Yang surname in regular script
Iûⁿ, Iông (Pe̍h-ōe-jī)
|Variant form(s)||Yang (Mandarin) |
Yeung(Cantonese), Yeong, Young, Ieong (Cantonese)
Yong, Jong (Hakka)
Yeo, Yeoh, Yiu; Njoo, Nyoo, Ngeo (Hokkien)
Yeo, Yeoh (Teochew)
Yang, Yaung (Burmese)
Yang ([jǎŋ]; simplified Chinese: 杨; traditional Chinese: 楊; pinyin: Yáng) is the transcription of a Chinese family name. It is the sixth most common surname in Mainland China. It is the 16th name on the Hundred Family Surnames text.
The Yang surname members adopted many local sounding and customizable Western style or another language beside Mandarin Chinese surnames with even neutralization name and changes rapidly through generations, but some still preserved Mandarin Chinese character name as secondary name beside the legal name, and appear a lot in some countries like Laos, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, India, etc. Some examples of it are Karen and other names at Thailand.
The Yang clan was founded by Boqiao, son of Duke Wu of Jin in the Spring and Autumn Period of the Ji (姬) surname, the surname of the royal family during the Zhou dynasty (ca. 8th to 5th Centuries BCE) who was enfeoffed in the Yang kingdom.
Yang can also be the phonetic translation of a very rare Chinese family name 羊 and of another surname pronounced Yang (揚), written with a "hand" radical rather than the "wood" radical. The two characters were used interchangeably in ancient times, which is the Chinese character for Goat or Sheep.
Four proposed and linked historical for the Yang (楊) surname origins are:
- Direct descendants of Huang Di (Emperor) of Hua Xia include descendants of Yellow Emperor and Chiyou during Xia Dynasty, also many sons and grandsons of Yu the Great, have taken Yang (楊) as surname, some of its sub-domains are the prominent Yang Jian of Zhou which take role as a Heavenly Marshal take his colony to seek peace after Zhou Dynasty win and erected his colony peacefully. And also Yang Ren is known through the title of Grand Counselor. Which appear at Fengshen Yanyi or Investiture of the Gods, novel accordingly to the historical founding of Zhou Dynasty.
- The Yang clan was founded by Boqiao (later become Yang Boqiao, with Yang, as usual ducal courtesy name), son of Duke Wu of Jin in the Spring and Autumn period of the Ji (姬) surname, the surname of the royal family during the Zhou dynasty (c. 8th to 5th centuries BC) who was enfeoffed a vast land, the Yang Kingdom, with its central in at ancient's Shaanxi. This name was derived from Yangshe 👆(羊舌) literally “sheep’s tongue”)
- Yang Tang, the first historical ancestor of the Jeju's Yang clan was a Shilla figure, but according to another source, his distant ancestor was one of three men who ascended from a cave on the north side of Cheju Island’s Halla Mountain, Jeju’s Tamnagook kingdom who built the Yang Clan there.
- Yang Shi, senior advisor of Jin, During the Warring States period (403–221 BCE) his descendants fled to escape destruction by the conquering the Qin, and simplified their surname to Yang (楊).
The Sui dynasty Emperors were from the northwest military aristocracy, and emphasized that their patrilineal ancestry was ethnic Han, claiming descent from the Han official Yang Zhen. and the New Book of Tang traced his patrilineal ancestry to the Zhou dynasty kings via the Dukes of Jin.
The Yang of Hongnong (弘農楊氏) were asserted as ancestors by the Sui Emperors like the Longxi Li's were asserted as ancestors of the Tang Emperors. The Li of Zhaojun and the Lu of Fanyang hailed from Shandong and were related to the Liu clan which was also linked to the Yang of Hongnong and other clans of Guanlong. The Dukes of Jin were claimed as the ancestors of the Hongnong Yang.
The Yang of Hongnong, Jia of Hedong, Xiang of Henei, and Wang of Taiyuan from the Tang dynasty were claimed as ancestors by Song dynasty lineages.
In 2019 Yang was again the sixth most common surname in Mainland China. A 2013 study found that it was the 6th-most common surname, shared by 42,700,000 people or 3.2205 % of the population, with the province with the most being Sichuan. In 2019 it was found to be the most common surname in one province, Guizhou.
Yang is most often the transliteration of the character 楊 (in simplified Chinese: 杨). The same character can also mean a type of poplar. The character is composed of a "wood" radical mu (木) on the left and the character yi/yang (昜) on the right, which indicates the pronunciation of the whole character.
