Ivo Pogorelić (also Ivo Pogorelich; born 20 October 1958) is a Yugoslav-born Croatian pianist. A musician of wide repertoire, among his renowned recordings are Ravel's Gaspard de la nuit and Prokofiev's Piano Sonata No. 6.
Pogorelić was born in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, to a Croatian father and a Serbian mother. (Following the breakup of Yugoslavia, Pogorelić became a Croatian citizen.) He received his first piano lessons when he was seven and attended the Vojislav Vučković Music School in Belgrade until he was 12, when he was invited to Moscow to continue his studies at the Central Music School with Evgeny Timakin. He later graduated from the Moscow Conservatory, where he studied with Vera Gornostayeva and Yevgeny Malinin. In 1976 he began working intensively with the Georgian pianist and teacher Alisa Kezheradze, who passed on to him the tradition of the Liszt–Siloti school. They were married from 1980 until her death in 1996 from liver cancer.
Pogorelić won the Casagrande Competition in Terni, Italy, in 1978 and the Montreal International Musical Competition in 1980. In 1980 he entered the X International Chopin Piano Competition in Warsaw and was eliminated in the third round, causing a major scandal in the classical music world. One of the jurors, Martha Argerich, proclaimed him a "genius" and resigned from the jury in protest. Two other jurors declared that was "unthinkable that such an artist should not make it to the finals". The publicity of the scandal helped Pogorelić in starting his career.
Pogorelić gave his debut recital in New York's Carnegie Hall in 1981. He debuted in London the same year. Since then, he has played many solo recitals worldwide and has played with some of the world's leading orchestras including the Boston Symphony Orchestra, the London Symphony Orchestra, the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, the Vienna Philharmonic, the Berlin Philharmonic, and many others. Pogorelić soon began recording for Deutsche Grammophon and in 1982 he became one of their exclusive artists. He has made recordings of works by Bach, Beethoven, Brahms, Chopin, Haydn, Liszt, Mozart, Mussorgsky, Prokofiev, Rachmaninoff, Ravel, Scarlatti, Schumann, Scriabin and Tchaikovsky. He was the first classical pianist to be invited to perform in Kuwait.
Pogorelić's performances have sometimes been controversial. His interpretations were well received by a large number of concert audiences, but not always by critics. His early recording of Prokofiev's Sixth Sonata received high praise, including a Rosette award in the Penguin Guide to Classical Recordings. However, New York Times critic Harold C. Schonberg criticized Pogorelić for his unusually slow tempos in Beethoven's Op. 111 Sonata, and said Pogorelić "seems desperately trying to be the Glenn Gould of Romantic pianism (with some of Gould's eccentricities but none of his particular kind of genius)". Twenty years later, another Times critic, Anthony Tommasini, reviewed a performance of the same piece, writing, "Here is an immense talent gone tragically astray. What went wrong?"
Other cultural activities
In 1986, Pogorelić established a foundation in Yugoslavia to further the careers of young performers from his homeland. In 1988, he was named an Ambassador of Goodwill by UNESCO, the first classical pianist ever so appointed. He no longer occupies this position (as of August 2009).
From 1989 to 1997, the Ivo Pogorelić Festival in Bad Wörishofen gave young artists the opportunity to perform with renowned artists. In December 1993, Pogorelić founded the "International Solo Piano Competition" in conjunction with the Ambassador Foundation in Pasadena, California. Its mission is to help young musicians develop their career with the first prize of US$100,000.
In 1994 he helped to provide medical support for the people of Sarajevo by setting up a foundation that organized charity concerts. He has helped to raise money for the rebuilding of Sarajevo, for the Red Cross, and for the fight against illnesses such as cancer and multiple sclerosis.
Pogorelić suffered chronic rheumatic fever during his childhood and hepatitis when he was 21, which left him with a legacy of extreme care for his health. He practises the same biodynamic exercises created for Russian ballet dancers in the 1920s, takes long walks daily, goes to bed when night falls, and rises at 5:30 a.m.
First, technical perfection as something natural. Second, an insight into the development of the piano sound, as perfected by the pianist-composers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, composers who understood the piano both as a human voice ... and as an orchestra with which they could produce a variety of colors. Third, the need to learn how to use every aspect of our new instruments, which are richer in sound. Fourth, the importance of differentiation.— Ivo Pogorelić about the most important things Aliza Kezeradze taught him.
- Duchen, Jessica (2001). "Pogorelich, Ivo". Grove Music Online. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.42845. ISBN 978-1-56159-263-0. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- "The key to survival". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
- McCormick, Lisa (2018). "Pogorelich at the Chopin: Towards a sociology of competition scandals". The Chopin Review. Fryderyk Chopin Institute (1). ISSN 2544-9249.
- "Ivo Pogorelić". inyourpocket.com. Archived from the original on 24 April 2015. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
- Schonberg, Harold C. (6 July 1986). "Do Today's Pianists Have The Romantic Touch?". The New York Times.
- Tommasini, Anthony (28 October 2006). "After a Decade Away, an Elusive Figure Returns". The New York Times.
- Stephen Pettit, "Intense and sensitive" (feature on Ivo Pogorelić), ABC Radio 24 Hours, April 2000
- Herbort, Hans Josef (15 May 1981). "Ich möchte gern mein Publikum sein". Die Zeit. Retrieved 30 June 2015. (in German language)
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