List of Coptic Orthodox Popes of Alexandria

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The following is a list of all the Coptic Orthodox Popes of Alexandria who have led the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria and have succeeded the Apostle Mark the Evangelist in the office of Bishop of Alexandria, who founded the Church in the 1st century, and therefore marked the beginning of Christianity in Africa.

The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria is one of the Oriental Orthodox churches (not to be mistaken with the Byzantine Orthodox group of churches) and is presided over by the Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria who is the body's spiritual leader. This position is held since 2012 by Pope Tawadros II, Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of all Africa on the Holy See of St. Mark.

The Oriental Orthodox believe that they are the "One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic" Church of the ancient Christian creeds.

The title "Pope"[edit]

Historically, the title "Pope" was first adopted by Pope Heraclas, the 13th Alexandrine Archbishop (232–249 AD), three centuries before it was assumed by John I, the Roman Bishop (523–526), who ratified the Alexandrian computation of the date of Easter. Bestowing the title on Rome's Pontiff did not strip it from Alexandria's, and the Roman Catholic Church recognizes this.[citation needed]

The full ecclesiastical title is Papa Abba, and the person who bears it stands for the devotion of all monastics, from Pentapolis in the west to Constantinople in the east, to his guidance. Within the denomination, it is the most powerful designation, for all monks in the East to voluntarily follow his spiritual authority, and it is said that it should be assumed that he is a bearer of Christ.

For the Patriarchs of Alexandria prior to the schism after the Council of Chalcedon, see List of Patriarchs of Alexandria. For the patriarchs of the Byzantine Orthodox church after the split with the Oriental Orthodox church, see List of Greek Orthodox Patriarchs of Alexandria.

Note that not all of the dates given are certain. The dates below are according to the Gregorian calendar. Some of the dates disagree with those given in Coptic publications such as The English Katameros. In some cases, publications errors caused the difference and have been corrected. In other cases, calendar differences between the Julian and the Gregorian calendars have caused some confusion.

Dioscorus I served as Patriarch of Alexandria since 444 until he was deposed and exiled by the Council of Chalcedon in 451, but he was still recognized as the Coptic Pope until his death in 454.

Chronological list of Popes and Patriarchs[edit]

1st century[edit]

Numerical Order Papacy Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English • Coptic
Birth Name Birth Place Apostolic Throne Notes
1 30 or 33 AD.
(Apostle of Christ)
60 or 61 AD.
(Evangelist of Egypt)
8 May 68
(Martyr)
St.Mark.jpg St. Mark the Apostle, Evangelist, & Martyr
MARCOS • Ⲙⲁⲣⲕⲟⲥ
John (Yoannis), son of Aristopolus Cyrene, Pentapolis (North Africa) 35 or 38 years. The Evangelist of the Land of Egypt. He was martyred at Baucalis (East of Alexandria) during the persecution of Copts led by the Roman Emperor Nero.
2 62 – 29 November 83 St. Anianus
INIANOS
Inianos Alexandria, Egypt 21 years. St. Anianus turned his house into a church, and it is said that it is the one known as the church of St. Mark which stands today in Alexandria.
3 83 – 11 September 95 St. Avilius
MILIEUS
Milieus Egypt 11 years, 9 months. He was elected Pope of Alexandria during the persecution against Copts by the Roman Emperor Domitian.
4 18 September 95 – 28 June 106 St. Kedron
KERDONOU
Kerdonou Egypt 10 years, 9 months, 10 days. He was martyred during the persecution of Copts led by the Roman Emperor Trajan.

2nd century[edit]

Numerical Order Papacy Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English • Coptic
Birth Name Birth Place Apostolic Throne Notes
5 29 June 106 – 9 August 118 St. Primus
EPRIEMOU
Epriemou Egypt 13 years, 1 months, 12 days. He was one of the three who were ordained priest by St. Mark the Apostle.
6 118 – 19 June 129 St. Justus
IOSTOS
Iostos Egypt 10 years, 10 months. He was the First Dean of the Catechetical School of Alexandria appointed by St. Mark the Apostle. He was elected Pope of Alexandria during the persecution against Copts by the Roman Emperor Hadrian.
7 129 – 19 October 141 St. Eumenius
OUMENIOS
Oumenios Egypt 12 years, 3 months. Second Dean of the Catechetical School of Alexandria. He was elected Pope of Alexandria during the persecution against Copts by the Roman Emperor Hadrian.
8 141 – 14 January 152 St. Markianos
MARKIANOS
Markianos Alexandria, Egypt 10 years, 2 months. Third Dean of the Catechetical School of Alexandria. During his Patriarch the Copts were persecuted by the Roman Emperor Antonius Pius.
9 29 January 152 – 16 July 166 St. Celadion
KALAVTIANOS
Kalavtianos Egypt 14 years, 6 months. He was elected Pope of Alexandria during the persecution against Copts by the Roman Emperor Antonius Pius.
10 166 – 12 February 178 St. Agrippinus
AGHREPPINIOS
Aghreppinios Alexandria, Egypt 11 years, 6 months, 5 days. He was elected Pope of Alexandria during the persecution against Copts by the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius.
11 18 March 178 – 17 March 188 St. Julian
YULIANOS
Yulianos Egypt 10 years. He was elected Pope of Alexandria during the persecution against Copts by the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius.
12 17 March 188 – 22 October 230 Pope Demetrius of Alexandria.jpg St. Demetrius the Vinedresser
DEMETRIOS
Demetrios Alexandria, Egypt 42 years, 7 months, 5 days. During his Patriarchy the Copts were persecuted by the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus.

