Ludmila Belousova in 1965
|Full name||Ludmila Yevgenyevna Belousova|
|Country represented||Soviet Union|
|Born||22 November 1935|
Ulyanovsk, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
|Died||26 September 2017(aged 81)|
|Height||1.60 m (5 ft 3 in)|
|Former partner||Kirill Guliayev|
|Former coach||Igor Moskvin, Pyotr Orlov, Stanislav Zhuk|
Ludmila Yevgenyevna Belousova (Russian: Людмила Евгеньевна Белоусова; 22 November 1935 – 26 September 2017) was a Russian pair skater who represented the Soviet Union. With her partner and husband Oleg Protopopov she was a two-time Olympic champion (1964, 1968) and four-time World champion (1965–1968). In 1979, the pair defected to Switzerland and became Swiss citizens in 1995. They continued to skate at ice shows and exhibitions through their seventies.
Belousova started skating relatively late, at age 16. She trained in Moscow where she met Oleg Protopopov in the spring of 1954. Belousova moved to Leningrad in 1955 and began training with Protopopov in 1956 following his navy discharge. They trained at VSS Lokomotiv and competed internationally for the USSR. Belousova and Protopopov were coached initially by Igor Moskvin and then by Pyotr Orlov, but parted ways with Orlov after a number of disagreements. The pair then trained without a coach at a rink in Voskresensk, Moscow Oblast. In 1961, they decided to work with Stanislav Zhuk to raise their technical level.
Belousova and Protopopov debuted at the World Championships in 1958, finishing 13th. Two years later they competed at their first Olympics, placing 9th. In 1962, they made the World Championship podium for the first time, earning the silver medal. They were the first pair from the Soviet Union or Russia to win a World medal since the discipline's introduction at the 1908 World Championships (which had only three pairs competing). They also won silver at the European Championships, becoming the second Soviet pair to medal after Nina Zhuk and Stanislav Zhuk (who won silver from 1958 to 1960).
Belousova and Protopopov's first major international gold medal came at the 1964 Winter Olympics. It was the first Olympic pairs gold for the Soviet Union. Belousova and Protopopov began the forty-year Soviet/Russian gold medal streak in pair skating, the longest in Olympic sports history, from 1964 to 2006.
The following season, they won the silver medal at the European Championships and bronze at the World Championships as Irina Rodnina began her reign with her first partner, Alexei Ulanov. Those were the pair's final appearances at major international competitions but they would continue to compete within the Soviet Union until 1972.
In total, Belousova and Protopopov won two Olympic titles and medalled eight times at both the World and European Championships, including four consecutive World and European gold medals. After retiring from competition, they skated in shows. In September, 2015 they renewed their long-standing tradition of skating in a charitable exhibition in Boston, Massachusetts called "Evening with Champions".
Belousova and Protopopov contributed to the development of pair skating, including introducing three death spirals – the backward inside (BIDS), forward inside (FIDS), and forward outside (FODS), which they dubbed the Cosmic spiral, Life spiral, and Love spiral, respectively. Dick Button stated: "The Protopopovs are great skaters not only because they were the finest of Olympic champions, but also because their creative impact was extraordinary."
Belousova studied engineering at university. She married Protopopov in December 1957. Although she kept her maiden name after their marriage, the pair were commonly referred to as "The Protopopovs". Eager to keep skating, the pair decided not to have children.
On 24 September 1979, Belousova and Protopopov defected to Switzerland while on tour and applied for political asylum. They settled in Grindelwald and received Swiss citizenship in 1995. Switzerland remained their winter home while their summer home and training center was Lake Placid, New York. On 25 February 2003, they visited Russia after a 23-year asylum, on the invitation of Vyacheslav Fetisov.
|Winter Olympic Games||9th||1st|
|Winter Olympic Games||1st|
|Prize of Moscow News||3rd||1st||2nd|
- "Oleg Protopopov and Lyudmila Belousova". Encyclopædia Britannica.
- Олег Протопопов. Биографическая справка [Oleg Protopopov. Curriculum Vitae]. rsport.ru (in Russian). 16 July 2012.
- Звезды советского фигурного катания – Протопопов и Белоусова [Stars of Soviet figure skating – Protopopov and Belousova]. rsport.ru (in Russian). 16 July 2012.
- Sausa, Christie (31 August 2011). "Lake Placid to honor icons". Lake Placid News. Archived from the original on 15 November 2011. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- Russell, Susan D. "Ludmila and Oleg Protopopov: Revolutionaries in pairs skating" (PDF). Skating Club of Lake Placid.
- Коньки с бриллиантами. sim-k.ru. 1 March 2003.
- "Scooting Away on Skates", Time, 8 October 1979, retrieved 1 September 2011
- Lyudmila Belousova. sports-reference.com
- Srebnitskaya, Daria (24 January 2002). Людмила Белоусова, Олег Протопопов: Нас прятали в швейцарских отелях [Lyudmila Belousova and Oleg Protopopov: We hid in a Swiss hotel]. Sovetsky Sport (in Russian). Archived from the original on 20 July 2012.
- "Lake Placid honors figure skating legends". icenetwork. 18 August 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ludmila Belousova.|
|Awards and achievements|
| BBC Overseas Sports Personality of the Year
(with Oleg Protopopov)