Yang can also be the phonetic translation of other Chinese surnames. These include 阳, the Chinese character for "sun"; the very rare Chinese family name 羊, the Chinese character for "goat" or "sheep"; or another character pronounced "Yang", regardless of tone, such as 仰 or 養.
- Out of the Ji (姬) surname, the surname of the royal family during the Zhou dynasty. A fifth generation descendant of Duke Wu of Jin was enfeoffed at a place called Yang, and his descendants adopted this as their surname, giving rise to the Yang (楊) surname.
- Translation of surnames used by other ethnic groups in ancient China. For example, the Di people used the Yang (楊) surname. The Yang clan of the Di people lived in Chouchi in Gansu.
- Homogenization of another surname pronounced Yang (揚) join into the Yang (楊) surname, written with a "hand" radical rather than the "wood" radical. The two characters were used interchangeably in ancient times.
- Other adoptions. For example, the Mohulu clan of the Northern Wei dynasty changed their surname the Yang (楊) surname.
- another known source:
- The German sociologist Wolfram Eberhard calls Yang 楊 the "Monkey Clan", citing the totemistic myth recorded in the Soushenji and Fayuan Zhulin that the Yangs living in southwestern Shu (modern Sichuan) were descendants of monkeys. The Soushenji "reported that in the southwest of Shu there were monkey-like animals whose names were [jiaguo 猳國], [mahua 馬化], or [jueyuan 玃猿]. These animals abducted women and sent them back when they became pregnant. If the baby were not accepted, the woman would have to die. Therefore these children were raised and they received the clan name the Yang (楊) surname. For this reason this clan occurred quite frequently in Southwest Shu."
- The people of Hunan and Guizhou during The Three Kingdom of Later Han, joined the Yang (楊) surname by Zhuge Liang behalf.
- Manchu people use Yang (楊) as surname since ancestral times.
- Some Bai tribe has been moved to the Yang (楊) surname.
- Naxi, Miao, Hui and other ethnic groups also have taken Yang (楊) as surname.
This is current asserted prevalent lineage for the Yang (楊) surname prior to Boqiao:
Huangdi (黃帝)->Shaohao (少昊)->Emperor Ku (帝喾)->Hou Ji (后稷)->Gugong Danfu (古公亶父)->King Wen of Zhou (周文王)->King Wu of Zhou (周武王)->Shu Yu of Tang (唐叔虞)->Marquis Mu of Jin (晉穆侯)->Zhuang Bo of Quwo (曲沃莊伯)->Duke Wu of Jin (晉武公)->Boqiao (伯僑)->Yang Shíwo (杨食我)
The "Four Wisdoms"
Some branches of the Yang clan (in particular the Hongnong branch) refer to themselves as "Yang of the Hall of Four Wisdoms". The "Hall of Four Wisdoms" refers to a story concerning Yang Zhen, an official of the Eastern Han Dynasty (206 BC - 220 AD), and known for his erudition as well as moral character. When a man named Wang Mi visited Yang Zhen at night and attempted to bribe him 10 catties of gold, Yang rejected the gift. Wang Mi persevered, saying that nobody would know. Yang Zhen famously retorted "Heaven knows, Earth knows, you know and I know. How can you say that nobody would know?" Descendants of Yang Zhen adopted the "four wisdoms", or "Si Zhi" as the title of their clan hall. Some Yang family clan halls in various parts of China still carry this name.