3rd century[edit]

Numerical Order Papacy Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English • Coptic
Birth Name Birth Place Apostolic Throne Notes
13 230 – 17 December 246 Martyr Eraclus of Antioch.jpg St. Heraclas
YARAKLAS
Yaraklas Egypt 16 years, 1 months. He is the first Patriarch to carry the hierarchy title "Pope". Which the Bishop of Rome did not use until the sixth century. During his Patriarchy the Copts were persecuted by the Roman Emperor Maximus the Tharacian.
14 28 December 246 – 22 March 264 Dionisii alek.jpg St. Dionysius the Great
DIONYSIUS
Dionysius Egypt 17 years, 2 months, 10 days. He was the Dean of the Catechetical School of Alexandria. He was elected Pope of Alexandria during the great persecution against Copts by the Roman Emperor Decius.
15 9 November 264 – 22 April 282 St. Maximus
MAXIMUS
Maximus Alexandria, Egypt 17 years, 5 months. He participated in the Synods of Antioch against the heresies of Paul of Samosata. During his Patriarchy the Copts were persecuted by the Roman Emperor Aurelian.
16 282 – 10 January 301 St. Theonas
THEONA
Theona Egypt 19 years, 1 months. Eusebius the Historian calls him a "pillar of the Church".

4th century[edit]

Numerical Order Papacy Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English • Coptic
Birth Name Birth Place Apostolic Throne Notes
17 302 – 8 December 311 Pope Peter of Alexandria.jpg St. Peter the Seal of the Martyrs
PETROS • Πετροϲ
Petros Alexandria, Egypt 9 years, 10 months. He was the last martyred during The Great Persecution led by the Roman Emperors Diocletian and Galerius.
18 24 December 311 – 26 June 312 St. Achillas
ARCHELAOS
Archelaos Egypt 6 months. He was the Dean of the Catechetical School of Alexandria, defending the teachings of Orthodoxy. And was elected Pope of Alexandria during the reign of the Emperor Constantine the Great.
19 312 – 30 April 328 Veljusa Monastery St. Alexander of Alexandria.jpg St. Alexander I
ALEXANDEROS
Alexanderos Alexandria, Egypt 15 years, 9 months, 20 days. On 18 November 325 AD, St. Alexandros, 19th Pope & Patriarch of Alexandria attended the 1st Ecumenical Council at Nicaea, and was accompanied by his Archdeacon, St. Athanasius the Apostolic.
20 5 May 328 – 15 May 373 St Athanasius the Apostolic.jpg St. Athanasius the Apostolic
ATHANASIUS
Athanasius El Balyana, Sohag Governorate, Egypt 45 years. Attended the 1st Ecumenical Council at Nicaea as a Deacon and wrote the Nicene Creed also known as the Orthodox Creed or Athanasius Creed. He is regarded by majority Western protestants, scholars, and theologians as the greatest leader of Christianity.
21 373 – 27 February 379 St. Peter II
PETROS • Πετροϲ
Petros Egypt 5 years, 9 months.
22 14 March 379 – 2 August 385 St. Timothy I
TIMOTHEOS
Timotheos Egypt 6 years, 4 months, 6 days. Attended the 2nd Ecumenical Council at Constantinople.
23 385 – 28 October 412
Goleniscev Papyrus - Theophilus on Serapeion (crop).jpg
St. Theophilus
THEOPHILUS
Theophilus Egypt 27 years, 2 months. St. Theophilus fought against the pagans, the Arians and the Anthropomorphists, supported by Emperor Theodosius. St. Theophilus was succeeded on the Apostolic Throne by his nephew St. Cyril, 24th Pope of Alexandria.

