Japan Air Self-Defense Force

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Japan Air Self-Defense Force
航空自衛隊
JASDF emblem.svg
Japan Air Self-Defense Force emblem
Founded July 1, 1954; 63 years ago (1954-07-01)
Country  Japan
Type Air force
Role Aerial warfare
Size 50,324 personnel[1] (2013)
777 aircraft
Part of Japan Self-Defense Forces
Garrison/HQ Ichigaya, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan
Motto(s) "Key to Defense, Ready Anytime!"
Website www.mod.go.jp/asdf
Commanders
Commander-in-Chief PM Shinzō Abe
Minister of Defense Itsunori Onodera
Chief of Staff, Joint Staff Admiral Katsutoshi Kawano
Chief of the Air Staff General Yoshiyuki Sugiyama
Insignia
Roundel Roundel of Japan.svg Roundel of Japan - Low Visibility.svg
Ensign Flag of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force.svg
Aircraft flown
Attack F-2
Electronic
warfare
E-767, EC-1, E-2C
Fighter F-4EJ, F-15J/DJ, F-2, F-35A
Helicopter UH-60J, CH-47J
Interceptor F-15J
Trainer F-15DJ, T-7, T-400, T-4
Transport C-1, C-2, KC-767J, C-130H, Boeing 747-400
Air Defense Identification Zone of Japan

The Japan Air Self-Defense Force (航空自衛隊, Kōkū Jieitai), or JASDF, is the aviation branch of the Japan Self-Defense Forces, responsible for the defense of Japanese airspace and for other aerospace operations.[2] The JASDF carries out combat air patrols around Japan, while also maintaining a network of ground and air early-warning radar systems. The branch also has an aerobatic team known as Blue Impulse and has provided air transport in UN peacekeeping missions.

The JASDF had an estimated 50,324 personnel as of 2013, and as of 2013 operated 777 aircraft, approximately 373 of them fighter aircraft.[3]

History[edit]

Before forming the Japanese Self-Defense Forces after World War II, Japan did not have a separate air force. Aviation operations were carried out by the Imperial Japanese Army Air Service and the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service. Following World War II, the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy were dissolved and later replaced by the JSDF with the passing of the 1954 Self-Defense Forces Law, with the JASDF as the aviation branch.

Organization[edit]

Japan Air Self-Defense Force Air Defense Command Headquarters (2012)

Major units of the JASDF are the Air Defense Command, Air Support Command, Air Training Command, Air Development and Test Command, and Air Materiel Command. The Air Support Command is responsible for direct support of operational forces in rescue, transportation, control, weather monitoring and inspection. The Air Training Command is responsible for basic flying and technical training. The Air Development and Test Command, in addition to overseeing equipment research and development, is also responsible for research and development in such areas as flight medicine.

The Air Defense Command has northern, central, and western regional headquarters located at Misawa, Iruma, and Kasuga, respectively and the Southwestern Composite Air Division based at Naha on Okinawa. All four regional headquarters control surface-to-air missile units of both the JASDF and the JGSDF located in their respective areas.

Boeing KC-767J tanker (2017)

Ranks[edit]

Officers(幹部)[edit]

Insignia Full General
統合幕僚長
および
航空幕僚長
たる空将
Lieutenant
General

空将
Major
General

空将補
Colonel
1等空佐
Lieutenant
Colonel
2等空佐
Major
3等空佐
Captain
1等空尉
First
Lieutenant
2等空尉
Second
Lieutenant
3等空尉
Type A
(甲階級章)
JASDF General insignia (a).svg JASDF Lieutenant General insignia (a).svg JASDF Major General insignia (a).svg JASDF Colonel insignia (a).svg JASDF Lieutenant Colonel insignia (a).svg JASDF Major insignia (a).svg JASDF Captain insignia (a).svg JASDF First Lieutenant insignia (a).svg JASDF Second Lieutenant insignia (a).svg
Type B
(乙階級章)
JASDF General insignia (b).svg JASDF Lieutenant General insignia (b).svg JASDF Major General insignia (b).svg JASDF Colonel insignia (b).svg JASDF Lieutenant Colonel insignia (b).svg JASDF Major insignia (b).svg JASDF Captain insignia (b).svg JASDF First Lieutenant insignia (b).svg JASDF Second Lieutenant insignia (b).svg
Miniature
(略章)
JASDF General insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Lieutenant General insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Major General insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Colonel insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Lieutenant Colonel insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Major insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Captain insignia (miniature).svg JASDF First Lieutenant insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Second Lieutenant insignia (miniature).svg

Warrant Officer and Enlisted(准尉および曹士)[edit]

Insignia Warrant
Officer
准空尉
Senior
Master
Sergeant
空曹長
Master
Sergeant
1等空曹
Technical
Sergeant
2等空曹
Staff
Sergeant
3等空曹
Airman
1st Class