Polities ruled by Yang (楊) families
- Yang state of the Zhou dynasty
- Sui dynasty
- Yang Wu
- Taiping Heavenly Kingdom (East)
- Giao Chỉ Dương Đình Nghệ
- Đại Việt
- Vietnam Kingship
- Jonê County
- Great Yining
- The Pacified Southern Kingdom
- Legendary Champa Queenship (female)
- VI, VII, VIII, IX Champa Dynasties
- Lulong Circuit Yang Zhicheng
- Tĩnh Hải quân (independent) Dương Thanh
- Kauthara Yan Pu Nagara (female)
- Haixi Jurchens chieftains Yangginu of Yehe or Yehe Nara Clan
- Hoa People Dương Ngạn Địch
- Anti-Qing Dynasty Yang Fuqing
- Jin Guo Shandong Yang Miaozhen (female)
- Jin Guo Shandong Yang An'er
- Eastern Tujue Sui Guowang Yang Zhengdao
- Northern Dynasty Yang Lie
- Majapahit Empire Nyoo Lay Wa and Yang-wi-si-sa
- New King Buddha III Liang Daomingguo Yang Xin
- White Wave Bandits Yang Feng
- Hunan the Great Sage Heavenly King Yang Yao
- Xiushan Yang Clan Tusi
Alternative spellings of the Yang (楊) surname
- Yeung (Cantonese, notably Hong Kong)
- Yeo/Yeoh (Hokkien and Teochew, notably Singapore and Malaysia)
- Eyu/Iyu/Io (Keowchou dialect, notably Singapore and Malaysia)
- Yiu/Yio/Yoo/Yu (Hokkien, notably Hong Kong and the Philippines) (rare)
- Yan/Yaung/Kaung (In Burmese)
- Eav/Eaw (Teochew, mostly in Cambodia)
- Njo/Njoo/Nyo/Nyoo/Injo/Inyo (Hokkien, Teochew notably Indonesia)
- Neoh/Neo(rare)/Ngeo (Hokkien, Peranakan pronunciation)
- Ieong (Cantonese, notably Macau - Portuguese pronunciation)
- Leong (rare) (Min-Man Cantonese, notably Nan Hai anglicized Romanization)
- Jong (Hakka, known in [[Indonesia][Malaysia][Singapore]])
- Iyo/Yo/Jo (Old Indonesian pronunciation)
- Jang/Yang (derived from Yang in old Dutch and old British pronunciation in Indonesia)
- Ian/Iyan (especially Indonesian customizable)
- Yaaj (in the Green Hmong dialect)
- Yaj (in the White Hmong dialect)
- Dương/Duong (anglicized) (Vietnamese)
- Sae-ia/Sae-ear (Thai)
- よう Yo/やなぎ Yanagi(Kun) (Japanese) (customizable)
- Yang (양) (Korean)
- Young/de Jong (European and English Phonetic Romanization)
- Jan/Yan/John/Johan (Ян) (Cyrillic)
Notable people surnamed Yang (楊)
- Yang Dongqian (楊洞潛), an official of the Chinese Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period state Southern Han
- Yang Ye (楊業) or Yang Jiye (楊繼業), was a military general of the Song Dynasty, Daizhou prefect and Sanjiao Garrison armed forces director (December 979 – August 986)
- Yang Fuguang (楊復光) (842-883), formally Duke Zhongsu of Hongnong (弘農忠肅公), was a eunuch's proposed general of the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty
- Yang Xiu, advisor under Warlord Cao Cao
- Yang Gongren, official and general of the Sui and Tang Dynasty
- Yang Hui (traditional Chinese: 楊輝; simplified Chinese: 杨辉), courtesy name Qianguang (謙光), was a Chinese mathematician during the late Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD)
- Yang Ren (Chinese: 楊任; Pinyin: Yáng Rèn), grand counsellor within the Shang Dynasty
- Yang Zhu, philosopher (440 – 360 BC) associated with an ethical Egoism
- Yang Xi (楊羲, 330-c. 386), courtesy name Xihe (羲和, a mythological solar deity), was an Eastern Jin dynasty scholar, calligrapher, and mystic
- Yang Yi, general of the Three Kingdoms era
- Yang Jian, first emperor of the Sui Dynasty (581-618)
- Yang Jisheng, court official executed during the Ming dynasty
- Yang Guang, second Emperor of the Sui Dynasty
- Yang Guifei, famous emperor's consort in Tang dynasty
- Yang Guozhong, politician and Yang Guifei's brother
- Yang Wan (楊綰), Tang Dynasty historian
- Yang Zaisi (楊再思), chancellor during Wu Zetian's reign
- Yang Qilang (楊七郎; literally "Yang's 7th son") is the 7th eldest and youngest son of Song Dynasty general Yang Ye
- Yang Wenguang (楊文廣), Song dynasty general
- Yang Jian (Erlang Shen), nephew of Jade Emperor
- Yang Xingmi, Prince Wuzhong of Wu, King Xiaowu of Wu, and Emperor Wu of Wu
- Yang Cheng (楊成), Fuxing of Sanxing
- Yang Jiong was a Tang dynasty Chinese poet
- Yang Liangjie was a holy Marquis
- Yang Xian (楊仙), Yang Xin (楊信) and Yang Yan (楊彥) called Tai Sui as deities, they are important features of Chinese astrology, Feng Shui, Taoism, and Chinese Buddhism to a lesser extent.