5th century[edit]

Numerical Order Papacy Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English • Coptic
Birth Name Birth Place Apostolic Throne Notes
24 17 October 412 – 10 July 444 St. Cyril of Alexandria.jpg St. Cyril the Pillar of Faith
KYRILLOS
Kyrillos Alexandria, Egypt 31 years, 8 months, 10 days. Known as the "Pillar of Faith" and "Lamp of the Orthodox Church". On 22 September 431 AD, St. Cyril attended the 3rd Ecumenical Council at Ephesus, which he rebuked and excommunicated Nestorius, Patriarch of Constantinople who denied the Virgin as Theotokos ('God-bearer').
25 444 – 17 September 454 St. Dioscorus.jpg St. Dioscorus the Champion of Orthodoxy
DIOSCORUS
Dioscorus Egypt 10 years, 1 months, 9 days. Known as the "Champion of Orthodoxy". Last Pope & Patriarch of Alexandria to attend a Western council, the 4th Ecumenical Council at Chalcedon and was accompanied by St. Marcarius, Bishop of Edkow. They were exiled by Emperor Marcianus and the Empress Pulcheria to the Island of Gangra, where St. Dioscorus departed and was laid to rest.
26 October 455 – 13 August 477 St. Timothy II
TIMOTHEOS
Timotheos Egypt 21 years, 10 months.
27 477 – 11 November 489 St. Peter III
PETROS • Πετροϲ
Petros Egypt 13 years, 1 months, 29 days.
28 489 – 30 September 496 St. Athanasius II
ATHANASIUS
Athanasius Egypt 6 years, 9 months, 20 days.
29 29 September 496 – 12 May 505 St. John I
YOANNIS • Ιⲱⲁnnнⲥ
Yoannis Alexandria, Egypt 8 years, 7 months.

6th century[edit]

Numerical Order Papacy Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English • Coptic
Birth Name Birth Place Apostolic Throne Notes
30 29 May 505 – 4 June 516 St. John II
YOANNIS • Ιⲱⲁnnнⲥ
Yoannis Egypt 10 years, 11 months, 23 days.
31 516 – 27 October 518 St. Dioscorus II
DIOSCORUS
Dioscorus Egypt 2 years, 4 months, 15 days.
32 518 – 20 February 536 St. Timothy III
TIMOTHEOS
Timotheos Egypt 17 years, 3 months.
33 536 – 5 July 567 St. Theodosius I
THEODOSIOS
Theodosios Egypt 31 years, 4 months, 15 days.
34 25 July 567 – 2 July 569 St. Peter IV
PETROS • Πετροϲ
Petros Egypt 1 years, 10 months, 25 days.
35 26 June 569 – 25 June 605 Pope Damian of Alexandria.jpg St. Damian
DAMIANOS
Damianos Syria 35 years, 11 months, 16 days.

7th century[edit]

Numerical Order Papacy Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English • Coptic
Birth Name Birth Place Apostolic Throne Notes
36 9 July 605 – 31 December 616 St. Anastasius
ANASTASIOS
Anastasios Alexandria, Egypt 11 years, 6 months.
37 616 – 16 January 623 St. Andronicus
ANDRONIKOS
Andronikos Alexandria, Egypt 6 years, 14 months.
38 623 – 16 January 662 St. Benjamin I
BENJAMIN
Benjamin Barshüt, Beheira Governorate, Egypt 39 years. During his Patriarchy in 639 an army of 4,000 Arabs led by Amr Ibn Al-Aas sent by the Caliph Umar, successor to Muhammad, invaded Egypt and defeated Byzantine Emperor Heraclius. Thus ended 200 years of Byzantine persecution of Coptic Orthodox Christians since the Council of Chalcedon. Within the Coptic Church, Pope Benjamin I is regarded as the Greatest Pope of all time.
39 662 – 26 October 680 St. Agathon
AGHATHON
Agathon Egypt 18 years, 9 months, 3 days.
40 680 – 689 Pope John III
YOANNIS • Ιⲱⲁnnнⲥ
Hanna Egypt 9 years.
41 June 690 – 18 November 692 St. Isaac
ISHAAC
Ishaac El-Borolos, Egypt 2 years, 10 months, 2 days.
42 19 December 692 – 31 July 700 St. Simeon I
SIMEON
Simon Syria 7 years, 7 months.

