Kansas City International Airport

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Kansas City International Airport
MCI logo.png
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorKansas City Aviation Department
ServesKansas City metropolitan area
LocationKansas City, Missouri, U.S.
Elevation AMSL1,026 ft / 313 m
Coordinates39°17′51″N 94°42′50″W / 39.29750°N 94.71389°W / 39.29750; -94.71389Coordinates: 39°17′51″N 94°42′50″W / 39.29750°N 94.71389°W / 39.29750; -94.71389
FAA airport diagram
FAA airport diagram
Direction Length Surface
ft m
01L/19R 10,801 3,292 Asphalt
01R/19L 9,500 2,896 Concrete
09/27 9,501 2,896 Asphalt
Statistics (2020)
Aircraft operations73,715
Total cargo (lbs.)195,439,513
Source: KCI Traffic Statistics[1]
Airport from the east.

Kansas City International Airport (IATA: MCI, ICAO: KMCI, FAA LID: MCI) (originally Mid-Continent International Airport) is a public airport 15 miles (24 km) northwest of Downtown Kansas City in Platte County, Missouri.[2]

The airport covers 10,680 acres (4,320 ha) and has three runways.[2] The airport has always been a civilian airport and has never had an Air National Guard unit assigned to it. The number of peak-day scheduled aircraft departures for December 2018 was 170. Service was offered to 47 airports.



Kansas City Industrial Airport was built after the Great Flood of 1951 destroyed the facilities of both of Kansas City's hometown airlines Mid-Continent Airlines and TWA at Fairfax Airport across the Missouri River from the city's main Kansas City Municipal Airport (which was not as badly damaged). TWA's main overhaul base was a former B-25 bomber factory at Fairfax, although TWA commercial flights flew out of the main downtown airport.

Kansas City was planning to build an airport with room for 10,000-foot (3,000 m) runways and knew the downtown airport would not be large enough.

Kansas City already owned Grandview Airport south of the city with ample room for expansion, but the city chose to build a new airport north of the city away from the Missouri River following lobbying by Platte County native Jay B. Dillingham, president of the Kansas City Stockyards, which had also been destroyed in the flood.[3] TWA moved its Fairfax plant to the new airport and also its overseas overhaul operations at New Castle County Airport in Delaware.[4]

The site just north of the then-unincorporated hamlet of Hampton, Missouri was picked in May 1953 (with an anticipated cost of $23 million) under the guidance of City Manager L.P. Cookingham.[5] Cookingham Drive is now the main access road to the airport. Ground was broken in September 1954.[6] The first runway opened in 1956; at about the same time the city donated the southern Grandview Airport to the United States Air Force to become Richards-Gebaur Air Force Base.

TWA's Kansas City Overhaul Base at its peak in the 1960s and 1970s was Kansas City's largest employer, with 6,000 employees.

Although Mid-Continent merged with Braniff in 1952, Kansas City decided to name the new airport on the basis of Mid-Continent's historic roots (serving the Mid-continent Oil Field).[1]

In 1954, TWA signed an agreement to move its overhaul base to the airport; the city was to build and own the $18 million-base and lease it to TWA.[7] However, the downtown airport continued to be Kansas City's passenger airport; a 1963 Federal Aviation Agency memo called the downtown airport "one of the poorest major airports in the country for large jet aircraft" and recommended against spending any more federal dollars on it.

Along with the cramped site, there were doubts that the downtown site could handle the new Boeing 747. Jets had to make steep climbs and descents to avoid the downtown skyscrapers on the 200-ft (60-m) Missouri River bluffs at Quality Hill, east of the approach course a mile or two south of the south end of the runway, and downtown Kansas City was in the flight path for takeoffs and landings, resulting in a constant roar downtown. Mid-Continent was surrounded by open farmland.