- Aili Yang, sinicized version of Olive Young (American born actress, lived 9 years in China)
- Andrew Yang (born 1975), American entrepreneur and 2020 U.S. presidential candidate
- Andrew Yang (born 1955), Minister of National Defense of the Republic of China (2013)
- Bowen Yang (born 1990), comedian and cast member on Saturday Night Live
- Yang Cheng-wu, Magistrate-elect of Kinmen County
- Yang Chih-liang, Minister of the Department of Health of the Republic of China (2009–2011)
- Yang Chin-hu, Mayor of Kaohsiung (1968–1973)
- Yang Chiu-hsing, Magistrate of Kaohsiung County (2001–2010)
- Yang Hung-duen, Minister of Science and Technology of the Republic of China (2016–2017)
- Yang Kuo-chiang, Director-General of National Security Bureau of the Republic of China (2015–2016)
- Yang Sui-sheng, Magistrate of Lienchiang County (2009–2014)
- Yang Tzu-pao, Deputy Minister of Culture of the Republic of China (2016–2018)
- Yang Wei-fuu, Vice Minister of Economic Affairs of the Republic of China
- Yang Mao-liang (Burmese: ရန်မိုးလျံ; Chinese: 楊茂良; also spelled Yang Mouliang) is a high-ranking member of the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army (MNDAA)
- David Yang, founder and chairman of the Board of ABBYY, Ph.D. in mathematics
- Alfonso T. Yuchengco (Chinese: 楊應琳), is a prominent industrialist, certified public accountant, educator, and diplomat in the Philippines
- Du Wenxiu (original name was Yang before name change), Chinese Muslim rebel leader
- Chen-Ning Yang, physicist and a Nobel medalist
- Howard Young, member of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong
- Jerry Yang, co-founder of Yahoo!
- Robert Yang, video game developer
- Gene Luen Yang, cartoonist, MacArthur Fellow, 2016 U.S. Ambassador of Children's Literature
- Yang Jiang, noted translator and playwright, widow of Qian Zhongshu
- Yang Jiechi, former Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China
- Yang Kaihui, wife of Mao Zedong
- Xiangzhong Yang, world animal cloning leader, University of Connecticut
- Yeung Kai-yin, former official of the Hong Kong Government, and former chairman and CEO of Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation
- Yang Liwei, Chinese astronaut
- Yang Luchan (楊露禪, 1799–1872), whose family became the most well-known exponents of the Chinese martial art known as T'ai Chi Ch'uan
- Yang Ch'eng-fu (楊澄甫, 1883–1936), martial arts teacher and grandson of Yang Luchan
- Miriam Yeung, singer and actress
- Yang Shangkun, Chinese politician, former President of China
- Yang Shi Man, Indonesian singer, known as Agnes Monica (Agnez Mo)
- Xuefei Yang, classical guitarist
- Yeung Sum, member of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong
- Sir Ti Liang Yang, former Chief Justice of Hong Kong, the first ethnic-Chinese to the position
- Yong Pung How, former Chief Justice of Singapore
- Yang Xianyi, noted translator
- Yen-Yi Yang, victim of murder by Stanley Williams
- George Yeo, Minister of Foreign Affairs for Singapore
- Richard Yeo Swee Chye,(楊瑞才), scientist, inventor & founder of SuperUSA Nutrition Inc & Multi Sensing Inc.
- Michelle Yeoh, famous international actress from Malaysia
- Yeoh Tiong Lay, business man, founder of YTL Corporation Berhad
- Francis Yeoh Chairman of YTL Corporation Berhad
- Ken Yeang renowned architect and author
- Yang Sen general, warlord, later Taiwan sports administrator
- Yang Weize, former Communist Party Secretary of Nanjing, China
- Yang Yang (painter), contemporary artist
- Yang Yang (badminton), badminton player
- Yang Yang (A), speed skater
- Yang Yang (S), speed skater
- Yang Yang (actor), Chinese actor
- Shirley Yeung, winner of 2001 Miss Hong Kong, TVB actress
- Rainie Yang, Taiwanese singer and actress
- Yeo Ning Hong, Former minister of Singapore
- Yang Erche Namu, ethnic Mosuo writer
- Tavia Yeung, TVB actress
- Vivien Yeo, TVB actress
- Yong Pung How, Singapore Chief Justice (1990–2006)
- Yang Yilin, Chinese gymnast
- Yang Jianli, Chinese dissident with U.S. residency
- Yong Mun Sen (1896-1962), Malaysian pioneer artist, known as Father of Malaysian Painting
- Yeung Kam John Yeung Sik Yuen, Mauritius Chief Justice
- Henry T. Yang, chancellor of University of California, Santa Barbara
- Sao Edward Yang Kyein Tsai (杨振材), last reigning prince of Kokang in Myanmar whose family ruled Kokang from 1739 - 1959
- Yang Yongliang, artist
- Yang Xiuqing, East King of the Heavenly Kingdom
- Yang Chuan-kwang, 楊傳廣, an Olympic decathlete from the Republic of China
- Gladys Yang, a British translator of Chinese literature
- Xao "Jerry" Yang (simplified Chinese: 杨係; traditional Chinese: 楊係; pinyin: Yáng Xì; born 1967), ethnic Hmong poker player from Temecula, California
- Jingan Young, (楊靜安), a Hong Kong playwright
- Yang Kuan (杨宽), Chinese historian
- Yang Gang, prominent female journalist
- Nagi Yanagi (やなぎ なぎ-Yanagi Nagi), Japanese singer-songwriter from Kansai, Japan and is signed to Geneon.
