List of herbaria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a list of active herbaria, organized first by continent where the herbarium is located, then within each continent by size of the collection. The list is based on the Index Herbariorum, a global directory of herbaria and their associated staff.[1]

A herbarium (plural "herbaria") is a collection of preserved plant specimens. These specimens may be whole plants or plant parts: these will usually be in a dried form, mounted on a sheet, but depending upon the material may also be kept in alcohol or other preservative. The same term is often used in mycology to describe an equivalent collection of preserved fungi and in phycology to describe a collection of algae. To preserve their form and color, plants collected in the field are spread flat on sheets of newsprint and dried, usually in a plant press, between blotters or absorbent paper. The specimens, which are then mounted on sheets of stiff white paper, are labeled with all essential data, such as collector, date and place found, description of the plant, elevation, and special habitat conditions. The sheet is then placed in a protective case. As a precaution against insect damage, the pressed plant is frozen or poisoned and the case disinfected. Most herbaria use a standard system of organizing their specimens into herbarium cases. Specimen sheets are stacked in groups by the species to which they belong and placed into a large lightweight folder that is labelled on the bottom edge. Groups of species folders are then placed together into larger, heavier folders by genus. The genus folders are then sorted by taxonomic family according to the standard system selected for use by the herbarium and placed into pigeonholes in herbarium cabinets.

Herbaria are essential for the study of plant taxonomy, the study of geographic distributions, and the stabilizing of nomenclature. Herbaria also preserve an historical record of change in vegetation over time. In some cases, plants become extinct in one area, or may become extinct altogether. In such cases, specimens preserved in an herbarium can represent the only record of the plant's original distribution. Environmental scientists make use of such data to track changes in climate and human impact.

Africa[edit]