On July 1, 1965, Continental Airlines Flight 12 overran the runway while landing at Kansas City Municipal Airport. The Civil Aeronautics Board determined that the pilots of the Boeing 707 had landed properly within the touchdown zone for their ILS approach, and despite deploying spoilers, thrust reversers, and brakes, the remaining runway distance was too short for them to safely stop in heavy rain and tailwind conditions.[8]: 1  Despite attempts to improve the runway surface and improve braking performance, the Airline Pilots Association said that many commercial pilots continued to "blacklist" the airport. A new airport, with longer runways, would be required to satisfy regulatory runway safety area requirements.[9]

TWA's "Airport of the Future"[edit]

In 1966, voters in a 24:1 margin approved a $150 million bond issue following a campaign by Mayor Ilus W. Davis to move the city's main airport to an expanded Mid-Continent. The city had considered building its new airport 5 miles (8.0 km) north of downtown Kansas City in the Missouri River bottoms, as well as locations in southern Jackson County, Missouri, but decided to stick with the property it already owned.

The airport property was in an unincorporated area of Platte County until the small town of Platte City, Missouri, annexed the airport during construction. Kansas City eventually annexed the airport. Kivett and Myers designed the terminals and control tower; it was dedicated on October 23, 1972, by U.S. Vice President Spiro Agnew. Labor strife and interruptions raised its cost to $250 million. Kansas City renamed the airport Kansas City International Airport (although it kept MCI as its airport code). TWA, Braniff, and everyone moved to MCI.

Many design decisions were driven by TWA, which envisioned the facility as its hub, with 747s and Supersonic Transports whisking people from America's heartland to all points on the globe. Streets around the airport included Mexico City Avenue, Brasília Avenue, Paris Street, London Avenue, and Tel Aviv Avenue. TWA vetoed concepts to model the airport on Washington–Dulles and Tampa, because those two airports had people movers, which it deemed too expensive. TWA insisted on "Drive to Your Gate" with flight gates 75 feet (23 m) from the roadway (signs along the roadway showed the flights leaving each gate). The single-level terminals had no stairs, similar to a plan that would be built at Dallas/Fort Worth.

TWA's vision for the future of flight that had been pioneered by the TWA Flight Center at JFK Airport in New York City (which also featured cars close to the gates design) proved troublesome almost from the start. The terminals turned out to be unfriendly to the 747 since passengers spilled out of the gate area into the halls. When security checkpoints were added in the 1970s to stem hijackings, they were difficult and expensive to implement since security checkpoints had to be installed at each gate area rather than at a centralized area. As a result, passenger services were nonexistent downstream of the security checkpoint in the gate area. No restrooms were available, and shops, restaurants, newsstands, ATMs or any other passenger services were not available without exiting the secure area and being re-screened upon re-entry.

Shortly after the airport opened, TWA asked that the terminals be rebuilt to address these issues. Kansas City, citing the massive cost overruns on a newly built airport to TWA specification, refused, prompting TWA to move its hub to St. Louis.[10]

Recent years[edit]

After the establishment of the Transportation Security Administration (TSA), MCI was one of five airports where the TSA has experimented with using independent contractors to inspect travelers. The airport uses AKAL Security, an independent contractor that conforms to TSA's recruiting and training standards. TSA supervises these independent contractors, but they are not federal employees.[11]

A $258 million terminal renovation was completed in November 2004. Improvements included, amongst other things, increasing the size of each structural bay to provide larger spaces for vestibules, concessions, retail and public seating as well as new bathrooms inside security.[12] Following the renovations, all three terminals included blue terrazzo floors.[13] In May 2007, the final portion of the project, a new rental car facility and additional art fixtures, were completed.

In March 2010, the Transportation Security Administration announced that the airport would be one of the first in the U.S. to have full-body scanners with the first one used at Southwest Airlines beginning in the summer of 2010.[14]

Despite requests from Kansas City, the airport has been unable to change its original International Air Transport Association (IATA) Mid-Continent designation of MCI, which had already been registered on navigational charts. Further complicating requests to change the designation, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) at the time reserved all call letters with "K" or "W" for radio and television stations, so KCI was not viable.[15] The "W" and "K" restrictions have since been lifted, but the IATA is reluctant to change names that have appeared on navigational charts. The "KCI" designation is also already assigned to another airport, Kon Airport in East Timor, so that one would have to change, adding delay and confusion. Nearby New Century AirCenter also carries the IATA code JCI (although the FAA refers to it as IXD and the ICAO as KIXD), which could also lead to confusion.