8th century[edit]

Numerical Order Papacy Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English • Coptic
Birth Name Birth Place Apostolic Throne Notes
43 704 – 14 February 729 St. Alexander II
ALEXANDEROS
Alexanderos Bana, Egypt 25 years, 9 months, 7 days. The Umayyad Caliph Al-Walid I did not limit himself to taxing the Copts' finances; he also taxed their patience. He publicly reviled Jesus and once, during a procession, he even spat in the face of an image of the Virgin Mary. When the Copts protested to the Caliph about the level of taxation he responded with more seizure of property and higher taxes. Such behavior continued under Al-Walid's successors; Yazid II not only reinstated all the earlier taxes, he also ordered the destruction of all crosses and sacred images in churches. He also ordered all his subjects to wear a leaden identification badge around their necks, and required that all Copts who wished to engage in business activity have the mark of a lion branded on their hands. Anyone caught without the mark would have his hand cut off.[1]
44 26 March 729 – 10 June 730 St. Cosmas I
KOSMA
Kosma Abu-Sair, Egypt 1 year, 3 months.
45 730 – 14 February 742 St. Theodore I
THEODOROS
Tadros Egypt 11 years, 7 months, 7 days.
46 14 September 743 – 25 March 767 St. Michael I
MIKHAIL • Ⲙıχⲁнλ
Khail Egypt 23 years, 6 months. He was imprisoned and tortured by the Governor Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan ibn Musa bin Nusayr. When King Kyriakos of Makuria heard the news, he was extremely enraged and prepared 100,000 soldiers which invaded Egypt and freed the Pope. The King and Makurian army slew all the Muslims that he met, until he surrounded the city al-Fustat (Cairo). When Abd al-Malik saw the army surrounding the city he became terrified, so he released the Pope from prison to mediate peace between him and the King. The Pope asked the King to accept the peace from Abd al-Malik which the King accepted and returned to Makuria.
47 767– 776 Pope Mina I
MENAS • Ⲙнnⲁ
Mena Egypt 8 years, 10 months.
48 24 January 777 – 24 January 799 St. John IV
YOANNIS • Ιⲱⲁnnнⲥ
John Egypt 22 years.
49 26 January 799 – 30 April 819 St. Mark II
MARCOS • Ⲙⲁⲣⲕⲟⲥ
Marcos Alexandria, Egypt 20 years, 2 months, 21 days. During his Patriarch the Copts were persecuted by the Abbasid Sultan, Harun al-Rashid

9th century[edit]

Numerical Order Papacy Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English • Coptic
Birth Name Birth Place Apostolic Throne Notes
50 819 – 21 February 830 St. James
YAKOBOS • Ιⲁⲕωвⲟⲥ
Yakobos Egypt 10 years, 9 months, 9 days. In 829, the Copts of the entire Nile Delta rebelled against the Muslim authorities because of excessive taxation and religious persecution. The revolt spread to Upper Egypt. This was the greatest, the most widespread and the most broad based Egyptian rebellion in the history of Egypt under Islam.
51 May 830 – 13 October 830 St. Simeon II
SIMEON
Simon Alexandria, Egypt 5 months, 17 days.
52 831 – 2 November 849 St. Joseph
YOUSAB
Youssef Menouf. Egypt 17 years, 11 months, 2 days. In 831, Al-Ma'mun, Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate asked the Pope to pacify the rebels. The Pope asked the people for calm and obedience to the oppressor. All heeded him except the Bashmurians in the northernmost part of the Nile Delta, who refused his advice. Al-Ma'mun finally had to bring a large army with elephants from Turkey to conquer the Bashmurians. Without the help of Upper Egypt the Bashmurians revolt ended up in defeat, a blood bath, and widespread destruction in the marshland of the lower delta. All the surviving population of that area was removed by force to Syria.
53 20 November 849 – 30 April 851 St. Michael II
MIKHAIL • Ⲙıχⲁнλ
Egypt 1 year, 4 months, 28 days.
54 851 – 30 November 858 St. Cosmas II
KOSMA
Samanoud, Egypt 7 years, 4 months, 9 days.
55 8 January 859 – 2 May 880 St. Shenouda I
SHENOUDA • Ϣⲉⲛⲟⲩϯ ⲅ̅
Shenouda Samanoud, Egypt 21 years, 3 months, 11 days.
56 25 April 880 – 29 March 907 St. Michael III
MIKHAIL • Ⲙıχⲁнλ
Khail Egypt 27 years, 1 months, 9 days. In 882, the governor of Egypt, Ahmad ibn Tulun, forced the Pope to pay heavy contributions, forcing him to sell a church and some attached properties to the local Jewish community. This building was at one time believed to have later become the site of the Cairo Geniza.

