Indianapolis International Airport

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Indianapolis International Airport
Indianapolis International Airport Logo.svg
Indianapolis International Airport (USGS).jpg
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorIndianapolis Airport Authority
ServesIndianapolis, Indiana, U.S.
Location7800 Col. H. Weir Cook Memorial Drive
Indianapolis, Indiana
Hub forFedEx Express
Focus city forAllegiant Air
Elevation AMSL797 ft / 243 m
Coordinates39°43′02″N 086°17′40″W / 39.71722°N 86.29444°W / 39.71722; -86.29444Coordinates: 39°43′02″N 086°17′40″W / 39.71722°N 86.29444°W / 39.71722; -86.29444
IND is located in Indianapolis
Location within Indianapolis
IND is located in Indiana
IND (Indiana)
IND is located in the United States
IND (the United States)
Direction Length Surface
ft m
5L/23R 11,200 3,414 Concrete
5R/23L 10,000 3,048 Concrete
14/32 7,278 2,218 Asphalt
Aircraft operations (2018)168,133[1]
Passengers (2018)[1]9,413,962[1]
Air Cargo (metric tons) (2018)1,054,766[1]
Area (acres) (2019)7,700

Indianapolis International Airport (IATA: IND, ICAO: KIND, FAA LID: IND) is an international airport located seven miles (11 km) southwest of downtown Indianapolis in Marion County, Indiana, United States.[2] It is owned and operated by the Indianapolis Airport Authority. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2017–2021 categorized it as a medium hub primary commercial service facility.[3]

Opened as Indianapolis Municipal Airport in 1931 and later known as Weir Cook Municipal Airport, Indianapolis International occupies about 7,700 acres (3,116 ha) in Wayne and Decatur townships in Marion County and Guilford Township in Hendricks County. It is the 45th busiest U.S. airport in terms of passenger traffic, serving 8.5 million passengers annually.[4] As home to the second largest FedEx Express hub in the world, IND ranked as the seventh busiest U.S. airport in terms of air cargo throughput in 2015.[5][6]

A $1.1 billion midfield passenger terminal opened in 2008 as one of the first designed and built in the U.S. following the September 11 attacks.[7] The Colonel Harvey Weir Cook Terminal contains two concourses and 40 gates, connecting to 50 nonstop domestic and international destinations and averaging 145 daily departures.[4]


Indianapolis Municipal Airport opened in 1931. In 1944, it was renamed Weir Cook Municipal Airport, after US Army Air Forces Col. Harvey Weir Cook of Wilkinson, Indiana, who became a flying ace during World War I with seven victories and died flying a P-39 over New Caledonia in World War II.

Since 1962, the airport has been owned and operated by the Indianapolis Airport Authority (IAA), an eight-member board with members appointed by the Mayor of Indianapolis and other officials from Marion, Hendricks and Hamilton counties in central Indiana. In 1976, the board renamed the airport Indianapolis International Airport.[citation needed]

In 2008, the board named the new main passenger facility the Col. H. Weir Cook Terminal and the new entrance road Col. H. Weir Cook Memorial Drive.[8]

From 1957 to 2008, the passenger terminal was on the east side of the airfield off High School Road. This now-demolished facility was renovated and expanded many times, notably in 1968 (Concourses A & B), 1972 (Concourse D) and 1987 (Concourse C and the attached Parking Garage). This complex, along with the International Arrivals Terminal (opened in 1976) on the north side of the airfield (off Pierson Drive), was replaced by the Col. H. Weir Cook Terminal on November 12, 2008.[citation needed]

The April 1957 OAG shows 82 weekday departures: 24 Eastern, 22 TWA, 15 Delta, 11 American, 9 Lake Central and 1 Ozark. Eastern had a nonstop to Atlanta and one to Birmingham and TWA had two to LaGuardia; no other nonstops reached beyond Chicago, St. Louis, Memphis, Louisville and Pittsburgh. (Westward nonstops didn't reach beyond St. Louis until 1967; TWA started a JFK-IND-LAX 707 that year.) The first jets were TWA 880s in 1961.[citation needed]

