List of U.S. cities with significant Chinese-American populations

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U.S. cities with significant Chinese-American populations
Brooklyn Chinatown.png
New York City is home to the largest Chinese-American population of any city proper, with over half a million.[1] Multiple large Chinatowns in Manhattan, Brooklyn (above), and Queens are thriving as traditionally urban enclaves, as large-scale Chinese immigration continues into New York,[2][3][4][5] with the largest metropolitan Chinese population outside Asia.[6]
Census Bureau 2000, Chinese in the United States.png

Cities considered to have significant Chinese-American populations are large U.S. cities or municipalities with a critical mass of at least 1% of the total urban population; medium-sized cities with a critical mass of at least 1% of their total population; and small cities with a critical mass of at least 10% of the total population.

According to the 2012 Census estimates,[7] the three metropolitan areas with the largest Chinese-American populations were the Greater New York Combined Statistical Area at 735,019 people, the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland Combined Statistical Area at 629,243 people, and the Greater Los Angeles Combined Statistical Area at about 566,968 people. In the post-1965 era, first- and second-generation immigrants include those from Mainland China, Hong Kong Macau, and Taiwan. Also included in the Chinese-American population enumeration are ethnic Chinese from Malaysia and Vietnam who might identify themselves as Chinese, thus skewing the census reporting.

New York City is home to by far the highest Chinese-American population of any city proper, with an estimated 573,388 Chinese-Americans in New York City,[1] significantly higher than the total of the next five cities combined; multiple large Chinatowns in Manhattan, Brooklyn (three), and Queens (three) are thriving as traditionally urban enclaves, as large-scale Chinese immigration continues into New York,[8][9][10][11] with the largest metropolitan Chinese population outside Asia.[12] The Los Angeles County city of Monterey Park has the highest percentage of Chinese-Americans of any municipality, at 43.7% of its population, or 24,758 people. The San Gabriel Valley region of Los Angeles County in particular has one of the most prominent collections of U.S. suburbs with large foreign-born Chinese-speaking populations, ranging from working-class individuals residing in Rosemead and El Monte to wealthier immigrants living in Arcadia, San Marino, and Diamond Bar. A similar demographic shift has also taken place in the southern half of the San Francisco Bay Area. Conversely, the suburbs of New York City within the state of New Jersey are notable for their widespread and increasing prevalence of Chinese-Americans (see list below), reflecting their general affluence and propensity for professional occupations.

Metropolitan areas with more than 20,000 Chinese-Americans[edit]

The list of metropolitan area with at least the total Chinese-American population of 20,000, as of the 2011-2015 American Community Survey.

Rank MSA Region Chinese-Americans Percentage
1 New York-Newark-Jersey City Mid-Atlantic 739,144 3.7
2 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim Pacific 528,248 4.0
3 San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward Pacific 460,252 10.2
4 San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara Pacific 169,026 8.8
5 Boston-Cambridge-Newton New England 133,241 2.8
6 Chicago-Naperville-Elgin East North Central 109,046 1.1
7 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria South Atlantic 105,462 1.8
8 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue Pacific 98,949 2.7
9 Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land West South Central 86,246 1.4
10 Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington Mid-Atlantic 82,487 1.4
11 Sacramento-Roseville-Arden-Arcade Pacific 61,203 2.8
12 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington West South Central 57,325 0.8
13 San Diego-Carlsbad Pacific 56,751 1.8
14 Urban Honolulu Pacific 53,119 5.4
15 Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario Pacific 51,628 1.2
16 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell South Atlantic 46,859 0.8
17 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach South Atlantic 34,210 0.6
18 Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro Pacific 31,533 1.4
19 Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise Mountain 30,329 1.5
20 Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale Mountain 28,550 0.6
21 Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington West North Central 24,721 0.7
22 Detroit-Warren-Dearborn East North Central 24,524 0.6
23 Baltimore-Columbia-Towson South Atlantic 24,092 0.9
24 Austin-Round Rock West South Central 20,182 1.1

Large-sized cities[edit]

The list of large cities (population greater than 250,000) with a Chinese-American population of at least 1% of the total population, as of the 2011-2015 American Community Survey.