10th century[edit]

Numerical Order Papacy Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English • Coptic
Birth Name Birth Place Apostolic Throne Notes
57 909 – 28 February 920 St. Gabriel I
GHABRI
Gabreil Egypt 10 years, 9 months.
58 28 February 920 – 12 March 932 St. Cosmas III
KOSMA
Kosma Egypt 12 year.
59 932 – 2 April 952 St. Macarius I
MACARIUS
Egypt 19 years, 11 months, 23 days.
60 952 – 19 December 956 St. Theophilus
THEOPHILUS
Theophilus Egypt 4 years, 4 months, 11 days.
61 956 – 974 Pope Mina II
MENAS • Ⲙнnⲁ
Mena Egypt 17 years, 11 months, 6 days.
62 28 November 975 – 16 December 978 Pope Abraham of Alexandria.jpg St. Abraham
AVRAAM
Abraam ibn Zeraa Syria 3 years, 11 months. Al-Mu'iz, Caliph of the Fatimid Caliphate challenged Pope Abraham "if you have faith as a mustard seed, you will say to this mountain, ‘Move from here to there,’ and it will move" (Matt 17:20 & Mark 11:23). After 3 days of prayers and fasting the Pope with St. Simon the Tanner moved the Mokattam Mountain east of Cairo. The story of this miracle can be found in the History of the Patriarchs of Alexandria written by the historian Severus Ibn al-Muqaffa.
63 979 – 1003 Pope Philotheos
PHILOTHEOS
Philotheos Egypt 24 years, 7 months, 10 days.

11th century[edit]

Numerical Order Papacy Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English • Coptic
Birth Name Birth Place Apostolic Throne Notes
64 1004 – 22 November 1032 St. Zacharias
ZACHARIAS
Zacharias Alexandria, Egypt 27 years, 11 months, 12 days. During his Patriarchy the Copts were persecuted for nine years by the Caliph Al-Hakim. More than 30,000 churches were demolished, including the burning of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem. Al-Hakim had seized the Pope smeared his clothes with the blood of a slaughtered sheep and cast him to hungry lions, but they did not harm him. The Caliph marvelled and ordered that the Pope be allowed to rebuild churches and restore those that were destroyed.
65 1032 – 1046 Pope Shenouda II
SHENOUDA • Ϣⲉⲛⲟⲩϯ ⲅ̅
Shenouda Egypt 14 years, 7 months, 11 days.
66 1046 – 23 December 1077 St. Christoldoulos
KHRISTODOULOS
Khristodoulos Egypt 31 years. In the year 1047 the Seat of the Coptic Orthodox Pope of Alexandria was moved from Alexandria to Cairo.
67 18 March 1078 – 19 June 1092 St. Cyril II
KYRILLOS
Guirguis Egypt 14 years, 2 months, 20 days.
68 9 October 1092 – 7 June 1102 St. Michael IV
MIKHAIL • Ⲙıχⲁнλ
Egypt 9 years, 7 months, 17 days.

12th century[edit]

Numerical Order Papacy Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English • Coptic
Birth Name Birth Place Apostolic Throne Notes
69 1102 – 14 September 1128 St. Macarius II
MACARIUS
Egypt 26 years, 1 months, 11 days.
70 3 February 1131 – 18 April 1145 St. Gabriel II
GHABRI
ibn Turaik Cairo, Egypt 14 years, 2 months, 2 days.
71 29 July 1145 – 11 April 1146 St. Michael V
MIKHAIL • Ⲙıχⲁнλ
Daqadus, Dakahlia Governorate, Egypt 8 Months.
72 25 August 1147 – 12 May 1166 St. John V
YOANNIS • Ιⲱⲁnnнⲥ
Egypt 18 years, 8 months, 4 days.
73 1166 – 1189 Pope Mark III
MARCOS • Ⲙⲁⲣⲕⲟⲥ
Alexandria, Egypt 22 years, 6 months, 19 days.
74 1189 – 1216 Pope John VI
YOANNIS • Ιⲱⲁnnнⲥ
Egypt 26 years, 11 months, 8 days. After his departure, the Apostolic Throne remained vacant for nineteen years. This is the longest vacancy in the history of the Coptic Orthodox Church.

13th century[edit]

Numerical Order Papacy Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English Coptic
Birth Name Birth Place Apostolic Throne Notes
75 30 July 1235 – 23 March 1243 St. Cyril III
KYRILLOS
Dawoud ibn Laqlaq Egypt 7 years, 8 months, 23 days. After his departure, the Apostolic Throne remained vacant for seven years and seven months because of the intense persecution which did not allow the Copts to elect a successor.
76 15 October 1250 – 10 December 1261 Pope Athanasius III
ATHANASIUS
Bolis Egypt 11 years, 1 months, 18 days.
77 3 November 1268 – 14 January 1271 St. Gabriel III
GHABRI
Egypt 2 years, 2 months, 10 days. With support from some of the Bishops, Pope Gabriel III replaced Pope John VII and reigned for three years until his death, when Pope John VII was reinstated. This is the only occasion in history when the Coptic Orthodox Church had two Popes at the same time.
78 14 January 1262 – 2 November 1269 &

15 January 1271 – 21 April 1293

St. John VII
YOANNIS • Ιⲱⲁnnнⲥ
Ibn Sa`id as-Sukari Cairo, Egypt 29 years, 1 months, 8 days. With support from some of the bishops, Pope John VII was replaced for three years by Pope Gabriel III, who was originally one of the candidates for pope. Pope John VII was restored as pope after the death of Pope Gabriel III. This is the only occasion in history when the Coptic Orthodox Church had two popes at the same time.
79 17 July 1294 – 13 January 1300 Pope Theodosius II
THEODOSIOS
Abdel Masih) Minyat Bani Khasim, Egypt 5 years, 5 months, 28 days.