Name No. Specimens Code Location Link
South African National Biodiversity Institute, National Herbarium 1,200,000 PRE South Africa. Gauteng Province. Pretoria. [1]
National Museums of Kenya, East African Herbarium 1,000,000 EA Kenya. Nairobi. [2] [3]
Zimbabwe National Herbarium 513,700 SRGH Zimbabwe. Harare.
South African National Biodiversity Institute, Compton Herbarium 507,000 NBG (incl. SAM) South Africa. Western Cape Province. Cape Town.
University of Cape Town, Bolus Herbarium 373,000 BOL South Africa. Western Cape Province. Cape Town. [4]
Botanical and Zoological Garden of Tsimbazaza, Herbier de Tananarive 350,000 TAN Madagascar. Antananarivo [5]
University of Algiers 350,000 AL Algeria. Algiers
University of Nairobi Herbarium 300,000 NAI Kenya. Nairobi.
Cairo University 300,000 CAI Egypt. Cairo [6]
Agricultural Research Center 300,000 CAIM Egypt. Cairo
Albany Museum, Selmar Schonland Herbarium 210,000 GRA South Africa. Eastern Cape Province. Grahamstown. [7]
University of KwaZulu-Natal, Bews Herbarium 150,000 NU South Africa. KwaZulu-Natal Province. Scottsville. [8]
Institut National pour l'Étude et la Recherche Agronomique (INERA), Yangambi 150,000 YBI Democratic Republic of the Congo. Yangambi.
National Herbarium of Morocco 130,000 RAB Morocco. Rabat. [9]
University of Pretoria, H.G.W.J. Schweickerdt Herbarium 124,000 PRU South Africa. Gauteng Province. Pretoria. [10]
South African National Biodiversity Institute, KwaZulu-Natal Herbarium 110,000 NH South Africa. KwaZulu-Natal Province. Durban [11]
Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria 105,000 FHI Nigeria. Oyo. Ibadan.
University of the Witwatersrand, Charles E. Moss Herbarium 100,000 J South Africa. Gauteng Province. Johannesburg. [12]
National Herbarium & Botanic Gardens of Malawi 100,000 MAL Malawi. Zomba. [13]
Addis Ababa University, National Herbarium 100,000 ETH Ethiopia. Addis Ababa.
National Herbarium of Cameroon 96,000 YA Cameroon. Yaoundé.
Makerere University 95,000 MHU Uganda. Kampala. [14]
National Herbarium of Namibia 94,000 WIND Namibia. Windhoek. [15]
University of Ghana, Ghana Herbarium 90,000 GC Ghana. Legon.
Centre National de Recherche Scientifique et Technique (CENAREST), National Herbarium of Gabon 65,000 LBV Gabon. Libreville. [16]
Eduardo Mondlane University Herbarium 63,000 LMU Mozambique. Maputo.
Institute for Agricultural Research of Mozambique, National Herbarium of Mozambique 62,300 LMA Mozambique. Maputo.
National Collection of Fungi 60,000 PREM South Africa. Gauteng Province. Pretoria. [17]
fr:Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II 60,000 IAV Morocco. Rabat.
University of Dar es Salaam Herbarium 56,500 DSM Tanzania. Dar es Salaam. [18]
Tanzania Forestry Research Institute 50,000 TFD Tanzania. Lushoto. [19]
Instituto Superior de Ciencias da Educação 50,000 LUBA Angola. Huíla Province. Lubango.
Njala University, National Herbarium of Sierra Leone 50,000 SL Sierra Leone. Freetown. [20]
Centre D'Etude sur les Ressources Végétales, Herbarium National 40,300 IEC Republic of the Congo. Brazzaville.
Centre National de Recherche Appliquée au Développement Rural, Herbier de Tananarive Eaux et Forêts 40,000 TEF Madagascar. Antananarivo. [21]
McGregor Museum Herbarium 36,000 KMG South Africa. Northern Cape Province. Kimberley. [22]