Rank City State Chinese-Americans Percentage
1 San Francisco[n 1] California 179,644 21.4
2 Irvine California 31,728 13.3
3 Oakland California 33,818 8.3
4 San Jose California 72,141 7.2
5 New York[n 2] New York 549,181 6.5
6 Plano Texas 15,105 5.5
7 Honolulu[n 3] Hawaii 53,119 5.4
8 Seattle Washington 30,835 4.7
9 Boston Massachusetts 29,472 4.5
10 Sacramento California 21,045 4.4
11 Jersey City New Jersey 7,816 3.0
12 San Diego California 40,033 2.9
13 Fairfax[n 4] Virginia 27,552 2.4
14 Philadelphia[n 5] Pennsylvania 35,732 2.3
15 Stockton California 6,501 2.2
16 Portland Oregon 12,806 2.1
17 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 6,536 2.1
18 Chandler Arizona 5,240 2.1
19 Los Angeles California 77,284 2.0
20 Chicago Illinois 51,809 1.9
21 Durham North Carolina 4,074 1.7
22 Austin Texas 14,343 1.6
23 Houston Texas 32,968 1.5
24 Riverside California 4,709 1.5
25 Anaheim California 4,945 1.4
26 Lexington[n 6] Kentucky 3,585 1.2
27 Columbus Ohio 9,166 1.1
28 Henderson Nevada 2,928 1.1
29 Washington[n 7] District of Columbia 6,355 1.0
30 Atlanta Georgia 4,361 1.0
31 Long Beach California 4,575 1.0
32 Raleigh North Carolina 4,254 1.0
33 Minneapolis Minnesota 3,913 1.0

New York City boroughs[edit]

As the city proper with the nation's largest Chinese-American population by a wide margin, with an estimated 549,181 in 2015 by the 2010-2015 American Community Survey, and as the primary destination for new Chinese immigrants,[3] New York City is subdivided into official municipal boroughs, which themselves are home to significant Chinese populations, with Brooklyn and Queens, adjacently located on Long Island, leading the fastest growth.[13][14] After the City of New York itself, the boroughs of Queens and Brooklyn encompass the largest Chinese populations, respectively, of all municipalities in the United States.

Rank Borough County Chinese-Americans Percentage
1 Queens (Chinatowns) Queens 223,882 9.7
2 Brooklyn (Chinatowns) Kings 201,414 7.8
3 Manhattan (Chinatown) New York 102,242 6.3
4 Staten Island Richmond 13,988 3.0
5 The Bronx Bronx 7,655 0.5

Medium-sized cities[edit]

List of medium-sized cities (population between 100,000 and 250,000) with a Chinese-American population of at least one percent of the total population, according to the American Community Survey.

2010-2015
Rank City State Chinese-Americans Percentage
1 Daly City California 18,989 18.1
2 Fremont California 39,125 17.4
3 El Monte California 19,837 17.1
4 Irvine California 31,728 13.3
5 Sunnyvale California 18,490 12.5
6 Bellevue Washington 14,544 10.8
7 West Covina California 10,534 9.8
8 Berkeley California 10,159 8.7
9 Elk Grove California 11,357 7.1
10 Cambridge Massachusetts 6,857 6.4
11 Pasadena California 8,848 6.3
12 Ann Arbor Michigan 7,336 6.3
13 Torrance California 8,377 5.7
14 Spring Valley Nevada 10,065 5.4
15 Richmond California 5,612 5.2
16 Enterprise Nevada 6,225 5.0
17 Hayward California 7,294 4.8
18 Naperville Illinois 6,812 4.7
19 Fullerton California 5,733 4.1
20 Richardson Texas 4,243 4.0
21 College Station Texas 3,940 3.9
22 Thousand Oaks California 4,239 3.3
23 Rancho Cucamonga California 5,762 3.4
24 Cary North Carolina 5,090 3.4
25 Pomona California 4,899 3.2
26 Jersey City New Jersey 7,816 3.0
27 Concord California 3,840 3.0
28 Madison Wisconsin 6,272 2.6
29 Tempe Arizona 4,123 2.4
30 New Haven Connecticut 2,955 2.3
31 Kent Washington 2,837 2.3
32 Antioch California 2,483 2.3
33 Chandler Arizona 5,240 2.1
34 Orange California 2,929 2.1
35 Columbia Missouri 2,433 2.1
36 Arlington[n 8] Virginia 4,189 1.9
37 Huntington Beach California 3,731 1.9
38 Boulder Colorado 1,999 1.9
39 Gainesville Florida 2,377 1.9
40 Glendale California 3,522 1.8
41 Durham North Carolina 4,074 1.7
42 Garden Grove California 2,969 1.7
43 Stamford Connecticut 2,116 1.7
44 Salt Lake City Utah 3,037 1.6
45 Eugene Oregon 2,487 1.6
46 Syracuse New York 2,351 1.6
47 Norwalk California 1,719 1.6
48 Providence Rhode Island 2,647 1.5
49 Frisco Texas 2,077 1.5
50 Miramar Florida 1,993 1.5
51 Norman Oklahoma 1,751 1.5
52 Carlsbad California 1,701 1.5
53 Overland Park Kansas 2,450 1.4
54 Costa Mesa California 1,584 1.4
55 Rochester Minnesota 1,507 1.4
56 Burbank California 1,473 1.4
57 Simi Valley California 1,606 1.3
58 Fairfield California 1,407 1.3
59 Carrollton Texas 1,605 1.3
60 Worcester Massachusetts 2,311 1.3
61 Roseville California 1,633 1.3
62 Corona California 1,952 1.2
63 Vallejo California 1,422 1.2
64 Vancouver Washington 1,881 1.1
65 Fort Collins Colorado 1,666 1.1
66 Denton Texas 1,384 1.1
67 Pearland Texas 1,112 1.1
68 Garland Texas 2,278 1.0
69 Baton Rouge Louisiana 2,207 1.0
70 Athens Georgia 1,982 1.0

