Chūreki, Jhongli, Chungli, Tiong-lek
|• Total||76.52 km2 (29.54 sq mi)|
|• Density||5,200/km2 (13,000/sq mi)|
Zhongli District (Chinese: 中壢區; pinyin: Zhōnglì Qū) is a district in Taoyuan City, Taiwan. Zhongli is spelled variously as Jungli, Jongli, Jhongli or Chungli on railway, bus stop and road signs. Historically, the city is the site of the Zhongli Incident of 1977, the most significant event of the democratization movement prior to the 1980s. Ethnically, it is considered a kind of capital city for Hakka Taiwanese, who live in great numbers here and in surrounding areas; many elderly persons can speak Hakka in addition to Mandarin and Taiwanese Hokkien. In recent years many foreign workers (mainly from the Philippines and Thailand) have also settled in and around the city due to the heavy industry in the suburbs of the city, making it a center for foreign laborers. The city of Zhongli has three large parks and over 70 green reserves.
In the 19th century, the area was home to Pingpu aborigines. During the Qing dynasty, immigrants from Fujian and Guangdong provinces arrived along with Hakka. The original name of the area was Kan-a-lek (Chinese: 澗仔壢; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Kán-á-le̍k) due to its location between Tamsui and Hsinchu.
Republic of China
After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China in 1945, Zhongli was reorganized as Zhongli Town. In October 1950, it was placed under Taoyuan County. On 1 July 1967, Zhongli was promoted to a county-administered city and became Zhongli City. On 25 December 2014, as Taoyuan County was upgraded to a special municipality named Taoyuan City, Zhongli became a district of the municipality.
Zhongli's population was estimated at 397,083 in January 2017, including 8,417 Taiwanese aborigines. Zhongli is subdivided into 85 villages, with the eight biggest but least populated villages on the western side of the district (39 square kilometers but with 35,000 people), while the eastern side is occupied by industrial factories and the heart of the metropolitan area. This reflects the imbalance of development of western and eastern Zhongli.
The district comprises 85 villages: Chenggong, Deyi, Duhang, Fude, Fuhua, Fuxing, Guangming, Guoling, Heping, Houliao, Huaai, Huaxun, Jianhang, Jingpu, Jinhua, Jiuming, Linsen, Longan, Longchang, Longci, Longde, Longgang, Longping, Longtung, Longxing, Mingde, Neicuo, Neiding, Neili, Pujiang, Puqing, Puren, Puyi, Puzhong, Qiaxi, Renai, Rende, Renfu, Renhe, Renmei, Renxiang, Renyi, Sanmin, Shantung, Shitou, Shuiwei, Tungxing, Wenhua, Wufu, Wuquan, Xingfu, Xingguo, Xinghe, Xingnan, Xingping, Xingren, Xinjie, Xinming, Xinxing, Xinyi, Yongfu, Yongguang, Yongxing, Yuemei, Zhengyi, Zhenxing, Zhiba, Zhishan, Zhongfu, Zhongjian, Zhongjian, Zhongli, Zhongrong, Zhongshan, Zhongxiao, Zhongxing, Zhongyang, Zhongyi, Zhongyuan, Zhongzheng, Zhuangjing, Zijiang, Zili, Zixin and Zizhi.
Zhongli TRA Station is surrounded by shops on the street, and Zhongli also has a SOGO-branched department store. Zhongli Night Market opens daily, usually from 6 p.m. to 1 a.m. In addition, there are two shopping districts: Ta-tung (大同商圈) and Jung-ping (中平商圈), both within half an hour's walk from the Zhongli train station.
The Zhongli–Neili Industrial Park was established in December 1976. This is a combined multipurpose industrial park, controlled by Taiwan's Economic Bureau, with a total area of 433 sq. yards. There are currently 480 companies that have built either factories or offices here, belonging to electronic, metal, chemical, mechanical, food, textile and plastic manufacturers.
- Zhongli City Library, four floors of books, allowed to be borrowed for a month
- Neili Library
- Longgang Library
- National Central University
- Chung Yuan Christian University
- Yuan Ze University
- Chien Hsin University of Science and Technology
- Vanung University
- Nanya Institute of Technology
- Sheng-te Christian College
Academies and institutes
Public high schools
- The Affiliated Jhongli Senior High School of National Central University
- National Neili Senior High School
- National Zhongli Commercial High School
- Action Museum
- HeySong Beverage Museum
- Jenhai Temple
- Jungshan Park
- Jungte Temple
- Lungkang Park
- Shengchi Pavilion
- Taiwan High Speed Rail Museum
- Yuankuang Temple
- Zhongli Arts Hall
- Zhongli Night Market
- X PARK
The city of Zhongli is centered around the TRA Zhongli Station. The TRA station is the third-busiest station in Taiwan. In addition, there is Neili TRA station. The only station situated in Taoyuan on the Taiwan High Speed Rail (THSR) is a 15-minute drive from central Zhongli. There are free shuttle buses from central Zhongli to the THSR station every 15–20 minutes. The Taipei/Airport MRT line has been open to the public since 2017. An extension of this MRT line from A21 (Huanbei Station) to the TRA station is still under construction as of October 2018. In addition, the Taiwan Railway Administration Zhongli Station provides conventional train connections to other Taiwanese cities.
Zhongli is served by both National Highway No. 1 and Provincial Highway No. 66. The nationally owned E-Go freeway buses, near the Zhongli Station, are an inexpensive means of transport to other cities.
- Angela Chang, singer and actress
- Candy Chen, dancer, actress, host, singer and model
- Maggie Chiang, singer and songwriter
- Hu Chen-pu, Commandant of the ROC Army (2006–2007)
- Elva Hsiao, singer and actress
- Hsu Hsin-liang, Chairperson of Democratic Progressive Party (1996–1998)
- Huang Pei-jia, actress
- Wu Po-hsiung, Chairman of Kuomintang (2007–2009)
- Shih Szu, actress
- John Wu, Magistrate of Taoyuan County (2009–2014)
- Aska Yang, singer
- 總計畫：客家紮根研究 (PDF) (in Chinese). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 25, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
- "History". Zhongli City. 2010-06-21. Retrieved 2010-07-03.
- 人口統計 [Population statistics]. tycg.gov.tw (in Chinese). Department of Civil Affairs, Taoyuan. Retrieved 2017-02-15.
- Kelley, Brandi (2018). "Where have you been all my life?". Dance Major Journal. 6. doi:10.5070/d561040996. ISSN 2578-9627.
- "Education and Culture". Zhongli City. 2010-06-21. Retrieved 2010-07-03.
- Yuan Kwang Buddhist Academy, Taiwan.
- National Zhongli Commercial High School, Zhongli, Taiwan.
- Zhongli Christian Bible Church, Taiwan http://www.aizhu.com/zcbc
- Media related to Zhongli District, Taoyuan at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website (in Chinese)
- Taoyuan County Government's Cultural Affairs Bureau (in English)
- Zhongli Industrial Park Service Center (in Chinese)