During the late 1980s and early 1990s, USAir (later US Airways) had a secondary hub in Indianapolis with non-stop jets to the West Coast, East Coast and Florida and turboprop flights to cities around the Midwest. USAir peaked at 146 daily departures (including its prop affiliates), with 49% of all seats. USAir ended the hub in the late 1990s.[citation needed]

In the late 1990s and early 2000s, Indianapolis was a hub for then locally based ATA Airlines and its regional affiliate, Chicago Express/ATA Connection. After that airline entered Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in late 2004, operations at IND were cut, then eliminated in 2006.[9]

ATA's demise gave Northwest Airlines an opportunity to expand operations, making Indianapolis a focus city with mainline flights to the West Coast, East Coast, and the South. Northwest was later absorbed by Delta Air Lines in late 2008.

In 1994, BAA was awarded a 10-year contract to manage the Indianapolis International Airport. The contract was extended three years but was later cut a year short at the request of the BAA. Private management ended on December 31, 2007 and control reverted to IAA.[10][11]

Also in 1994, United Airlines finished building the Indianapolis Maintenance Center,[12] at a cost of USD $600 million.[13] United later moved their maintenance operations to its sole maintenance hub located at San Francisco International Airport. Around 2006, runway 14/32 was shortened from 7604 feet to its present length because the south end was not visible from the new control tower.[14]

In 2009, Republic Airways announced it would retain its maintenance hub and headquarters in Indianapolis after acquiring the much larger Frontier Airlines in Denver.

In August 2017, Allegiant Air announced it would open a $40 million aircraft base at Indianapolis International Airport that would begin operations in February of the following year, the facility was to create 66 high-paying jobs by the end of year and house two Airbus aircraft.[15][16]

Interstate 70 sign outside of the airport

In September 2017, Delta Air Lines announced it would begin service from Indianapolis to Paris beginning in May 2018. This flight will be the first ever non-stop transatlantic passenger flight out of Indianapolis.[17]

In October 2017, the airport announced that Frontier Airlines would move from Concourse B to Concourse A. The move occurred in January 2018.[18]

Colonel Harvey Weir Cook Terminal[edit]

Col. H. Weir Cook Terminal (Front View during construction)
Civic Plaza

A new 1,200,000-square-foot (110,000 m2) midfield passenger terminal, which cost $1.1 billion, opened in 2008 between the airport's two parallel runways, southwest of the previous terminal and the crosswind runway. A new FAA Air Traffic Control Tower (ATCT) and Terminal Radar Approach Control (TRACON) building, second tallest in the United States, opened in April 2006, the first component of the long-planned midfield complex. The Weir Cook Terminal itself opened for arriving flights on the evening of November 11, 2008, and for departures the following morning. HOK was its master designer, with AeroDesign Group (a joint venture among CSO Architects, SchenkelShultz Architecture and ARCHonsortium) serving as architect of record. Aviation Capital Management (Indianapolis), a subsidiary of BSA LifeStructures, was the airport's program manager. Hunt/Smoot Midfield Builders, a joint venture of Hunt Construction Group and Smoot Construction was the construction manager.[19] Thornton Tomasetti was the terminal's structural engineer along with Fink, Roberts and Petrie.[20] Syska Hennessy was the mechanical, electrical, & plumbing engineer.[20]

The new terminal, named in honor of Col. Harvey Weir Cook, has room for 44 domestic gates and 2 international gates (which can also function as domestic gates). Not all gate positions were used upon opening of the facility, to allow for future expansion by the airlines. The two gate concourse structures were built to allow for future expansion on their southwestern ends (which is why gates A1-A2 and B1-B2 do not yet exist).

The new terminal allows international arrivals to go through customs in the main passenger terminal; these passengers used to disembark in a separate building. Passengers arriving at gates A4 and A5 go to the U.S. Customs and Federal Inspection Station on the arrivals level via a dedicated and secured stairway, escalator, or elevator. After clearing customs, they exit into the south end of the main terminal's domestic baggage claim area.

