Pokrovsk, Ukraine

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Pokrovsk
Покровськ
City
Downtown Pokrovsk
Downtown Pokrovsk
Flag of Pokrovsk
Flag
Official seal of Pokrovsk
Seal
Pokrovsk is located in Donetsk Oblast
Pokrovsk
Pokrovsk
Coordinates: 48°16′58″N 37°10′58″E / 48.28278°N 37.18278°E / 48.28278; 37.18278Coordinates: 48°16′58″N 37°10′58″E / 48.28278°N 37.18278°E / 48.28278; 37.18278
Country Ukraine
Oblast Donetsk
Founded 1880
Area
 • Total 29.7 km2 (11.5 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 64,895
Climate Dfb
Website http://www.krasn-rada.gov.ua

Pokrovsk (Ukrainian: Покровськ, Russian: Покровск; until 2016: Krasnoarmiysk Ukrainian: Красноармі́йськ, Russian: Красноармейск; until 1938: Grishino Russian: Гришино; translit. Grishino) is a city in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine. Administratively, it is incorporated as a city of oblast significance. It serves as the administrative center of the Pokrovsk Raion, though it is not part of the raion. Population: 64,895 (2013 est.)[1]; 69,200 (2001).

Since May 2016, the official name of the city in Ukraine is Pokrovsk (Покровськ). It was renamed according to the Ukrainian decommunization process.[2]

History[edit]

Pokrovsk railway station
Apartment blocks in Pokrovsk
A grove in central Pokrovsk
Pokrovsk church

Pokrovsk was founded as Grishino in 1875 by a decision of the Ministry of Railways of the Russian Empire for a railway station. The village had two thousand inhabitants.

In 1881, a locomotive depot which became one of the main locomotive repair companies Ekaterinoslavskaya railway was built in the town. Two years later, in 1883, increased the station building, the central portion of which survives to this day. In May 1884, trains finally began to go through the rail station in Grishino.

With the development of the railway station and Grishino grew, there were new businesses, and in particular began to develop deposits of underground minerals, starting with coal. By 1913, the population Grishino station has more than doubled and amounted to about 4.5 thousand people.

After the Russian Civil War ravaged Russia as a whole, Grishino station continued to build momentum and by 1925 had a locomotive depot, a brick factory, and six mines. The name of the station was changed to Postyshevo in 1934 to honor of Pavel Postyshev, and in 1938, the name of the city became Krasnoarmeyskoe, after Postyshev was repressed during the Great Purge.

World War II placed a heavy burden on the shoulders of the population of the city. The first axis forces to arrive were Italians, followed by the Germans. The Soviet commanders had retreated prior to the arrival of these forces, having executed many young men in order to "avoid handing them over to the enemy". The German forces proceeded to extract and transfer many civilians by train to forced labor camps in Austria. Many residents defended their hometown. 8295 Soviet soldiers perished on the battlefield, and 4788 residents of the town were killed in World War II. In February 1943 ther happened the Massacre of Grischino.

In the 1950s, in the post-war period, the city saw a large industrial and residential construction.

In the War in Donbass (that started in the spring of 2014) the city is near the frontline with the separatists Donetsk People's Republic.[3]

Demographics[edit]

According to 2001 Census data, the breakdown by ethnicity is:[4]

Population Percentage, %
Ukrainian 62 158 75,0
Russian 18 299 22,1
Belarusian 558 0,7
Armenian 307 0,4
Azerbaijani 215 0,3

Population history[5]

Year Population
1923 8 203
1926 11 335
1939 29 617
1959 47 974
1970 55 044
1979 59 864
1989 72 859
2001 69 154
2014 64 533

Native language per Ukrainian Census of 2001:[6]

References[edit]

External links[edit]