Small-sized cities[edit]

List of places with a population fewer than 100,000 of at least three percent (five percent in Los Angeles or San Francisco Bay areas) of the total population in the United States, according to the 2010-2015 American Community Survey.

California[edit]

2015 ACS Chinese in California major metro.svg
City County Chinese-Americans Percentage
Davis Yolo 6,448 9.7
Isla Vista Santa Barbara 2,298 8.7
Florin Sacramento 2,803 5.5
Greater Los Angeles Area

The majority of the Chinese-American population of more than 400,000 in Los Angeles County lives within the San Gabriel Valley, which is particularly noted for cities that have a large Chinese-American ethnic plurality. The following cities have the highest percentage of Chinese-Americans in Greater Los Angeles.

2010-2015
Rank City County Chinese-Americans Percentage
1 Arcadia Los Angeles 26,229 45.6
2 Monterey Park Los Angeles 27,244 44.6
3 Temple City Los Angeles 15,741 43.6
4 San Marino Los Angeles 5,766 43.3
5 San Gabriel Los Angeles 16,893 42.0
6 East San Gabriel Los Angeles 6,109 38.2
7 Alhambra Los Angeles 30,683 36.2
8 Rowland Heights Los Angeles 18,276 36.2
9 Rosemead Los Angeles 19,480 35.7
10 Walnut Los Angeles 10,296 34.4
11 La Cañada Flintridge Los Angeles 5,709 27.9
12 Hacienda Heights Los Angeles 15,127 27.4
13 Diamond Bar Los Angeles 15,203 26.9
14 North El Monte Los Angeles 1,072 26
15 South San Gabriel Los Angeles 1,941 21.8
16 Mayflower Village Los Angeles 1,162 21.4
17 East Pasadena Los Angeles 1,019 16.8
18 Bradbury Los Angeles 139 16.6
19 Cerritos Los Angeles 6,999 14.1
20 South Pasadena Los Angeles 3,432 13.2
21 Chino Hills San Bernardino 8,917 11.6
22 La Habra Heights Los Angeles 563 10.4
23 San Pasqual Los Angeles 185 9.3
24 Rancho Palos Verdes Los Angeles 3,905 9.2
25 Eastvale Riverside 5,071 9.0
26 Palos Verdes Estates Los Angeles 1,203 8.8
27 Artesia Los Angeles 1,324 7.9
28 Baldwin Park Los Angeles 5,951 7.8
29 Claremont Los Angeles 2,649 7.4
30 Rolling Hills Los Angeles 133 7.3
31 Monrovia Los Angeles 2,623 7.1
32 Rolling Hills Estates Los Angeles 567 6.9
33 Sierra Madre Los Angeles 744 6.7
34 La Palma Orange 1,023 6.5
35 Oak Park Ventura 950 6.3
36 San Dimas Los Angeles 2,015 5.9
37 Duarte Los Angeles 1,211 5.6
38 Cypress Orange 2,680 5.5
39 Avocado Heights Los Angeles 861 5.4
40 Montebello Los Angeles 3,377 5.3
41 South El Monte Los Angeles 1,040 5.1
42 Yorba Linda Orange 3,352 5.0
43 Fountain Valley Orange 2,819 5.0
San Francisco Bay Area