空士長
Airman
2nd Class

1等空士
Airman
3rd Class

2等空士
OR-D
Self Defence
Official Cadet
自衛官候補生
Type A
(甲階級章)
JASDF Warrant Officer insignia (a).svg JASDF Senior Master Sergeant insignia (a).svg JASDF Master Sergeant insignia (a).svg JASDF Technical Sergeant insignia (a).svg JASDF Staff Sergeant insignia (a).svg JASDF Airman 1st Class insignia (a).svg JASDF Airman 2nd Class insignia (a).svg JASDF Airman 3rd Class insignia (a).svg JASDF self defence official cadet insignia (a)1.svg

JASDF self defence official cadet insignia (a)2.svg
Type B
(乙階級章)
JASDF Warrant Officer insignia (b).svg JASDF Senior Master Sergeant insignia (b).svg JASDF Master Sergeant insignia (b).svg JASDF Technical Sergeant insignia (b).svg JASDF Staff Sergeant insignia (b).svg JASDF Airman 1st Class insignia (b).svg JASDF Airman 2nd Class insignia (b).svg JASDF Airman 3rd Class insignia (b).svg JASDF self defence official cadet insignia (b).svg
Miniature
(略章)
JASDF Warrant Officer insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Senior Master Sergeant insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Master Sergeant insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Technical Sergeant insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Staff Sergeant insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Airman 1st Class insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Airman 2nd Class insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Airman 3rd Class insignia (miniature).svg No insignia

Equipment[edit]

The JASDF maintains an integrated network of radar installations and air defense direction centers throughout the country known as the Basic Air Defense Ground Environment. In the late 1980s, the system was modernized and augmented with E-2C Hawkeye airborne early warning aircraft. The nation relies on fighter-interceptor aircraft and surface-to-air missiles to intercept hostile aircraft. Both of these systems were improved from the beginning of the late 1980s. Outmoded aircraft were replaced in the early 1990s with more sophisticated models, and Nike-J missiles have been replaced with the modern Patriot PAC-2 and PAC-3 system. The JASDF also provides air support for ground and sea operations of the JGSDF and the JMSDF and air defense for bases of all the forces. Base defenses were upgraded in the late 1980s with new surface-to-air missiles, modern antiaircraft artillery and new fixed and mobile aircraft shelters.

Aircraft[edit]

Current inventory[edit]

An F-2 taking off from the runway at Andersen Air Force Base, Guam (2007)
An E-2C Hawkeye landing at Misawa Air Base (1994)
A RF-4EJ Phantom II (2011)
A CH-47J from Iruma Air Base (2010)
A Kawasaki T-4 (2013)
Aircraft Origin Type Variant In service Notes
Combat Aircraft
Mitsubishi F-2 Japan multirole 62[4] based on the Lockheed Martin F-16
F-4 Phantom II United States multirole EF/RF-4EJ 71[4]
F-15 Eagle United States air superiority F-15J 155[4] manufactured by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
F-35 Lightning II United States multirole F-35A 1 42 on order[5]
AWACS
Boeing E-767 United States early warning and control 4[4]
E-2 Hawkeye United States AEW E-2C 13[4]
Electronic Warfare
Kawasaki C-1 Japan electronic warfare 1[4]
NAMC YS-11 Japan electronic warfare 4[4]
Tanker
Boeing KC-767 United States aerial refueling / transport 4[4]
Lockheed Martin KC-130 United States aerial refueling KC-130H 1[4]
Transport
Boeing 747 United States VIP 747-400 2[6] call sign Japanese Air Force One
Gulfstream IV United States VIP 5[4]
Hawker 800 United Kingdom SAR / transport 27[4]
Kawasaki C-1 Japan transport 22[4]
Kawasaki C-2 Japan heavy transport 1 19 on order[4]
C-130 Hercules United States transport C-130H 14[4]
NAMC YS-11 Japan transport 2[4]
Helicopters
CH-47 Chinook United States transport / utility CH-47J 17[4] licensed built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries
Sikorsky UH-60 United States utility / transport UH-60J 41[4] licensed built by Mitsubishi
Trainer Aircraft
Mitsubishi F-2 Japan conversion trainer F-2B 19[4]
F-15 Eagle United States conversion trainer F-15DJ 45[4] manufactured by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Hawker 400 United States jet trainer T-1 Jayhawk 13[4]
Fuji T-3 Japan trainer 48[4]
Kawasaki T-4 Japan jet trainer 201[4]
NAMC YS-11 Japan multi engine trainer 2[4]

Air defense[edit]

Future Aircraft of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force[edit]

Future aircraft[edit]

Aircraft Role Versions Quantity Note
Mitsubishi X-2 Stealth technology Demonstrator 1 prototype Maiden flight in 22 April 2016.[7]
Fuji TACOM Air-Launched Multi-Role Stealth UAV TACOM 6 In development and production[8]
F-35 Lightning II 5th generation stealth multirole fighter F-35A *42 *42 on order(four delivered)[9]
Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk Recon UAV RQ-4 *3 *3 on order[10]
E-2D Advanced Hawkeye AEW&C E-2D *4 *4 on order[11]
Boeing 777 VIP transport 777-300ER 2* *2 on order
Boeing KC-46 Pegasus aerial refueling KC-46 3* *3 on order

See also[edit]

References and notes[edit]

External links[edit]