List of U.S. cities with significant Chinese-American populations
|U.S. cities with significant Chinese-American populations|
New York City is home to the largest Chinese American population of any city proper, with over half a million. Multiple large Chinatowns in Manhattan, Brooklyn (above), and Queens are thriving as traditionally urban enclaves, as large-scale Chinese immigration continues into New York, with the largest metropolitan Chinese population outside Asia.
Cities considered to have significant Chinese American populations are large U.S. cities or municipalities with a critical mass of at least 1% of the total urban population; medium-sized cities with a critical mass of at least 1% of their total population; and small cities with a critical mass of at least 10% of the total population.
According to the 2012 Census estimates, the three metropolitan areas with the largest Chinese American populations were the Greater New York Combined Statistical Area at 735,019 people, the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland Combined Statistical Area at 629,243 people, and the Greater Los Angeles Combined Statistical Area at about 566,968 people. In the post-1965 era, first- and second-generation immigrants include those from Mainland China, Hong Kong Macau, and Taiwan. Also included in the Chinese American population enumeration are ethnic Chinese from Malaysia and Vietnam who might identify themselves as Chinese, thus skewing Census reporting.
New York City is home to by far the highest Chinese American population of any city proper, with an estimated 573,388 Chinese Americans in New York City, significantly higher than the total of the next five cities combined; multiple large Chinatowns in Manhattan, Brooklyn (three), and Queens (three) are thriving as traditionally urban enclaves, as large-scale Chinese immigration continues into New York, with the largest metropolitan Chinese population outside Asia. The Los Angeles County city of Monterey Park has the highest percentage of Chinese Americans of any municipality, at 43.7% of its population, or 24,758 people. The San Gabriel Valley region of Los Angeles County in particular has one of the most prominent collections of U.S. suburbs with large foreign-born Chinese-speaking populations, ranging from working-class individuals residing in Rosemead and El Monte to wealthier immigrants living in Arcadia, San Marino, and Diamond Bar. A similar demographic shift has also taken place in the southern half of the San Francisco Bay Area. Conversely, the suburbs of New York City within the state of New Jersey are notable for their widespread and increasing prevalence of Chinese Americans (see list below), reflecting their general affluence and propensity for professional occupations.
|5||New York City||New York||486,463||6.0|
New York City boroughs
As the city proper with the nation's largest Chinese American population by a wide margin, with an estimated 573,388 in 2014, and as the primary destination for new Chinese immigrants, New York City is subdivided into official municipal boroughs, which themselves are home to significant Chinese populations, with Brooklyn and Queens, adjacently located on Long Island, leading the fastest growth. (Note that The Bronx, with an estimated 6,891 Chinese Americans in 2012, comprising a sub-threshold 0.5% of the borough's population, is not listed in this table.) After the City of New York itself, the boroughs of Queens and Brooklyn encompass the largest Chinese populations, respectively, of all municipalities in the United States.
|Rank||Borough||Chinese Americans||Density of Chinese Americans per square mile in municipality||Percentage of Chinese Americans in municipality's population|
|1||Queens, Chinatowns (法拉盛華埠) (2014)||237,484||2,178.8||10.2|
|2||Brooklyn, Chinatowns (布魯克林華埠) (2014)||205,753||2,897.9||7.9|
|3||Manhattan, Chinatown (紐約華埠) (2014)||107,609||4,713.5||6.6|
|4||Staten Island (2012)||13,620||232.9||2.9|
|New York City (2014)||573,388||1,881.1||6.8|
List of medium-sized cities (population between 100,000 and 250,000) with a Chinese American population of at least one percent of the total population, according to the 2005-2009 American Community Survey.
List of places with a population fewer than 100,000 and a Chinese American population of at least ten percent (California) or three percent (rest of U.S.) of the total population, according to the 2005-2009 American Community Survey.
California - Greater Los Angeles
The majority of the Chinese American population of more than 400,000 in Los Angeles County lives within the San Gabriel Valley, which is particularly noted for cities that have a large Chinese American ethnic plurality. The following cities have the highest percentage of Chinese Americans in Greater Los Angeles.
|8||East San Gabriel||35.8|
|11||South San Gabriel||27.0|
|13||North El Monte||24.7|
|17||City of Industry||16.6|
California - San Francisco Bay Area
Traditionally centered in San Francisco and Chinatown Oakland, the suburbanization of the Bay Area's Chinese American population has resulted in significant concentrations in the southwestern East Bay, eastern Peninsula, and northern Santa Clara County. Chinese enclaves have also formed in many of these cities, in a similar manner to that of Southern California's San Gabriel Valley.
|10||Los Altos Hills||14.4|
|23||South San Francisco||10.9|
- Hockessin - 3.9%
|2||West Windsor Township||8.9|
|24||South Brunswick Township||4.2|
- Sugar Land - 9.1%
- New Territory - 7.1%
- Plano - 5.2%
- Bellaire - 3.5%
- Richardson - 3.5%
- Stafford - 3.3%
- Jollyville - 3.2%
The overwhelming majority of these cities are in King County, Washington, while three others (Edmonds, Lynnwood, Mill Creek) are in Snohomish County, Washington. Pullman is in Whitman County, Washington.
- Newcastle, Washington - 12.5%
- Mercer Island, Washington - 7.7%
- Redmond, Washington - 6.2%
- West Lake Sammamish, Washington - 4.0%
- Bryn Mawr-Skyway, Washington - 3.8%
- Shoreline, Washington - 3.3%
- Sammamish, Washington - 3.3%
- Pullman, Washington - 3.0%
- Clyde Hill, Washington - 3.0%
- List of U.S. cities with Asian American majority populations
- List of U.S. cities with large Vietnamese American populations
- Lists of U.S. cities with large ethnic identity populations
- Chinese Americans in New York City
- "SELECTED POPULATION PROFILE IN THE UNITED STATES - 2014 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates - New York City - Chinese alone". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
- "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2013 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-10-01.
- "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2012 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-23.
- "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2011 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-23.
- John Marzulli (May 9, 2011). "Malaysian man smuggled illegal Chinese immigrants into Brooklyn using Queen Mary 2: authorities". New York: © Copyright 2012 NY Daily News.com. Retrieved 2014-02-23.
- "Chinese New Year 2012 in Flushing". QueensBuzz.com. January 25, 2012. Retrieved 2014-02-23.
- "ACS DEMOGRAPHIC AND HOUSING ESTIMATES 2012 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-10-27.
- "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2012 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-22.
- "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2011 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-22.
- "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2010 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-22.
- John Marzulli (May 9, 2011). "Malaysian man smuggled illegal Chinese immigrants into Brooklyn using Queen Mary 2: authorities". New York: © Copyright 2012 NY Daily News.com. Retrieved 2014-02-22.
- "Chinese New Year 2012 in Flushing". QueensBuzz.com. January 25, 2012. Retrieved 2014-02-22.
- "Kings County (Brooklyn Borough), New York QuickLinks". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-03-04.
- "Queens County (Queens Borough), New York QuickLinks". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-03-04.
- "Selected Population Profile in the United States 2014 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates - Queens County, New York Chinese alone". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
- "Selected Population Profile in the United States 2014 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates - Kings County, New York Chinese alone". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
- "Selected Population Profile in the United States 2014 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates - New York County, New York Chinese alone". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 10, 2016.