ex-Centro Nacional de Investigação Cientifica, Luanda Herbarium 35,000 CNIC Angola. Luanda.
University of Ibadan Herbarium 35,000 UCI Nigeria. Oyo. Ibadan. [23]
Al-Faateh University, National Herbarium 35,000 ULT Libya. Tripoli.
National Museum Herbarium 30,000 NMB South Africa. Free State Province. Bloemfontein. [24]
North-West University, A.P. Goossens Herbarium 30,000 PUC South Africa. North-West Province. Potchefstroom. [25]
Obafemi Awolowo University 30,000 IFE Nigeria. Oyo. Ifẹ.
University of Kinshasa 29,000 IUK Democratic Republic of the Congo. Kinshasa.
University of Khartoum 25,000 KHU Sudan. Khartoum.
University of Zambia 25,000 UZL Zambia. Lusaka.
The Mauritius Herbarium 25,000 MAU Mauritius. Réduit. [26]
Nelson Mandela University, Ria Olivier Herbarium 25,000 PEU South Africa. Western Cape Province. Port Elizabeth. [27]
KwaZulu-Natal Nature Conservation Service, Donald Killick Herbarium 25,000 CPF South Africa. KwaZulu-Natal Province. Pietermaritzburg.
University of KwaZulu-Natal, Ward Herbarium 22,100 UDW South Africa. KwaZulu-Natal Province. Durban.
Buffelskloof Nature Reserve, Buffelskloof Herbarium 21,800 BNRH South Africa. Mpumalanga. Lydenburg. [28]
University of Lomé 21,000 TOGO Togo. Lomé.
University of Lubumbashi 20,500 LSHI Democratic Republic of the Congo. Lubumbashi.
University of Burundi 20,000 BJA Burundi. Bujumbura.
South African National Biodiversity Institute, Kimberley South African National Parks Herbarium 20,000 KSAN South Africa. Northern Cape Province. Kimberley.
University of Abomey-Calavi, fr:Herbier national du Bénin 18,000 BENIN Benin. Cotonou.
University of Rwanda, National Herbarium of Rwanda 16,700 NHR Rwanda. Southern Province. Huye. [29]
Garden Route Botanical Garden, Southern Cape Herbarium 16,000 SCHG South Africa. Western Cape Province. George. [30]
Mpumalanga Tourism and Parks Agency, Lydenburg Herbarium 15,500 LYD South Africa. Mpumalanga. Lydenburg.
South African National Parks, Skukuza Herbarium 15,000 KNP South Africa. Mpumalanga. Skukuza. [31]
National University of Lesotho 15,000 ROML Lesotho. Roma.
Hugh Nicholson and Tony Abbott Herbarium 14,100 PCE South Africa. KwaZulu-Natal Province. Durban.
Walter Sisulu University 14,000 KEI South Africa. Eastern Cape Province. Mthatha.
Johannesburg Botanical Garden 13,000 JBG South Africa. Gauteng Province. Johannesburg. [32]
University of Johannesburg Herbarium 12,000 JRAU South Africa. Gauteng Province. Johannesburg. [33]
Cheikh Anta Diop University 12,000 DAKAR Senegal. Dakar.
Institut de Recherche Agronomique de Guinée (IRAG) 11,800 SERG Guinea. Conakry.
University of Reunion Island, fr:Herbier universitaire de La Réunion 11,500 REU Réunion. Saint-Pierre. [34]
University of Limpopo, Larry Leach Herbarium 10,500 UNIN South Africa. Limpopo. Mankweng. [35]
University of Bangui 10,000 BANG Central African Republic. Bangui.
Institut Botanique Ake-Assi d'Andokoi, Ake-Assi Herbarium 10,000 IBAAN Ivory Coast. Abidjan.
Herbier National De Guinée 9,800 HNG Guinea. Conakry. [36]
University of Comoros, National Herbarium of Comoros 8,600 HKM Comoros. Moroni. [37]
University of Ouagadougou 8,400 OUA Burkina Faso. Ouagadougou.
Malkerns Agricultural Research Station, National Herbarium of Swaziland 7,200 SDNH Eswatini. Manzini.
University of Botswana, Peter Smith University of Botswana Herbarium 2,000 PSUB Botswana. Maun. [38]