14th century[edit]

Numerical Order Papacy Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English • Coptic
Birth Name Birth Place Apostolic Throne Notes
80 26 February 1300 – 11 June 1320 St. John VIII
YOANNIS • Ιⲱⲁnnнⲥ
Yohanna Ben-Ebsal Bani-Khosaim, Egypt 20 years, 3 months, 15 days During his Patriarch the Copts were persecuted by the Mamluk Sultan, Al-Nasir Muhammad ibn Qalawun. The Sultan decreed that whoever kills a Christian could have his possessions.
81 11 October 1320 – 10 April 1327 St. John IX
YOANNIS • Ιⲱⲁnnнⲥ
Nephia-Monufia Governorate, Egypt 6 years, 6 months, 1 day. On 8 May 1321, Muslims destroyed and burned over 60 Coptic churches and monasteries throughout Egypt.
82 23 May 1327 – 19 January 1339 Pope Benjamin II
BENJAMIN
Benjamin Ad-Dimikarat, Egypt 11 years, 7 months, 26 days.
83 14 January 1340 – 21 July 1348 St. Peter V
PETROS • Πετροϲ
Boutros ibn Dawood Egypt 8 yeas, 6 months, 6 days.
84 15 July 1348 – 13 February 1363 Pope Mark IV
MARCOS • Ⲙⲁⲣⲕⲟⲥ
Farag Kaliub, Egypt 14 years, 4 months, 26 days.
85 20 May 1363 – 26 July 1369 St. John X
YOANNIS • Ιⲱⲁnnнⲥ
Damascus, Syria 6 years, 2 months, 7 days. He was the fourth and last Syrian elected Pope of Alexandria. The other three popes elected from among the Syrians are as followed Pope Damian the 35th, Pope Simeon the 42nd, Pope Abraam the 62nd.
86 19 January 1370 – 11 May 1378 St. Gabriel IV
GHABRI
Egypt 8 years, 3 months, 22 days. During his Patriarchy the Coptic Orthodox Christians were indiscriminately persecuted by Crusaders.
87 1378 – 13 January 1408 Pope Matthew
MATHEOS
Bani Ruh, Al-Ashmunain, Egypt 30 years, 5 months, 6 days. Also known as El Meskin ("The Poor") for his charitable deeds to the poor. During his Patriarchy a great number of Coptic Orthodox Christians were indiscriminately persecuted by the Crusaders.

15th century[edit]

Numerical Order Papacy Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English • Coptic
Birth Name Birth Place Apostolic Throne Notes
88 1409 – 1427 Pope Gabriel V
GHABRI
Giza, Egypt 17 years, 8 months, 12 days.
89 11 May 1427 – 17 May 1452 St. John XI
YOANNIS • Ιⲱⲁnnнⲥ
Farag El-Maksa, Cairo, Egypt 24 years, 11 months, 23 days. In 1441, the Ethiopian Emperor Zara Yaqob threatened the Burji Sultan Sayf ad-Din Jaqmaq to cut the flow of the Nile because of the destruction of monasteries and persecution against Copts led by the Sultan Jaqmaq. However, the Emperor refrained from doing so for the human suffering it would cause.
90 1452 – 23 September 1465 St. Matthew II
MATHEOS II
Egypt 13 years.
91 1466 – 1474 Pope Gabriel VI
GHABRI VI
Egypt 8 years, 10 months, 6 days.
92 1477 – 1478 Pope Michael VI
MIKHAIL
Egypt 1 year, 3 days.
93 1480 – 1483 Pope John XII
YOANNIS • Ιⲱⲁnnнⲥ
Egypt 3 years, 4 months, 17 days.
94 1484 – 1524 Pope John XIII
YOANNIS • Ιⲱⲁnnнⲥ
Egypt 39 years, 11 months, 26 days.

16th century[edit]

Numerical Order Papacy Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English • Coptic
Birth Name Birth Place Apostolic Throne Notes
95 1525 – 17 July 1568 St. Gabriel VII
GHABRI
Roufail Near El-Mouharraq Monastery, Egypt 43 years, 25 days.
96 17 April 1571 – 8 September 1586 St. John XIV
YOANNIS • Ιⲱⲁnnнⲥ
Manfalout, Egypt 15 years, 4 months, 19 days.
97 20 June 1587 – 17 May 1603 St. Gabriel VIII
GHABRI
Shenouda Meer, Egypt 15 years, 10 months, 24 days.