Traditionally centered in San Francisco and Chinatown Oakland, the suburbanization of the Bay Area's Chinese-American population has resulted in significant concentrations in the southwestern East Bay, eastern Peninsula, and northern Santa Clara County. Chinese enclaves have also formed in many of these cities, in a similar manner to that of Southern California's San Gabriel Valley.

2010-2015
Rank City County Chinese-Americans Percentage
1 Millbrae San Mateo 7,198 32.1
2 Cupertino Santa Clara 16,836 28.0
3 Camino Tassajara Contra Costa 620 27.6
4 Foster City San Mateo 7,361 22.7
5 Saratoga Santa Clara 6,977 22.6
6 Highlands-Baywood Park San Mateo 934 22.1
7 Hillsborough San Mateo 2,201 19.6
8 Broadmoor San Mateo 1,026 19.0
9 Palo Alto Santa Clara 10,500 15.8
10 Los Altos Hills Santa Clara 1,270 15.3
11 San Leandro Alameda 12,844 14.6
12 Albany Alameda 2,810 14.6
13 Loyola Santa Clara 506 14.3
14 Stanford Santa Clara 2,018 14.2
15 Alameda Alameda 10,790 14.1
16 Milpitas Santa Clara 9,847 13.8
17 Los Altos Santa Clara 4,014 13.3
18 Piedmont Alameda 1,425 12.8
19 Castro Valley Alameda 7,385 11.9
20 San Ramon Contra Costa 8,708 11.7
21 Mountain View Santa Clara 8,793 11.3
22 El Cerrito Contra Costa 2,755 11.3
23 South San Francisco San Mateo 7,332 11.1
24 Union City Alameda 7,797 10.7
25 San Bruno San Mateo 4,509 10.6
26 Burlingame San Mateo 2,961 9.9
27 Emeryville Alameda 1,060 9.8
28 Dublin Alameda 5,038 9.7
29 Belmont San Mateo 2,565 9.6
30 San Mateo San Mateo 9,408 9.3
31 Brisbane San Mateo 420 9.3
32 San Lorenzo Alameda 2,279 9.2
33 Moraga Contra Costa 1,482 8.8
34 Blackhawk Contra Costa 798 8.6
35 Hercules Contra Costa 1,982 8.0
36 Fruitdale Santa Clara 78 8.0
37 Orinda Contra Costa 1,433 7.7
38 Atherton San Mateo 537 7.6
39 Pleasanton Alameda 5,402 7.2
40 Ashland Alameda 1,710 7.1
41 Pacifica San Mateo 2,310 6.0
42 Newark Alameda 2,522 5.7
43 Campbell Santa Clara 2,227 5.5
44 Colma San Mateo 82 5.2

Delaware[edit]

Rank City Percentage
1 Hockessin 5.0

Georgia[edit]

Rank City Percentage
1 Berkeley Lake, Georgia 6.0
2 Duluth, Georgia 5.4
3 Doraville, Georgia 4.0

Hawaii[edit]

Rank City County Chinese-Americans Percentage
1 East Honolulu Honolulu 5,190 10.8
2 Kalaheo Kauai 297 6.8
3 Waimea Kauai 92 5.4
4 Volcano Hawaii 128 5.3
5 Aiea Honolulu 428 4.6
6 Halawa Honolulu 656 4.4
7 Laie Honolulu 225 4.0
8 He'eia Honolulu 173 3.9
9 Ko Olina Honolulu 71 3.8
10 Pearl City Honolulu 1,700 3.6
11 Kaneohe Honolulu 1,222 3.6
12 Waikele Honolulu 282 {{Nts|3.6}
13 Punaluu Honolulu 38 3.6
14 Wailuā Homesteads Kauai 197 3.5|
15 Discovery Harbour Hawaii 38 3.4
16 Maunawili Honolulu 64 3.0
17 Wailuku Maui 428 2.7
18 Kailua Honolulu 966 2.5
19 Waimalu Honolulu 386 2.9