Asia[edit]

Name No. Specimens Code Location Link
Chinese National Herbarium, (Chinese Academy of Sciences) 2,470,000 PE People's Republic of China; Xiangshan, Beijing [39]
Herbarium Bogoriense (Indonesian Institute of Sciences) 2,000,000 BO Indonesia; Bogor, West Java [40]
Central National Herbarium, India 2,000,000 CAL India; Kolkata, West Bengal [41]
University of Tokyo 1,700,000 TI Japan; Tokyo [42]
National Museum of Nature and Science 1,500,000 TNS Japan; Tsukuba, Ibaraki Prefecture
Kyoto University 1,200,000 KYO Japan; Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture
Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences 1,110,000 KUN People's Republic of China; Kunming, Yunnan
Georgian Academy of Sciences 1,000,000 TBI Georgia; Tbilisi
National Academy of Science, Uzbekistan 1,000,000 TASH Uzbekistan; Tashkent
South China Botanical Garden 1,000,000 IBSC People's Republic of China; Guangzhou, Guangdong [43]
Hebrew University 700,000 HUJ Israel; Jerusalem [44]
Institute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences 700,000 NAS People's Republic of China; Nanjing, Jiangsu
National Center for Natural Sciences and Technology 700,000 HN Vietnam; Hanoi
Institute of Tropical Biology 150,000 VNM Vietnam; Ho Chi Minh City [45]
North West Agriculture and Forestry University 550,000 WUK People's Republic of China; Yangling, Shaanxi [46] [47]
Institute of Applied Ecology, Academia Sinica 520,000 IFP People's Republic of China; Shenyang, Liaoning
Institute of Biology and Soil Science, Far Eastern Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences 500,000 VLA Russia; Vladivostok
Institute of Botany of the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia 500,000 ERE Armenia; Yerevan
Tomsk State University, P. N. Krylov Herbarium 500,000 TK Russia; Tomsk
Tohoku University 485,000 TUS Japan; Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture
Sichuan University 450,000 SZ People's Republic of China; Chengdu, Sichuan
Tokyo Metropolitan University 450,000 MAK Japan; Tokyo
Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan 400,000 BAK Azerbaijan; Baku
Guangxi Institute of Botany 400,000 IBK People's Republic of China; Guilin, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
Hattori Botanical Laboratory 400,000 NICH Japan; Nichinan, Miyazaki Prefecture
Hiroshima University 400,000 HIRO Japan; Hiroshima, Hiroshima Prefecture
National Academy of Science, Kyrgyzstan 400,000 FRU Kyrgyzstan; Bishkek
Forest Research Institute, Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education 340,000 DD India; Dehra Dun, Uttar Pradesh
M. Utemisov Western Kazakhstanian State University 340,000 PPIU Kazakhstan; Uralsk
Altai State University, South-Siberian Botanical Garden 300,000 ALTB Russia; Barnaul
Central Siberian Botanical Garden 300,000 NS, NSK Russia; Novosibirsk
Ministry of Science, Academy of Sciences 300,000 AA Kazakhstan; Alma-Ata
Natural History Museum and Institute 300,000 CBM Japan; Chiba, Chiba Prefecture
Osaka Museum of Natural History 300,000 OSA Japan; Osaka, Osaka Prefecture
Seoul National University 300,000 SNU South Korea; Seoul
Wuhan University 300,000 WH People's Republic of China; Wuhan, Hubei
Chongqing Municipal Academy of Chinese Materia Medica 296,000 SM People's Republic of China; Chongqing, Sichuan
Taiwan Forestry Research Institute 270,000 TAIF Taiwan; Taipei
Botanical Survey of India, Southern Regional Centre 259,000 MH India; Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu [48]
Kanazawa University 250,000 KANA Japan; Kanazawa, Ishikawa Prefecture
National Taiwan University, Herbarium 250,000 TAI Taiwan; Taipei [49]
Botanical Survey of India, Eastern Circle 225,000 ASSAM India; Shillong, Meghalaya
Northwest Plateau Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences 220,000 HNWP People's Republic of China; Xining, Qinghai
Plant Pests and Diseases Research Institute 210,000 IRAN Iran; Tehran
Ankara University 200,000 ANK Turkey; Ankara
Botanical Institute of the Tajikistan Academy of Sciences 200,000 TAD Tajikistan; Dushanbe
Chengdu Institute of Biology 200,000 CDBI People's Republic of China; Chengdu, Sichuan
Guizhou Academy of Sciences 200,000 HGAS People's Republic of China; Guiyang, Guizhou
Hokkaido University 200,000 SAP Japan; Sapporo, Hokkaido Prefecture [50]
Kochi Prefectural Makino Botanical Garden 200,000 MBK Japan; Kochi, Kōchi Prefecture
St. Xavier's College, Blatter Herbarium 200,000 BLAT India; Mumbai, Maharashtra [51]
Shinshu University 200,000 SHIN Japan; Matsumoto, Nagano Prefecture
Southwest Forestry College 200,000 SWFC People's Republic of China; Kunming, Yunnan
Wuhan Institute of Botany 200,000 HIB People's Republic of China; Wuhan, Hubei
Zhongshan (Sun Yatsen) University 200,000 SYS People's Republic of China; Guangzhou, Guangdong
National Herbarium and Plant laboratories 200,000 KATH Nepal [52]
Nanjing University 150,000 N People's Republic of China; Nanjing, Jiangsu
National Herbarium of Iran, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands 140,000 TARI Iran, Tehran
Irkutsk State University 130,000 IRKU Russia; Irkutsk
Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden 125,000 HITBC People's Republic of China; Xishuangbanna
National Herbarium, Islamabad 100,000 NHI Islamabad, Pakistan
Mongolian Academy of Sciences 100,000 UBA Mongolia; Ulaanbaatar
Forest Research, development and innovation agency 85,000 BPPI Indonesia; Bogor, West Java [53]
Central Herbarium of Tehran University 75,000 TUH Iran; Tehran [54]
Andalas University 65,000 UA Indonesia; Padang, West Sumatra [55]
Bogor Botanical Garden 50,000 KBR Indonesia; Bogor, West Java [56]
Agharkar Research Institute 28,000 AHMA India; Pune, Maharashtra [57]
Jeju National University 24,000 JNUB South Korea; Jeju
French Institute of Pondicherry 22,000 HIFP India; Pondicherry, Puducherry [58]
Botanical Survey of India, Deccan Regional Centre 11,000 BSID India; Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh [59]
Herbarium Malangensis 6,901 MALG Indonesia, East Java, Malang [60]

Australasia and Oceania[edit]