17th century[edit]

Numerical Order Papacy Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English • Coptic
Birth Name Birth Place Apostolic Throne Notes
98 1603 – 11 September 1619 Pope Mark V
MARCOS • Ⲙⲁⲣⲕⲟⲥ
El-Bayadia, Egypt 16 years, 2 months, 9 days. Arabic becomes Egypt's official language. Islamic rulers threatened to cut the tongues of any Egyptian that was found speaking in the Coptic language. Despite the persecutions, the Coptic Popes are credited for preserving the Coptic language.
99 18 September 1619 – 10 September 1629 St. John XV
YOANNIS • Ιⲱⲁnnнⲥ
Mallawi, Egypt 9 years, 11 months, 22 days. Buried at St.Anba Bishih Monastery in El-Bayadia, Egypt.
100 7 September 1631 – 3 April 1646 St. Matthew III
MATHEOS
Tadros Toukh El-Nasarah, El-Monufia, Egypt 14 years, 6 months, 23 days.
101 20 April 1646 – 20 April 1656 St. Mark VI
MARCOS • Ⲙⲁⲣⲕⲟⲥ
Tadros Bahgourah, Egypt 10 years.
102 6 December 1660 – 22 August 1675 St. Matthew IV
MATHEOS
Guirguis Meer, Ashmonain District, Diocese of Qousqam (known as El-Muharaq), Egypt 14 years, 8 months, 9 days.
103 5 May 1676 – 17 June 1718 St. John XVI
YOANNIS • Ιⲱⲁnnнⲥ
Ibrahim Takh El-Nasara the diocese of El-Menoufia, Egypt 42 years, 3 month.

18th century[edit]

Numerical Order Papacy Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English • Coptic
Birth Name Birth Place Apostolic Throne Notes
104 21 August 1718 – 4 April 1726 St. Peter VI
PETROS • Πετροϲ
Morgan Assiut, Egypt 7 years, 7 months, 11 days.
105 12 January 1727 – 21 April 1745 St. John XVII
YOANNIS • Ιⲱⲁnnнⲥ
Abdel Sayed Mallawi, Egypt 18 years, 3 months, 8 days.
106 30 May 1745 – 18 May 1769 St. Mark VII
MARCOS • Ⲙⲁⲣⲕⲟⲥ
Simeon Klosna, in the district of El Bahnasa, Egypt 23 years, 11 months, 8 days. During his Patriarch, there was an attempt from the Catholic Church to take over the Coptic Church. They ordained a monk from Jerusalem to be a Catholic Bishop in Egypt, but he was unable to come to Egypt and stayed in Jerusalem. They also ordained Raphael Al Tokhi as their bishop for Upper Egypt, but he was unable to stay there, so the Pope of Rome called him to Rome to stay there. Pope Mark VII wrote many books about the Coptic Church.
107 23 October 1769 – 9 June 1796 St. John XVIII
YOANNIS • Ιⲱⲁnnнⲥ
Joseph Fayoum, Egypt 26 years, 7 months, 14 days. During his Patriarch, Pope Pius VI of Rome sent an envoy to Pope John XVIII of Alexandria asking him to unite the Church of Alexandria with the Roman Catholic Church under the proceedings of the Council of Chalcedon. Pope John XVIII and all the Bishops in Egypt unanimously refuted the Tome of Leo and defended "One Nature-the Logos Incarnate," of the full humanity and full divinity. The famous scholar and theologian Joseph el-Abbah, Bishop of Girga responded to Pope Pius VI message and rejected the proceedings of the Council of Chalcedon in which Leo, the Archbishop of Rome preached Christ "in two natures".
108 1796 – 21 December 1809 Pope Mark VIII.jpg St. Mark VIII
MARCOS • Ⲙⲁⲣⲕⲟⲥ
Youhanna Tima, Sohag Governorate, Egypt 13 years, 2 months, 19 days. During his Patriarch, the French invaded Egypt. His seat at Haret Al Rum was transferred to Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, Azbakeya in the year 1800.