Icelandair launched Kansas City's first transatlantic flight in May 2018, using Boeing 757's to connect the airport with its Reykjavik hub.[16] As the airline reviewed its route network in the wake of the Boeing 737 MAX groundings, it announced in late 2019 that the service would not return for the following summer season.[17]


Construction is currently underway on a new single terminal with 39 gates on the site of the former Terminal A.[18] This project, which will fulfill a longstanding goal to consolidate the terminals into one, will be completed in early 2023.[19] The new single terminal will feature food and beverage options, local shops, and performance areas. There will also be art installations, play areas, and rooms for nursing mothers.



The airport originally consisted of three terminals numbered through gate 90, although the airport has never contained 90 gates. The numbering is to make it easier to identify which terminal a gate is in: Terminal B (gates B31-B60) and Terminal C (gates C61-C90). Terminal B contains 20 gates and Terminal C contains 22 gates. In November 2017, Kansas City, Missouri voters approved a plan to build a new terminal on the site formerly occupied by Terminal A. In 2018, Terminal C underwent renovations to better handle international flights.[20] Demolition of the former Terminal A began in June 2019, with construction expected to finish in 2023.[21]

Ground transportation[edit]

The airport is near major highways Interstate 29 and Interstate 435.

The airport has a consolidated rental car facility at the corners of London and Paris and Bern and London Streets on the airport property. Each terminal has four rental car shuttle bus stops. The shuttle buses are operated by First Transit and REM Inc. The buses used for the shuttle service are 40-foot (12 m) Gillig low-floor buses. These are silver in color and indicate RENTAL CAR SHUTTLE BUS on the side. The shuttles come through the terminal every two to five minutes and are free of charge for all passengers and guests of the airport.

As of March 2013, The Kansas City Area Transportation Authority has implemented improvements to the public bus service to the airport. Route 229 services the airport on about 18 trips per weekday, with the first bus departing at 5:32 a.m. and the last at 11:17 p.m. The bus also operates 18 round trips on Saturday and Sunday. The bus services all active terminals and provides service to the 12th and Charlotte East Village transit center in Downtown Kansas City, with intermediate stops.[22] Systemwide fare is free [2].

A number of private scheduled shared shuttle services operate from MCI to regional cities (including Saint Joseph, Missouri; Columbia, Missouri; Topeka, Kansas; Lawrence, Kansas); and military bases (Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri; Fort Riley, Kansas; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas; and Whiteman Air Force Base, Missouri).

Airlines and destinations[edit]


Air Canada Express Toronto–Pearson (resumes May 1, 2022) [23]
Alaska Airlines Seattle/Tacoma
Seasonal: Portland (OR)
Allegiant Air Seasonal: Destin/Fort Walton Beach, Orlando/Sanford, Punta Gorda (FL), St. Petersburg/Clearwater[25]
American Airlines Charlotte, Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, Phoenix–Sky Harbor
Seasonal: Cancún, Philadelphia
American Eagle Austin, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, Philadelphia, New York–LaGuardia, Washington–National
Seasonal: Charlotte, Phoenix–Sky Harbor
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Boston (begins June 6, 2022), Detroit, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma [27]
Delta Connection Boston (ends June 5, 2022), Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–LaGuardia
Seasonal: Detroit, Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma
Frontier Airlines Denver
Seasonal: Cancún, Orlando, Philadelphia
JetBlue Boston, New York–JFK (both begin March 27, 2022)[29]
Southwest Airlines Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Boston, Chicago–Midway, Dallas–Love, Denver, Fort Lauderdale, Houston–Hobby, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Nashville, New Orleans, New York–LaGuardia, Oakland, Orlando, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, St. Louis, San Antonio, San Diego, Tampa, Washington–National
Seasonal: Albuquerque, Cancún, Charleston (SC) (resumes June 11, 2022), Destin/Fort Walton Beach, Fort Myers, Miami, Myrtle Beach, Panama City (FL), Pensacola, Portland (OR) (resumes June 11, 2022), Sarasota, Seattle/Tacoma (resumes June 11, 2022)
Spirit Airlines Detroit, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Orlando
Seasonal: Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Myrtle Beach, Pensacola, Tampa
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Denver
Seasonal: Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles
United Express Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles [32]