Name No. Specimens Code Location Link
Royal Botanic Gardens, National Herbarium of Victoria 1,500,000 MEL Australia; South Yarra, Melbourne, Victoria [61]
Australian National Herbarium 1,328,000 CANB Australia; Canberra, A. C. T. [62]
Royal Botanic Gardens, National Herbarium of New South Wales 1,000,000 NSW Australia; Sydney, New South Wales [63]
State Herbarium of South Australia 1,030,000 AD Australia; Adelaide, South Australia [64]
Singapore Botanic Gardens 750,000 SING Singapore [65]
Queensland Herbarium 730,000 BRI Australia; Brisbane, Queensland [66]
Western Australian Herbarium 640,000 PERTH Australia; Western Australia [67]
Bishop Museum, Herbarium Pacificum 600,000 BISH United States; Honolulu, Hawaii [68]
Landcare Research New Zealand Limited, Allan Herbarium 600,000 CHR New Zealand; Lincoln [69]
Auckland War Memorial Museum 330,000 AK New Zealand; Auckland
Papua New Guinea Forest Research Institute, Papua New Guinea National Herbarium 300,000 LAE Papua New Guinea; Lae
Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, Herbarium 300,000 HO Australia; Hobart, Tasmania [70]
Forest Research Institute Malaysia 250,000 KEP Malaysia; Kepong, Selangor
Forest Research Center 230,000 SAN Malaysia; Sandakan, Sabah
Museum of New Zealand 230,000 WELT New Zealand; Wellington [71]
Northern Territory Herbarium 200,000 DNA Australia; Palmerston, Northern Territory [72]
Philippine National Herbarium 180,000 PNH Philippines; Manila [73]
Sarawak Herbarium 160,000 SAR Malaysia; Kuching, Sarawak
Australian Tropical Herbarium 150,000 CNS Australia; Cairns, Queensland [74]
University of Melbourne 130,000 MELU Australia; Parkville, Victoria
Orange Agricultural Institute, Plant Pathology Herbarium 95,000 DAR Australia; Orange, New South Wales
N.C.W. Beadle Herbarium, University of New England 90,000 NE Australia; Armidale, New South Wales [75]
Herbarium of IRD Nouméa 85,000 NOU New Caledonia; Nouméa [76]
Queensland Plant Pathology Herbarium 84,000 BRIP Australia; Brisbane, Queensland [77]
Otago Regional Herbarium, University of Otago 72,000 OTA New Zealand; Dunedin [78]
National Tropical Botanical Garden 50,000 PTBG United States; Kalaheo, Kauai, Hawaii [79]
University of the South Pacific 40,000 SUVA Fiji; Suva
Solomon Islands National Herbarium 35,000 BSIP Solomon Islands; Honiara
New Zealand Forest Research Institute (Scion), National Forestry Herbarium 30,000 NZFRI New Zealand; Rotorua [80]
University of Waikato Herbarium 22,000 WAIK New Zealand; Hamilton [81]
Herbarium of Vanuatu 20,000 PVNH Vanuatu; Port-Vila [82]
Musée de Tahiti et des Îles 15,000 PAP French Polynesia; Punaauia, Tahiti

Europe[edit]