19th century[edit]

Numerical Order Papacy Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English • Coptic
Birth Name Birth Place Apostolic Throne Notes
109 24 December 1809 – 6 April 1825 Pope Peter VII.jpg St. Peter VII
PETROS • Πετροϲ
Mankarius Gawli - Manfalout, Egypt 30 years, 5 months, 6 days. A Russian ambassador offered the Patriarch Peter VII the protection from the Russian Emperor, Nicholas I, however the patriarch thanked the Emperor, saying no other protection was needed than God.
110 5 June 1853 – 31 January 1862 Cyril IV of Alexandria.jpg St. Cyril IV
KYRILLOS
Daoud Sawamaa of the district of the city of Girga, Egypt 6 years, 7 months, 13 days. He established a Coptic School in Haret El-Sakkayeen. As well as a printing house and printed many church books.
111 17 June 1862 – 18 January 1870 Pope Demetrius II.jpg St. Demetrius II
DEMETRIOS
Mikhail Galda, Minya Governorate, Egypt 7 years, 7 months, 3 days.
112 1 November 1874 – 7 August 1927 Cyril V of Alexandria.jpg St. Cyril V
KYRILLOS
Youhanna Tezment, Beni Suef Governorate, Egypt 52 years, 9 months, 6 days. Longest-serving Pope in the history of the Coptic Orthodox Church. In 1908, Marcus Simaika Pasha obtained the approval of the Pope to build the Coptic Museum which was inaugurated on 14 March 1910.

20th century[edit]

Numerical Order Papacy Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English • Coptic
Birth Name Birth Place Apostolic Throne Notes
113 16 December 1928 – 21 June 1942 John XIX of Alexandria.jpg St. John XIX
YOANNIS • Ιⲱⲁnnнⲥ
Dair Tasa, Assiut, Egypt 13 years, 6 months, 5 days. First ever Bishop or Metropolitan ordained Pope.
114 19 February 1944 – 31 August 1945 114th Pope of Alexandria.jpg St. Macarius III
MACARIUS
El-Mahalla El-Kubra, Egypt 1 year, 6 months, 19 days. Was ordained metropolitan for Assiut at 24 years old.
115 1946 – 14 November 1956 Joseph II of Alexandria.jpg Pope Joseph II
YOUSAB II
Damanhour, Egypt 10 years, 5 months, & 17 days. Foundation of the Higher Institute of Coptic Studies.
116 10 May 1959 – 9 March 1971 Cyril VI of Alexandria.jpg St. Cyril VI
KYRILLOS
Azer Youssef Atta Damanhour, Egypt 11 years, 9 months, 29 days. A modern miracle-worker, Pope Cyril VI (also known in Arabic as "the man of prayer") gave a humble, public image for the Coptic church. One of the more recent popes to become involved in politics, Pope Cyril VI had good relations with Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser. In the tenth year of his papacy, the holy church celebrates the inauguration of the new St. Mark Cathedral in Dair El-Anba Rowais, which was known also as Dair El-Khandaq. For this occasion and for the return of the relics of St. Mark the Apostle from Rome, after being in the city of Venice in Italy for eleven centuries, a great religious celebration was organized. The celebration was headed by H.H. Pope Kyrillos the Sixth and was attended by President Gamal Abdel Naser, President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, Emperor Haile Selassie the First, Emperor of Ethiopia, and many of the heads of different religions and representatives of churches from all around the world. Among those religious leaders was Mar Ignatius Yacoub the Third, the Antiochian Patriarch for the Syrian Orthodox. He is revered very highly today, and continues to perform numerous miracles especially for students in need.
117 14 November 1971 – 17 March 2012 Pope Shenouda III of Alexandria by Chuck Kennedy (Official White House Photostream).jpg Pope Shenouda III
SHENOUDA • Ϣⲉⲛⲟⲩϯ ⲅ̅
Nazeer Gayed Roufail Abnub, Asyut Governorate, Egypt 40 years, 4 months, 3 days. First Pope to visit the Patriarchs of Rome and Constantinople since 451 AD. Most notably, Pope Shenouda III's reign also saw the rapid diaspora of Coptic people throughout the whole world for the first time in centuries (including the establishment of hundreds of churches in the United States, Australia, Canada, Switzerland, and several other countries.) Pope Shenouda III had the greatest impact on the Coptic Church's canon, modernizing several regulations to fit not only the needs of the Coptic people, but the traditions of the Church as well. A blessed man of the people, he is formally known as "the man of ministry".

21st century[edit]

Numerical Order Papacy Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English • Coptic
Birth Name Birth Place Apostolic Throne Notes
118 18 November 2012 – Present Tawadros II of Alexandria.jpg Pope Theodore II
TAWADROS • Ⲑⲉⲟ́ⲇⲱⲣⲟⲥ
Wagih Subhi Baqi Sulayman Mansoura,
Egypt
Since 2012 In August 2013, Churches and monasteries in Upper Egypt (built in the 4th and 5th centuries) were forced to cancel Sunday Mass for the first time in 1,600 years due to the intense persecution led by the Muslim Brotherhood.[2]

References[edit]

General
Specific

External links[edit]