Amazon Air Lakeland (FL),[33] San Bernardino
FedEx Express Fort Worth, Indianapolis, Memphis, Oakland
DHL Aviation Cedar Rapids, Cincinnati
UPS Airlines Louisville, Ontario, Rockford, St. Louis


Top destinations[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from MCI (November 2020 – October 2021)[34]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1 Denver, Colorado 343,850 Frontier, Southwest, United
2 Atlanta, Georgia 304,760 Delta, Southwest
3 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 246,640 American
4 Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Arizona 200,740 American, Southwest
5 Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois 189,690 American, United
6 Orlando, Florida 180,190 Frontier, Southwest, Spirit
7 Las Vegas, Nevada 163,320 Southwest, Spirit
8 Chicago–Midway, Illinois 153,300 Southwest
9 Dallas–Love, Texas 140,750 Southwest
10 Charlotte, North Carolina 121,350 American

Airline market share[edit]

Busiest airlines serving MCI
(November 2020 – October 2021)
Rank Airline Passengers Share
1 Southwest Airlines 2,930,000 43.41%
2 Delta Air Lines 862,000 12.77%
3 American Airlines 727,000 10.78%
4 Spirit Airlines 391,000 5.80%
5 Republic Airways 384,000 5.70%
6 Other 1,455,000 21.55%

Airport traffic[edit]

Annual passenger traffic at MCI airport. See source Wikidata query.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • April 13, 1987 – Buffalo Airways Flight 721 operated by Burlington Air Express cargo flight from Wichita Mid-Continent Airport descending in a thick fog with half-mile visibility clipped a 950-ft-high ridge three miles (5 km) short of the runway. All four occupants were killed – the worst accident in the airport's history.[35]
  • September 8, 1989 – USAir Flight 105 from Pittsburgh International Airport clipped four power lines 75 feet (23 m) above the ground 7,000 feet (2,100 m) east of Runway 27 after making adjustments after being told by the MCI controller that lights were out on the south side of the airport. The flight then landed in Salina, Kansas. None of the 64 persons on board was injured.[36]
  • February 16, 1995 – Air Transport International Flight 782, McDonnell Douglas DC-8 flight to Westover Metropolitan Airport, which had aborted a take off six minutes before because of loss of directional control, crashed on Runway 1L on another take-off because of failure of the directional control when its tail hit the runway. All three on board were killed.[37]
  • August 21, 2001 – At 01:11, an America West Airlines Boeing 737-300 operating as Flight 598 from Phoenix Sky Harbor Airport touched down on Runway 27 to the left of the center line during severe weather. The first officer in command failed to correct for leftward drift and the aircraft exited the runway approximately 1,000 feet after touchdown. Both engines were destroyed by foreign object debris, but the aircraft was repaired and returned to service. No fatalities and only one injury were reported by the 53 passengers and 6 crew.[38][39]
  • July 16, 2014 – An Embraer E170 scheduled to operate US Airways Flight 3408 to Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport veered off runway 19L while conducting a high-speed taxi for maintenance purposes. Neither of the two maintenance crew on board were injured. No passengers were on board at the time of the incident.[40][41]

Wildlife strikes[edit]

In 2009, the airport was reported as having the highest number of wildlife strikes of any airport in the US, based on take-offs and landings (57 per 100,000).[42] FAA records showed 146 strikes in 2008, up from 37 in 2000.[43]

The Kansas City Aviation Department issued a press release on October 15, 2009, that outlined its Wildlife Hazard Management Plan created in 1998 to reduce wildlife strikes, including removal of 60 acres (24 ha) of trees, zero tolerance for Canada geese, making sure grain crops are not grown with 2,000 feet (610 m) of the runways, and harassing wildlife to keep it clear of the airport.[44] Furthermore, in 2007, the airport elected to enact a policy of 100% submitting wildlife strike reports to the FAA/USDA National Strike Database. When birds are involved in a strike, whether reported by an aircraft owner or operator, or the bird was found on the runway, feathers and/or DNA samples are recovered and sent to the Smithsonian Institution for positive identification. This documentation is conducted regardless of whether the strike occurred on or off the airfield.

