Lí (surname 黎)

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For other Chinese surnames also romanized as "Li", see Li (surname).
Li (黎)
黎姓 - 楷体.svg
Li surname
Romanization Lê, Le (Vietnamese)
Language(s) Chinese
Language(s) Old Chinese
Other names
Derivative(s) Lai

(Chinese: ) is a Chinese surname.[1][2] It is most common in Central and South China (including Hong Kong) where it is transliterated as Lai or Lye (from Cantonese), and is one of the four most common surnames among ethnic Vietnamese people, which in the Vietnamese language is . It is listed 262nd in the Song Dynasty classic Hundred Family Surnames.[3]

In the Vietnamese, some Chinese Li (黎) families changed their surname to Vietnamese or Hồ (胡). Later one such family started the Hồ dynasty.


Around the Yangtze River, any Jiuli (九黎) people got surname Li (黎) as a tribal name. In Ancient China, descendants of Shaohao were surnamed Li (黎) on Licheng County (黎城). During the Xia Dynasty, descendants of Emperor Yao were surnamed Li (黎) in Licheng County (黎城).

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Behind the Name: Meaning, Origin and History of the Name Li
  2. ^ Ning Yegao Chinese Personal Names Federal Publications, Singapore, page 176 "黎 Wade: Li"
  3. ^ 陈明远,Chen Mingyuan 汪宗虎 中国姓氏辞典 - Volume 1 1995- Page 241 "古吕国"之地·春秋时蔡乎侯自上黎徒都下察,也称为折蔡·汉鼻新黎县;椅代改屈蔡州·在今河南 ... 之称; (中国人名大辞典)收录黎氏 50 例·末(百家姓)列为第 262 姓。"