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薛姓 - 楷体.svg
PronunciationXuē (Pinyin)
Sih (Pe̍h-ōe-jī)
Language(s)Old Chinese
Other names
Variant(s)Hsüeh (Wade-Giles, Taiwan)
Sit (Cantonese)
Sih (Hokkien, Teochew)
Setsu (Japanese)
Seol (Korean)
Tiết (Vietnamese)

Xue ([ɕɥé]) is the pinyin romanization of the Chinese surname 薛 (Xuē). It is romanized as Hsüeh in Wade-Giles. In Hong Kong and Macau it is usually romanized through its Cantonese pronunciation Sit. In Korean, it corresponds to Seol (설), in Japanese to Setsu and in Vietnamese to Tiết. According to the 2010 Chinese Census, it is the 76th most common surname in China, a sharp decline from 48th in 1982. In a study by geneticist Yuan Yida on the distribution of Chinese surnames, people who carry the name Xue are dispersed throughout the country and is most heavily concentrated in Shaanxi.


The surname traces back to the State of Xue in what is modern day Shandong. Yu the Great, founding emperor of the Xia dynasty, bestowed upon his minister Xi Zhong the title Marquis of Xue in gratitude for his invention of the Chinese chariot; Xi Zhong's descendants subsequently bore Xue as their clan name.

The surname originated from Korea. In the early 1500s, one prominent member in the family made a false accusation to the royal family of the Korean Peninsula. With immediate effect, the whole family received an execution order. Several members of the family crossed the border into China and took a long walk all the way to Shandong to avoid prosecution. Xi Zhong was one of them. Today, much of the bearers of the surname are scattered across Guangdong, Malaysia and Singapore.

Sinicized descendants of various non-Han Chinese peoples also adopted Xue as their surname, including the Göktürk Syr-Tardush tribe, the Xianbei Chigan clan and several Manchu clans such as Sakda Hala, Sue Hala, Sunit Hala etc.

In literature[edit]

In the classical novel Dream of the Red Chamber by Cao Xueqin, the Xue family is one of the four noble families of Jinling. The socially graceful debutante Xue Baochai, a literary embodiment of ideal traditional Chinese femininity, is one of the principal characters in the novel.

Notable people with this surname (薛)[edit]

Academics and science[edit]

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Government, politics, law and military[edit]