In the reporting period of January 1990 to September 2008, none of the encounters resulted in injury to people and all of the airplanes landed safely. The report listed the most serious incidents.[45]

  • February 25, 1999 – A Learjet 35 approaching Downtown Kansas City Airport struck a flock of snow geese over MCI. One hit the copilot's window, and one was ingested into an engine, shutting it down. It landed safely.
  • March 4, 1999 – A DC-9 landing at the airport struck a flock of snow geese, ingesting geese in both engines and shutting one down. The airplane landed safely.
  • April 28, 2000 – A Boeing 727 on take-off struck a Canada goose, destroying an engine. It returned safely.
  • June 10, 2005 – A DC-9 on takeoff struck an American kestrel, stalling an engine. It returned safely.
  • March 31, 2006 – A Boeing 737 struck a medium to large bird and damaged an engine on take-off. It returned.
  • November 14, 2009 – Frontier Airlines Flight 820, an Airbus A319, to Denver, struck a flock of Canada geese shortly after take-off, resulting in loss of power to an engine. The airplane made a safe return to MCI.[46]


  1. ^ "KCI Traffic Statistics Dec 2020" (PDF). Kansas City Aviation Department. Retrieved February 15, 2021.
  2. ^ a b FAA Airport Form 5010 for MCI PDF, effective December 30, 2021.
  3. ^ "Jay Dillingham". Kansas City Star. August 14, 2007. Archived from the original on January 27, 2016. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
  4. ^ Thompson, Harlan (December 13, 1953). "Delawareans Helped to Pioneer Flying; 50th Anniversary To Be Observed Here". Wilmington Sunday Star. Vol. 72, no. 42. Archived from the original on January 5, 2016. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
  5. ^ "Platte County Site Selected for New Industrial Airport". Moberly Monitor-Index. Associated Press. May 9, 1953.
  6. ^ "Groundbreaking Set Monday for Airport". Jefferson Post-Tribune. Associated Press. September 16, 1954.
  7. ^ "TWA Acts to Move Shops". The New York Times. March 26, 1954.
  8. ^ "Aircraft Accident Report, Continental Air Lines, Inc. B-707-124, N70773, Kansas City Municipal Airport, Kansas City, Missouri, July 1, 1965" . Civil Aeronautics Board. June 24, 1966. File 1-0019. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  9. ^ "Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations for 1970: Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, Ninety-first Congress, First Session, Parts 2-3". U.S. Government Printing Office. 1969: 42. Retrieved February 7, 2020. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  10. ^ "Kansas City International Airport". Airports Worldwide. Archived from the original on May 22, 2014. Retrieved August 21, 2013.
  11. ^ "TSA Announces Private Security Screening Pilot Program" (Press release). United States Department of Transportation. June 18, 2002. Archived from the original on June 29, 2003. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
  12. ^ "Kansas City Aviation Department Community Partner Update" (PDF). Retrieved March 7, 2021.
  13. ^ "Terrazzo Honor Awards". The National Terrazzo and Mosaic Association. Archived from the original on May 9, 2008.
  14. ^ "Kansas City International airport to test full body scanners at security checkpoints". Lawrence Journal-World. Associated Press. March 5, 2010. Archived from the original on February 7, 2019. Retrieved February 5, 2019.
  15. ^ Cole, Suzanne; Engle, Tim; Winkler, Eric (April 20, 2012). "50 Things Every Kansas Citian Should Know – Think You're an Expert? Read on to See If You Learn Something New". The Kansas City Star Magazine. Archived from the original on April 21, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
  16. ^ "Icelandair Begins Service from Kansas City" (Press release). Icelandair. May 25, 2018. Retrieved June 1, 2021.
  17. ^ Hardy, Kevin (September 30, 2019). "Icelandair drops Kansas City flight after boasting KCI's only transatlantic service". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved June 1, 2021.
  18. ^ Evans, Matt. "KCI single terminal project close to halfway point". Retrieved March 7, 2021.
  19. ^ "New Single Terminal at Kansas City International Airport Lands in 2023". Retrieved March 7, 2021.