Name No. Specimens Code Location Link
Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle 9,500,000 P, PC France; Paris [83]
Komarov Botanical Institute (Ботанический институт имени В.Л. Комарова) 7,160,000 LE Russia; St. Petersburg [84]
Royal Botanic Gardens Kew 7,000,000 K UK; Kew, England [85]
Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève 6,000,000 G Switzerland; Geneva [86]
Naturalis Biodiversity Center (Nationaal Herbarium Nederland) 5,700,000 AMD, L, U, WAG Netherlands; Leiden [87]
British Museum of Natural History 5,200,000 BM UK; London, England [88]
Naturhistorisches Museum Wien 5,000,000 W Austria; Vienna [89]
Swedish Museum of Natural History (Naturhistoriska riksmuseet) 4,400,000 S Sweden; Stockholm [90]
Meise Botanic Garden 4,000,000 BR Belgium, Meise [91]
Université Montpellier 4,000,000 MPU France; Montpellier [92]
Université Claude Bernard 4,000,000 LY France; Lyon [93]
Herbarium Haussknecht Friedrich Schiller University Jena 3,500,000 JE Germany, Jena [94]
Joint Herbarium of the University of Zurich and the ETH Zurich 3,500,000 Z+ZT Switzerland, Zurich [95]
Botanischer Garten und Botanisches Museum Berlin-Dahlem,
Zentraleinrichtung der Freien Universität Berlin
3,000,000 B Germany, Berlin [96]
Finnish Museum of Natural History (University of Helsinki) 3,000,000 H Finland, Helsinki [97]
Botanische Staatssammlung München 3,000,000 M Germany, Munich [98]
University of Copenhagen 2,510,000 C Denmark, Copenhagen [99]
Hungarian Natural History Museum - Department of Botany 2,000,000 BP Budapest, Hungary [100]
Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh 2,000,000 E UK; Edinburgh, Scotland [101]
Herbarium Hamburgense 1,800,000 HBG Germany, Hamburg [102]
Senckenberg Research Institute, Frankfurt 1,200,000 FR Germany, Frankfurt [103]
Moscow State University (Московский государственный университет) 1,011,253 MW Russia; Moscow [104], [105]
University of Cambridge 1,000,000 CGE UK; Cambridge, England [106]
University of Manchester 1,000,000 MANCH UK; Manchester, England [107]
Real Jardín Botánico 850,000 MA Spain; Madrid [108]
Universität Göttingen 800,000 GOET Germany; Göttingen [109]
Władysław Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences 800,000 IB PAN Poland; Kraków [110]
University of Coimbra 800,000 COI Portugal; Coimbra [111]
Institut Botànic de Barcelona 700,000 BC Spain; Barcelona [112]
Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle de Grenoble 700,000 GRM France; Grenoble [113]
Saint Petersburg University (Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет) 700,000 LECB Russia; Saint Petersburg
National Botanic Gardens, Ireland 600,000 DBN Ireland; Dublin [114]
Main Botanical Garden, Russia (Главный ботанический сад имени Н.В. Цицина) 570,000 MHA Russia; Moscow
Institut des Herbiers Universitaires de Clermont-Ferrand 550,000 CLF France; Clermont-Ferrand [115]
National Museum Wales 550,000 NMW UK; Cardiff, Wales [116]
N. I. Vavilov Institute of Plant Industry (Всероссийский институт растениеводства имени Н.И. Вавилова) 524,000 WIR Russia; Saint Petersburg
Fielding-Druce Herbarium, University of Oxford 500,000 OXF UK; Oxford, England [117]
General Herbarium of the Balkan Peninsula, Natural History Museum of Serbia 490,000 BEO Serbia; Belgrade [118]
Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle d'Aix-en-Provence 420,000 AIX France; Aix-en-Provence [119]
Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle 400,000 AUT France; Autun
Muséum Requien 400,000 AV France; Avignon
Université de Liège 400,000 LG Belgium; Liège
CABI Bioscience UK Centre 385,000 IMI UK; Surrey, England [120]
Jardin Botanique de la Ville de Bordeaux 350,000 BORD France; Bordeaux
World Museum Liverpool 350,000 LIV UK; Liverpool, England
South Federal University (Южный Федеральный университет) 328,000 RV, RWBG Russia; Rostov-on-Don
Arboretum Gaston Allard 300,000 ANG France; Angers
Jevremovac Botanic Garden 300,000 BEOU Serbia; Belgrade [121]
Daubeny Herbarium, University of Oxford 300,000 FHO UK; Oxford, England [122]
Institut de Botanique 300,000 STR France; Strasbourg
Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical 300,000 LISC Portugal; Lisboa
Université Paul Sabatier 300,000 TL France; Toulouse
Universitat de Barcelona 300,000 BCN Spain; Barcelona
Universitat de Sevilla 300,000 SEV Spain; Seville
University of Reading 300,000 RNG UK; Reading, England [123]
Budakeszi Herbarium - International Dendrological Foundation 250,000 BK Hungary; Budakeszi [124]
Université Libre de Bruxelles 215,000 BRLU Belgium; Brussels [125]
Agricultural University - Plovdiv (Аграрен университет - Пловдив) 150,000 SOA Bulgaria; Plovdiv [126]
Royal Horticultural Society (RHS Garden Wisley) 140,000 WSY UK; Wisley, England

North America[edit]

Includes herbaria in Central America and the West Indies.

