarding the USA. There is also a ban on hate crimes. After the Supreme Court decided in favor of same-sex marriage in the US, there are plans to implement same-sex marriage in Puerto Rico as well.
  8. ^ Bosnia and Herzegovina passed an unclear anti-discrimination law in 2009 in which a ban on discrimination against "sexual expression" is mentioned. There is a reference that "sexual identity" is not meant in this case. It is obvious that an attempt to adhere to the minimum requirements from the EU has been made, to be accepted into the EU.
  9. ^ As an overseas territory of the Netherlands Sint Maarten recognizes same-sex marriages which are performed in the Netherlands. In St. Maarten itself gay marriage is still not possible, but changes can soon follow. There are no adoption laws.
  10. ^ Armenia has received many reports of illegal violence from police against homosexuals.
  11. ^ In Botswana homosexuality is practically illegally on the basis of the ban on "unnatural act", but in the labor law there is still an explicit prohibition of discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation.
  12. ^ In May 2016 the Parliament of Seychelles decided to make homosexuality legal.
  13. ^ At the request of the UNHCR Sri Lanka has announced that discrimination of homosexuals is constitutionally forbidden. It was further stressed that the anti-sodomy law is not aimed against homosexuals, but applies for all to protect public morals.
  14. ^ Consensual homosexual acts in Peru between adults are legal. An exception applies for members of the military and police, who can be prosecuted with a prison sentence ranging from 60 days to 20 years or suspension from duty.
  15. ^ In Honduras an anti-discrimination law has recently been passed, but in practice it is ignored.
  16. ^ There are reports of a different judicial interpretations of the law on "sex against nature".
  17. ^ In Mauritius, the sodomy law tends to find application with the heterosexual population. The Equal Opportunities Act protects homosexuals against discrimination at work. It is therefore questionable whether homosexuality is classified as illegal or not.
  18. ^ There are regional differences in the laws relating to homosexuals. In addition, the local religion is just as crucial, whether a law is implemented or not.
  19. ^ Police stopped violently the Gay Pride on 29th June, 2015. This can be considered a de facto ban on the Pride.
  20. ^ In Bahrain although the paragraph referring to sodomy was abolished in 1976 from the local legal code, gay men can still be punished with imprisonment according to the laws regarding "unmoral" behavior.
  21. ^ The Shariah-law in Djibouti is often superior to the constitutional laws, so it could be expected that homosexuality is punishable.
  22. ^ The Vatican City adheres to Italian law, but restrictions are possible if the ecclesiastical law contradicts Italian law. Therefore, there are conflicting opinions that homosexuality is not illegal or just not happily seen, but tolerated.
  23. ^ In Ghana there is a ban on unnatural sex. The government recognizes in this a clear ban on homosexuality.
  24. ^ Homosexuality in Iraq is formally legal, but police and military track down homosexuals, and reports of murder and rape exist.
  25. ^ In Nigeria the death penalty only applies for homosexuals according to the Shariah laws and therefore relates only to Muslims in the north of Nigeria.
  26. ^ Shariah laws applies in Somalia since 2012. There is however contradictory information, since, on the other hand the maximum penalty is up to 3 years in prison, nevertheless in 2013 a homosexual was stoned to death after a judgment.
  27. ^ In 2015 Florida explicitly lifted the adoption ban for homosexuals after federal judges ruled it unconstitutional in 2010.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Wyborcza.pl". Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  2. ^ "Gay Consumers See Themselves as Tastemakers, Prefer Gay-Friendly Companies, Says Study". EDGE Media Network. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  3. ^ "The Global Divide on Homosexuality Persists". 25 June 2020.
  4. ^ a b Hoppe, Sascha (31 August 2021). "Spartacus Gay Travel Index 2021". Spartacus Gay Travel Blog. Retrieved 29 September 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ a b "Spartacus Gay Travel Index (GTI)". Spartacus Gay Travel Blog.

External links