  20. ^ "City Steps Up Efforts to Land Trans-Atlantic Air Service at KCI, Invites Johnson County to the Design Party". CityScene KC. November 21, 2017. Archived from the original on February 20, 2018. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  21. ^ "Here's an update on the demolition of Terminal A at KCI". Kansas City Star. June 25, 2019. Archived from the original on July 3, 2019. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  22. ^ "Routes - Maps and Schedules: 229 Boardwalk". Kansas City Area Transportation Authority. Archived from the original on March 23, 2014. Retrieved March 22, 2014.
  23. ^ "Flight Schedules". Air Canada. Archived from the original on September 25, 2019. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  24. ^ "Alaska Airlines announces 13 new nonstop routes from the Bay Area" (Press release). Alaska Air. March 9, 2017. Archived from the original on March 12, 2017. Retrieved March 9, 2017.
  25. ^ "Route Map". Allegiant Air. Archived from the original on January 30, 2019. Retrieved February 5, 2019.
  26. ^ a b "Flight schedules and notifications". American Airlines. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  27. ^ a b "Flight Schedules". Delta Airlines. Archived from the original on June 21, 2015. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  28. ^ "Route Map". Frontier Airlines. Archived from the original on November 1, 2018. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  29. ^ "JetBlue And American Reveal New Routes And Expanded Premium Products". Simple Flying. July 20, 2021. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
  30. ^ "Check Flight Schedules". Southwest Airlines. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  31. ^ "Where We Fly". Spirit Airlines. Archived from the original on December 23, 2017. Retrieved January 29, 2017.
  32. ^ a b "Timetable". United Airlines. Archived from the original on January 28, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  33. ^ "Kansas City International Airport". Retrieved May 13, 2021.
  34. ^ a b "Kansas City, MO: Kansas City International (MCI)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved January 14, 2022.
  35. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 707-351C N144SP Kansas City International Airport, MO (MCI)". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on April 23, 2010. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
  36. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 737-2B7 N283AU Kansas City International Airport, MO (MCI)". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on November 4, 2012. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
  37. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas DC-8-63F N782AL Kansas City International Airport, MO (MCI)". Aviation Safety Network. February 16, 1995. Archived from the original on November 4, 2012. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
  38. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 737-3G7 N306AW". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on February 15, 2017. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
  39. ^ "Investigation begun into jet that skidded off KCI runway". archives.californiaaviation.org. Archived from the original on February 15, 2006. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
  40. ^ "Jet veers off runway during maintenance test at KCI Airport". KMBC News. July 16, 2014. Archived from the original on July 25, 2014. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
  41. ^ Hradecky, Simon (July 16, 2014). "Incident: Republic E170 at Kansas City on Jul 16th 2014, runway incursion and excursion". The Aviation Herald. Archived from the original on October 17, 2015. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
  42. ^ (April 24, 2009). "Bird Strikes by Planes Rising – A Newly Released FAA Database Shows 28 Craft Destroyed by Collisions with Animals Since 2000" Archived April 30, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. The Denver Post. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
  43. ^ Cooper, Brad (April 24, 2009). "Reported airplane-bird strikes are way up at KCI". The Kansas City Star. Archived from the original on April 27, 2009.
  44. ^ Kansas City International Airport Wildlife Management – flykci.com – October 15, 2009 Archived March 5, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  45. ^ "Some Significant Wildlife Strikes to Civil Aircraft in the United States, January 1990 – September 2008"[permanent dead link]. FAA Wildlife Strike Database. October 23, 2008.
  46. ^ "Plane returns to KCI after bird encounter" Archived November 19, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. The Kansas City Star. November 15, 2009.

External links[edit]