- Yō Yoshimura (吉村 よう Yoshimura Yō), former Japanese voice actor
- Dương Nhật Lễ, emperor of Đại Việt from 1369 to 1370
- Njoo Cheong Seng (Perfected Spelling: Nyoo Cheong Seng;楊章生) a Chinese-Indonesian playwright and film director
- Njoo Kiem Bie (naturalized name Koesbianto) (Chinese: 楊金美; pinyin: Yáng Jīnměi)a male badminton player from Indonesia
- Charlie Yeung, actress
- Yang Tsung-hua (楊宗樺), Taiwanese professional tennis player
- Fan Yang, Canadian bubble artist
- Yang Mu (杨牧/楊牧; pinyin: Yáng Mù) a Taiwanese poet
- Yang Wenhui (simplified Chinese: 杨文会; traditional Chinese: 楊文會; pinyin: Yáng Wénhùi; Wade–Giles: Yang Wenhui; 1837-1911) was a Chinese lay Buddhist reformer
- Yang Jing (Chinese: 杨晶; pinyin: Yáng Jīng) (born in December 1953) is one of the Chinese Party and State Leaders
- Tiger Yang (Yang Jiechi), a high-ranking Chinese politician and lifelong professional diplomat
- Yang Mi (楊冪), Chinese actress and singer
- Yang Xiong (politician), Mayor of Shanghai
- Yang Hyong-sop (楊亨燮), is a North Korean politician
- Yeung Ku-wan (杨衢云), the first President of the Hong Kong Chapter of the Revive China Society in 1894
- Yang Fuyu, a Chinese biochemist and biophysicist, is the main founder of biomembrane study in China
- Gregory Yong, was the second, and the first local, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Singapore
- Michael Yeung Ming-cheung, is the Bishop of Hong Kong
- Yang Xuanzhi, was a Chinese writer and translator of Mahayana Buddhist texts into the Chinese language
- Yang Du, was a Chinese politician
- Yang Baibing, was a general in the People's Liberation Army
- Yang Chengwu, was a Communist Chinese revolutionary and general of the People's Liberation Army
- Yam Ah Mee, is a former Singaporean civil servant and Chief Executive Director of the People's Association
- Alvin Yeo, is a lawyer and former Singaporean politician
- Alvin Yeung, is a barrister and politician in Hong Kong
- Yang Gensi, In 1952, the Chinese authorities gave him the honorary title of "super hero"
- Yang Wen-ke, Magistrate of Hsinchu County
- Yang Xinhai (1968-2004), prolific Chinese serial killer, rapist, and mass murderer
- Yang Yuanqing, (simplified Chinese: 杨元庆; traditional Chinese: 楊元慶; pinyin: Yáng Yuánqìng, born 12 November 1964) is a Chinese businessman and the current chief executive officer of Lenovo
- Russell Wendell Morfe Dionido II (楊文成), was a Filipino Chinese businessman, financial, and insurance adviser
- Yang Guangxian (Chinese: 楊光先, Xiao'erjing: ﻳْﺎ ﻗُﻮْا ﺷِﯿًﺎ) (1597–1669) was a Chinese Muslim Confucian writer and astronomer
- Njoo Han Siang (simplified Chinese: 杨汉祥; traditional Chinese: 楊漢祥) (August 31, 1930 – September 30, 1985) was a journalist, writer, banker, entrepreneur, and film producer in Indonesia.