Name No. Specimens Code Location Link
New York Botanical Garden 7,800,000 NY United States; The Bronx, New York City, New York [127]
Missouri Botanical Garden 6,600,000 MO United States; St. Louis, Missouri [128]
Harvard University Herbaria 5,005,000 A, AMES, ECON, FH, GH, NEBC United States; Cambridge, Massachusetts [129]
United States National Herbarium, Smithsonian Institution 5,000,000 US United States; Washington, D.C. [130]
Field Museum 2,700,000 F United States; Chicago, Illinois [131]
University and Jepson Herbaria, University of California, Berkeley 2,200,000 UC/JEPS United States; Berkeley, California [132]
California Academy of Sciences Herbarium 2,000,000 CAS/DS United States; San Francisco, California [133]
University of Michigan Herbarium 1,750,000 MICH United States; Ann Arbor, Michigan [134]
Academy of Natural Sciences 1,430,000 PH United States; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [135]
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Vascular Plant Herbarium 1,335,000 DAO, DAOM Canada; Ottawa, Ontario
Wisconsin State Herbarium, University of Wisconsin–Madison 1,200,750 WIS United States; Madison, Wisconsin [136]
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México 1,120,000 MEXU Mexico; Mexico City [137]
Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden 1,100,000 RSA/POM United States; Claremont, California [138]
University of Texas at Austin 1,006,000 TEX United States; Austin, Texas [139]
Botanical Research Institute of Texas 1,001,000 BRIT-SMU-VDB United States; Fort Worth, Texas [140]
Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Mexico 950,000 ENCB Mexico; Mexico City [141]
L.H. Bailey Hortorium Herbarium, Cornell University 860,000 BH United States; Ithaca, New York [142]
Royal Ontario Museum 860,000 TRT, TRTC Canada; Toronto, Ontario
Herbier Marie-Victorin, Université de Montréal 850,000 MT Canada; Montreal, Quebec [143]
National Herbarium of Canada, Canadian Museum of Nature 838,000 CAN, CANM Canada; Ottawa, Ontario [144]
Rocky Mountain Herbarium, University of Wyoming 806,800 RM United States; Laramie, Wyoming [145]
United States National Arboretum Herbarium 800,000 NA United States; Washington, D.C. [146]
Herbier Louis-Marie, Université Laval 770,000 ULF Canada; Quebec City, Quebec [147]
University of North Carolina Herbarium 665,000 NCU United States; Chapel Hill, North Carolina [148]
Stanley L. Welsh Herbarium, Brigham Young University 661,100 BRY United States; Provo, Utah [149]
University of Washington Herbarium 650,000 WTU United States; Seattle, Washington [150]
University of Tennessee Herbarium, University of Tennessee, Knoxville 650,000 TENN United States; Knoxville, Tennessee [151]
University of British Columbia Herbarium 560,000 UBC Canada; Vancouver, British Columbia [152]
The Ohio State University Herbarium 500,000 OS United States; Columbus, Ohio [153]
University of Florida Herbarium, Florida Museum of Natural History 470,000 FLAS United States; Gainesville, Florida [154]
Instituto de Ecología y Sistemática Herbarium 400,000 HAC Cuba; Havana
Marion Ownbey Herbarium, Washington State University 380,000 WS United States; Pullman, Washington [155]
Yale University Herbarium, Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History 365,000 YU United States; New Haven, Connecticut [156]
University of Alberta Herbarium 320,000 ALTA Canada; Edmonton, Alberta
Pringle Herbarium, University of Vermont 310,400 UVM United States; Burlington, Vermont [157]
Instituto de Ecología, A.C. Herbarium 310,000 XAL Mexico; Xalapa, Veracruz [158]
UC Davis Center for Plant Diversity Herbarium 300,000 DAV; DAVH; AHUC United States; Davis, California [159]
University of Alaska Museum of the North Herbarium, University of Alaska, Fairbanks 270,000 ALA United States; Fairbanks, Alaska [160]
Milwaukee Public Museum Herbarium 250,000 MIL United States; Milwaukee, Wisconsin [161]
Paul C. Standley Herbarium, Escuela Agrícola Panamericana 240,000 EAP Honduras; Tegucigalpa [162]
University of South Florida Herbarium 235,000 USF United States; Florida [163]
Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium, Florida State University 220,000 FSU United States; Tallahassee, Florida [164]
Herbario Nacional de Costa Rica, Museo Nacional de Costa Rica 215,000 CR Costa Rica; San José [165]
E.C. Smith Herbarium, Acadia University 200,000 ACAD Canada; Wolfville, Nova Scotia [166]
Intermountain Herbarium, Utah State University 260,000 UTC Utah; Logan, Utah [167]
Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium, University of Wisconsin–Stevens Point 200,000 UWSP Stevens Point [168]
Stillinger Herbarium, University of Idaho 200,000 ID Moscow [169]