The A concourse has a Delta Sky Club, the first airline lounge at Indianapolis International Airport since USAir closed its hub. The lounge opened on November 15, 2010.

Eight rental car operations and the Ground Transportation Center (where information about limousine, shuttle bus, hotel courtesy vehicles and other transportation services such as IndyGo bus service can be obtained) are located on the first floor of the attached parking garage. All pick-ups and drop-offs of rental vehicles also occur here, eliminating the need for shuttling customers to and from individual companies' remote processing facilities. The five-floor parking garage covers 11 acres (4.5 ha) on each of its levels. It features a light-filled center atrium complete with a piece of suspended artwork and contains moving sidewalks to speed pedestrians into and out of the terminal building itself.[21]

The airport's master plan calls for a fourth (third parallel) runway to be built southeast of I-70 sometime in the future.[22] Between 2002 and 2004 the Indiana Department of Transportation (INDOT) rebuilt a portion of this Interstate highway running through the south end of the airport's property. The realigned freeway allows a future taxiway bridge to the proposed fourth runway to cross overhead and has a new traffic interchange for the midfield terminal complex. This I-70 exit (#68) is now the airport's main entrance, replacing the entrance at Sam Jones Expressway (which was built as the Airport Expressway)[23] and High School Road. Provision has been made for future Light Rail Transit (LRT) access to the Weir Cook terminal complex.[24][failed verification]

Airlines and destinations[edit]


Air Canada Express Toronto–Pearson [25]
Alaska Airlines Seattle/Tacoma [26]
Allegiant Air Austin, Fort Lauderdale, Jacksonville (FL), Las Vegas, Orlando/Sanford, Punta Gorda (FL), Sarasota, St. Petersburg/Clearwater, West Palm Beach (begins November 25, 2019)
Seasonal: Charleston (SC), Destin/Fort Walton Beach, Myrtle Beach, New Orleans, Savannah, Tucson
American Airlines Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Phoenix–Sky Harbor
Seasonal: Miami, Philadelphia
American Eagle Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Miami, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Washington–National [28]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Detroit, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Orlando, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma
Seasonal: Cancún, Fort Myers
Delta Connection Boston, Detroit, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Raleigh/Durham
Seasonal: Fort Myers, Miami, Minneapolis/St. Paul
Frontier Airlines Denver, Las Vegas, Orlando
Seasonal: Cancún (resumes December 20, 2019), Fort Myers
Southwest Airlines Atlanta, Baltimore, Chicago–Midway, Dallas–Love, Denver, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Houston–Hobby, Kansas City, Las Vegas, New Orleans, Orlando, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Tampa
Seasonal: Austin, Cancún, Los Angeles, Oakland, San Diego
Spirit Airlines Fort Myers, Las Vegas, Orlando, Tampa [32]
United Airlines San Francisco
Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, Washington–Dulles
United Express Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, Washington–Dulles [33]


Cargolux Chicago–O'Hare, Los Angeles, Luxembourg
FedEx Express Allentown, Anchorage, Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Burbank, Cedar Rapids, Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Cleveland, Columbus–Rickenbacker, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, Grand Rapids, Greenville (SC), Harrisburg, Hartford, Houston–Intercontinental, Kansas City, Knoxville, Liège, London–Stansted, Los Angeles, Madison, Memphis, Miami, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Montreal–Mirabel, Nashville, New York–JFK, Newark, Oakland, Omaha, Ontario, Ottawa, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, Salt Lake City, San Diego, San Jose (CA), Seattle/Tacoma, St. Louis, Syracuse, Toronto–Pearson, Washington–Dulles
FedEx Feeder Cedar Rapids, Columbus–Rickenbacker, Erie, Parkersburg, Rochester (MN), Sioux Falls, Smyrna (TN), South Bend


FAA Control Tower
Walkway from the terminal to the parking garage with motion-activated lights
Indianapolis nonstop passenger domestic destinations (As of September 2019)
Indianapolis nonstop passenger international destinations (As of September 2019)

