Zhongli District

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Zhongli
中壢區
Chūreki, Jhongli, Chungli, Tiong-lek
Zhongli District
Clockwise from top left: Zhongli skyline, Taoyuan International Baseball Stadium, Zhongli Word-worshipping Paper Incinerator, Taoyuan Public Library Longgang Branch, Matsu New Village, National Central University. Center: Zhongli Zhongzheng Park
Clockwise from top left: Zhongli skyline, Taoyuan International Baseball Stadium, Zhongli Word-worshipping Paper Incinerator, Taoyuan Public Library Longgang Branch, Matsu New Village, National Central University. Center: Zhongli Zhongzheng Park
Location of Zhongli
Coordinates: 24°57′25″N 121°13′25″E / 24.95694°N 121.22361°E / 24.95694; 121.22361Coordinates: 24°57′25″N 121°13′25″E / 24.95694°N 121.22361°E / 24.95694; 121.22361
Country Republic of China (Taiwan)
MunicipalityTaoyuan City
Area
 • Total76.52 km2 (29.54 sq mi)
Population
 (May 2022)
 • Total420,311
 • Density5,500/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
Postal code
320
Area code(0)34
Websitewww.zhongli.tycg.gov.tw Edit this at Wikidata (in Chinese)

Zhongli District (Chinese: 中壢區; pinyin: Zhōnglì Qū) is a district in Taoyuan City, Taiwan. Zhongli is spelled variously as Jungli, Jongli, Jhongli or Chungli on railway stations, bus stops and road signs. Historically, the city is the site of the Zhongli Incident of 1977, the most significant event of the democratization movement prior to the 1980s. Ethnically, it is considered a capital city for Hakka Taiwanese, who live in great numbers here and in surrounding areas; many elderly persons can speak Hakka in addition to Mandarin and Taiwanese Hokkien.[1] In recent years many foreign workers (mainly from the Philippines and Thailand) have also settled in and around the city due to the heavy industry in the suburbs of the city, making it a center for foreign laborers.[2] The district of Zhongli has three large parks and over 70 green reserves.

Zhongli District is the busiest district in Southern Taoyuan (南桃園), as well as the location of the Taoyuan HSR station.

History[edit]

Map of Zhongli (labeled as CHŪREKI) and surrounding area (1944)
Zhongli District
Traditional Chinese中壢
Zhongli District office (then Zhongli City office)
Zhongli

Qing dynasty[edit]

In the 19th century, the area was home to Plains aborigines. During the Qing dynasty, immigrants from Fujian and Guangdong provinces arrived along with Hakka.[3] The original name of the area was Kan-a-lek (Chinese: 澗仔壢; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Kán-á-le̍k) due to its location between Tamsui and Hsinchu.

During Japanese rule, the town was administered as Chūreki Town (中壢庄), Chūreki District, Shinchiku Prefecture.

Republic of China[edit]

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China in 1945, Zhongli was reorganized as Zhongli Town. In October 1950, it was placed under Taoyuan County. On 1 July 1967, Zhongli was promoted to a county-administered city and became Zhongli City. On 25 December 2014, as Taoyuan County was upgraded to a special municipality named Taoyuan City, Zhongli became a district of the municipality.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Zhongli's population was estimated at 397,083 in January 2017, including 8,417 Taiwanese aborigines.[5] Zhongli is subdivided into 85 villages, with the eight biggest but least populated villages on the western side of the district (39 square kilometers but with 35,000 people),[citation needed] while the eastern side is occupied by industrial factories and the heart of the metropolitan area. This reflects the imbalance of development of western and eastern Zhongli.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The district comprises 88 villages:[5] Chenggong (成功), Deyi (德義), Duxing (篤行), Fude (福德), Fuhua (復華), Fuxing (復興), Guangming (光明), Guoling (過嶺), Heping (和平), Houliao (後寮), Huaai (華愛), Huaxun (華勛), Jianxing (健行), Jinhua (金華), Jiuming (舊明), Linsen (林森), Longan (龍安), Longchang (龍昌), Longci (龍慈), Longde (龍德), Longgang (龍岡), Longping (龍平), Longdong (龍東), Longxing (龍興), Mingde (明德), Neicuo (內厝), Neiding (內定), Neili (內壢), Puqiang (普強), Puqing (普慶), Puren (普仁), Puyi (普義), Puzhong (普忠), Qiaxi (洽溪), Qingpu (青埔), Qingxi (青溪), Renai (仁愛), Rende (仁德), Renfu (仁福), Renhe (仁和), Renmei (仁美), Renxiang (仁祥), Renyi (仁義), Sanmin (三民), Shandong (山東), Shitou (石頭), Shuiwei (水尾), Dongxing (東興), Wenhua (文化), Wufu (五福), Wuquan (五權), Xingfu (幸福), Xingfu (興福), Xingguo (興國), Xinghe (興和), Xinghua (興華), Xingnan (興南), Xingping (興平), Xingren (興仁), Xinjie (新街), Xinming (新明), Xinxing (新興), Xinyi (信義), Yongfu (永福), Yongguang (永光), Yongxing (永興), Yuemei (月眉), Zhengyi (正義), Zhenxing (振興), Zhiba (芝芭), Zhishan (至善), Zhongfu (中福), Zhongjian (中堅), Zhongjian (中建), Zhongli (中壢), Zhongrong (中榮), Zhongshan (中山), Zhongxiao (忠孝), Zhongxing (中興), Zhongyang (中央), Zhongyi (忠義), Zhongyuan (中原), Zhongzheng (中正), Zhuangjing (莊敬), Ziqiang (自強), Zili (自立), Zixin (自信) and Zizhi (自治).