- Rudy Heryanto (Chinese: 楊榮美; born 19 October 1954) is a male Chinese Indonesian former badminton player.
- Yeoh Ghim Seng BBM JP (simplified Chinese: 杨锦成; traditional Chinese: 楊錦成; pinyin: Yáng Jǐnchéng; Jyutping: Yeo1 Khin3 Sing1; 22 June 1918 – 3 June 1993) was Speaker of the Parliament of Singapore from 1970 to 1989.
- http://www.familytree.com/surnames/Yang, retrieved 16 September 2014
- http://www.indiachildnames.com/surname.aspx?surname=Yang, retrieved 16 September 2014
- Kuhn, Philip A. Chinese Among Others: Emigration in Modern Times, Lanham, MD/Plymouth: Rowman & Littlefield, 2008.
- "Chinese Yang surname history". People's Daily. 2006-02-14. Retrieved 2017-09-05.
- 杨氏, Retrieved 2017-09-05.
- "Mysterious totems of Chinese family names (6)". People's Daily. 2015-04-28. Retrieved 2017-09-05.
- Feng shen yan yi-Creation of the gods. Zhongguo hua bao chu ban she in Beijing. 2003. ISBN 7800246728.
- Feng shen yan yi. Zhongguo hua bao chu ban she in Beijing. 2003. OL 21017765M.
- "Yang Family History". Ancestry.com. Retrieved 2014-03-28.
- 'Book of Sui, vol. 1
- New Book of Tang, zh:s:新唐書
- Howard L. Goodman (2010). Xun Xu and the Politics of Precision in Third-Century Ad China. BRILL. pp. 81–. ISBN 978-90-04-18337-7.
- Bulletin. The Museum. 1992. p. 154.
- Jo-Shui Chen (2006-11-02). Liu Tsung-yüan and Intellectual Change in T'ang China, 773-819. Cambridge University Press. pp. 195–. ISBN 978-0-521-03010-6.
- Peter Bol (1 August 1994). "This Culture of Ours": Intellectual Transitions in T?ang and Sung China. Stanford University Press. pp. 505–. ISBN 978-0-8047-6575-6.
- Asia Major. Institute of History and Philology of the Academia Sinica. 1995. p. 57.
- R. W. L. Guisso (December 1978). Wu Tse-T'len and the politics of legitimation in T'ang China. Western Washington. p. 242. ISBN 978-0-914584-90-2.
- Jo-Shui Chen (2006-11-02). Liu Tsung-yüan and Intellectual Change in T'ang China, 773-819. Cambridge University Press. pp. 43–. ISBN 978-0-521-03010-6.
- Peter Bol (1 August 1994). "This Culture of Ours": Intellectual Transitions in T?ang and Sung China. Stanford University Press. pp. 66–. ISBN 978-0-8047-6575-6.
- Ouyang, Xiu (5 April 2004). Historical Records of the Five Dynasties. Richard L. Davis, translator. Columbia University Press. pp. 76–. ISBN 978-0-231-50228-3.
- 中国四百大姓, 袁义达, 邱家儒, Beijing Book Co. Inc., 1 January 2013
- 《朱子語類》 《卷一百四十·論文下（詩）》 Page 77
- Zhang Qian (2015-03-29). "Dynastic connections make Yang a regal surname". Shanghai Daily. Retrieved 2017-09-05.
- http://www.todayonhistory.com/baijiaxing/17.html, retrieved 06 September 2017
- "楊氏". firstname.lastname@example.org. Retrieved 2014-07-30.
- Eberhard, Wolfram (1968), The Local Cultures of South and East China, E. J. Brill, p. 53.
- 12, tr. Eberhard (1968), p. 52.
- http://www.cnbjx.com/xingshi/yang_3146.html, retrieved 9 June 2020
- https://www.nongli.com/qm/baobao/7549.html, retrieved 9 June 2020
- The Book of Odes at Wengu zhixin. Chinese text with James Legge and Marcel Granet (partial) translations
- Records of the Grand Historian and the Bamboo Annals.
- Han, Zhaoqi (2010). "House of Jin". Annotated Shiji (in Chinese). Zhonghua Book Company. pp. 3093–3094. ISBN 978-7-101-07272-3.
- "Yang Zhen - An Irreproachable Functionary". Pureinsight. Retrieved 2012-02-14.
|surname Yang. If an internal link intending to refer to a specific person led you to this page, you may wish to change that link by adding the person's given name(s) to the link.This page lists people with the|