Indiana[edit]

Rank City Percentage
1 West Lafayette 11.1
2 Carmel 3.5

New Jersey[edit]

Rank City Percentage
1 Kingston 16.0
2 Holmdel Township 12.1
3 West Windsor Township 11.6
4 Montgomery Township 11.4
5 Plainsboro Township 9.7
6 Englewood Cliffs 9.7
7 Fort Lee 8.7
8 Harrison 8.4
9 Bernards Township 8.0
10 East Brunswick 7.1
11 Warren Township 7.1
12 Livingston 6.9
13 Montville 6.9
14 Bridgewater Township 6.7
15 Alpine 6.5
16 Marlboro Township 6.4
17 New Providence 6.2
18 Edison 6.1
19 Parsippany-Troy Hills 6.1
20 Cranbury Township 6.0
21 Piscataway Township 5.8
22 Kendall Park 5.5
23 East Hanover 5.4
24 South Brunswick Township 4.9
25 Closter 4.6
26 Princeton Township 4.5
27 Highland Park 4.3
28 Berkeley Heights 4.1
29 Princeton Junction 4.1
30 Dayton 3.9
31 Millburn 3.9
32 Cresskill 3.9
33 Paramus 3.1
34 Edgewater 3.0

Ohio[edit]

[15]

Rank City Percentage
1 Glenwillow 7.0
2 Solon 5.3
3 Oxford 4.7
4 Athens 4.2
5 Dublin 3.9

Texas[edit]

Rank City Percentage
1 Sugar Land 12.8
2 New Territory 5.0
3 Bellaire 8.7
4 Richardson 4.0
5 Jollyville 3.2

Washington[edit]

The overwhelming majority of these cities are in King County, while three others (Edmonds, Lynnwood, Mill Creek) are in Snohomish County. Pullman is in Whitman County.

Rank City Percentage
1 Newcastle 11.5
2 Redmond 8.6
3 Sammamish 7.9
4 Mercer Island 7.4
5 Clyde Hill 7.4
6 Pullman 5.5
7 West Lake 4.0
8 Bryn Mawr-Skyway 3.7
9 Shoreline 3.4

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "SELECTED POPULATION PROFILE IN THE UNITED STATES - 2014 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates - New York City - Chinese alone". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 22, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2013 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-10-01. 
  3. ^ a b "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2012 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-23. 
  4. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2011 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-23. 
  5. ^ John Marzulli (May 9, 2011). "Malaysian man smuggled illegal Chinese immigrants into Brooklyn using Queen Mary 2: authorities". New York: © Copyright 2012 NY Daily News.com. Retrieved 2014-02-23. 
  6. ^ "Chinese New Year 2012 in Flushing". QueensBuzz.com. January 25, 2012. Retrieved 2014-02-23. 
  7. ^ "ACS DEMOGRAPHIC AND HOUSING ESTIMATES 2012 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-10-27. 
  8. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2012 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  9. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2011 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  10. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2010 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  11. ^ John Marzulli (May 9, 2011). "Malaysian man smuggled illegal Chinese immigrants into Brooklyn using Queen Mary 2: authorities". New York: © Copyright 2012 NY Daily News.com. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  12. ^ "Chinese New Year 2012 in Flushing". QueensBuzz.com. January 25, 2012. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  13. ^ "Kings County (Brooklyn Borough), New York QuickLinks". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-03-04. 
  14. ^ "Queens County (Queens Borough), New York QuickLinks". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-03-04. 
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-05. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ San Francisco is a consolidated city-county.
  2. ^ Further subdivided into 5 boroughs which are also counties of its own rights.
  3. ^ Honolulu is a consolidated city-county.
  4. ^ Officially, a County under Urban County Executive Form of Government. (Essentially, a highly urbanized county-city.)
  5. ^ Philadelphia is a consolidated city-county.
  6. ^ Lexington is a consolidated city-county.
  7. ^ Washington is a federal district.
  8. ^ Officially, a County under County Manager Plan of government. (Essentially, a highly urbanized county with a population density of at least 500 people per square mile.)

Sources[edit]