Economy[edit]

Department Store and Shops[edit]

Zhongli TRA Station is surrounded by shops on the street, and Zhongli also has a SOGO-branched department store. Zhongli Night Market opens daily, usually from 6 p.m. to 1 a.m. In addition, there are two shopping districts: Ta-tung (大同商圈) and Jung-ping (中平商圈), both within half an hour's walk from the Zhongli train station.[6]

Industry[edit]

The Zhongli–Neili Industrial Park was established in December 1976. This is a combined multipurpose industrial park, controlled by Taiwan's Economic Bureau, with a total area of 433 sq. yards. There are currently 480 companies that have built either factories or offices here, belonging to electronic, metal, chemical, mechanical, food, textile and plastic manufacturers.

Education[edit]

Library[edit]

  • Zhongli City Library, four floors of books, allowed to be borrowed for a month
  • Neili Library
  • Longgang Library

Universities[edit]

Academies and institutes[edit]

Public high schools[edit]

Religious organizations[edit]

Taoist and folk religion Temples

Buddhist Temples


Christian Churches

Mosque

Tourist attractions[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Zhongli is centered around the Zhongli railway station, the third-busiest railway station in Taiwan. In addition, there is also the Neili railway station and the under-construction Chungyuan railway station. The Taoyuan HSR station on the Taiwan High Speed Rail (THSR) is a 15-minute drive from central Zhongli. There are free shuttle buses from central Zhongli to the THSR station every 15–20 minutes. The Taoyuan Airport MRT has been open to the public since 2017. An extension of this MRT line from Huanbei Station (A21) to the TRA station is still under construction as of October 2022. Laojie River Station (A22) is expected to open in December 2022, while Zhongli Railway Station (A23) is expected to open in 2028. In addition, the Taiwan Railways Administration Zhongli Station provides conventional train connections to other Taiwanese cities.

Mass rapid transit[edit]

Taiwan Railways[edit]

Taiwan High Speed Rail[edit]

Roads[edit]

Zhongli South Bus Station

Zhongli is served by both National Highway No. 1 and Provincial Highway No. 66. The nationally owned E-Go freeway buses, near the Zhongli Station, are an inexpensive way of transport to other cities.

Sister Cities[edit]

Notable natives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 總計畫:客家紮根研究 (PDF) (in Chinese). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 25, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
  2. ^ 經濟部工業局中壢工業區服務中心--首頁.
  3. ^ "History". Zhongli City. 2010-06-21. Retrieved 2010-07-03.
  4. ^ http://163.29.191.47/en2013/intro/dept2/List.asp[dead link]
  5. ^ a b "認識我們" 認識我們 [About Us]. tycg.gov.tw (in Chinese). Household Registration Office of Zhongli District, Taoyuan. 22 July 2020. Retrieved 2022-06-21.
  6. ^ Kelley, Brandi (2018). "Where have you been all my life?". Dance Major Journal. 6. doi:10.5070/d561040996. ISSN 2578-9627.
  7. ^ "Education and Culture". Zhongli City. 2010-06-21. Retrieved 2010-07-03.
  8. ^ Yuan Kwang Buddhist Academy, Taiwan.
  9. ^ National Zhongli Commercial High School, Zhongli, Taiwan.
  10. ^ Zhongli Christian Bible Church, Taiwan http://www.aizhu.com/zcbc

External links[edit]