Top destinations[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from IND (Aug 2018 – July 2019)[34]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Atlanta, Georgia 537,000 Delta, Southwest
2 Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois 315,000 American, United
3 Denver, Colorado 282,000 Frontier, Southwest, United
4 Orlando, Florida1 252,000 Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit
5 Dallas/Ft. Worth, Texas 218,000 American
6 Charlotte, North Carolina 205,000 American
7 Las Vegas, Nevada 196,000 Allegiant, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit
8 Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Arizona 158,000 American, Southwest
9 Minneapolis/St. Paul, Minnesota 151,000 Delta
10 Detroit, Michigan 150,000 Delta

^1 Allegiant Air serves Orlando (SFB) with 38,000 additional passengers a year, not included in this total.[35]

Busiest international routes from IND (June 2018)[36]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1 Paris, France 6,150 Delta
2 Toronto–Pearson, Canada 3,892 Air Canada
3 Cancún, Mexico 1,791 Delta, Southwest, Vacation Express (Volaris)
4 Punta Cana, Dominican Republic 406 Vacation Express (Swift Air)
Busiest cargo routes from IND (December 2018)[37]
Rank City Cargo (pounds) Carriers
1 Oakland, California 7,153,811 FedEx Express
2 Los Angeles, California 7,034,567 Cargolux, FedEx Express
3 Newark, NJ 5,659,033 FedEx Express
4 Memphis 5,551,071 FedEx Express
5 Denver, Colorado 5,057,723 FedEx Express
6 Boston, Massachusetts 4,989,117 FedEx Express
7 Seattle/Tacoma, Washington 3,954,172 FedEx Express
8 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 3,709,616 FedEx Express
9 Anchorage 3,462,497 FedEx Express
10 Ontario 3,336,432 FedEx Express

Airline market share[edit]

Largest Airlines at IND
(January 2019-August 2019)
Rank Carrier Percentage Destinations
1 Southwest Airlines 29.5% 19
2 Delta Air Lines 25.0% 15
3 American Airlines 21.6% 10
4 United Airlines 11.4% 6
5 Allegiant Air 6.0% 15
6 Frontier Airlines 2.6% 5
7 Spirit Airlines 1.8% 5
8 Alaska Airlines 1.2% 1
9 Air Canada 0.6% 1

Annual traffic[edit]

Annual passenger traffic (enplaned + deplaned), 1996 - 2018[39][40]
Year Passengers
1996 7,069,039
1997 7,171,845
1998 7,292,132
1999 7,463,536
2000 7,722,191
2001 7,238,744
2002 6,896,418
2003 7,361,060
2004 8,025,051
2005 8,524,442
2006 8,085,394
2007 8,272,289
2008 8,151,488
2009 7,465,719
2010 7,526,414
2011 7,478,835
2012 7,333,733
2013 7,217,051
2014 7,363,632
2015 7,998,086
2016 8,511,959
2017 8,800,828
2018 9,413,962

Based aircraft[edit]

In January 2019, there were 41 aircraft based at this airport: 4 single-engine aircraft, 9 multi-engine aircraft, 27 jets, and 1 helicopter.[41]

Airport management[edit]

The Indianapolis International Airport is owned and operated by the Indianapolis Airport Authority (IAA), a municipal corporation established in 1962. The IAA operates five other airports in the area: Indianapolis Downtown Heliport, Eagle Creek Airpark, Hendricks County Airport–Gordon Graham Field, Indianapolis Metropolitan Airport, and Indianapolis Regional Airport.[42] The IAA board leadership is Barbara Glass serving as President, Steve Dillinger serving as vice president, and Alfred R. Bennett serving as Secretary.[43]

Mario Rodriguez, an award-winning airport industry veteran,[44] became the Executive Director / CEO of the Indianapolis Airport Authority in June 2014.[45]

Economic development[edit]

In 2018, technology services and consulting company Infosys announced plans to build a U.S. training center at site of the former terminal building. The development will include an education center and residential facility, bringing 3,000 jobs to the area.[46][47][48]

Accidents and incidents[edit]



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External links[edit]