South America[edit]

Name No. Specimens Code Location Link
Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro 837,000 RB Brazil; Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro [170]
Fundación Miguel Lillo 700,000 LIL Argentina; Tucumán [171]
Universidad de Buenos Aires 700,000 BAA, BAF Argentina; Buenos Aires
Instituto de Botánica Darwinion 650,000 SI Argentina; Buenos Aires [172]
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro 520,000 R Brazil; Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro
Museo de La Plata 500,000 LP Argentina; Buenos Aires [173]
Herbario Nacional Colombiano,
Universidad Nacional de Colombia
500,000 COL Colombia; Bogotá [174];[175]
Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos 500,000 USM Peru; Lima [176]
Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria 480,000 BAB Argentina; Buenos Aires
Museu Botânico Municipal 450,000 MBM Brazil; Curitiba, Paraná
Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela 400,000 VEN Venezuela; Caracas [177]
Instituto de Botánica del Nordeste 400,000 CTES Argentina; Corrientes
Instituto de Botânica [pt] 400,000 SP Brazil; São Paulo, São Paulo [178]
Universidad Nacional de Córdoba 320,000 CORD Argentina; Córdoba
Universidade de Brasília 230,000 UB Brazil; Brasília, Distrito Federal
Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia 205,000 INPA Brazil; Manaus, Amazonas
Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador 200,000 QCA Ecuador; Quito
Universidad de Concepción 170,000 CONC Chile; Concepción
Embrapa Amazônia Oriental 165,000 IAN Brazil; Belém, Pará
Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi 161,000 MG Brazil; Belém, Pará
Herbier de Guyane, Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD) 160,000 CAY French Guiana; Cayenne
Universidad de Antioquia 160,000 HUA Colombia; Medellín, Antioquia
Museo Nacional de Historia Natural 145,000 SGO Chile; Santiago [179]
Universidade Estadual de Campinas 143,000 UEC Brazil; Campinas, São Paulo
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul 140,000 ICN Brazil; Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul
Museo Ecuatoriano de Ciencias Naturales 130,000 QCNE Ecuador; Quito
Universidade de São Paulo 126,000 SPF Brazil; São Paulo, São Paulo
Instituto Anchietano de Pesquisas/UNISINOS 120,000 PACA Brazil; São Leopoldo, Rio Grande do Sul
Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul 108,000 HAS Brazil; Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul
Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana 108,000 HUEFS Brazil; Feira de Santana, Bahia
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais 107,000 BHCB Brazil; Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais
Herbario del Oriente Boliviano,
Museo de Historia Natural Noel Kempff Mercado - Universidad Autónoma Gabriel René Moreno
100,000 USZ Bolivia; Santa Cruz de la Sierra [180]
Herbario Nacional de Bolivia 100,000 LPB Bolivia; La Paz
Museo Nacional de Historia Natural,
Universidad de la República
90,000 MVM, MVFA Uruguay; Montevideo
Departamento de Botânica, Federal University of Paraná 80,000 UPCB Brazil, Paraná, Curitiba
Departamento de Botánica, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Nacional de Asunción 80,000 FCQ Paraguay; San Lorenzo
Universidad Nacional de la Amazonía Peruana 50,000 AMAZ Peru; Iquitos [181]
Departamento de Botánica, Museo Nacional de Historia Natural del Paraguay 23,000 PY Paraguay; San Lorenzo
Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná 25,000 HUCP Brazil, Paraná, Curitiba
Herbario Universidad de Caldas,
Universidad de Caldas
22,000 COL Colombia; Manizales

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thiers, B. (continuously updated). "Index Herbariorum". Retrieved 30 July 2020.